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183 Cards in this Set

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What cuases Carpal tunnel? (2)
any that reduces the size of the carpal tunnel (2)increasing sizes of structure around it
NAME
this can be caused by any lesions that reduce the size of the carpal tunnel and increas the sizes of the structure around it
carpal tunnel
What is carpal tunnel?
is when the mediain nerve is pinched
NAME
this is when the median nerve is pinched
carpal tunnel
What are inviduals w carpal tunnel like?
(1)they are unable to oppose thumb (thenar muscles) (2)bednication hand (cannot flex 1st and 2nd lumbricals)
NAME
people w this condition are unable to oppose thumb
carpal tunnel
NAME
people w this condition are unable to oppose thumb and have a bednication hand
caral tunnel
What are inviduals w carpal tunnel like? (2)
they are unable to oppose the thumb (2)have bednication hand
WHat are people w the ape hand like?
is deformity in which the thumb movements are limited flexion, and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
What are people w the ape hand like?
is deformity in which the thumb movements are limited flexion, and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
What are people w the ape hand like?
is deformity in which the thumb movements are limited flexion, and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
NAME
this is a is deformity in which the thumb movements are limited flexion, and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
ape hand
NAME
this is a is deformity in which the thumb movements are limited flexion, and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
ape hand
NAME
this is is deformity in which the thumb movements are limited flexion, and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
ape hand
What are people w a damaged median nerve like?
they have an ape hand
What are people like w median nerve damage?
they have an ape hand
NAME
people w this type of nerve damage have an ape hand
median nerve
NAME
people w this type of damage have an ape hand
median nerve
What can cause ape hand ?
by the inability of to oppose the thumb (2)limited abduction of the thumb
What can cause ape hand?
by the inability to oppose and abduct the hand
NAME
this can be caused by the inability to oppose and abduct the hand
ape hand
NAME
this can be caused by the inability to oppose and abduct the hand
ape hand
NAME
this can be caused by the inability to oppose and abduct the hand
ape hand
Where are (4)places that ulnar nerve damage can occur?
(1)posterior to medial epicondyle of the humerus (2)cubital fossa (3)at the wrist (4)the hand
NAME
this type of nerve damage can occur in 4 places: the posterior to the medial epicondyle of the humerus, cubital fossa, at the wrist and the hand
ulnar nerve injury
What are people w ulnar nerve damge like?
they have a claw hand
What are people w ulnar nerve damge like?
they have a claw hand
What are people w ulnar nerve damge like?
they have a claw hand
NAME
people w this type of injury have claw hand
ulnar nerve injury
NAME
people w this type of injury have a claw hand
ulnar nerve injury
What can cause claw hand?
the atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand
NAME
this is cuased by the atrophy of the interossseous muscles of the hand
claw hand
What can cause claw hand?
the atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand
What can cause claw hand?
the atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand
NAME
this is cuased by the atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand
claw hand
NAME
this is caused by the atrophy of the interosseous muscles of the hand
claw hand
What is the claw hand?
refers to unopposed action of the extensors and FDP
NAME
this refers to the unopposed action of the extensors of the FDP
claw hand
NAME
this refers to the unopposed action of the extensors of the FDP
claw hand
NAME
this refers to the unopposed action of the extensors of the FDP
claw hand
What is the claw hand?
refers to unopposed action of the extensors and FDP
What is the claw hand?
refers to unopposed action of the extensors and FDP
What is the ulnar canal syndrome?
refesr to compression of the ulnar nerve in the ulnar canal
What is the ulnar canal syndrome?
compression of the ulnar nerve in the ulnar canal
NAME
damage to this nerve not only affects the posterior forearm and arm but also the flexing of the metacarpohalengeal joints
radial nerve injury
NAME
damage to this nerve not only affects the posterior forearm and arm but also the flexing of the metacarpohalengeal joints
radial nerve injury
NAME
damage to this nerve not only affects the posterior forearm and arm but also the flexing of the metacarpohalengeal joints
radial nerve injury
What is a radial nerve injury like?
affects the posteror arm and forearm including the flexing of the metacarpholaengaeal joints
What is a radial nerve injury like?
affects the posteror arm and forearm including the flexing of the metacarpholaengaeal joints
The only nerve that goes through the carpal tunnel is the (1)
median nerve
What are the tendons in the carpal tunnel? (3)
(1)4 FDP (2)4 FDS and (3)FPL
NAME
this has the following tendons: 4 FDP, 4 FDS, and FPL
carpal tunnel
What are the tendons in the carpal tunnel? (3)
(1)4 FDP (2)4 FDS and (3)FPL
What are the tendons in the carpal tunnel? (3)
(1)4 FDP (2)4 FDS and (3)FPL
What is the Glenohumeral joint?
shoulder joint
NAME
this is the shoulder joint
glenohumeral joint
What type of joint is the glenohumeral joint? (3)
(1)ball and socket joint (2)synovial joint (3)multiaxial
What type of joint is the glenohumeral joint? (3)
(1)ball and socket joint (2)synovial joint (3)multiaxial
What type of joint is the glenohumeral joint? (3)
(1)ball and socket joint (2)synovial joint (3)multiaxial
What type of joint is the glenohumeral joint? (3)
(1)ball and socket joint (2)synovial joint (3)multiaxial
`WHat kind of movements does the glenohumeral joint allow for?
(1)circumduction
NAME
this joint allows for circumduction of the arm
glenohumeral joint
NAME
this joint allows for circumduction of the arm
glenohumeral joint
T or F
Glenohumeral joint is stable
false
Is the glenohumeral joint is stable?
no
A person suffered from an injury that cutt off the dorsal scapular nerve.

