Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/666

Click to flip

666 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are (4)key charceristics of the upper limb?
(1)mobility (2)the ability to grasp (3)strike (4)conduct fine motor skills
NAME
some key characteristics of this are mobility, the ability to grasp, strike, and conduct fine motor skills
upper limb
What are (4)segments that make up the upper limb?
(1)shoulder (2)arm (3)forearm (4)hand
NAME
this consists of 4 main segments: shoulder, arm, forearm, and the hand
upper limb
Where is the shoulder located?
includes the pectoral, scapular, and lateral suparclavicular regions (2)is built on half of the pecotral gridle
NAME
this includes the pectoral, scapular, and lateral supraclavicular regions and is built on half of the pectoral gridle
shoulder
What is the pectoral gridle?
is a bony ring formed by the scapulae and clavicles
NAME
this is a bony ring formed by the scapulae and clavicles
pectoral gridle
Where is the arm located?
btwn the shoulders and the elbow (2)is centered around the humerus
NAME
this is btwn the shoulders and the elbow and is centered around the humerus
armh
The arm is centered around the (1)
humerus
the (1)is centered around the humerus
arm
What is the forearm?
contains the ulna and the radius
NAME
this contains the ulna and the radius
forearm
Where is the forearm located?
btwn the elbow nad the wrist
NAME
this is located btwn the elbow and the wrist
forearm
What is the hand?
contains the carpus, metacarpus and the phalanges and is richly supplied w sensory endings
NAME
this contains the carpus, metacarpus, and the phalanges and is richly supplied w sensory endings
hand
NAME
this located distal to the forearm
hand
Where is the hand located?
is distal to the forearm
What is the carpus?
the wrist bones
NAME
this refers to the wrist bones
carpus
What are the phalanges?
bones of the fingers and toes
NAME
these are the bones of the fingers and toes
phalanges
What does the superior appendicular skeleton contain?
is the pectoral gridle and bones of the free part of the upper skeleton
NAME
this skeleton system consists of the pectoral gridle and the bones of the upper skeleton
superior appendicular skeleton
Where does the superior appendicular skeleton articulate w the axial skeleton?
only at the sternoclavicular joint allowing great mobility
NAME
this articulates w the axial skeleton only at the sternoclavicular joint allowing great mobility
superior appendicular skeleton
The superior appendiuclar skeleton articulates w the axial skeleton at the (1)joint allowing great mobility?
sternoclavicular joint
What is the axioappendicular muscles?
support, stablize, and propel the pectoral girdle
What is the clavicle?
is the collar bone
NAME
this is the collar bone
clavicle
What does the clavicle do?
connects the upper limb to the trunk
NAME
this connects the upper limb to the trunk
clavicle
What are the 2 parts of the clavicle? (2)
(1)sternal end (2)arcomial end
NAME
this has 2 parts: the sternal end and the arcomial end
clavicle
Where does the sternal end of hte clavicle articulate?
it aritculates w the manubrium of the sternum
NAME
this arituclates w the manubrium of the sternum
the sternal end of the clavicle
What does the superior appendicular skeleton aritculate w/
the axial skeleton
Where does the sternal end of the clavlicle articulate w the manubrium of the sternum?
at the SC joint
NAME
this articulates w the manubirum of the sternum at the SC joint
the sternal end of the clavicle
What does the SC joint stand for?
sternoclavicular joint
What does the AC stand for?
acromioclavicular joint
Where does the arcomial end of the clavicle articulate w the acromion of the scapula?
at the AC joint
NAME
this articualtes w the acromion of the scapula at the AC joint
acromial end of the clavicle
What are some functions of the clavicle? (3)
(1)serves as rigid support from which the scapula and free limb are suspended, keeping the limb away from the throax so that the arm has maximum freedom of movement (2)forms one of the boundaries of the cervioaxiallry canal affording protection to the neurovascular bundle supplying the upper limb (3)transmits shocks from the upper limb to the axial skeleton
What is the scapula?
is the shoulder blade bone
NAME
this is the shoulder blade bone
scapula
Describe what the scapula looks like/ (2)
is a triangular flat bone (2)it is unevenly divided by the spine of the scapula into smaller suparspinous fossa and a much larger infraspinous fossa
NAME
this is a triangular flat bone that lies on the posterolateral aspect of the throax, overlying the 2nd and 7th ribs
scapula
Where is the scapula located?
lies on the thorax and overlying the 2nd and 7th ribs
What is the body of the scapula?
is the traingualr or blade part of hte scapula
NAME
this is unevenly divided by the spine of the scapula into smaller suparspinous fossa and a much larger infraspinous fossa
scapula
The scapula is unevenly divided by the spine of the scapula into smaller (1)and a much larger (2)
(1)suparspinous fosa (2)infraspinous fossa
NAME
this bone is commonly fractured
clavicle
The clavicle is commonly (1)
fractured
What are some causes of a fractured clavicle?
