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5 Cards in this Set

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What is hantavirus?
Hantaviruse is a viruses that is carried by deer mice and is found in in North America.
How are people exposed?
Deer mice excrete the virus in their urine, saliva, and droppings. A person may be exposed to hantavirus by breathing contaminated dust after disturbing or cleaning rodent droppings or nests, or by living or working in rodent-infested settings.
What are the symptoms of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome?
HPS begins one to six weeks after inhaling the virus in contaminated dust. The disease begins with 2-6 days of "flu-like" illness including fever, sore muscles, headaches, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. As the disease gets worse, it causes shortness of breath due to fluid filled lungs and hospital care is then required. It is usually a serious infection and about 1 out of 3 people diagnosed with HPS have died.
How do I prevent Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome?
Keep rodents out of your home and workplace. Always take precautions when cleaning, sealing and trapping rodent-infested areas.

Seal up cracks and gaps in buildings that are larger than 1/4 inch including window and door sills, under sinks around the pipes, in foundations, attics and any rodent entry hole.

Trap indoor rats and mice with snap traps.

Remove rodent food sources. Keep food (including pet food) in rodent proof containers.

Clean up rodent infested areas.
How do you treat Hantavirus?
No anti-virus drug is effective against HPS, and there is no vaccine.