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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hazardous material
is any substance (solid, liquid, or gas) capable of causing harm to people, property, and the environment.
As a first responder your role is limited as by definition your are trained to primarily in
a non-intervention mode
Awareness training falls under
is recognition and identification, notification, isolation, and protection
The three categories of chemical controls
-Physical Control
-Environmental control
-Procedural Controls
Physical control
This includes containers and containment systems which are design to keep a chemical in a given location and under certain specific conditions.
Environmental control
Are design to detect, eliminate, or minimize the accumulation of chemicals in the environment. Examples of this type of control are ventilation and scrubbers which are use to minimize the concentration of vapors in the work atmosphere. Other examples are ponds, tanks, and liquid separators.
Procedural control
Are used to protect people from possible exposure or dangerous reactions. Procedural controls are actions that people take to protect themselves such as wearing PPE, and following specific steps when handling of the chemicals.
Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1970 and Amendments-CWA
Better known as the Clean Water Act or CWA was established by the National Response System primarily for the management of oil spills in navigable water and their tributaries. It requires the federal government to develop "a coordinated and effective action"
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980-CERCLA
Is responsible for starting the Superfund for cleanup of hazardous waste dump sites around the country. It also mandated changes to the NCP and extended the liability of the spiller to cover the cost of the cleanup. Its primary focus was still hazardous waste in navigable waters.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976-RCRA
This was an amendment for the Solid Waste Disposal Act. It establish a way to provide technical and financial assistance for the development of management plans and facilities for the safe disposal of discarded wastes. It emphasize the regulation of the management of hazardous waste.
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986-SARA
acted to amend CERCLA and added many requirements that never existed before. It establish a national baseline with regard to planning, response, management, and training for chemical emergencies.
A material such as a consumer commodity, presents a limited hazard during transportation due to its form, quantity and packaging.
● NFPA 704 marking system
» Uses the a diamond shape which is divided into four diamonds.
» The diamonds color stand for blue-health, red-flammability, yellow-reactivity, and white-
special hazards. With in each diamond is a number 0 to 4 indicating the level of the hazard. 0 being none 4 being extreme.
The six clues for a hazardous materials recognition and identification are:
1. Occupancy and/or location
2. Container/vehicle shape (size and configuration)
3. Markings and colors
4. Placards and labels
5. Papers
6. Senses