(1)an indirect force transmitted from an outstrechted hand through the bones of the forearm and the arm to the shoulder during a fall (2)or a fall directly on the shoulder
NAME
fracture of this bone may be caused indirectly by an indirect force from an outstreched hand through the bones of the forearm and arm to the shoulder during a fall or a direct fall on the shoulder
clavicle
What is the weakest part of the clavicle?
is at the junction of its middle and lateral thirds
What happens after a fracture of the clavicle? (2)
the SCM elevates the medial fragment bone (2)the trapizus muscle is unable to hold up the lateral fragment owing to the weight of the upper limb and thus the shoulder drops
What does SCM stand for?
sternocleidomastoid
What happens after a fracture of the clavicle? (2)
the SCM elevates the medial fragment bone (2)the trapizus muscle is unable to hold up the lateral fragment owing to the weight of the upper limb and thus the shoulder drops
What are the differ parts of the scapula? (9_
(1)body (2)glenoid cavity (3)neck (4)coracoid process (5)acromion (6)supraglenoid tubercle (7)infraglenoid tubercle (8)scapular spine (9)supraspinous fossa (10)infraspinous fossa
NAME
this is made upf oa body w borders and angles, glenoid cavity, neck, coracoid process, arcomion, supragleniod tubercle, scapular spine, supraspinous fossa, and infraspinous fossa
scapula
What makes up the pectoral gridle?
consists of clavicle and the scpaula
NAME
this consists of the clavicle and scapula
pectoral gridle
What is the glenoid cavity?
is the site of the articulation for head of the humerus
NAME
this is the site of the articulation point w the humerus
glenoid cavity
What is the acromion?
is the tip of the shoulder
NAME
this tip of the shoulder
acromion
What is the supraspinous fossia?
is a depression above the spine on the spine of the scapula
NAME
this is a depression above the spine on the scapula
supraspinous fossia
What is the infraspinous fossa?
is a depression inferior on the spine of the scapula
NAME
this is a depression inferior on the spine of the scapula
infraspinous fossa
What is the thickest part of the scapula bone?
head of the scapula
the head of the scapula is the (1)part of the bone
thickest
Where is the glenoid cavity located?
at the head of the scapula
NAME
this located at the head of the scapula
glenoid cavity
What are the parts of the arm? (6)
(1)humerus (2)radius (3)ulna (4)carpels (5)metacarpals (6)phalanges
NAME
this has four parts: humerus, radius, ulna, carpels, metacarapals, and phalanges
arm
What are the different features that make up the humerus? (14)
(1)greater tubercle (2)lesser tubercle (3)intertubercular groove (4)anatomical neck (5)shaft (6)deltoid tuberosity (7)condyle (8)trochela (9)coronoid fossa (10)oelcranon fossa (11)capitulum (12)radial fossa (13)radial groove (14)medial and lateral condyles
NAME
this has 14 different features, greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, intertubecular groove, anatomical neck, shaft, deltoid tuberosity, condyle, trochela, coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa, capitulm, radial fossa, radial groove, and medial and lateral condyles
humerus
What is the shaft?
the body of the bone
NAME
this is the body of the bone
shaft
What is the radial groove of the humerus?
is a marginal groove for the nerve
NAME,
in the humerus, this is a marginal groove for the nerv
humerus
What are the different features of the radius? (4)
(1)radial head (2)radial tuberosity (3)styloid process (4)ulnar notch
NAME
this has four main features: radial head, radial tuberosity, and styloid processs, and ulnar notch
radius
WHat is the largest bone in the upper limb?
the humerus
The humerus is the (1)bone is the upper limb
largest
the humerus is the largest bone in the (1)
upper limb
WHat does the word trochela mean?
pulley
What is the trochlea?
this means pully and is the articulation site for the ulna
NAME
this means pully and is the articulation site for the ulna
trochela
What does the humerus articulate w? (2)
(1)the scapula (2)the radius and ulna
NAME
this articulates w the scapula and the radius and ulna
the humerus
Where does the humerus articulate w the scapula?
at the glenohumeral joint
NAME
this articulates w the scapula at the glenohumeral joint
the humerus
Where does the humerus articulate w the ulna and radius?
at the elbow joint
NAME
this articulates w the ulna and the radius at the elbow joint
humerus
What are the condyles of the humerus? (4)
refers to the distal end of the humerus including (1)trochlea, (2)capitulum (3)olecranon (4)coronoid (5)radial fossae
NAME
this refers to the distal end of the humerus including the trochlea, capitulum, olecranon, coronoid, and radial fossae
condyles of the humerus
WHat does capitulum mean?