(1)What muscles are affected?'
(2)What movements does it allow for?
(3)Whould there be zero movement of the scapula?
(1)

(2)elevation, depression, and retraction of the scapula
(4)n bc the top fibers of the trapzius elevate the scapula
A person suffered from an injury that cutt off the dorsal scapular nerve.

(1)What muscles are affected?'
(2)What movements does it allow for?
(3)Whould there be zero movement of the scapula?
(1)

(2)elevation, depression, and retraction of the scapula
(4)n bc the top fibers of the trapzius elevate the scapula
A person suffered from an injury that cutt off the dorsal scapular nerve.

(1)What muscles are affected?'
(2)What movements does it allow for?
(3)Whould there be zero movement of the scapula?
(1)

(2)elevation, depression, and retraction of the scapula
(4)n bc the top fibers of the trapzius elevate the scapula
A person suffered from an injury that cutt off the dorsal scapular nerve.

(1)What muscles are affected?'
(2)What movements does it allow for?
(3)Whould there be zero movement of the scapula?
(1)

(2)elevation, depression, and retraction of the scapula
(4)n bc the top fibers of the trapzius elevate the scapula
a 18 yr old male suffered from a stabing wound that injuryed the radial nerve.
(1)list the motor deficits you would expect
(2)would he be able to totally extend the arm?
(1)partial inability to extend the arm (tricps brachi-long head), abduct the arm, extend forearm, and extend the wrist. (2)no bc latissmi doris extends the arm
a 18 yr old male suffered from a stabing wound that injuryed the radial nerve.
(1)list the motor deficits you would expect
(2)would he be able to totally extend the arm?
(1)partial inability to extend the arm (triceps brachi-long head), abduct the arm, extend forearm, and extend the wrist. (2)no bc latissmi doris extends the arm
a 18 yr old male suffered from a stabing wound that injuryed the radial nerve.
(1)list the motor deficits you would expect
(2)would he be able to totally extend the arm?
(1)partial inability to extend the arm (tricps brachi-long head), abduct the arm, extend forearm, and extend the wrist (ECU). (2)no bc latissmi doris extends the arm
There is a 47 female patient that suffers from nerve compression of unknown causes and the compression of the level of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus. it is proximal to the lateral pectoral nerve
(1)list the motor deficits you would expect
(2)what nerve is caused?
(1)inability to abduct, adduct, medially rotates, and depresses the scapula(pecs muscle) (2)affects the lateral pectoral nerve
There is a 47 female patient that suffers from nerve compression of unknown causes and the compression of the level of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus. it is proximal to the lateral pectoral nerve
(1)list the motor deficits you would expect
(2)what nerve is caused?
(1)inability to abduct, adduct, medially rotates, and depresses the scapula(pecs muscle) (2)affects the lateral pectoral nerve
There is a 47 female patient that suffers from nerve compression of unknown causes and the compression of the level of the lateral cord of the brachial plexus. it is proximal to the lateral pectoral nerve
(1)list the motor deficits you would expect
(2)what nerve is caused?
(1)inability to abduct, adduct, medially rotates, and depresses the scapula(pecs muscle) (2)affects the lateral pectoral nerve
Describe the flow of blood from the heart to the arm (arteries) (6)
(1)right subclavian (2)axillary (3)brachial artery (4)radial and ulnar artery (5)palmar arches (6)digital arches
Describe the flow of blood from the heart to the arm (arteries) (6)
(1)right subclavian (2)axillary (3)brachial artery (4)radial and ulnar artery (5)palmar arches (6)digital arches
T or F
veins do split into branches
veins
Do veins split into branches?
no
Describe the flow of blood from the arm to theart (veins)(7)
(1)palmar venous arches (2)Baslic vein (3)cephalic vein (4)median cubital vein (5)brachial vein (6)axillary vien (7)subclavian vien
Describe the flow of blood from the arm to theart (veins)(7)
(1)palmar venous arches (2)Baslic vein (3)cephalic vein (4)median cubital vein (5)brachial vein (6)axillary vien (7)subclavian vien
Describe the flow of blood from the arm to theart (veins)(7)
(1)palmar venous arches (2)Baslic vein (3)cephalic vein (4)median cubital vein (5)brachial vein (6)axillary vien (7)subclavian vien
Describe the flow of blood from the arm to theart (veins)(7)
(1)palmar venous arches (2)Baslic vein (3)cephalic vein (4)median cubital vein (5)brachial vein (6)axillary vien (7)subclavian vien
