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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Disease
a state, condition, or process occurring in a living body
Syndrome
a combination of symptoms that consistently occur together
-ia (suffix)
-osis
an abnormal condition (pneumonia / cyanosis)
-itis (suffix)
inflammation (appendicitis)
-ism (suffix)
habituation or intoxication (alcoholism)
Acquired
not congenital
Acute
developing relatively suddenly & running its course in a few days or weeks.
Asymptomatic
causing no symptoms
Chronic
having a protracted course, often lifelong
Congenital
present at birth - not necesarily inherited
Disabling
causing impairment of normal functions or capabilities
End-stage
a progressively deteriorating condition reaching the point of terminal function impairment
Fulminant or fulminating
rapidly progressive and severe
Hyperacute
a very abrupt onset or very brief course
Infantile
occurring or becoming evident during infancy
Intermittent
causing symptoms at intervals, with periods w/out symptoms
Juvenile
occurring in early life
Life-threatening
a disease or injury that may prove fatal
Malignant
tending to cause death
Neonatal
affecting newborn infants
Paroxysmal
occurring in sudden attacks
Progressive
increasingly extensive or severe symptoms or signs
Recurrent
a condition that reappears after symptoms had largely or entirely resolved.
Relapsing
same as recurrent
Remissive, remittent
most or all signs & symptoms have resolved; remission (may be temporary or permanent
Self-limiting
a disease that runs its course and resolves spontaneously without complications (cold)
Senile
occurring as a result of aging
Silent
asymptomatic; a disease or condition discovered only by chance.
Subacute
lasting longer that an acute illness
Subclinical
causing no symptoms or signs (same as silent)
Terminal
a disease that is expected to cause death regardless of treatment
Deficiency
due to a lck or insufficiency of some essential chemical substance
Degenerative
caused by deterioration in the structure or function of cells or tissue usu. with aging
Developmental
some abnormality in the development of a tissue, organ, or body part (before or after birth)
Essential
of unknown cause; arising spontaneously
Familial (heredofamilial)
an inherited abnormality expressed in other members of the patient's family
Functional
a disturbance of funciton w/out evidence of structural or chemical abnormality
Hereditary
an inherited abnormality or tendency
Idiopathic
of unkown cause
Ifectious (infective)
the adverse biological, chemical or immunologic effects of the growth of microorganisms in the body
Molecular
a disease caused by abnormality in the chemical structure or concentration of a single molecule
Neoplastic
formation of one or more growths or tumors (benign or malignant)
Nutritional
insufficient or excessive dietary intake of some nutrients
Organic
some demonstrable abnormality in a bodily structure
Traumatic
due to injury - physical, chemical, thermal or psychological
Differential diagnosis
"the differential"
ranking of several alternative explanations of a patient's symptoms & physical findings (H&P)
Etiology
the study of the causes of disease
Multifactorial etiology
indicates that a given disease has more than one cause operating together
Primary
a disease or condition that does not result from some other disease
Secondary
a disease or condition that results from some other disease.
History
a detailed record of the course of an illness, as perceived/recalled by the patient
Noncontributory
information of no help in arriving at a diagnosis
Symptom
any distress, abnormality, or malfunction experienced by the patient as a result of illness
Physical examination
a formal assessment of bodily structure and function by the physician
Four techniques of Physical Examination:
inspection, palpation, percussion & auscultation
Inspection (physical exam)
visual examination of the external body surface.
Palpation (physical exam)
Feeling superficial & deep structures w/ the fingers or palm
Percussion (physical exam)
Tapping w/ a finger on the body wall to detect variations in sound
Auscultation (physical exam)
Listening to selected body regions w/ a stethoscope
Sign (physical exam)
any abnormality that is observable by the physician
Culture
the growth of microorganisms from a specimen under controlled laboratory conditions
Cytology
Microscopic examination of a stained cell
Electrodiagnostic procedures
method for recording the electrical activity accompanying the fuction of certain organs or tissue
Endoscopy
examination of the interior of a cavity or hollow organ with an instrument
Histology
microscopic examination of stained very thin sections of tissue by biopsy, surgical excision or autopsy
Imaging (diagnostic)
any procedure used to study/visualize internal organs/tissues by irradiation (x-ray, Ct scan)
Invasive
a procedure requiring the intro of an instrument into the body
Laboratory test
any test performed in a laboratory on a specimen of tissue or body fluids removed from the patient
Microbiology
the study of microorganisms
Noninvasive
a procedure that does not require the intro of an instrument
Radiography (branch of medical technology)
x-ray & other imaging procedures
Radiology (branch of medicine)
diagnosis & treatment of disease through x-ray, ultrasound, MRI and related
Scan
examination of part or all of the body by a radiographic procedure
Serology
antigen-antibody reactions to diagnose infections & other disease (particularly autoimmune disease)
Smear
a thin film or fluid that is examined microscopically for diagnostic purposes.
Course (of disease)
the sequence of events from the first appearance of symptoms to the final resolution of abnormalities
Complication
a disease/condition induced by a pre-existing conditon which renders treatment more difficult/death
Form
any of several clinical patterns that a disease may manifest
Forme fruste
an atypical, prematurely arrested, or incompletely developed from of a disease
Grade
a measure of the severity of a disease or condition
Life-threatening
a disease or injury that may prove fatal in spite of aggressive treatment.
Onset
the first appearance of signs or symptoms
Present
symptoms or signs that are evident when the patient first seeks medical attention
Prodrome
a period when symptoms precede the appearance of typical signs of a disease
Prognosis
the probable outcome of a disease
Sequela
an abnormality or impairment that persist after a disease has been resolved (scarring or weakness)
Stage
a measure of the extent to which a disease has developed
T-N-M classification
a formal mode of staging for many malignant diseases.
T, tumor; N, (lymph)nodes; M, metastases
Aggressive (treatment)
a prompt, energetic program of treatment
Benign neglect
doing essentially nothing
Conservative
a mode of treatment with a low risk of causing serious adverse effects
Cosmetic
to improve physical appearance
Cure
complete extinction of a disease
Elective
a procedure that is not absolutely required (or is deferred) to save the patient's life
Heroic
radical or extreme therapeutic measures
Inoperable
when surgical treatment is not an option due to extent of disease or condition of the patient
Masterly inactivity
same as benign neglect
Medical
any form of treatment not involving surgery or physical manipulation
Monodrug therapy
treatment of a condition with a single drug
Palliative
treatment of a severe disease to relieve pain or conserve function without curing
Physical therapy
treatment involving application of physical modalities
Protocol
a therapeutic regimen
Radical
a drastic program of treatment
Regimen
a program or course of treatment including diet, exercise & drug therapy
Surgical
physical manipulation
Supportive
a trmt regimen to preserve the patient's comfort, hydration, nutrition w/out affecting the disease
Symptomatic
a trtmt to relieve symptoms rather than abolish their cause
Synergism
a positive interaction between two or more drugs
Therapeutic trial
experimental administration of a drug