"little head"
NAME
this means "little head"
capitulum
Ehat are the articular surfaces of the condyle of the humerus?(2)
(1)captiulum (2)trochlea
NAME
this has two articualar processes: captiulm and trochlea
condyle of the humerus
WHat does the coronoid fossa do?
it accomondates the coronoid process of the ulnaduring the extension of the elbow
What does the coronoid fossa do?
receives the coronoid process of the ulna during full flexion of the elbow
NAME
this recieves the coronoid process of the ulna during the full flexion of the elbow
coronoid fossa
What does the olecranon fossa do?
accomates the olecranon of the ulna during extension of the elbow
NAME
this accomadtes the olecranon of the ulna during extension of the elbow
olecranon fossa
What does the radial fossa do?
accommodate the edge of the head of the radius when the elbow is fully flexed
NAME
this accomadtes the edge of the head of the radius when the elbow is fully flexed
radial fossa
NAME
this is the stabilzing bone of the forarm
ulna
What is the stablizing bone of the forearm?
ulna
What is the ulna?
is the stablizing bone of the forearm
Where is the ulna located?
is the medial and longer of the 2 forearm bones
NAME
this is the medial and longer of the 2 forearm bones
ulna
T or F
the ulna does reach and particapte in the wrist joint
false
Does the ulna reach and praticpate in the wrist joint?
no
Where is the radius located?
is the lateral and shorter of the 2 forearm bones
nAME
this is the lateral and shorter of the 2 forearm bones
radius
How do you tell the differ btwn the ulna and the raidus?(2)
(1)ulna-is the medial and longer of the 2 forearm bones (2)radius-is the lateral and shorter of the 2 forearm bones
What are the different features of the ulna? (6)
(1)olecranon process (2)trachlear notch (3)coronoid process (4)radial notch (5)ulnar head (6)styliod process
NAME
some features of this bone are the olecranon process, trachlear notch, coronoid process, radial notch, ulnar head, and styloid process
ulna
What is the trochlear notch of the ulna?
articualtes w the trochlea of the humerus
NAME
in the ulna, this articulates w the trochlea of the humerus
trochlear notch
NAME
this type of fracture normal results from a minor fall on the hand w the force being transmiteed
fractures of the surgical neck of the humerus
What usally causes fracutres of the sugrical neck of the humerus?
results from a minor fall on the hand w force being transmited
WHat usally causes tranverse fractures of the shaft of the humerus?
from a direct blow to the arm
NAME
this type of fracture usally results from a direct blow to the arm
tranverse fractures of the shaft of the humerus
T or F
bc nerves are in contact w the humerus, a fracture in the humerus may damage the nerves
true
How many bones does the carpus have?
8
How many bones does the carpus have?
8
What is a easy way to remember the bones in the carpus and the order they are in the wrist?
Some Lovers Try Positions That they cant handle

From the thum side: (Starting at bottom then up)
S=Scaphoid
L=lunate
T-triqutrum
P=pisiform
T=Trapezium
T=trapezoid
C=capiatate
H=harnate
What is a easy way to remember the bones in the carpus and the order they are in the wrist?
Some Lovers Try Positions That they cant handle

From the thum side: (Starting at bottom then up)
S=Scaphoid
L=lunate
T-triqutrum
P=pisiform
T=Trapezium
T=trapezoid
C=capiatate
H=harnate
What is a easy way to remember the bones in the carpus and the order they are in the wrist?
Some Lovers Try Positions That they cant handle

From the thum side: (Starting at bottom then up)
S=Scaphoid
L=lunate
T-triqutrum
P=pisiform
T=Trapezium
T=trapezoid
C=capiatate
H=harnate
Describe what the carpals look like
2 rows of 4 bones each
NAME
this has 2 rows of 4 bones each
carpals
Fractures of the (1)and (2)bone are the result of serious injury
ulna and radius
Fractures of the ulna and the radius are the result of (1)
serious injury
What is the most common fracture in people older than 50 yrs old?
fracture of the distal end of the radius
Fracture of the distal end of the radius is the most (1)fracture of people older than 50
common
NAME
this is the most common fracture in people older than 50 years old
fracture of the distal end of the radius
What is the most common fracture of the forearm?
Colles fracture
NAME
this is the most common fracture of the forearm
colles fracture
Colles fracture is the most common fracture of the (1)
forearm
What is Colles fracture?
is a complete fracture of the distal 2 cm of the radius
NAME
this is a complete fracture of the distal 2 cm of the radius
Colles fracture
What does cominuted mean?
broken into pieces
nAME
this means broken into pieces
cominuted
What does avulsed mean?
broken off
NAME
this means broken off
avulsed
(1)is often refered to as the dinner fork deformity
Colles fracture
The Colles fracture is often refered to as the (1)
dinner fork deformity
What usally causes a Colles fracture?
from forced dorsiflexion of the hand
NAME
this type of fracture usally results from forced dorsiflexion of the hand
Colles fracture
What usalyl causes fractures of the scaphoid?
from a fall on the palm with the hand abducted
NAME
this type of fracture usally results from a fall on the palm w the hand abducted
fracture of the scaphoid
Why do the union of fractured parts of the scaphoid take so long to heal?
bc of the poor blood supply
The union of fractured parts of the scaphoid take a (1)time to heal
long
T orF
the union of the fractured parts of the scaphoid take a short time to heal
false
What is the thickest metacarpal bone?
the 1st metacarpal
The 1st metacarapal is the (1)of the metacarpal bones
thickest
Describe what the metacarapls are like?
there are 5 numbered from thumb side
nAME
There are 5 hand bones numbered from the thumb side
metacarpals
How many phalanges are there?