What is the number one site for iv puncture?
the median cubital vien
What is the number one site for iv puncture?
the median cubital vien
What is the number one site for iv puncture?
the median cubital vien
NAME
this is the number one site for IV punture
the median cutbital vein
The median cubital vein is the number one site for(1)
IV puncture
What are (2)superfical veins of the arm?
(1)baslic veins (2)cephalic vein
What are (2)superfical veins of the arm?
(1)baslic veins (2)cephalic vein
WHat is the cornoid fossa?
is depresssion on the anterior side of the humerus
WHat is the cornoid fossa?
is depresssion on the anterior side of the humerus
WHat is the cornoid fossa?
is depresssion on the anterior side of the humerus
WHat is the Olecranon fossa?
is a bigger depression on the posterior side of the humerus
Where is the radial groove?
next to the olecrannon fossa
WHere is the radial groove?
next to the Olecrannon fossa
WHat is the differ tbwn the cornoid and the olecrannon fossa and the radial fossa? (3)
(1)radial fossa is next to the Olecrannon fossa (2)olecrannon fossa is a bigger depression on the posterior side of the humerus (3)Cornoid fossa-is a depression on the anterior side of the humerus
WHat is the differ tbwn the cornoid and the olecrannon fossa and the radial fossa? (3)
(1)radial fossa is next to the Olecrannon fossa (2)olecrannon fossa is a bigger depression on the posterior side of the humerus (3)Cornoid fossa-is a depression on the anterior side of the humerus
WHat is the differ tbwn the cornoid and the olecrannon fossa and the radial fossa? (3)
(1)radial fossa is next to the Olecrannon fossa (2)olecrannon fossa is a bigger depression on the posterior side of the humerus (3)Cornoid fossa-is a depression on the anterior side of the humerus
Supinators are located on the (1)
posterior
Supinators are located on the (1)side
posterior
(1)and (2)are located on the posterior side
supinators and extensors
(1)and (2)are located on the posterior side
supinators and extensors
pronators are located on the (1)side
anterior
pronators are located on the (1)side
anterior
(1)and (2)are located on the anterior side
pronators and flexors
(1)and (2)are located on the anterior side
pronators and flexors
WHat is thenar muscles?
are thumb muscles
WHat the hypothenar muscles?
are the pinki muscles
A 78 yr old female presents w muscle weakness in the hand. she worked as sectaruy for 47 yrs.
(1)which clinical sign would you look for?
(2)which structure are possible affected?
(1)look for hand bendication, thenar muscles damaged, inability to contract 1st and 2nd lubmbircals and damaged median nerve
A 78 yr old female presents w muscle weakness in the hand. she worked as sectaruy for 47 yrs.
(1)which clinical sign would you look for?
(2)which structure are possible affected?
(1)look for hand bendication, thenar muscles damaged, inability to contract 1st and 2nd lubmbircals and damaged median nerve
A 78 yr old female presents w muscle weakness in the hand. she worked as sectaruy for 47 yrs.
(1)which clinical sign would you look for?
(2)which structure are possible affected?
(1)look for hand bendication, thenar muscles damaged, inability to contract 1st and 2nd lubmbircals and damaged median nerve
A 78 yr old female presents w muscle weakness in the hand. she worked as sectaruy for 47 yrs.
(1)which clinical sign would you look for?
(2)which structure are possible affected?
(1)look for hand bendication, thenar muscles damaged, inability to contract 1st and 2nd lubmbircals and damaged median nerve
A pateint presents w inability to pronate right forearm also inability to abduct hand at wrist, wrist flexion is weakened, but can adduct the hand at the wrist/
(1)Where is the potential nerve injury...explain the clinical sings
median nerve is affected....effecting the FCR has a claw hand
A pateint presents w inability to pronate right forearm also inability to abduct hand at wrist, wrist flexion is weakened, but can adduct the hand at the wrist/
(1)Where is the potential nerve injury...explain the clinical sings
median nerve is affected....effecting the FCR has a claw hand
A pateint presents w inability to pronate right forearm also inability to abduct hand at wrist, wrist flexion is weakened, but can adduct the hand at the wrist/
(1)Where is the potential nerve injury...explain the clinical sings
median nerve is affected....effecting the FCR has a ape hand
What is the elbow joint?
hinge joint that allows for flexion and extension
NAME
