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16 Cards in this Set

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Cyst-:
the medical root word for bladder
Urethra:
the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside.
Ureter:
tubes from either kidney that carry excreted fluids from the kidney to the bladder.
Uremia:
the build up of toxins in the blood, particularly urea and creatinine, which are normally excreted through the glomeruli.
Renal pelvis:
the inner area of the kidney where urine is collected before entry into the ureters.
Meatus:
the opening through which urine finally passes to the outside
Ren-:
the medical root word for kidney (see also nephr-)
Nephron:
the functional unit of the kidney that filters metabolic waste from the blood, excretes it along with other toxins and excess substances as urine and absorbs water and nutrients.
Nephr-:
the medical root word for kidney (see also ren-)
Pyuria:
pus in the urine
Pyle-:
this is the medical root word for the kidney pelvis where urine is collected before entering the ureters.
Oliguria:
low urine output
Incontinence:
the inability to control urine release (urinary incontinence) or bowel movement (bowel incontinence).
Hemodialysis (or commonly known as dialysis):
a medical procedure in which renal failure patients often spend several hours several times a week on a machine that artificially filters the blood of toxins.
Glomerulus:
the area of the nephron where the blood is filtered and critical compounds (salt and chloride) are balanced. Red blood cells and protein filtration indicate disease.
Dysuria:
difficult or painful urination