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283 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Adhesive arachnoiditis
Caused by bacterial meningitis, leads to obstructive hydrocephalus
Albumino-Cytologic Dissociation
-Guillain-Barre (markedly increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)
AFP increase
Neural tube defects, hepatocellular carcinoma, yolk sac and embryonal carcinoma
AFP decrease
Down’s
Amnion nodosum
Renal agenesis
Amyloid in thyroid
Thyroid medullary carcinoma (calcitonin)
Analgesic abuse
Papillary necrosis, esp. in diabetics
Anasarca
Minimal change disease
Aneurysmal nodules
Polyarteritis nodosa
Angiomyolipoma
Tuberous sclerosis
Anosmia
Kallman’s syndrome
Anterior vermian atrophy
alcoholism
Anti-centromere antibody
Limited scleroderma (CREST)
Anti-DNA topoisomerase antibody
Diffuse scleroderma
Anti-endomysial antibody
Celiac sprue
Anti-jo antibody
polymositis
Anti-mitochondrial antibody
Primary biliary cirrhosis
Antiplatelet Antibodies
-idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Anti-sacharommyces cervisiae antibody
Crohn’s
Anti-Smith antibodies
Specific for SLE, anti-ribonulceoprotein
Anti-smooth muscle antibody
Autoimmune hepatitis type I
Arachnodactyly
-Marfan’s
Aschoff Bodies
-rheumatic fever
Ashleaf spots (skin)
Tuberous sclerosis
Atypical lymphocytes
EBV
Auer Rods
-acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML type M3)
Autosplenectomy
-sickle cell anemia
Babinski
-UMN lesion
Bacterial conjuntivitis
S. aureus, strep. pneumo, Hemophilus aegyptius
Basophilic Stippling of RBCs
-lead poisoning
Bence Jones Protein
-multiple myeloma free light chains (either kappa or lambda) -Waldenstrom’s macroglobinemia
Bilateral breast cancer
Lobular carcinoma
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma
Von Hippel-Lindau
Birbeck Granules
-histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
Bladder trabeculation
BPH
Bloody nipple discharge
Intraductal papilloma
Blueberry muffin baby
Rubella
Blue Bloater
-Chronic Bronchitis
Blue Sclera
Osteogenesis imperfecta
Boot-Shaped Heart
-Tetralogy of Fallot
Bouchard’s Nodes
-osteoarthritis (PIP)
Boutonniere’s Deformity
-rheumatoid arthritis
Bronze Diabetes
Hemochromatosis
Brown Tumor
-hyperparathyroidism
Brudzinski sign
meningitis
Brushfield Spots
-Down’s, on iris
Call-Exner Bodies
-granulosa cell tumor
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Hyperemia, edema and necrosis of globus
Cardiomegaly with Apical Atrophy
-Chagas’ Disease
Central Nuclei in Muscle
Muscular dystrophies
Chancre
-1* Syphilis, painless firm ulcers
Chancroid
-Haemophilus ducreyi, painful soft ulcers
Charcot Triad
-multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech)
Charcot-Leyden Crystals
-bronchial asthma
Cherry-red spot on macula
Tay-Sachs, 50% of Niemann-Pick
Cheyne-Stokes Breathing
-cerebral lesion
Chocolate Cysts
-endometriosis
Cholesterol clefts
atherosclerosis
Chordae tendinae short and fused
Rheumatic heart disease
Chronic staph infections
Chronic granulomatous disease, a deficiency of NADPH oxidase, can’t kill catalase positive bugs
Chvostek’s Sign
-Hypocalcemia facial spasm in tetany
Clear nuclei
Thyroid papillary carcinoma (Orphan Annie’s eyes)
Clue Cells
-Gardnerella vaginitis
Codman’s Triangle
-osteosarcoma
Coin Lesions in Lung
Pulmonary Hamartoma
Cold Agglutinins
-Mycoplasma pneumonia; -infectious mononucleosis
Cold thyroid nodules
Colloid cyst or thyroid adenoma
Concentric laminar intimal fibrosis of small arteries of lung
Primary pulmonary hypertension
Condyloma Lata
-2* Syphilis -new coffee flavor at Bagel & Bagel
Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis
Polycystic Kidney Disease, juvenile autosomal recessive form
Contraction Band Necrosis
MI
Cotton Wool Spots