this is a hinge joint that allows for flexion and extension
elbow joint
ELbow joint is also called the (1)
interphalangela joint
interphalangela joint is also called the (1)
elbow joint
What kind of movemetns does the elbow joint allow for? (2)
(1)extension and (2)flex
The metacarpophalangeal joints are also called the (1)
radiocarpal joints
The metacarpophalangeal joints are also called the (1)
radiocarpol joints
the (1)are also called teh radiocarpal joints
The metacarpophalangeal
the (1)are also called the radio-carpal joints
The metacarpophalangeal
What kind of joint is the The metacarpophalangeal joint?
condyloid joint
What kind of movement does the The metacarpophalangeal joint allow for?
(1)cicum (2)ext (3)flex (4)abd (5)add
NAME
this is a condyloid joint that allows for circumduction, ext, flex, abd, and add
The metacarpophalangeal joint
WHat is the The metacarpophalangeal joint?
is a condyloid joint that allows for circumduction, ext, flex, abd, and add
WHat is the The metacarpophalangeal joint?
is a condyloid joint that allows for circumduction, ext, flex, abd, and add
NAME
this is a condyloid joint that allows for circumduction, ext, flex, abd, and add
The metacarpophalangeal joint
Intercarpal joints are also called the (1)
carpometacarpal joints
the intercarpal joints are also called the (1)
carpometacarpal joints
The carpometacarpal joints are also called the (1)
intercarpaljoints
The carpometacarpal joints are also called the (1)
intercapral joints
What are the intercarpal joints?
plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements
NAME
these are plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements
intercapral joints
WHat are the intercapral joints?
plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements
NAME
these are plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements
intercapral joints
What kind of movements do the intercarpal joints allow for?
gliding
What kind of joint is the intercarpal joint?
plane synovial joint
T or F
the intercarpal joints allow for gliding movements of the thumb
flase
Do the intercarpal joints allow for gliding movements of the thumb?
no
What does the median nerve supply (give exceptions)? (2)
(1)mostly the anterior forearm but also the hand including the all thenar muscles and 1st and 2nd lumbricals (2)EXCEPTIONS: FCU and the ½ medial side of the FDP
What does the median nerve supply (give exceptions)? (2)
(1)mostly the anterior forearm but also the hand including the all thenar muscles and 1st and 2nd lumbricals (2)EXCEPTIONS: FCU and the ½ medial side of the FDP
What does the median nerve supply (give exceptions)? (2)
(1)mostly the anterior forearm but also the hand including the all thenar muscles and 1st and 2nd lumbricals (2)EXCEPTIONS: FCU and the ½ medial side of the FDP
NAME
this nerve supplies mostly the forearm but also the hand including all thenar muscles and 1st and 2nd lumbricals EXCEPT the FCU and 1/2 medial side of the FDP
median nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies mostly the forearm but also the hand including all thenar muscles and 1st and 2nd lumbricals EXCEPT the FCU and 1/2 medial side of the FDP
median nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies mostly the forearm but also the hand including all thenar muscles and 1st and 2nd lumbricals EXCEPT the FCU and 1/2 medial side of the FDP
median nerve
What does the ulnar nerve supply include EXCEPTIONS? (2)
(1)it supplies mostly the hand but also the forearm including the FCU and the medial ½ of the FDP (2)EXCEPTIONS: include the 1st and 2nd lumbricals and the thenar muscles
What does the ulnar nerve supply include EXCEPTIONS? (2)
(1)it supplies mostly the hand but also the forearm including the FCU and the medial ½ of the FDP (2)EXCEPTIONS: include the 1st and 2nd lumbricals and the thenar muscles
What does the ulnar nerve supply include EXCEPTIONS? (2)
(1)it supplies mostly the hand but also the forearm including the FCU and the medial ½ of the FDP (2)EXCEPTIONS: include the 1st and 2nd lumbricals and the thenar muscles
NAME
this nerve supplies mostly the hand but also the forearm including the FCU and the 1/2 medial side of the FDP EXCEPT for the 1st and 2nd lumbricals and thenar muscles
ulnar nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies mostly the hand but also the forearm including the FCU and the 1/2 medial side of the FDP EXCEPT for the 1st and 2nd lumbricals and thenar muscles
ulnar nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies mostly the hand but also the forearm including the FCU and the 1/2 medial side of the FDP EXCEPT for the 1st and 2nd lumbricals and thenar muscles
