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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
leading cause of disability in the world for women and children
major depressive disorder
how many people suffer from mental illness, have serious illness and severe persistent
25%
6%
3%
how many of those with mental illness receive tx
< 50%
mental illness that is found mainly in western countries
anorexia nervosa
classified and described the difference between manic and depression psychosis and schizohrenic
emil kraeplin
argued sx should be diagnosed according to form not context
karl jaspers
DSM contains listings of what
disorders
codes
criteria
does DSM contain info about etiology or treatment
no
DSM axis that includes clinical disorders
axis I
DSM axis that includes personality disorders and traits
axis II
DSM axis that includes mental retardation
axis II
DSM axis that includes defense mechanisms
axis II
DSM axis that includes general medical conditions
axis III
DSM axis that includes psychosocial and environmental stressors
axis IV
DSM axis that includes global assessment of functioning
axis V
obsessive compulsive disorder: what axis
I
obsessive compulsive personality disorder (unaware of it): what axis
II
mild mental retardation: what axis
II
dementia: what axis
I and III
enlarged ventricles on CT can be a cause of what disorder
schizophrenia
catatonia
any 2:
-motor immobility
-motor excitement
-mutism
-posturing
-echolalia (parroting) or echopraxia (miming)
flapping hand tremor
asterixis
inability to sit still
akathesia
inability to speak
aphasia
difficulty speaking
dysarthria
hoarseness
dysphonia
pt. repeats what you say
echolalia
pt. repeats you do
echopraxia
type of thought where there are many unnecessary details but eventually gets to point
circumstantial
type of thought where there is a connection between thoughts but never come to a point
tangential thought
type of thought that involves jumping from idea to idea that are somewhat connected but never come to a point
loose associations
type of thought that involves rapid production of different ideas that are not connected
flight of ideas
type of delusion where everything is specific to pt. (TV ads etc)
ideas of reference
type of delusion where someone is stealing your thoughts
thought withdrawal
type of nonpathologic hallucinations that occur while waking up
hypnopompic
type of nonpathologic hallucinations that occur while going to sleep
hypnogogic
two types of hallucinations
nonpathologic (hypnogogic/hypnopompic)
pathologic (auditory, visual)
misinterpretation of real stimuli
illusion (as opposed to hallucination where you completely make it up)
level of alertness
hyperaroused
alert
drowsy
lethargic
obtunded
stuperous (HAD LOS)
two types of declarative memory tested on the MMSE
semantic (general info)
episodic (personal)
how to distinguish serotonin syndrome from NMS
SS: mydriasis, myoclonus (tightening than relaxing)
NMS:rigidity (only muscle tightness)
when does clozapine cause NMS
when taken with lithium
NMS is a side effect of what types of drugs
neuroleptic
lab findings of NMS
increased CK
severe form of restlessness assx with a compulsion to move
akathisia
tx of akathisia
anticholinergics
three sx of exrapyramidal side effects
parkinsonism
akathisia
dystonia
EPS or TD usually occurs early on in tx
EPS
EPS or TD usually occurs later in the course of tx
TD
irreversible chorea and dystonia assx with antipsychotics
tardive dyskinesia
most effective tx for mood disorders
electroconvulsive therapy
most common indications for ECT
major depressive disorder
catatonia
mood disorders in pregnancy
relative contraindications for ECT
increased ICP
MOA of ECT
induce seizure
electrode placement for ECT with less side effects
nondominant unilateral
electrode placement for ECT with greater efficacy
bilateral
type of memory loss assx with ECT
anterograde and
retrograde
neurosurgery tx of OCD
cingulotomy/capsulotomy
deep brain stimulation is used in what disease
OCD
MOA of exercise to mental health
increases beta-endorphins and neuropeptides