(1)2 in the thumb (2)3 in all others --numbered from thumb side as proximal, middle, and distal
NAME
there are 2 finger bones in the thumb and 3 in all others---and are numbered from thumb side as proximal, middle, and distal
phalanges
What is unique about each indivudal phalanx? (3)
they all have (1)a base (2)shaft (3)head
NAME
each one of these bones has a a base, shaft, and head
phalanges
The subclavian artery gives off to form the (1)
thycocerival trunk
The (1)artery gives off to form the thycoverical trunk
subclavian artery
What is the thyrocervical trunk?
Think of "cervical"and where the vertebrae is located (aka the neck).

supplies the neck, and shoulders w blood
nAME
this supplies the neck and shoulders w blood
thyrocervical trunk
What is the axiallary artery?
supplies the chest and shoulder w blood
NAME
this supplies the chest and shoulder w blood
axiallary artery
What is the brachial artery?
supplies the upper arm
NAME
this supplies the upper arm and becomes the radial and ulnar arteries
brachial artery
What are the radial and ulnar arteries?
supply the lower arm and anastomose
nAME
these supply the lower arm and anstomose to form the palamar arches
radial and ulnar arches
What are the palamar arches?
supply the digital arteries w blood
nAME
these supply the digital arteries w blood
palamar arches
Describe blood flow from the arms to the tips of the fingers going away from the heart? (6)
starts w the (1)subclavian artery which gives off to the (2)thyrocervical trunk (3)axiallary artery (4)brachial artery (5)radial and ulnar arteries (6)palmar arches
Describe blood flow from the arms to the tips of the fingers going away from the heart? (6)
starts w the (1)subclavian artery which gives off to the (2)thyrocervical trunk (3)axiallary artery (4)brachial artery (5)radial and ulnar arteries (6)palmar arches
Describe blood flow from the arms to the tips of the fingers going away from the heart? (6)
starts w the (1)subclavian artery which gives off to the (2)thyrocervical trunk (3)axiallary artery (4)brachial artery (5)radial and ulnar arteries (6)palmar arches
Deep to the skin in the upper limb is (1)
subctuaneous tissue
Subcutaneous tissue is also called (1)
superficial fascia
(1)is also called superficial fascia
subcutaneous tissue
What is the pectoral fascia?
invests the pectoralis major and is continuous inferiorly w the fascia of the anterior abdominal wall
NAME
this invests the pectoralis major and is continous inferiorly w the fascia of the anterior abdominal wall
pectoral fascia
What is axillary fascia?
forms the floor of the armput (axilla)
NAME
forms the floor of the axilla
axiallary fascia
What is clavipectoral fascia?
encloses the subclavius and the pectoralis minor
NAME
this encloses the subclavis and the pectoralis minor
clavipectoral fascia
What is the costocoracoid membrane?
contains the pectoral nerve
NAME
this contains the pectoral nerve
costocoracoid membrane
What is the deltoid fascia?
invests the deltoid and is continuous w the pectoral fascia
NAME
invests the deltoid and is continous w the pectoral fascia
deltoid fascia
What is the brachial fascia?
is sheath of deep fascia that encloses the arm like a snug sleeve
NAME
this is sheath of deep fascia that encloses the arm like a snug sleeve
brachial fascia
the anterior fascial compartments can be also called (1)
flexor
the (1)fascial compartment can be also called flexor
anterior
The posterior fascial compartment can also be called (1)
extensor
the (1)fascial compartment can also be called the extensor
posterior
WHat is the antebrachial fascia?
are fascial compartments that surround the foreaerm
NAME
these are fascial compartments that surround the forearm
antebrachial fascia
What is the extensor retinaculum?
holds the extensor tendons in postion
NAME
this holds the extensor tendons in postion
extensor tendons in postion
the (1)divides the forearm into anterior and posterior fascial compartments
medial and lateral intermuscular septa
The medial and lateral intermuscular septa divides the forearm into (1)
anterior and posterior fascial compartments
NAME
these nerves supply the skin of the upper limb
cutaneous nerves in the subcutaneous tissue
what do cutaneous nerves supply?
the skin in the upper limb
The cutaneous nerves supply the (1)
skin in the upper limb
What does C3 and C4 supply?
the region at the base of the neck, extending over the shoulder
NAME
these nerves supply the region at the base of the neck, extending over the shoulder
C3 and C4
WHat do the C5 nerve supply?
the arm laterally
nAME
this nerve supplies the arm laterally
C5
What does the nerve C6 supply? (2)
the forearm laterally (2)the thumb
NAME
this nerves supply the forearm laterally and the thumb
C6
What does the nerve C7 supply? (2)
supplies the (1)middle finger (2)ring fingers (3)the middle posterior surface of the limbs
NAME
this nerve supplies the middle finger, ring fingers, and the middle posterior surface of the limbs
C7
What does the C8 supply? (3)
the little finger (2)the medial side of the hand (3)the forearm
NAME
this nerve supplies the little finger, the medial side of the hand, and the forearm
C8
What does the T1 supply?
the middle of the forearm to the axilla
NAME
this nerves supplies the middle of the forearm to the axilla
T1
What does the T2 supply?
