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147 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fibrocartilage disks
intervertebral disks
numbers of spinal bones
7 cervical
12 thoracic
5 lumbar
5 sacral
4 coccygeal
four spinal curves
cervical, lumber (convex)
thoracic, sacral (concave)
increased lumber curvature in pregnant women
lordosis
lateral bending of spine in thoracic region
scoliosis
hunch back
kyphosis
swayback: exaggeration of lumbar curve
lordosis
made up of pedicle and lamina, hole for spinal canal
vertebral arch
used for stacking spinal disk, in between intervertebral disks
body
form spinal canal
vertebral foramen
articulate with ribs/ligaments/muscles, sideways
transverse processes
bumps of the spine you can feel
spinous processes
form adjacent vertebra and intervertebral foramina, go up and down to clamp into place
superior and inferior articular processes
hole for blood vessel in transverse process
transverse foramen
articulates with occipital condyles of skull, no body or spinous processes
atlas
permits lateral rotation of head, no true body
axis
peglike structure on axis that allows it to articulate with atlas
odontoid process/ dens
longest spinous process of cervical vertebrae
vertebra prominens
type of vertebrae with long spinous processes where ribs articulate, may have facets or demi-facets
thoracic
where head of ribs articulate
costal facets
largest and strongest vertebrae, square looking
lumbar vertebrae
triangular bone located between hip bones of posterior pelvic cavity
sacrum
continuation of vertebral canal
sacral canal
anteriorly projecting superior border of the sacrum
sacral promontory
area of sacrum articulating with ilium
auricular surface
triangular bone that is "tailbone"
coccyx
responsible for 1/4 length of vertebral column, shock absorbers
intervertebral disks
what intervertebral disks are made of
nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrosus
breastbone
sternum
superior portion of sternum
manubrium
middle largest portion of sternum, forms sternal angle
body
smallest portion of sternum, hyaline cartilage that becomes ossified through life
xiphoid process
depression on superior surface of manubrium
jugular notch
articulates with clavicle, on each side of jugular notch
clavicular notches
bars of hyaline cartilage connecting the true ribs to the sternum and the false ribs to each other
costal cartilages
1-7 ribs
true ribs
8-12 ribs
false ribs, costal cartilage doesn't directly attach
ribs 8, 9 , 10
vertebrochondral ribs
ribs 11, 12
vertebral (floating) ribs
long twisted flat bone with a rounded, smooth, superior border and a sharp, thin inferior border
rib
follows the inferior border of rib and accommodates a vein, artery, and nerve
costal groove
projection of posterior end of rib that articulates w/ vertebrae (may have one or two facets)
head
used for articulation on ribs
facets
constricted portion of the rib just lateral to head
neck
knob-like structure on posterior surface of rib - articulates with ligament and transverse process of vertebra
tubercle
main portion of rib
body or shaft
point where rib takes a sharp anterior bend
angle
articulates with acromian process of scapula laterally and with clavicular notch of manubrium medially
clavicle
most frequently fractured bone in the body
clavicle
two ends of clavicle
sternal & acromial
triangular flat bone on dorsal side of body
scapulae
posterior ridge of scapula separating muscle groups
spine
process that attaches to clavicle, where shoulder separation happens
acromion
articulates with head of humerus, where shoulder dislocation happens
glenoid cavity
side of scapula facing spine
medial or vertebral border
side of scapula facing armpit
lateral or axillary border
point at bottom of scapula
inferior angle
point at top of scapula
superior angle
"beak", articulation point for muscles on scapula
coracoid process
depression above and below spine
supraspinatus and infraspinatus fossae
articulates w/ ribs, "slides" on them
subscapularis fossa
longest and largest bone of upper extremity
humerus
ball on humerus that articulates w/ glenoid fossa
head
articulates w/ ribs, "slides" on them
subscapularis fossa
bump on outside outside of humerus
greater tubercle
longest and largest bone of upper extremity
humerus
