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24 Cards in this Set

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What does it mean that music is tonal?
melodies and harmonies tend to be centered around a single musical pitch called tonic
What is a scale?
a group of pitches arranged in steps around a tonic
What does diatonic scale mean?
same as major scale--contains all sevent notes of musical alphabet in specific pattern above the tonic
What is the formula for the major scale?
W-W-H-W-W-W-H
Where do the half steps in a major scale occur?
between the third and fourth step and 7th and 8th step
What are the naturally occuring half steps?
between E-F and B-C
What is the key signature?
sharps or flats collected at the beginning of a piece of music next to the clef sign
In what order are sharps on a key signature always written?
F# C# G# D# A# E# B#
What is the formula for quickly naming the key signature for each major key including the order of sharps.
B-E-A-D-G-C-F

count from right to left
to letter name one step in pitch below tonic of the key

gives you number and order of sharps
What is the key signature of E major?
F# C# G# D#
What are the number of sharps and order of sharps of:
D major
2 sharps (F# C#)
What are the number of sharps and order of sharps of:
A major
3 sharps
F# C# G#
What are the number of sharps and order of sharps of:
E major
4 sharps
F# C# G# D#
What are the number of sharps and order of sharps of:
B major
5 sharps
F# C# G# D# A#
What are the number of sharps and order of sharps of:
F# major
6 sharps
F# C# G# D# A# E#
What are the number of sharps and order of sharps of:
C# major
7 sharps
F# C# G # D# A # E # B #
What is the key with 3 sharps?
A major
What is the key with 6 sharps?
F# major
What is the key with 1 sharp?
G major
What is the key with 4 sharps?
E major
What is the key with 2 sharps?
D major
What is the key with 5 sharps?
B Major
What is the key with 3 sharps?
A major
What is the key with 7 sharps?
C# major