(1)a small part of the arm (2)the skin of the axilla
NAME
this nerve supplies a small part of the arm and the skin of the axilla
T2
Where do most cutaneous nerves of the upper limb come from?
the brachial plexus
NAME
most of these type of nerves come from the brachial plexus
cutaneous nerves of the upper limb
most cutaneous nerves of the upper limb are derived from the (1)
brachial plexus
The cutaneous nerves of the shoulder are derived from the (1)
cervical plexus
NAME
these type of nerves are come from the cervical plexus
cutaneous nerves of the shoulders
Most of the cutaneous nerves of the (1)are derived from the cervical plexus
shoulder
Most of the cutaneous types of the shoulder are derived from the (1)
cervical plexus
What is the cervical plexus?
is a nerve network consisting of a series of nerve loops formed btwn the anterior rami of the first 4 cervical nerves
NAME
this is a nerve network consisting of a series of nerve loops formed btwn the anterior rami of the first 4 cervical nerves
cervical plexus
What nerves make up the suparclavicular nerve? (2)
C3 (2)C4
NAME
these are nerves are C3 and C4
supraclavicular nerves
What do the supraclavicular nerves supply?
the skin over the clavicle and the pectoralis major
NAME
these nerves supply the skin over the clavicle and the pectoralis major
supraclavicular nerves
What are the nerves that make up the posterior cutaneous nerve of the arm? (2)
(1)C5(2)C6(3)C7(4)C8
NAME
these nerves include C5,C6, C7, and C8
the posterior cutaneous nerve of the arm
What do the posterior cutaneous nerves of the arm supply?
the skin on the posterior surface of the arm
NAME
these nerves supply the posterior surface of the arm
posterior cutaneous nerves of the arm
What are the nerves the make up the posterior cutaneous nerve of the forearm? (
(1)C5(2)C6(3)C7(4)C8
NAME
these nerves include C5,C6,C7,and C8
posterior cutaneous nerves of the forearm
What ares does the posterior cutaneous nerves of the forearm supply?
supplies the skin on the posterior surface of the forearm
NAME
these nerves supply the skin on the posterior surface of the forearm
posterior cutaneous nerves of the forearm supply
What are the different types of nerves that make up the superior lateral cutaneous nerves of the arm? (2)
(1)C5 (2)C6
NAME
these nerves includes C5 and C6 (2)
superior lateral cutaneous nerves of the arm or (2)the inferior lateral cutaneous nerves of the arm
What area does the superior lateral cutaneous nerves of the arm supply?
supplies the skin over the lower part of the deltoid muscle and on the lateral side of the arm
NAME
this nerve supplies the skin over the lower part of the deltoid muscle and on the lateral side of the arm
superior lateral cutaneous nerve of the arm supply
What nerves make up the inferior lateral cutaneous nerve of the arm? (2)
(1)C5 (2)C6
What area does the inferior cutaneous nerve of the arm supply?
supplies the inferolateral aspect of the arm
NAME
this nerve supplies the inferolatearl aspect of the arm
inferior cutaneous nerve of the arm
WHat nerves make up the lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm? (2)
(1)C6 (2)C7
NAME
these are made up of the C6 and C7
lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm
What nerves make up the medial cutaneous nerve of the arm? (3)
(1)C8 (2)T1 (3)T2
NAME
this nerves are made up of the C8,T1, and T2
the medial cutaneous nerve of the arm
What area does the medial cutaneous nerve of the arm supply?
the skin on the medial side of the arm
NAME
these nerves supply the medial side of the arm
medial cutaneous nerve of the arm
What are does the lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm supply?
supplies the skin on the lateral side of the forearm
nAME
these nerves suply the skin on the lateral side of the forearm
the medial cutaneous nerves of the arm
What nerve makes up the intercostobrachial nerve?
T2
NAME
this nerve is T2
is the intercostobrachial nerve
What are does the medial cutaneous nerve of the forearm supply?
the skin on the anterior and medial surfaces of the forearm
NAME
these nerves supply the skin on the anterior and medial surfaces of the forearm
medial cutaneous nerves of the forearm
What nerves make up the medial cutaneous nerves of the forearm?
(1)C8 (2)T1
NAME
these nerves are made up of C8 and T1
medial cutaneous nerves of the forearm
WHat are the main superficial veins of the upper limb? (2)
(1)the cephalic (2)basilic veins
NAME
the main superifical veins of this region include the cephalic and the bascilic veins
upper limb
What are perforating viens?
form communications btwn the superficial and the deep veins
NAME
these form communications btwn the superfiical and the deep veins
perforating veins
How do you tell on the model what the shoulder muscles you need to id (4)

Only the ones u need to know
(1)supraspinous="supra"means on top ...therefore, it is above the spine of the scaupula (2)infraspinous= i is for inferior...therefore, it is inferior or below the spine (3)subscapaularis- is posterio rly located
(4)Teres minor=is thinner and located on the bottom (5)Teres major= thicker and on the bottom
How do you tell on the model what and where the arm muscles are that you need to be able to id? (4)?
