Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Acidophilus bacterial infection, UTI, candida infection
Capsules containing 1.5 grams of Lactobacillus acidophilus
None well documented patients with abnormal heart valves who have recently experienced dental manipulation, endocarditis
Asian Ginseng antineoplastic, immunomodulatory, CNS, endocrine effects
0.5 to 3 g/day and dosage of extracts generally from 100 to 400 mg
nervousness and excitation. warfarin
Black Cohosh alt menopause HRT therapy
extract of 40 to 80 mg herbal drug that is standardized to contain 1 mg of triterpene 27-deoxyactein per 20 mg tablet
There is a low incidence of adverse reactions None well documented
Chromium ehance/potentiate insulin action
0.5 to 1 mg as chromium picolinate or 0.4 to 1 mg as chromium
GI irritation and ulcers, cancer, dermatitis, circulatory shock, and hepatitis None well documented.
Coenzyme-Q10 heart failure, High blood pressure (hypertension
50-1200 milligrams of CoQ10 have been taken in divided doses by mouth daily
nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, heartburn, diarrhea may limit or prevent effective anticoagulation (blood thinning). CoQ10 may reduce blood pressure and may add to the effects of other blood pressure lowering drugs
Cranberry UTIs
120 to 4000 mL/day; 400 mg of cranberry extract daily
diarrhea increase the risk of severe bleeding, including hemorrhag
Dong Quai analgesic,antiinflammatory, antispasmodic,antiallergy
doses are around 4.5 g/day
No reported side effects have occurred with authentic dong quai warfarin has a narrow therapeutic index, patients should avoid concurrent use of dong quai
Echinacea common cold
500 to 1,000 milligrams by mouth three times daily for five to seven days has been used
allergies, specifically allergies to daisy-type plants None well documented
Evening Primrose arthritis/diabetic neuropathy,breast pain, fullness, PMS symptoms
6 and 8 g/day in adults
Evening primrose oil is suspected to lower the seizure threshold in epileptic patients None well documented
Feverfew migraines
daily dose of 50 to 150 mg of dried leaves
Patients withdrawn from feverfew may experience a syndrome of ill effects often known as postfeverfew syndrome. Most adverse effects of feverfew treatment are mild, although some patients have experienced increased heart rate. None well documented
Fish Oil (Omega-3) hypertriglyceridemia
0.4 to 2 g per day, while the emulsion PLT 3514 has been used at daily doses of 10 to 15 g. Studies of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have included doses between 2 to 10 g per day
Mild GI discomfort was the most serious adverse Fish oil ingestion may increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin
Flaxseed Oil improve lipid profile, antiestrogenic
Flax seed oil has been given at doses of 3 to 10 g daily
Approximately 50% of workers exposed to flax at their jobs demonstrated immunologically positive antigen tests in 1 survey Flaxseed contains mucilage and, thus, may impair absorption of other drugs. Flaxseed can decrease platelet aggregation; therefore, patients using anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs in combination with flaxseed may increase their risk of bleeding
Garlic hyperlipidemia
2 to 4 g/day and a daily intake of 2 to 12 mg allicin
burning of the mouth, esophagus, and stomach, nausea, sweating, and lightheadedness Garlic may reduce saquinavir plasma concentrations
Ginger nausea and vomiting
Ginger root has been given for nausea in clinical trials in 1 g doses
Excessive amounts may cause CNS depression and may interfere with cardiac function or anticoagulant activity increase the risk of bleeding
Gingko Biloba improve memory
daily doses of 120 to 720 mg of extract
headache, dizziness, heart palpitations and GI and dermatologic reactions. Ginkgo pollen can be strongly allergenic may increase the risk of bleeding in individuals taking aspirin, ibuprofen, or warfarin and increase the risk of sedation in patients taking trazodone
Glucosamine / Chondroitin osteoarthritis
1.5 g per day
including gastric discomfort (eg, heartburn, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting) and itching Potential bronchopulmonary complications of antirheumatic drugs including glucosamine.
Goldenseal topic infection,eyewash
100 mg hydrastine and 2 g crude root
Very high doses of goldenseal may rarely induce nausea, anxiety, depression, seizures, or paralysis goldenseal does not appear to interact with indinavir
Grapeseed antioxidant,cytoprotective
50 to 300 mg/day
No toxicity in humans has been reported None well documented.
