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22 Cards in this Set

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Behaving as if a problem doesn't exist.
Denial
A pregnant woman fails to get prenatal care because she convinces herself she can't possibly be pregnant, even though she has all the sx.
Pushing the memory of something unpleasant into the unconscious.
Repression
A child 'forgets' about a troublesome bully on the bus as soon as he gets safely home from school every day.
Seeing one's own behavior or belief in others, whether they are actually present or not.
Projection
A woman complains about her boss to a co-worker and comes away from the conversation believing that the co-worker shares her dislike of the boss, even though the co-worker made no comment on what she said.
Behaving in a way that is inappropriate for one's age.
Regression
A toilet trained 2 year-old starts wetting the bed every night after a new baby arrives.
Directing emotion to an object or a person other than the one that provoked it.
Displacement
An elderly adult suffers a stroke, becomes physically impaired, and expresses frustration through verbal abuse of the hospital staff.
Creating an explanation to justify an action or to deal with a disappointment.
Rationalization
A man stealing money from his employer says to himself "They won't give me a raise, so I deserve whatever I can take."
In Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical theory, this is a defense mechanism in whuch anxiety producing stimulus or unacceptable emotions are repolaced by their exact opposites.
Reaction Formation
A man who is overly aroused by pornographic material may take on an attitude of criticism toward the topic.
Defense mechanism established by Freud. The refocusing of negative energy toward positive energy. Or the rechanneling of drives which cannot find an outlet.
Sublimation
A student worried abotu a major exam the night before rechannels that worry into studying.
Destroys the pre-frontal cortex. Was used in the past to treat major mental disorders such as schizophrenia and major depression. Went out of practice once Thorazine was introduced.
Lobotomy
The person loses track of self awareness, memory and identity.
Dissociative disorders
memory loss, typically of a stressul experience.
Dissociative amnesia
memory loss accompanied by leaving home and establishing a new memory.
Dissociative Fugue
Alteration in the experience of the self
Depersonalization Disorder
At least two distinct personalities that act independently of one another.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Psychoanalytical therapy developed by Freud whereby the patient tries to say whatever comes to mind without censoring anything.
Free association
Was developed in response to behavioralism and gestaltic approaches.
Humanistic Approach
Therapy which states people have an innate goodness and that this basic nature should be allowed to express itsself. Psychological problems originate in frustrations and denials of this inborn virtue.
Gestalt therapy
A central goal of gestalt Therapy is to help the client understand and accept their needs, desires, fears, and to enhance their awareness of how they block themselves from satisfying their needs and achieving their goals. Focuses on the here and now and not asking "why".
A basic form of learning, sometimes referred to as the Pavlovian Conditioning, in which a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with another stimulus (called the unconditioned stimulus) that naturally elicits a certain desired response (called the unconditioned response). After repeated trials the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus and evokes the same or a similar response, now called the conditioned response.
Classical conditioning
A major behavior therapy procedure that has a fearful person, while deeply relaxed, imagine a series of progressively more fearsome situation, such that fear is dispelled as a response incompatible with relaxation : useful for treating psychological problems in which anxiety is the principle difficulty.
systematic desensitization
research examining the memories of adults for highly memorable episodes has demonstrated that age has no effect on our ability to recall such events.
Flashbulb memories
For example, in one study, people of all age groups were asked to remember where they were in the OJ Simpson trial verdict and respondents of all age groups remembered the event with equal clarity.
Iconic
Visual
Echoic
hearing