FROM LATERAL SIDE TO MEDIAL AS FOLLOWS

(1)Coracobrachalis- can be found on the posterior side of the arm model.. however, keep in mind that it is anterior muscle (half is on both sides) (2)Biceps brachi- has two head short and long (3)Brachialis (4)Triceps brachi-keep in mind this is considered the only posterior arm muscle and has two heads-lateral and long
How do you tell on the model what and where the arm muscles are that you need to be able to id? (4)?
FROM LATERAL SIDE TO MEDIAL AS FOLLOWS

(1)Coracobrachalis- can be found on the posterior side of the arm model.. however, keep in mind that it is anterior muscle (half is on both sides) (2)Biceps brachi- has two head short and long (3)Brachialis (4)Triceps brachi-keep in mind this is considered the only posterior arm muscle and has two heads-lateral and long
STOPED HERE FOR MARI
STOPED HERE FOR MARI
STOPED HERE FOR MARI
STOPED HERE FOR MARI
What is a easy way to remember where the flexors and extensors orginate from?
Everyone May Find Love Everywhere

E=epincodyles
M=medial
F=flexors
L=lateral
E=extensors
What is a easy way to remember where the flexors and extensors orginate from?
Everyone May Find Love Everywhere

E=epincodyles
M=medial
F=flexors
L=lateral
E=extensors
What is a easy way to remember where the flexors and extensors orginate from?
Everyone May Find Love Everywhere

E=epincodyles
M=medial
F=flexors
L=lateral
E=extensors
The brachilal plexus is a (1)formed by the intercommunications among the ventral rami of the lower four cervical nerves and the T1
somatic nerve
NAME
this is a somatic nerve formed by the intercommunications among the ventral rami of the lower four cervical nerves and T1
brachial plexus
The brachial plexus is a somatic nerve formed by the intercommunications among the ventral rami of the (1)and (2)
(1)four cervical nerves (2)T1
What is the brachial plexus responsible for?
the motor innervation of all of the muscles of the limb except of the trapezius and the levator scapula
NAME
this is responisble for the motor inneravtion of all the muscles of the limb except the trapazius and the levator scapula
brachial plexus
The brachial plexus is responisble for the motor innervation of (1)except the trapezius and the levator scapula
all the muscles of the limb
The brachial plexus is responisble for the motor innervation of all the muscles of the limb except the (1)and (2)
(1)trapezius (2)levator scapula
What does the brachial plexus supply?
all the cutaneous innervation of the upper limb except of the area of axilla, the area just above the point of the shoulder, and the dorsal scapular area which is supplied by the cutaneous braches of the dorsi rami
NAME
this supplies all of the cutaneous innervation of the upper limb except the area of the axilla, the point just above the shoulder, and the dorsal scapular area which is supplied by hte cutaneous branches of the dorsi rami
brachial plexus
What is the area of the axilla?
the armpit
NAME
this refers to the armpit
the area of the axilla
How does the brachial plexus communicate?
w the sympathetic trunk by the gray rami communicates
NAME
this communicates w the sympathetic trunk by the gray rami communicates
brachial plexus
What are the gray rami communicates?
join all the roots of the plexus
NAME
these join all the roots of the plexus
gray rami communicates
What is the prefixed brachial plexus?
occurs when the C4 ventral ramus contributes to the brachial plexus
nAME
this occurs when the C4 ventral ramus contributes to the brachial plexus
prefixed brachial plexus
What is the postfixed brachial plexus?
occurs when the T2 ventral ramus contrubutes to the brachial plexus
NAME
this occurs when the T2 ventral ramus contrubutes to the brachial plexus
postfixed brachial plexus
What are the anatomical structures of the brachial plexus? (5)
(1)roots (2)trunks (3)divisons (4)cords (5)terminal branches
NAME
this has certain anatomical structure such as roots, trunks, divisions, cords, and terminal branches
brachial plexus
What is the root of the brachial plexus?
is the ventral rami of spinal nerves C5 to T1
NAME
this is the ventral rami of the spinal nerves C5 to T1
the rooots of the brachial plexus
the roots of the brachial plexus is the ventral rami of the spinal nerves (1)to (2)
(1)C5 (2)T1
What are the (3)trunks of the brachial plexus?
