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32 Cards in this Set

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Election of 1844
James Polk (Democrat) vs. Henry Clay (Whig)

Polk - "54 50' or Fight", favored expansion

Clay - wanted expansion slowly w/o war
Tyler
Proposed annexation of Texas, resulting in war with Mexico and an end of diplomatic relationship
Polk
Realized he couldn't fight against Great Britain AND Mexico

Held more reasonable border
Oregon Treaty
Gained from GB Oregon, parts of Wyoming, Idaho, Montana

Avoided War
The Mexican American War
was not supported (hated by North who thought new states would be slave states)
Slave Power
A few slave owners allegedly caused the M-A war. Gag rule raised suspicion.
Wilmot Proviso
Defeated.
A Congressional bill prohibiting slavery in Mexico.
Free Soil Party
Formed by angry Northerners - single issue party devoted to the Wilmot Proviso
War battles
Went well, acquired Arizona, New Mexico, Cali, Nevada, Utah

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
SLAVERY ISSUE INCREASED TENFOLD!
Um yeah
Whigs
Won another election (Taylor) but the party basically died
Popular sovereingty
Territory would decide if they wanted slavery
Compromise of 1850
California wanted Statehood; South said no.

Authored by Clay and Douglas. Package was dereated, but each component bill passed.

California was free. New Mexico and Utah - status left for themselves. Stronger fugitive slave law.
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
powerful propraganda
Franklin Pierce
moderate elected president
Kansas and Nebraska
No government
US wanted railroads there but there were no gov.
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
popular sovereignty

UNDID THE Missouri Compromise
(North saw it as betrayal)
North reaction
Passed laws weakening Fugitive Slave Laws (personal liberty laws)

gave them trial for fugitives and lawyer
=> south was furious
Republicans (anti-slavery)
Antislavery whigs joned Free Soilers and Northern Democrats

Also, they wanted national roads, tarrifs, and land

grew quickly
American (Know-Nothing party)
Hatred of foreigners
Desctructed because of slavery issue
Reaction to K-N Act
Violence
Many people poured into territories, trying to set up and control government
Bleeding Kansas
pro-slavery people set up an illegal government
President Pierce recognized it and declared Kansas a slave territory. Abolitionists wer eangry and set up their own gov. Slavery people demolished Lawrence (abolitionist city). John Brown killed abolitionists. WAR = 200 dead
Brooks (nephew of slavery Congressmen) hit abolitionist Sumner on the head
LOL
James Buchanan
1856 Presidential-elect. Carried South.
Demise of Know-Nothing party.
Tried to maintain status quo
Buchanan's actions
enforced slave act
opposed abolitionist
At a loss when it came to slavery
Dred Scott
Scott thought he was free because his master took him to free land, sued for freedom

He lost.
Chief Justice Roger Taney
Blow to the North. BLacks were not citizens and could not sue. Congress could not regulate slavery. Nullified Missouri and K-N act AND the Wilmot Proviso!
Further drama
North was furious, proof of Slave Power

John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry annoyed south. (attempted slave rebellion)
Stephen Douglass
Freeport Doctrine - failed.
Basically, it was popular sovereingty. Southern Democrats voted for someone else. Votes split and he lost the election.
Lincoln
All territories declared free
South Carolina seceded
Many followed to form the Confederate States of America (Jefferson Davis)
1st move of the war
Confederates captured Fort Sumpter. Nobody died. But many will in the upcoming Civil War