-HTN
Councilman Bodies
-dying hepatocytes
Crescents In Bowman’s Capsule
-rapidly progressive (crescentic glomerulonephritis)
Crushed ping pong balls
Pneumocystis carinii
Crypt abscesses
Ulcerative colitis
Currant-Jelly Sputum
-Klebsiella
Curschmann’s Spirals
-bronchial asthma
Cystathioine synthase deficieny
homocystinuria
D-dimers
DIC
Depigmentation Of Substantia Nigra
-Parkinson’s
Dew drop on rose petal
Chicken pox
Diaphragmatic pleural plaques
Asbestosis
Donovan Bodies
-granuloma inguinale (STD)
Double bubble sign on ultrasound
Down’s syndorme – duodenal atresia
Duret Hemorrhages
Uncal herniation
Eburnation
-osteoarthritis (polished, ivory-like appearance of bone)
Eccentric intimal fibrosis with medial hypertrophy
Chronic transplant rejection
Ectopia Lentis
-Marfan’s
Embolizing endocarditis
Infectious, marantic (fibrin deposits in hypercoagulable states)
Erythema Chronicum Migrans
-Lyme Disease
Excavation of Optic Cup
Glaucoma
Exopthalmos
hyperthyroid
FAT RN
TTP (fever, anemia, thrombocytopenia, renal failure, neuro problems)
Fatty Liver
-Alcoholism
Fecalith
Acute appendicitis
False positive VDRL
SLE, Treponema pertenue (non-STD tropical infection)
Ferruginous Bodies
-asbestosis
Fish-mouthed mitral valve
Rheumatic heart disease
Flea-bitten Kidney
Malignant Hypertension
Frontal bossing
Sickle cell anemia
Fungus ball in lung
Apergillus
galactosemia
Galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase deficiency or galactokinase deficiency
Garlic odor on breath
Arsenic (or lasagna)
Ghon Complex
-Tuberculosis, primary
Gold Pneumonia
Lipid pneumonia, exogenous (aspiration) or endogenous (obstruction
Gower’s Maneuver
-Duchenne’s MD use of arms to stand
Gray discoloration of skin
Argyria (silver poisoning)
Hat size increase
Paget’s disease of bone
Heart Failure Cells
CHF; hemosiderin-laden macrophages in lungs
Heberden’s Nodes
-Osteoarthritis (DIP)
Heinz Bodies
-G6PDH Deficiency
Hemarthrosis
Coagulation factor deficiency
Hemorrhagic Temporal Lobe Lesion
HSV
Hemorrhagic Urticaria
-Henoch-Schonlein
Heterophil Antibodies
-infectious mononucleosis (EBV)
Hirano Bodies
-Alzheimer’s
HLA B27
Ankylosing spondylitis
ochronosis (dark pigment of fibrous tissue)
Alkaptonuria –homogentisic acid oxidase deficiency
Honeycomb lung
Pulmonary fibrosis
Howell Jolley Bodies
Splenectomy, remnant of nuclear DNA
H shaped vertebrae
Sickle cell anemia
Human placental lactogen increase
Placental site trophoblastic tumor
Hyaline thrombi
TTP
Hydrosalpinx
Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease
Hypersegmented PMNs
-Megaloblastic anemia
Hypochromic Microcytic RBCs
-iron-deficiency anemia
IgM against IgG
Rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatoid factor)
 Immunoglobulins
X-linked Brutons agammaglobulinemia, and common variable immunodeficiency
Index finger overlapping 3rd and 4th
Edward’s (Trisomy 18)
Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction
-Syphilis over-aggressive treatment of an asymptomatic pt. that causes symptoms 2 to rapid lysis
Joint Mice
-osteoarthritis (fractured osteophytes)
Kaussmaul Breathing
-acidosis
Keratin Pearls
-SCCA
Kernig’s sign
meningitis
Keyser-Fleischer Ring
-Wilson’s
Kimmelstiel-Wilson Nodules
-diabetic nephropathy
Koilocytes
-HPV
Koplik Spots
-measles
Lacunar cells
Variant of Reed-Sternberg cell seen in nodular sclerosing Hodgkin’s Disease
Lacunar infarct
Chronic hypertension
Lamellar bodies
Contain surfactant in Type II pneumocytes
Langhans giant cells
Tuberculosis, other including coccidioides
Lemon yellow skin color
Pernicious anemia
Lemon sign
Ultrasonographic finding in Neural Tube Defects
Leukocoria
Retinoblastoma
Lewy Bodies
-Parkinson’s (eosinophilic inclusions in damaged substantia nigra cells)
Leukocyte alk. Phos. Positive
Leukemoid rxn.