(1)upper trunk (2)middle trunk (3)lower trunk
NAME
this has 3 trunks: the upper trunk, middle trunk, and the lower trunk
brachial plexus
NAME
shortly after emerging from the interventral foramina, these 5 roots unite to form three trunks: upper, middle, and lower trunk
brachial plexus
What is the upper trunk of the brachial plexus?
is the point at which the ventral rami of C5 and C6 unite
NAME
this is the point at which the ventral rami of C5 and C6 unit
upper trunk of the brachial plexus
NAME
this is formed when the ventral ramus of C7 continues
middle trunk of the brachial plexus
What is the middle trunk of the brachial plexus?
is the point at which the ventral ramus of C7 continues
WHat is the lower trunk of the brachial plexus?
is the point at which the ventral rami of C8 and T1 unite
NAME
this is point at which the ventral rami of C8 and T1 unite
lower trunk of the brachial plexus
Each (1)splits into anterior and posterior divisions
trunk
What are the divisions of the brachial plexus trunk? (2)
(1)anterior (2)posterior
NAME
this splits into 2 division:posteiror and anterior
brachial plexus
The anterior division of the brachial plexus usually supplies the (1)muscles
flexors
The (1)division of the brachial plexus usally supplies the flexor muscles
anterior
The posterior division of the brachial plexus usally supplies the (1)muscles
extensor
the (1)division of the brachial plexus usally supplies the extensor muscles
posterior
What is the lateral cord?
is the point at which the anterior divisions of the upper and middle trunks unite
NAME
this is the point at which the the anterior divisions of the upper and middle trunk unite
lateral cord of the brachial plexus
What is the medial cord of the brachial plexus?
is the anterior division of the lower trunk
nAME
this is the anterior division of the lower trunk
medial cord of the brachial plexus
What is the posterior cord of the brachial plexus?
is the point at which all 3 posterior divisions from each of the 3 cords unite
NAME
this is the point at which all 3 posterior divisions from each of the 3 cords unite
posterior cord of the brachial plexus
What is the posterior cord of the brachial plexus?
is the point at which all 3 posterior divisions from each of the 3 cords unite
What are the terminal branches of the brachial plexus?
are mixed nerves containing both sensory and motor axons
NAME
these are the mixed nerves containing both sensory and motor axons
terminal braches of the brachial plexus
NAME
this is the nerve derived from the lateral cord
musculocutaneous nerves
The musculocutaneous nerve is the nerve derived from the (1)
lateral cord
The musculocutaneous nerve carries sensation from the (1)
lateral side of the forearm
NAME
this nerve carries sensation from the lateral side of the forearm
musculocutaneous nerve
The ulnar nerve is dervied from the (1)
medial cord
Where is the ulnar nerve dervived from?
the medial cord
NAME
this nerve is dervied from the medial cord
ulnar nerve
NAME
this nerve carries sensation from the medial 1 and 1/2 digits
ulnar nerve
What is the sensory innervation of the ulnar nerve like?
this carries sensation from the medial 1 and 1/2 digits
Where is the median nerve derived from?
the lateral and medial cords
NAME
this is derived from the lateral and medial cords
medain nerve
the median nerve is derived from the (1)and (2
lateral and medial cords
What is sensory innervation like?
is from the lateral 3 and 1/2 digits
Where is the axillary nerve derived from?
the posterior cord
NAME (2)
this nerve is derived from the posterior cord
axiallary(2)radial nerve
the axlliary nerve is derived from the (1)
posterior cord
What is sensory innervation of the axillary nerve like?
is from the skin jst below the shoulder
NAME
this provides sensory innervation from the skin jst below the shoulder
axillary
What is the axillary nerve?
innervtes the deltoid and teres mino muscles that act on the shoulder joint
nAME
this nerve innervetes the deltoid and teres minor muscles that act on the shoulder joint
axillary nerves
Where is the radial nerve derived from?
the posterior cord
THe radial nerve is also called the (1)
"great extensor nerve
the (1)is also called the great extensor nerve
radial nerve
WHy is the radial nerve called the great extensor nerve?
bc it innervates the extensor muscles of the elbow, wrist, and fingers
Branches of the brachial plexus usally contain (1)
1 type of axon (either sensory or motor)
What are the nerves of the terminal branches of the brachial plexus?
(1)Muscultocutaneous nerve (2)ulnar nerve (3)median nerve (4)axillary nerve (5)radial nerve
NAME
this is made up of the musculocutaneous nerve, the ulnar nerve, median nerve, axiallary nerve, and the radial nerve
terminal branches of the brachial plexus
What is the dorsal scapular nerve? (2)
is the motor nerve to the rhomboideus major and minor muscles`(2)levator scapulae
NAME
this is the motor nerve to the rhmboideus major and minor muscles and occasionly the levator scapulae
dorsal scapular nerve
Where is the scapular nerve derived from?
C5 root
NAME
this nerve is derived from the C5 root
scapular nerve
What is the long thoracic nerve?
innervetes the serratus anterior muscle
nMAE
this innervetes the serratus anterior muscle
long thoracic nerve
Where is the thoracic nerve derived from?
