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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mitral valve
valve between the left atrium and left ventricle, has two cusps
tricuspid valve
valve between the right atrium and right ventricle, three cusps
blood flow
left ventricle
aorta
arteries
capillaries
veins
vena cava
right atrium
right ventricle
pulmonary trunk
pulmonary arteries
lungs
pulmonary veins
left atrium
arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
artherosclerosis
deposition of fatty material within artery walls, most common cause of arteriosclerosis
ischemia
when bloodflow to an organ is interrupted
coronary artery disease
arteries that give blood to the cardiac muscle are constricted
myocardial infarction
heart attack, cardiac muscle dies because of lack of oxygen and nutrients
angina pectoris
temporary chest pain caused by transient oxygen insufficiency
nitrogylcerin
treatment for angina pectoris, dilates coronary arteries
thrombolytic
blood clot-dissolving (drugs)
angioplasty
baloon-tipped catheter inserted into the narrowed coronary artery, expanded to open the vessel walls, a stent is placed inside the artery
stent
surrounds the baloon of angioplasty to hold open the lumen of a narrowed coronary artery
cor pulmonale
life-threatening, right-side heart failure, follows lung disease & respiratory failure, hypertension stresses the right ventricle, it dilates, enlarges, then fails
pulmonary edema
build-up of fluid in the lungs from left-sided heart failure, causes shortness of breath