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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adenoma
benign tumor of a gland
lipoma
benign fatty tumor
myoma
tumor of the muscle
angiomas
localized tumor from hyperplasia of blood or lymph tissue (birthmarks)
papilloma
tumor from epithelial cells, warts
meningiomas
benign brain tumors
cyclins
cell cycle proteins, regulate cell division
apoptosis
cell death
transformation
process by which cancer cells develop from normal cells
initiation
first step of transformation, change in genetic material that prepares the cell to become cancerous
promotion
second step of transformation, initiated cells proliferate and resemble benign neoplasms
progression
final step of transformation, precancerous cells to malignant cells
oncogenes
tumor promoting genes
mutagens
introduced by tobacco smoking, alter genetic expression can cause cells to transform into neoplastic or cancerous
carcinomas
most common form of cancer, epithelial cells that line body surfaces (breast, stomach, large intestine, prostate gland, uterine cervix)
sarcomas
highly malignant connective tissue tumors from muscle, fat, bone, and blood vessels
mixed cancers
cells capable of being epithelial or connective tissue cells, or cancer in adjacent tissue types
leukemias
cancers of blood-forming tissue
lymphomas
cancer of lymphoid tissue
melanomas
malignant neoplasms from pigment producing cells (melanocytes)
cachexia
pain and nutritional wasting
adenocarcinoma
lung cancer that occurs in non smokers
TNM staging system
T (extent of primary tumor)
N (lymph node involvement)
M (metastasis)
in situ
cancer cells have not spread