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45 Cards in this Set

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Describe the 3 guidelines for connecting primary triads (triads in root position)
(1) Place all roots in the Bass voice
(2) Keep the common tone in the same voice; move remaining 2 voices by step to nearest chord tones
(3) If conjunct root position movement (no common tone) move all upper voices contrary to the Bass to the nearest chord tones.
DOUBLING (triads in 4 four parts)
1. What kinds of notes to double?
2. Is tripling the root and omitting the 5th desirable?
(1) Tonal notes
(2) Yes
Name the primary means of establishing key (tonality)?
Moving from the major dominant triad to the tonic triad
_____ numerals are used for analysis and to indicate chord roots.
Roman
1. _____ case Roman numerals (unless qualified) indicate major triads.
2. _____ case Roman numerals (unless qualified) indicate minor triads.
(1) Upper
(2) Lower
1. A "+" indicates triad _____.
2. A "º" indicates triad _____.
3. Other alterations/additions are indicated with _____ signs and _____ numerals.
(1) augmentation (5th scale degree)
(2) diminution (5th scale degree)
(3) chromatic, Arabic
_____ numerals are used for figured bass and indicate _____ _____ above the Bass voice.
Arabic, simple intervals
When no Arabic numerals appear, a _____ position triad is intended.
Root
Describe double-root figuring.
8 5
5 or 3 or (no Arabic numeral)
3
Describe double-fifth figuring.
5
5
3
Describe double-third figuring.
5
3
3
Describe root tripled, fifth omitted figuring.
8
8
3
Accidentals are written to the _____ of the Arabic numeral in the figured bass.
Left
If there is no Arabic numeral with an accidental, the _____ above the Bass is intended to be altered.
Third
A slash through a numeral indicates the corresponding note is _____ a half step.
Raised
Name the 3 types of harmonic cadences for primary triads in root position.
Authentic, Plagal, Half
The AUTHENTIC cadence occurs when the _____ chord progresses to the _____ chord at a cadence point.
Dominant, Tonic
A PERFECT AUTHENTIC cadence results when both chords are in _____ position and the tonic scale degree appears in the _____ voice over the tonic chord.
Root, Soprano
An IMPERFECT AUTHENTIC cadence results when either chord is _____ and/or the _____ is not in the _____ voice on the tonic chord.
Inverted, Root, Soprano
A PLAGAL cadence occurs when a _____ chord progresses to the _____ chord at a cadence point.
Subdominant, Tonic
In a PERFECT PLAGAL cadence, both chords are in _____ position and the _____ scale degree appears in the _____ voice over both chords.
Root, Tonic, Soprano
In an IMPERFECT PLAGAL cadence, either chord is _____ and/or the _____ is not in the _____ on the tonic chord.
Inverted, Root, Soprano
A HALF cadence (semi-cadence) occurs when any chord (regardless of inversion) progresses to the _____ at a cadence point.
Dominant
A PLAGAL HALF cadence occurs when any chord, regardless of inversion, progresses to the _____ at a cadence point.
Subdominant
Can half-cadences be used as final cadences?
No
Describe the PICARDY THIRD
Use of the parallel major tonic triad in place of the expected minor triad; usually occurs at final cadences; raised third must be indicated with a "#" in the figured bass.
Describe the 5 general rules of Chord Succession for primary triads in root position
(1) I may progress to IV or V.
(2) IV may progress to V or I.
(3) V may progress to I.
(4) V may go to IV if it goes back to V.
(5) Any chord may follow itself.
Inversions are used to give the _____ voice line smoothness & variety.
Bass
How is first-inversion doubling of the root indicated?
6
6 6
3 or 3 or 6
How is first-inversion doubling of the 5th indicated?
6
3
3
How is first-inversion doubling of the 3rd indicated?
8
6
3
How is a PHRYGIAN cadence created?
With the use of inversions in a minor key; it is a form of HALF cadence created by prog. iv6 to V# with subdom. to dom. voice leading in the Soprano.
Double the _____ of all second inversion chords.
Fifth
How are second-inversion chords figured?
8
6 6
4 or 4 (commonly called six-four chords)
Name the most commonly used second inversion and where it is used.
The CADENTIAL SIX-FOUR is a 2nd inv. tonic which moves to the dominant chord at a cadence.
Where does a PASSING SIX-FOUR appear?
Between root position and first inversion of another chord.
The AUXILIARY SIX-FOUR is also called ____ and occurs between two _____ positions of the same chord where the __th of the AUX 6/4 is the same note as the _____ of the root position chord.
PEDAL SIX-FOUR, Root, 5th, root
An ______ SIX-FOUR occurs when the second inversion of a chord is immediately preceded or followed by the same chord in root position and/or first inversion.
ARPEGGIATED
Describe the REGULAR tritone resolution
3rd (leading tone) resolves up to the root of the tonic chord and the 7th (subdom.) resolves down to the 3rd of the tonic chord.
When must an IRREGULAR tritone resolution be used?
(1) When the 7th of a dom.7th chord appears in an upper voice and the next chord is a 1st inversion tonic chord.
Describe the IRREGULAR tritone resolution
The Bass takes the note of resolution (3rd of the tonic chord) and the 7th in the upper voice will rise to the 5th of the tonic chord.
How should the 7th of a dominant 7th chord be approached?
By disjunct motion from above
How are dominant 7th chords figured?
7 7
5 5 7
3 or #3 or # or 7
When an complete root position dom.7th resolves to a root position tonic chord, the tonic chord will be _____.
Incomplete (5th omitted)
When an incomplete root position dom.7th resolves to a tonic chord in root position, the tonic chord will be _____.
Complete