ulnar nerve
What is the differ btwn palmar and dorsal interosi? (2)
(1)DAB= 2nd, 3rd, and 4th fingers
(2)PAD=2nd, 4th and 5th fingers
What is the differ btwn palmar and dorsal interosi? (2)
(1)DAB= 2nd, 3rd, and 4th fingers
(2)PAD=2nd, 4th and 5th fingers
What is the differ btwn palmar and dorsal interosi? (2)
(1)DAB= 2nd, 3rd, and 4th fingers
(2)PAD=2nd, 4th and 5th fingers
What is the claw hand?
refers to how the pesron has difficulity making a fist bc the metacarpophalgenial joints have become hyperextended therefore he or she cannot flex the 4th and 5th fingers (2)they also cannot extend the interphlagnela joints when trying to striaghtne the fingers
What is the claw hand?
refers to how the pesron has difficulity making a fist bc the metacarpophalgenial joints have become hyperextended therefore he or she cannot flex the 4th and 5th fingers (2)they also cannot extend the interphlagnela joints when trying to striaghtne the fingers
What is the claw hand?
refers to how the pesron has difficulity making a fist bc the metacarpophalgenial joints have become hyperextended therefore he or she cannot flex the 4th and 5th fingers (2)they also cannot extend the interphlagnela joints when trying to striaghtne the fingers
What is the ape hand?
is a deformatiy in which the thumb movements are limited to flexion and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
What is the ape hand?
is a deformatiy in which the thumb movements are limited to flexion and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
What is the ape hand?
is a deformatiy in which the thumb movements are limited to flexion and extension of the thumb in the plane of the palm
NAME
this refers to when refers to how the pesron has difficulity making a fist bc the metacarpophalgenial joints have become hyperextended therefore he or she cannot flex the 4th and 5th fingers. they also cannot extend the interphlagnela joints when trying to striaghtne the fingers
claw hand
What are the functions of the pectoralis major? (4)
(1)adducts (2)medially rotates humerus (3)draws scapula anterior and inferiorly (4)flexes humerus
What are the functions of the pectoralis major? (4)
(1)adducts (2)medially rotates humerus (3)draws scapula anterior and inferiorly (4)flexes humerus
What are the functions of the pectoralis major? (4)
(1)adducts (2)medially rotates humerus (3)draws scapula anterior and inferiorly (4)flexes humerus
NAME
this muscles functions include adduction and medially rotation of the humerus, drawing the scapula inferiorly and superiorly, and flexing the humerus
pectoralis major
NAME
this muscles functions include adduction and medially rotation of the humerus, drawing the scapula inferiorly and superiorly, and flexing the humerus
pectoralis major
What does the subclavis do?
anchors and depresses the clavicle
What does the subclavis do?
anchors and depressed the clavicle
What does the subclavis do?
anchors and depressed the clavicle
What does the serrtus anterior do?
(1)protracts scapula (2)rotates scapula
NAME
this protracts scapula and rotates scapula
serratus anterior
What does alvused mean?
refers to tears
NAME
this means tears
alvused
NAME
this means tears
alvused
What does alvused mean?
tears
What is the differ btwn elbow, metacarpophalangeal and intercarpal joints? (3)
(1)elbow joint- is a hinge joint that allows for flex and ext
(2)metacarpophalangeal joints are condyloid joints that allow for circumduction
(3)intercarpal joints are plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements
What is the differ btwn elbow, metacarpophalangeal and intercarpal joints?(3)
(1)Elbow (interphalangeal joints)- hinge joint that allows for ext and flex
(2)metacarpophalangeal (radiocarpal)joint –condyloid joint that allows for circumduction
(3)intercarpal joint (carpometacarpal joint)=plane synovical joint that allows for gliding except the thumb
What is the differ btwn elbow, metacarpophalangeal and intercarpal joints?(3)
(1)elbow joint- is a hinge joint that allows for flex and ext
(2)metacarpophalangeal joints are condyloid joints that allow for circumduction
(3)intercarpal joints are plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements
What is the differ btwn elbow, metacarpophalangeal and intercarpal joints?(3)
(1)elbow joint- is a hinge joint that allows for flex and ext
(2)metacarpophalangeal joints are condyloid joints that allow for circumduction
(3)intercarpal joints are plane synovial joints that allow for gliding movements