Green Tea Extract antimicrobial; antioxidant; anticancer
daily dose of epigallocatechin gallate 800 mg (approximately equivalent to 16 Japanese-style cups of green tea
headache, dizziness, and GI symptoms. Tea may impair iron metabolism Vitamin K present in green tea may antagonize the anticoagulant effect of warfarin
Hawthorne BP, arrhythmia
4.5 to 6 g/day
No serious adverse reactions No known interactions
Horse Chestnut edema, inflammation, venous insufficiency
Doses corresponding to 20 to 120 mg of escin have been used for venous insufficiency
No data None well documented
Melatonin jet lag, regulate sleep patterns
Take 5 mg of melatonin 3 to 4 hours before an imposed sleep period over a 4-week
Possible adverse effects include headache and depression Caffeine and fluvoxamine may increase the effects of melatonin, while melatonin may decrease the antihypertensive effect of nifedipine
Milk Thistle Hepatoprotective; stimulates regeneration of liver
420 to 600 mg/day of extracts, tablets, or capsules standardized to 70% silymarin
abdominal bloating, abdominal fullness or pain, anorexia, changes in bowel habits, diarrhea, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea) Milk thistle has been reported to reduce indinavir trough plasma concentrations
MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) alleviate GI upset, pain, arthritis, antimicrobial
loading dose of 2 to 5 g/day, then as a maintenance dose of 50 to 200 mg/day for arthritis and other joint conditions
No adverse reactions with MSM have been reported None well documented
SAM-e depression, sleep modulation, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia
oral doses of 800 to 3600 mg/day,IV in a fibromyalgia trial at 600 mg/day
GI disturbances None well documented
Saw Palmetto BPH
standardized extracts range from 100 to 400 mg given twice daily for benign prostatic hypertrophy
do not use in pregnancy. Because of well-documented antiandrogen and antiestrogenic activity, avoid taking with any hormone therapy including oral contraceptive and hormone replacement therapy Increased anticoagulant effect of warfarin
Soy Isoflavones menopause symptoms, osteoporosis
daily doses of isoflavones from 40-120 mg
CNS and psychomotor developmental processes are a concern subtherapeutic international normalized ratio (INR)
St. John's Wort mild depression
300 to 500 mg (standardized to 0.3% hypericin extract), three times per day, with meals.
St. John's wort may increase the sensitivity of your skin to the sun decreased therapeutic effects
Tea Tree Oil athlete's foot, acne, skin and nail fungus
cream formulations of 5% and 10% and as the neat oil
allergic contact eczema and dermatitis. None well documented
Valerian insomnia
valerian extract dose in combination products is 320 to 500 mg
Studies have generally found valerian to have fewer side effects than positive control drugs None well documente
Acidophilus bacterial infection, UTI, candida infection
Capsules containing 1.5 grams of Lactobacillus acidophilus
None well documented patients with abnormal heart valves who have recently experienced dental manipulation, endocarditis
Asian Ginseng antineoplastic, immunomodulatory, CNS, endocrine effects
0.5 to 3 g/day and dosage of extracts generally from 100 to 400 mg
nervousness and excitation. warfarin
Black Cohosh alt menopause HRT therapy
extract of 40 to 80 mg herbal drug that is standardized to contain 1 mg of triterpene 27-deoxyactein per 20 mg tablet
There is a low incidence of adverse reactions None well documented
Chromium ehance/potentiate insulin action
0.5 to 1 mg as chromium picolinate or 0.4 to 1 mg as chromium
GI irritation and ulcers, cancer, dermatitis, circulatory shock, and hepatitis None well documented.
Coenzyme-Q10 heart failure, High blood pressure (hypertension
50-1200 milligrams of CoQ10 have been taken in divided doses by mouth daily
nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, heartburn, diarrhea may limit or prevent effective anticoagulation (blood thinning). CoQ10 may reduce blood pressure and may add to the effects of other blood pressure lowering drugs
Cranberry UTIs
120 to 4000 mL/day; 400 mg of cranberry extract daily
diarrhea increase the risk of severe bleeding, including hemorrhag
Dong Quai analgesic,antiinflammatory, antispasmodic,antiallergy
doses are around 4.5 g/day
No reported side effects have occurred with authentic dong quai warfarin has a narrow therapeutic index, patients should avoid concurrent use of dong quai
Echinacea common cold
500 to 1,000 milligrams by mouth three times daily for five to seven days has been used
allergies, specifically allergies to daisy-type plants None well documented
Evening Primrose arthritis/diabetic neuropathy,breast pain, fullness, PMS symptoms
6 and 8 g/day in adults
Evening primrose oil is suspected to lower the seizure threshold in epileptic patients None well documented
Feverfew migraines
daily dose of 50 to 150 mg of dried leaves
Patients withdrawn from feverfew may experience a syndrome of ill effects often known as postfeverfew syndrome. Most adverse effects of feverfew treatment are mild, although some patients have experienced increased heart rate. None well documented