Lines of Zahn
-arterial thrombus
Lisch Nodules
-neurofibromatosis (von Recklinhausen’s disease)
Loss of grey-white junction
Tuberous sclerosis
Low set ears
Downs, DiGeorge, Trisomy 18 (Edwards)
Lumpy-Bumpy IF Glomeruli
-poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Machine-like murmur
Patent ductus arteriosus
Macronodular cirrhosis
Wilson’s, viral hepatitis, alpha-1-antitrypsin
Malignant pustule
Anthrax (black skin lesion)
Mallory Bodies
Alcoholic liver disease: intermediate filaments of hepatocyte cytoskeleton
Maple syrup/burnt sugar urine
Alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase deficiency; valine, leucine and isoleucine build up (branched)
McBurney’s Sign
-appendicitis (McBurney’s Point is 2/3 of the way from the umbilicus to anterior superior iliac spine)
Meconium ileus
Cystic Fibrosis
Mees lines
Arsenic (parallel lines on fingernails)
Melanosis coli
Laxative abuse
Mental probs. with heart defect
Mitral prolapse
Michealis-Gutmann Bodies
-Malakoplakia, an abnormal tissue response to kidney infection
Microglial nodules
HIV
Micrognathia
DiGeorge
Micronodular cirrhosis
Wilsons, alcoholic, hemochromatosis, primary biliary cirrhosis
Microsatellite instability
HNPCC (right-sided colon cancer), but also possible in other cancers
Mid-systolic click
Mitral prolapse
Monoclonal Antibody Spike
-multiple myeloma this is called the M protein (usually IgG or IgA) -MGUS
Mousy / musty odor
PKU
Mucosal bleeding
Platelet problem (qualitative or quantitative)
Myxedema
-hypothyroidism
Necrolytic migratory erythema dermatitis
-cell islet tumor
Negri Bodies and hydrophobia
-rabies
Neuritic Plaques
-Alzheimer’s
Neurofibrillary Tangles
-Alzheimer’s
Night pain relieved by aspirin
Osteoid osteoma
Non-embolizing endocarditis
Rheumatic, Libman-Sacks (with SLE)
Non-pitting Edema
-Myxedema; -Anthrax Toxin
Notching of Ribs
-Coarctation of Aorta
Nutmeg Liver
-CHF, right heart
Onion skin kidney arterioles
Malignant nephrosclerosis (malignant hypertension)
Oligoclonal band
Multiple sclerosis
Osteoid production
osteosarcoma
Painless Jaundice
-pancreatic CA (head)
Palatal Petechaie
Strep pharyngitis
Palpable purpura
Hypersensitivity vasculitis (Henoch-Schonlein, serum sickness)
Pancarditis
Rheumatic fever
Pannus
-rheumatoid arthritis
PAS positive macrophages
Whipple’s disease
Patent ductus arteriosus
Maternal rubella and prematurity
Pautrier’s Microabscesses
-mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma)
Periductal edema
Gynecomastia
Periventricular Calcifications
Congenital CMV (brain ventricles, that is)
Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency
PKU
Philadelphia Chromosome
-CML
Pick Bodies
-Pick’s Disease
Piecemeal Necrosis
Chronic active hepatitis (periportal hepatocytes)
Plexiform lesions
Pulmonary HTN (aneurysmal expansion of vessel wall)
Pink, foamy lung exudate
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Pink Puffer
-Emphysema Centroacinar – smoking Panacinar - 1-antitrypsin deficiency
Podagra
-gout (MP joint of hallux)
Porcelain gallbladder
Chronic cholecystitis (scarring)
Porcelain gallstones
Associated with gallbladder adenocarcinoma
Port-Wine Stain
-Hemangioma
Posterior Anterior Drawer Sign
-tearing of the ACL
Proliferating bile ducts
Obstructive jaundice
Psammoma Bodies
-Papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid; -Serous papillary cystadenocarcinoma of the ovary; -Meningioma; -Mesothelioma
Pseudohypertrophy
-Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Pseudopoyps
Ulcerative colitis
Pulmonary atherosclerosis
Cor pulmonale
