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58 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The period of infants is between
1-12 months
Physical development
-Infants weight doubles in _______ and tripples in _______
6 months
1 year
Physical development
-The average infant grows about _____ cm per month for the first 6 months
2.5
Physiology
-Average respiration's for an infant is _____, average pulse is _____, and average blood pressure is _____
30 breaths/minute
120 beats/minute
90/60
Head control
-the infant will have complete head lag at ____weeks
4 wks
Head control
-the infant will have partial head lag at ____months
2 months
Head control
-the infant will have very little head lag at ____months
4 months
Head control
-the infant can hold their head erect at ____ months
6 months
Gross Motor
-Rapid motor developments starting with gross movements that progress ____ from central trunk to the ____ and _____ as they grow
Outward
fingers
toes
Sensiromotor
-from birth to 2 yrs the infant learns self is ____ from others
separate
Infancy
-Erickson's theory of ____ vs ____ occurs from birth to ____ year/s
Trust
mistrust
1
Psychosocial Development
____ develops if basic nees are inconsistently or inadequately met
Mistrust
Social development
-some stimulation for social skills involves providing ____ mobiles and colorful ____ at their side during play
color
toys
Speech Development
-The infant learns speech and language in the first ____ months of life
6
Speech Development
-Infants learn to talk by _____ sounds
imitating
Speech Development
-Laughing/squealing occurs at ____ - ____ months
3
4
Speech Development
-Babbling in the infant occurs at ____ months
6
Speech Development
-The infant knows the word "____" at 9-10 months
NO
Social Development
-Stimulation for social development can take place by playing games like ____ and ____
Peek-a-boo
Pat-a-cake
Social Development
-Many infants experience ____ anxiety when neighbors come over
Stranger
Nutrition
-Infants should have Iron supplements after ____ months of age
4
Nutrition
-Solid foods should be introduced by ____ months
6
Nutrition
-The first food that should be introduced is ____.
cereals
Nutrition
-____ and ____ can be introduced by 6-8 months and are important because they help develop a taste for them later in life
Fruits
Vegetables
Nutrition
-You should avoid giving Infants ____ because of botulism spores
Honey
Nutrition
-____ can be a choking hazard and are also a predominant food allergy. So they should be avoided during the first year.
Nuts
Dental Care
-After teeth have erupted their should be no ____ in bed, because it can lead to tooth decay
bottles
Dental Care
-Vibrators stimulate the ____ and provide a soothing feeling.
gums
Dental care
-Cleaning of mouth and gums should occur after ____ and at ____
feeds
bedtime
Dental care
-the first dental appointment should occur by age ____
2
Sleep
-The "____" campaign helps prevent SIDS
Back to sleep
Sleep
-Providing ____ ____ at least 4x a day helps prevent flat spots
Tummy time
Elimination
-Those infants who are ____ fed tend to have a greater number of stools and looser stools
Breast
Elimination
-Infants who are ____ fed tent to have less stools and can become more constipated
Formula
Immunization
-the ____(___) vaccine can be given at birth, 1 & 6 months
HIB(HBV)
Toddlers is from ____ months to ____ years
12 months
3 years
Physical Development
The toddlers weight should have ____ when compared to their birth weight
quadrupled
At 2 years old the child has reached about ____% of their future adult height and achieved ____% of their adult brain size
50%
90%
T or F the child's head circumference equals their chest circumference
True
T or F children need physical exercise to reduce childhood obesity
True
Personal Development
-Children know their own name by ____ months
12
Personal Development
-by 18 months they can identify ____ forms
geometric
Personal development
-they can remember and repeat ____ by 3 yrs
number
Cognitive Development
-Children understand ____ ____, so they understand that things exist when they are not see, heard, or felt
Object permanence
Psychosocial Development
-According to Erickson toddlers experience ____ vs ____ and ____
autonomy
shame doubt
Nutrition
-Children are able to feed themselves by ____ yrs of age
3
Sleep
-A ____ ____ can help children sleep at night
night light
Sleep
-Should a parent wake their child who is experiencing night terrors?
NO
Sleep
-T or F as a parent with a child experiencing night mares you should explore the environment and family stress situations to help identify the cause
True
Elimination
-Readiness for toilet training is not developed until ____ - ____months of age
18
24
Elimination
-T or F motivation to achieve control is based on the child wanting to please mom and dad
True
Elimination
-Enuresis is the ____ loss of ____ control
involuntary
bladder
Elimination
-Children who get busy and don't take time to toilet could experience ____.
Encompresis
Elimination
-Encompresis has a higher incidence in ____ then ____
boys
girls
Discipline
-one form of punishment is the use of "____ ____"
time outs
Safety
-you can prevent accidental drowning by teaching your child to ____
swim
Old fractures can be a warning sign of ____ _____
child abuse
Eliminatino
-Bowel control occurs before Bladder control due to ____ of the CNS
Mylenation