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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Article II of the Constitution. Establishes the presidency and gives the executive power of the Federal Government to the President
Executive article
Those means of communication that reach large audiences, especially television, radio, printed publications, and the Internet
Mass media
Term used to describe a President as an “emperor” who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive Congress; often used I reference to Richard Nixon’s presidency
Imperial presidency
Oath taken by the President on the day he takes office, pledging to “faithfully execute” the office and “preserve, protect, and defend” the Constitution
Oath of office
Directive, rule or regulation issued by a chief executive or subordinates, based upon constitutional or statutory authority and having the force of law
Executive order
Power of the President to issue executive orders; originates from the Constitution and acts of Congress
Ordinance power
formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
Treaty
a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement with the force of law but which (unlike a treaty) does not require Senate consent
Executive agreement
the exclusive power of a President to recognize (establish formal diplomatic relations with) foreign estates
Recognition
an unwelcome person; used to describe recalled diplomatic officals
Persona non grata
A president’s cancellation of specific dollar amounts (line-items) from a congressional spending bill; instituted by a 1996 congressional act, but struck down by a 1998 Supreme Court decision
Line-item veto
An official postponement of the execution of a sentence
Reprieve-
release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime by the President (in a federal case) or a governor (in a State case)
Pardon
mercy or leniency granted to an offender by a chief executive
Clemency
the power to reduce (commute) the length of a sentence or fine for a crime
Commutation
a blanket pardon offered to a group of law violaters
amnesty