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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
types of joints
synarthroses (move)
diarthroses (do not move)
sutures
fibrous synarthroses, only found in skull
syndesmoses
fibrous synarthroses, held together by fibrous cord or ligament
gomphoses
fibrous synarthroses, held together with ligaments, example is teeth
synchondroses
cartilaginous synarthroses, held with hyaline, between centers of ossification
symphyses
cartilaginous synarthroses, strong, in medain plan, held with ligaments, hyaline and fibrocartilage
pivot
monoaxial diarthroses, permits rotation
plane
monoaxial diarthroses, permits sliding
hinge
monoaxial diarthroses, permits movement in a plane
saddle
biaxial diarthroses, example = thumb
condylar
biaxial diarthroses, example is wrist
ball and socket
multiaxial diarthroses, example is hip or shoulder
concentric contraction
muscle shortens when contracted
eccentric contraction
muscle lengthens upon contraction
isometric contraction
muscle stays the same length upon contraction
sprain
clinical term for incomplete rupture of ligaments with no dislocation
strain
clinical term for stretching of ligaments with no tearing
subluxation
clinical term for lax, stretched ligaments
dislocation
clinical term for ligaments torn and bone displacement
coronal
plane of abduction/adduction
saggital
plane of flexion and extension
longitudinal
plane of internal and external rotation