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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
epiphyseal growth plates
where lengthening of bones occur

b/w each end and the shaft of long bones
growth hormone acts on:
liver
unspecialized precursors
differentiated cells
unspecialized precursors
dividing cells

secrete IGF-1 locally; IGF-1 acts as paracrine agent
differentiated cells
not dividing

increase protein sytnhesis; cause cells to become larger
plate closure
cartilage turns into bone
anabolic steroid
effects differentiated cells; stimulates protein synthesis increasing their size, making them larger and larger

IN TESTOSTERONE
NOT IN ESTROGEN OR PROGESTERONE
IGF-2
main hormone controlling rate of growth before birth
placental lactogen
decrease insulin sensitivity of mom's cells, causing increase in mom's glu and insulin levels
gonads
ovaries

testes
wolffian ducts
degernates

vas deferens
mullerian ducts
oviduct/uterus/vagina

degen
urogential sinus
urethra
genital tubercle
clitoris

penis
urethral groove
vestibule (open)

zips up to penis
urethral fold
labia minora

penis
gential swelling
labia majora

scrotum