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154 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Albumino-Cytologic Dissociation
Guillain-Barre (markedly increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
Antiplatelet Antibodies
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Aschoff Bodies
Rheumatic fever
Auer Rods
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML type M3)
197. Sickle cell anemia: switch a glu  val in β chain
198. Low O2 ↑ sickling
199. Aplastic crisis w/ B19 (Parvovirus ssDNA) infection
200. Salmonella osteomyelitis
201. Vaso-occlusive painful crisises
202. Hydroxyurea as Txt (↑ HbF) & Bone marrow transplant
UMN lesion
Basophilic Stippling of RBCs
Lead poisoning
Bence Jones Protein
205. Multiple myeloma free light chains (either kappa or lambda)
206. Waldenstrom’s macroglobinemia
Birbeck Granules
Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Blue Bloater
Chronic Bronchitis (at least 3 months for at least 2 years of ecessive mucus secretion & chronic
recurrent productive cough)
Boot-Shaped Heart
Tetralogy of Fallot
Bouchard’s Nodes
Osteoarthritis (Proximal IP joint of the fingers)
Boutonniere’s Deformity
Rheumatoid arthritis flex proximal & extend distal IP joints
Brown Tumor
Brushfield Spots
Call-Exner Bodies
214. Granulosa cell tumor: associated w/ endometrial hyperplasia & carcinoma
215. Granuloma-Theca cell tumor
Cardiomegaly with Apical Atrophy
Chagas’ Disease
1° Syphilis
Haemophilus ducreyi
Charcot Triad
Multiple sclerosis = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech
Charcot-Leyden Crystals
Bronchial asthma
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing
Cerebral lesion
Chocolate Cysts
Chvostek’s Sign
Hypocalcemia facial spasm in tetany
Clue Cells
Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman’s Triangle
Cold Agglutinins
226. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
227. Infectious mononucleosis
Condyloma Lata
2° Syphilis
Cotton Wool Spots
230. HTN
231. Aka, cytoid bodies seen w/ SLE (yellowish cotton wool fundal lesions)
Councilman Bodies
Dying hepatocytes – HepB
Crescents In Bowman’s Capsule
Rapidly progressive (crescentic glomerulonephritis)
Currant-Jelly Sputum
Curschmann’s Spirals
Bronchial asthma
Depigmentation Of Substantia Nigra
Donovan Bodies
Granuloma inguinale (STD)
Osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Ectopia Lentis
-displacement of the lens of the eye
Erythema Chronicum Migrans
Lyme Disease
Fatty Liver
Ferruginous Bodies
Asbestosis - & Iron laden
Ghon Focus / Complex
Tuberculosis (1° & 2°, respectively)
Glitter Cells
Acute Pyelonephritis
Gower’s Maneuver
Duchenne’s MD use of arms to stand
Heberden’s Nodes
Osteoarthritis (Distal IP joint of the fingers)
Heinz Bodies
G6PDH Deficiency
Heterophil Antibodies
Infectious Mononucleosis (EBV)
Hirano Bodies
Hypersegmented PMNs
Megaloblastic anemia
Hypochromic Microcytic RBCs
Iron-deficiency anemia or β Thalassemia
Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction
Syphilis over-aggressive treatment of an asymptomatic pt. that causes symptoms 2° to rapid lysis
Joint Mice
Osteoarthritis (fractured osteophytes)
Kaussmaul Breathing
Acidosis / Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Keratin Pearls
Squamous Cell CA of skin Actinic Keratosis is a precursor
Keyser-Fleischer Ring
Kimmelstiel-Wilson Nodules
Diabetic nephropathy: Nodular Glomerulosclerosis nodules of mesangial matrix
HPV 6 & 11 (condyloma acuminatum - benign) and HPV 16 & 18 (malignant association)
Koplik Spots
Lewy Bodies
Parkinson’s (eosinophilic inclusions in damaged substantia nigra cells)
