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20 Cards in this Set

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Social psychology
The scientific study of how people think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Culture
The enduring behavior ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to another.
Social representations
Socially shared beliefs-widely held ideas and values, including our assumptions and cultural ideologies. Our social representations help us make sense of our world.
Naturalistic fallacy
The error of defining what is good in terms of what is observable. Ex: what's typical is normal, what's normal is good
Hindsight Bias
(I knew it all along phenomenon) the tendency to exaggerate, after learning an outcome, one's ability to have seen how something turned out.
Theory
An integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events.
Hypothesis
A testable proposition that describes a relationship that may exist between events.
Field research
Research done in natural, real-life settings outside the lab
Correlational research
The study of the naturally occurring relationships among variables
Experimental research
Studies that seek clues to cause-effect relationships by manipulating one or more factors wile controlling others.
Random sample
Survey procedure in which every person in the population being studied has an equal chance of inclusion.
Ex: unrepresented samples, order of response, wording choices; generalize to a population
Independent variable
The experimental factor that a researcher manipulates
Dependent variable
The variable being measured, depends on the manipulation of independent variable
Random assignment
The process of assigning participants to the conditions of an experiment such that all persons have the same chance of being in a given condition
Ex: infer cause and effect
Mundane realism
Degree to which an experiment is specifically similar to everyday situations
Experimental realism
Degree to which an experiment absorbs and involves its partisipants
Deception
Occurs in research when participants are misinformed or misled about the study's methods and purposes
Demand characteristics
Cues in an experiment that tell participants what behavior is expected
Informed consent
An ethical principle requiring that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate
Debriefing
In social psychology, the post experimental explanation of a study to its participants. Debriefing usually discloses any deception and often queries participants regarding their understanding and feelings.