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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Electoral college
body of electors chosen to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
Elector
A qualified voter in an election.
A member of the Electoral College of the United States.
Executive Order
an order issued by a government's executive on the basis of authority specifically granted to the executive branch
Reprieve
Postponement or cancellation of a punishment
Amnesty
A general pardon granted by a government, especially for political offenses.
Pardon
To release (a person) from punishment; exempt from penalty: a convicted criminal who was pardoned by the governor.
Foreign Policy
The diplomatic policy of a nation in its interactions with other nations
National Security
collective term for the defense and foreign relations of a country, protection of the interests of a country
Treaty
The document in which such an agreement is set down
Executive Agreement
An agreement made between the executive branch of the U.S. government and a foreign government without ratification by the Senate.
Ambassador
A diplomatic official of the highest rank appointed and accredited as representative in residence by one government or sovereign to another, usually for a specific length of time
Trade Sanction
A trade penalty imposed by one nation onto one or more other nations
Embargo
A government order prohibiting the movement of merchant ships into or out of its ports.
Cabinet
often Cabinet A body of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister to head the executive departments of the government and to act as official advisers
Attorney General
Attorney General The head of the U.S. Department of Justice and a member of the President's cabinet
Independent Agency
an agency of the United States government that is created by an act of Congress and is independent of the executive departments
Government Corporation
an invisible, intangible, artificial creation of the law existing as a voluntary chartered association of individuals that has most of the rights and duties of natural persons but with perpetual existence and limited liability
Civil Service Worker
Those branches of public service that are not legislative, judicial, or military and in which employment is usually based on competitive examination.
Civil Service System
Those branches of public service that are not legislative, judicial, or military and in which employment is usually based on competitive examination.
Spoils System
The postelection practice of rewarding loyal supporters of the winning candidates and party with appointive public offices.
Merit System
The system of appointing and promoting civil service personnel on the basis of merit rather than political affiliation or loyalty.
22nd amendment
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice,
25th Amendment
In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President
Homeland Security
an independent agency established by and accountable to the President in 2001; develops and implements a national strategy to make the United States safe from terrorist threats or attacks
War Powers Act of 1973
Under article I, section 8, of the Constitution, it is specifically provided that the Congress shall have the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution, not only its own powers but also all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
Camp David
A presidential retreat in the Catoctin Mountains of northern Maryland north-northwest of Washington, D.C. It was established by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1942 as Shangri-La. Dwight D. Eisenhower renamed it Camp David in honor of his grandson.
NSC
National Security Council.
OMB
Office of Management and Budget.
CEA
An act passed in 1936 by the U.S. Government that provides federal regulation of all futures trading activities. This act replaced the Grain Futures Act of 1922.
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement.
WTO
World Trade Organization.
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
EPA
Environmental Protection Agency.
FCC
Federal Communications Commission