Lines of Zahn
Arterial thrombus
Lisch Nodules
Neurofibromatosis (von Recklinhausen’s disease) = pigmented iris hamartomas
Lumpy-Bumpy IF Glomeruli
Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis – prototype of nephritic syndrome
Mallory Bodies
Alcoholic hepatitis
McBurney’s Sign
Appendicitis (McBurney’s Point is 2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine)
Michealis-Gutmann Bodies
Malakoplakia lesion on bladder due to macros & calcospherites (M-G Bodies): usually due to E. Coli
Monoclonal Antibody Spike
267. Multiple myeloma this is called the M protein (usually IgG or IgA)
268. MGUS
Negri Bodies
Neuritic Plaques
Neurofibrillary Tangles
Non-pitting Edema
273. Myxedema
274. Anthrax Toxin
Notching of Ribs
Coarctation of Aorta
Nutmeg Liver
CHF = causing congested liver
Owls Eye Cells
277. CMV
278. Reed Sternburg Cells (Hodkins Lymphoma)
279. Aschoff cells seen w/ Rheumatic Fever
Painless Jaundice
Pancreatic CA (head)
Rheumatoid arthritis, also see morning stiffnes that ↓ w/ joint use, HLA-DR4
Pautrier’s Microabscesses
Mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma), Sezary
Philadelphia Chromosome
Pick Bodies
Pick’s Disease
2 types of COPD
285. Pink Puffer – Type A: Emphysema
286. Blue Bloater – Type B: Bronchitis
287. Emphysema Centroacinar – smoking Panacinar - α1-antitrypsin deficiency
Gout (MP joint of hallux)
Port-Wine Stain
Posterior Anterior Drawer Sign
Tearing of the ACL
Psammoma Bodies
291. Papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid
292. Serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary
293. Meningioma
294. Mesothelioma
Seen w/ Duchenne muscular dystrophy @ the claf muscles, due to ↑ fat
Punched-Out Bone Lesions
Multiple myeloma
Rash on Palms & Soles
297. 2° Syphilis
298. RMSF
299. Coxsackie virus infection: Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease
Red Morning Urine
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. You would use HAM'S TEST to confirm.
Reed-Sternberg Cells
Hodgkin’s Disease
Reid Index Increased
Chronic bronchitis = ↑d ratio of bronchial gland to bronchial wall thickness
Reinke Crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Rouleaux Formation
Multiple myeloma RBC’s stacked as poker chips
S3 Heart Sound
305. L→R Shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD)
306. Mitral Regurg
307. LV Failure
S4 Heart Sound
308. Pulmonary Stenosis
309. Pulmonary HTN
Schwartzman Reaction
Neisseria meningitidis impressive rash with bugs
Smith Antigen
311. SLE (also anti-dsDNA)
312. Malar Rash, Wire loop kidney lesions, Joint pain, False (+) syphilis test (VDRL)
313. 90% 14-45 yo females
314. also seen w/ use of INH; Procainamide; Hydralazine = SLE-like syndrome
Soap Bubble on X-Ray
Giant cell tumor of bone
Spike & Dome Glomeruli
316. Membranous glomerulonephritis = Nephrotic syndrome
317. Spike = basement membrane material & Dome = immune complex deposits (IgG orC3)
String Sign on X-ray
Crohn’s bowel wall thickening
Target Cells
Thalassemia in α Thalassemia w/ no α gene: Hydrops Fetalis & Intrauterine death associations = HbBarts
Tendinous Xanthomas
Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Thyroidization of Kidney
Chronic pyelonephritis
Tram-Track Glomeruli
Membranoproliferative GN: Nephritic syndrome – basement membrane is duplicated into 2 layers
Trousseau’s Sign
324. Visceral ca, classically pancreatic (migratory thrombophlebitis)
325. Hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
326. These are two entirely different disease processes and different signs, but they unfortunately have the
same name.