Punched-Out Bone Lesions
-multiple myeloma
Punched-out esophageal lesions
herpes
Rash on Palms & Soles
-2 Syphilis; -RMSF
RBC poikilocytosis
Beta-thalassemia
Rectangular RBC’s
Hemoglobin SC
Red hyalin globules
Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (in liver)
Red Morning Urine
-paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Reed-Sternberg Cells
-Hodgkin’s Disease
Reid Index Increased
-chronic bronchitis
Reinke Crystals
-Leydig cell tumor
Rhomboid crystals
Pseudogout
Rim pattern
SLE, staining pattern with anti-double stranded DNA antibodies
Rockerbottom feet
Patau (Trisomy 13), Edward’s (Trisomy 18)
Rose thorns
Sporotrichosis
Rouleaux Formation
-multiple myeloma RBC’s stacked as poker chips
Rugae loss
Pernicious anemia (atrophic gastritis)
S3 Heart Sound
-LR Shunt (VSD, PDA); -Mitral Regurg; -LV Failure
S4 Heart Sound
-Pulmonary Stenosis; -Pulmonary HTN
Scalloped colloid
Grave’s disease
Schwartzman Reaction
-Neisseria meningitidis impressive rash with bugs
Shagreen patches
Tuberous sclerosis
Simian Crease
-Down’s
Smith Antigen
-SLE (also anti-dsDNA)
Smudge cells
CLL (delicate cells easily destroyed on peripheral smear)
Soap Bubble on X-Ray
-giant cell tumor of bone
Soldiers plaque
Clinically insignificant remnant of healed pericarditis
Spider telangiectasia
Hyperestrinism: liver faillure, pregnancy
Spike & Dome Glomeruli
-membranous glomerulonephritis
Splinter hemorrhages
Infective endocarditis
Strawberry tongue
Scarlet fever, Kawasaki’s
Strawberry cervix
Trichomonas vaginalis
Strawberry gallbladder
cholesterolosis
String Sign on X-ray
-Crohn’s bowel wall thickening
Sugar icing on spleen
Portal hypertension
Sulfer granules
Collection of actinomyces or nocardia organisms in chronic abscessing bronchopneumonia
Swiss cheese brain
Clostridia (gas forming)
Syncitia
RSV, measles
Tamm-Horsfall protein
Hyaline casts (non-specific)
Target Cells
-Thalassemia
Teardrop RBCs
Myelofibrosis
Temporal lobe encephalitis
Herpes
Tendinous Xanthomas
-Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Tethered cord
Arnold-Chiari malformation (tonsilar herniation)
Tetrahydrobiopterin cofactor def.
PKU
Thymidine dimers
Xeroderma pigmentosum
Thymus, parathyroid agenesis
Digeorge (3rd and 4th pharyngeal pouch)
Thyroidization of Kidney
-chronic pyelonephritis
TIBC increase
Anemia of chronic disease
Tingible Bodies
Macrophage in lymph node germinal centers
Tophi
-gout
Tram-Track Glomeruli
-membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Tree bark aorta
Syphilis
Trousseau’s Sign
-visceral ca, classically pancreatic (migratory thrombophlebitis) -hypocalcemia (carpal spasm) [These are two entirely different disease processes and different signs, but they unfortunately have the same name.]
TSI > TGI
Grave’s
TGI > TSI
Hashimoto’s
Tyrosinase deficiency
Albinism
Virchow’s Node
-supraclavicular node enlargement by metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
VMA and metenephrins in urine
Pheochromocytoma
Warthin-Finkeldey Giant Cells
-Measles
Waterhammer pulse
Aortic regurgitation
WBC Casts
-pyelonephritis
White matter petechaie
Fat emboli
Winged scapula
Long thoracic nerve (C5,6,7) damage, common with radical mastectomy
Wire Loop Glomeruli
-lupus nephropathy, type IV
Wrinkled glomerular basement membrane
ischemia
 AFP in amniotic fluid or mother’s serum
-Spina Bifida-Anencephaly
 Uric Acid
-Gout; - Lesch Nyhan; -Myeloproliferative Disorders; Diuretics (Loop & Thiazides)
 FEV1/FVC
-COPD
glucose,  protein in CSF
Bacterial meningitis
 dopamine receptors
Schizophrenia
dopamine receptors
Parkinson’s