between the tubercles
intertubercular sulcus
ball on humerus that articulates w/ glenoid fossa
head
site of frequent fracture of humerus
surgical neck
bump on side of shaft (attaches deltoid muscle)
deltoid tuberosity
bump on outside outside of humerus
greater tubercle
between the tubercles
intertubercular sulcus
site of articulation w/ radius
capitulum
site of frequent fracture of humerus
surgical neck
depression that receives head of radius in flexed position
radial fossa
articulates w/ ulna (pulley)
trochlea
bump on side of shaft (attaches deltoid muscle)
deltoid tuberosity
site of articulation w/ radius
capitulum
articulates w/ ribs, "slides" on them
subscapularis fossa
depression that receives head of radius in flexed position
radial fossa
longest and largest bone of upper extremity
humerus
ball on humerus that articulates w/ glenoid fossa
head
articulates w/ ulna (pulley)
trochlea
bump on outside outside of humerus
greater tubercle
between the tubercles
intertubercular sulcus
site of frequent fracture of humerus
surgical neck
bump on side of shaft (attaches deltoid muscle)
deltoid tuberosity
site of articulation w/ radius
capitulum
depression that receives head of radius in flexed position
radial fossa
articulates w/ ulna (pulley)
trochlea
depression for flexed ulna (anterior)
coronoid fossa
depression for straight ulna (posterior)
olecranon fossa
bumps on side of elbow
medial and lateral epicondyles
medial bone of forearm (little finger side)
ulna
depression for flexed ulna (anterior)
coronoid fossa
"elbow"
olecranon process
semi-lunar notch in between two condyles
trochlear notch
depression for straight ulna (posterior)
olecranon fossa
depression located laterally and inferiorly to trochlear notch
radial notch
bumps on side of elbow
medial and lateral epicondyles
distal end of ulna
head
depression for flexed ulna (anterior)
coronoid fossa
medial bone of forearm (little finger side)
ulna
bump on head of ulna
styloid process
depression for straight ulna (posterior)
olecranon fossa
"elbow"
olecranon process
lateral bone of forearm (thumb side)
radius
bumps on side of elbow
medial and lateral epicondyles
medial bone of forearm (little finger side)
ulna
semi-lunar notch in between two condyles
trochlear notch
depression located laterally and inferiorly to trochlear notch
radial notch
"elbow"
olecranon process
distal end of ulna
head
semi-lunar notch in between two condyles
trochlear notch
bump on head of ulna
styloid process
depression located laterally and inferiorly to trochlear notch
radial notch
lateral bone of forearm (thumb side)
radius
distal end of ulna
head
bump on head of ulna
styloid process
lateral bone of forearm (thumb side)
radius
proximal end of radius, fits on capitulum
head
muscle for "flexing" arm attaches here
radial tuberosity
distal medial notch articulating w/ ulna
ulnar to notch
8 small bones of wrist
carpus
carpal bones in order
pisiform, triquetral, lunate, scophoid, trapezium, trapazoid, capitate, hamate
palmar bones
metacarpus
two thumb bones
pollicus
coxal bones united posteriorly by the sacrum and 2 sacroiliac joints
sacrum
fibrocartilage in front where it comes together
pubic symphysis
depression in bone
fossa
coxal bones united posteriorly by the sacrum and 2 sacroiliac joints
sacrum
fibrocartilage that unifies sacrum anteriorly
pubic symphysis
superior portion of pelvis, forms lower part of abdominal cavity, supports uterus
false pelvis/ greater pelvis
formed by parts of ilium, ischium, pubis, sacrum, and coccyx, protects distal portions of GI and urinary tracts
true pelvis/ lesser pelvis
separates false and true pelvis
pelvic brim
superior opening of true pelvis
pelvic inlet
inferior opening of true pelvis
pelvic outlet
measurement of birth canal
pelvimetry
make up anterior and lateral sides of pelvic girdle, composed of three bones that fuse into one
coxal bones
articulates with head of femur, depression on lateral side of pelvis
acetabulum
superior portion of coxal bone
ilium
superior border of ilium
iliac crest
pointy part of hip that juts out
anterior superior iliac spine
dimple in someone's back
posterior superior iliac spine
biggest nerve of body comes out back
greater sciatic notch
internal surface of ilium
iliac fossa
articulates with sacrum
auricular surface