Virchow’s Node
Supraclavicular node enlargement by metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Warthin-Finkeldey Giant Cells
WBC Casts
Whipple’s Triad
CNS disfunction – Hypoglycemic episodes – glu injection reverses CNS Sympt’s
Wire Loop Glomeruli
Lupus nephropathy, type IV (diffuse proliferative form)
↑ AFP in amniotic fluid or
mother’s serum
332. Spina Bifida
333. Anencephaly
↑ Uric Acid
334. Gout
335. Lesch Nyhan
336. Myeloproliferative Disorders
337. Diuretics (Loop & Thiazides)
“Ground Glass” on chest x-ray
339. Due to Pneumocystis carinii
340. Seen w/ Atelectasia
Honey Combing of the lung
Seen w/ Asbestosis (a restrictive lung disease)
Goodpastures syndrome (pneumonia w/ hemoptysis & rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis)
Linear Ig Deposits
Goodpastures syndrome
45 Degree Branch Points
PAS(+) Dutcher Bodies
Waldenstrom’s Macroglobulinemia = ↑IgM = Hyperviscosity
“Ground Glass” in Abdomen(Hyaline)
Seen in the hepatocytes of healthy carriers of HBsAg in liver biopsies
“Signet Ring” Cells
Cells that replace the ovaries, due to Krukenberg’s tumor that has metastasized from the
Ground Glass Appearance (Hyaline)
348. Seen w/ Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy oligodendrocytes
349. Nuclei seen in Papillary CA of the thyroid (malignant)
Congo Red
Shows amyloid deposition in plaques & vascular walls
Meningiomas & Progesterone
Some meningiomas have Progesterone receptors = rapid growth in pregnancy can occur
Tuberous Sclerosis Triad
Seizures; Mental retardation; Leukoderma (congenital facial white spots or macules):
Cowdry A Inclusions
Seen w/ Herpes Simplex Encephalitis – in oligodendroglia
Devic’s Syndrome
354. “Neuromyelitis Optica”
355. A variant of multiple sclerosis: rapid demyelination of the optic nerve & spinal cord w/ paraplegia
c-erb B2
Breast Cancer association
Foster-Kennedy Syndrome
A tumor causing blindness & loss of smell w/ papilloedema
Hoffman’s Sign
Flicking of the middle finger’s nail
Red Nucleus Destruction
Intention tremors of the arm
Ventral Spinocerebellar tr.
Unconscious proprioception of lower extremities
Dorsal Spinocerebellar tr.
Unconscious prorpioception & fine motor movements
Cuneocerebellar tr.
Unconscious proprioception & fine motor movements of upper extremities
Dorsal Column
Conscious proprioception of the body
Lateral Spinothalamic tr.
Pain & Temperature sensation
Ventral Spinothalamic tr.
Light touch perception
Taste & Smell
Muscles of the eye & of the tongue
Vision; Hearing; Equilibrium
Sensation of tongue; soft palate. Carotid Body & Sinus innervation
370. Edinger Westphal = parasympathetic eye innervation
371. Gland innervation = secretions
372. Viscera
373. Pain & temperature of face
374. Sensation of external ear
Innervation of muscles of masticaiton, facial expressions, larynx & pharynx
LMN Lesion
376. Werndig Hoffman (progressive infantile muscular atrophy)
377. Poliomyelitis
Sensory Pathway Lesion
378. Subacute Combined Degeneration = Friedrich’s Ataxia = B12 deficiency
379. Tabes Dorsalis (Neurosyphilis)
Both UMN & LMN Lesion
ALS = Lou Gherig’s Disease
Both Sensory & Motor Lesion
381. Brown Sequard
382. Anterior Spinal artery Occlusion
Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
Controls circadian rhythm
Ventromedial Nucleus
Satiety center. Savage behavior & obesity when lesioned
Lateral Nucleus
Induces eating. Starvation when lesioned
Arcuate Nucleus
Releases PIF (dopa-ergic neurons)
Mamillary Body
Can have hemorrhages as seen in Wernicke’s Encephalopathy
RBCs w/ spiny projections. Seen in Abetalipoproteinemia.