Fish Oil (Omega-3) hypertriglyceridemia
0.4 to 2 g per day, while the emulsion PLT 3514 has been used at daily doses of 10 to 15 g. Studies of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have included doses between 2 to 10 g per day
Mild GI discomfort was the most serious adverse Fish oil ingestion may increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin
Flaxseed Oil improve lipid profile, antiestrogenic
Flax seed oil has been given at doses of 3 to 10 g daily
Approximately 50% of workers exposed to flax at their jobs demonstrated immunologically positive antigen tests in 1 survey Flaxseed contains mucilage and, thus, may impair absorption of other drugs. Flaxseed can decrease platelet aggregation; therefore, patients using anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs in combination with flaxseed may increase their risk of bleeding
Garlic hyperlipidemia
2 to 4 g/day and a daily intake of 2 to 12 mg allicin
burning of the mouth, esophagus, and stomach, nausea, sweating, and lightheadedness Garlic may reduce saquinavir plasma concentrations
Ginger nausea and vomiting
Ginger root has been given for nausea in clinical trials in 1 g doses
Excessive amounts may cause CNS depression and may interfere with cardiac function or anticoagulant activity increase the risk of bleeding
Gingko Biloba improve memory
daily doses of 120 to 720 mg of extract
headache, dizziness, heart palpitations and GI and dermatologic reactions. Ginkgo pollen can be strongly allergenic may increase the risk of bleeding in individuals taking aspirin, ibuprofen, or warfarin and increase the risk of sedation in patients taking trazodone
Glucosamine / Chondroitin osteoarthritis
1.5 g per day
including gastric discomfort (eg, heartburn, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting) and itching Potential bronchopulmonary complications of antirheumatic drugs including glucosamine.
Goldenseal topic infection,eyewash
100 mg hydrastine and 2 g crude root
Very high doses of goldenseal may rarely induce nausea, anxiety, depression, seizures, or paralysis goldenseal does not appear to interact with indinavir
Grapeseed antioxidant,cytoprotective
50 to 300 mg/day
No toxicity in humans has been reported None well documented.
Green Tea Extract antimicrobial; antioxidant; anticancer
daily dose of epigallocatechin gallate 800 mg (approximately equivalent to 16 Japanese-style cups of green tea
headache, dizziness, and GI symptoms. Tea may impair iron metabolism Vitamin K present in green tea may antagonize the anticoagulant effect of warfarin
Hawthorne BP, arrhythmia
4.5 to 6 g/day
No serious adverse reactions No known interactions
Horse Chestnut edema, inflammation, venous insufficiency
Doses corresponding to 20 to 120 mg of escin have been used for venous insufficiency
No data None well documented
Melatonin jet lag, regulate sleep patterns
Take 5 mg of melatonin 3 to 4 hours before an imposed sleep period over a 4-week
Possible adverse effects include headache and depression Caffeine and fluvoxamine may increase the effects of melatonin, while melatonin may decrease the antihypertensive effect of nifedipine
Milk Thistle Hepatoprotective; stimulates regeneration of liver
420 to 600 mg/day of extracts, tablets, or capsules standardized to 70% silymarin
abdominal bloating, abdominal fullness or pain, anorexia, changes in bowel habits, diarrhea, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea) Milk thistle has been reported to reduce indinavir trough plasma concentrations
MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) alleviate GI upset, pain, arthritis, antimicrobial
loading dose of 2 to 5 g/day, then as a maintenance dose of 50 to 200 mg/day for arthritis and other joint conditions
No adverse reactions with MSM have been reported None well documented
SAM-e depression, sleep modulation, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia
oral doses of 800 to 3600 mg/day,IV in a fibromyalgia trial at 600 mg/day
GI disturbances None well documented
Saw Palmetto BPH
standardized extracts range from 100 to 400 mg given twice daily for benign prostatic hypertrophy
do not use in pregnancy. Because of well-documented antiandrogen and antiestrogenic activity, avoid taking with any hormone therapy including oral contraceptive and hormone replacement therapy Increased anticoagulant effect of warfarin
Soy Isoflavones menopause symptoms, osteoporosis
daily doses of isoflavones from 40-120 mg
CNS and psychomotor developmental processes are a concern subtherapeutic international normalized ratio (INR)
St. John's Wort mild depression
300 to 500 mg (standardized to 0.3% hypericin extract), three times per day, with meals.
St. John's wort may increase the sensitivity of your skin to the sun decreased therapeutic effects
Tea Tree Oil athlete's foot, acne, skin and nail fungus
cream formulations of 5% and 10% and as the neat oil
allergic contact eczema and dermatitis. None well documented
Valerian insomnia
valerian extract dose in combination products is 320 to 500 mg
Studies have generally found valerian to have fewer side effects than positive control drugs None well documente