C5, C6, and C7
What is the suprascapular nerve?
innervetes the supra and infraspinatus muscles
NAME
this innervetes the supra and infraspintus muscles
suprascapular nerve
What is the lateral pectoral nerve?
innervates the clavicular head of the pectoralis major muscle
NAME
this innervates the clavicular head of the pectoralis major muscle
lateral pectoral nerve
What is the medial pectoral nerve? (2)
(1)innervates the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major muscle (2)innervates the pectoralis minor muscle
NAME
this innervates the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major muscle and the pectoralis minor muscle
medial pectoral nerve
T or F
the medial and lateral pectoral nerve often join together to act as a single nerve innervating both the pectoralis major and minor muscles
true
What makes up the cutaneous branches? (2)
(1)medial brachial cutaneous (2)medial antebrachial cutaneus
NAME
this makes up the medial brachial and medial antebrachial cutaneus
cutaneous branches
What is the medial brachial cutaneous ?
carries sensations from the lower medial portion of the arm
NAME
this carries sensations from the lower medial portion of the arm
brachial cutaneous
What is a spinal segment?
is a region of hte spinal cord giving orgin to a specfic nerve
NAME
this is a region of the spinal cord giving orgin to a specfic nerve
spinal segement
What is a dermatome?
region on the surface of the skin from which sensations are carried by the cutaneous branches of the single spinal nerve
NAME
this is a region on the surface of the skin from which sensations are carried by the cutaneous branches of the single spinal nerve
dermatome
What are the myotome?
are those muscles recieving innervation from axons derived from a single spinal nerve and/or the ventral ramus of a spinal nerve
NAME
these are those muscle receiving innervation from axons derived from a single spinal nerve and/pr the ventral ramus of a spinal nerve
myotome
What determines the site of the lesion?
the extent of muscle damage and/or the loss of sensation
NAME
this determines the extent of muscle damage and/or the loss of sensations
site of the lesion
Muscles usally recieve their innervation from axons derived from more than one (1)
spinal segment
what is a peripheral nerve lesion?
is the paralyis of muscles supplied by the damaged nerve (2)loss of sensation from cutaneous regions supplied by the damged nerve
What are some examples of causes of peripheral nerve lesions? (5)
(1)trauma (2)entrapment (3)musculocutaneous nerve passing through coracobrachialis muscle (4)carpal tunnely snydrome (5)dimiinished function but not total loss
NAME
this is paralyis of muscles supplied by the damaged nerve and loss of sensation from cutaneous region supplied by the damaged nerve
peripheral nerve lesion
What are spinal cord lesions like? (2(
(1)all muscles supplied by the spinal nerves below the site of the lesion are paralzed (2)loss of sensation below the site of the lesion
What are lesions?
are refered to as the lowest portion of the spinal cord that functions
NAME
this refered to as the lowest portion of the spinal cord that functions
lesions
Nerve root lesion is also called the (1)
ventral ramus lesion
the (1)is also called the ventral ramus lesion
nerve root lesions
What is a nerve root lesion like? (2)
(1)all muscles supplied by a given root will be weakned (2)will have paraasthesia
NAME
for this type of lesion, all the muscles supplied by a the given root are weakend and there is paraasthesia
nerve root lesion
What is parasethesia?
is reduced sensation
NAME
this is reduced sensation
paraethesia
Ulnar nerves has axons derived from the (1)
ventral rami of C8 and T1
(1)has axons derived from the ventral rami of C8 and T1
ulnar nerves
the axillary nerve has axons derived from the (1)and (2)
ventral rami of C5 and C6
The (1)has axons derived from the ventral rami of C5 and C6
axillary nerves
The long thoracic nerve has axons derived from the (1),(2),and (3)
ventral rami of C5, C6, and C7
T or F
lesions of the brachial plexus are not common
false
Are lesions of the brachial plexus common?
yes
The roots of the brachial plexus are named for the (1)
level of spinal cord that they exit
the upper roots exit from the (1)and (2)
C5 and (2)C6
NAME
these roots exit from the C5 and C6
upper roots
the middle roots exit above the (1)
C7 vertebra
What is the most common injury of the brachial plexus?
Erb's palsy
NAME
this is the most common injury of the brachial plexus
Erb's palsy
What is Erb's palsy?
is a injury to the upper root
NAME
this is a injury to the upper root that affects the shoulder and elbow
Erb's palsy
What is Klumplke's injury?
is a injury to the lower roots
NAME
this is a injury to the lower roots of the brachial plexus affecting predominantyl the hand
Klumplke's injury
What does Erb's palsy affect?
the shoulder and elbow
NAME
this type of root injury to the brachial plexus affects the shoulder and elbow
Erb's palsy
What region does the Klumpke's paralysis affect?
predominatly the hand
NAME
this type of root injury to the brachial plexus affects the hands
Klumpke's paralyis
T or F
Klumpke's paraylis is common
false
Is Klumpe's paralyis common?
no
if the lower roots are injured, the injury is generally so severe that all the roots of the plexus are inovled than the injury includes (1)
all parts of the arm
Erb's palsy is seen (1)of the time
60%
NAME
this is seen 60% of the time
Erb's palsy
NAME
this injury to the brachial plexus is seen 5% of the time
Klumplke's paralyis
Klumpke's paralyis is seen (1)of the time
5%
Mixed injuries of the brachial plexus is seen (1)of the time
35%
NAME
this type of injury of the brachial plexus is seen 35% of the time
mixed injuries of the brachial plexus meaning upper and lower trunk injuries
How can Erb's palsy be caused?
the pulling of the arm above the head
NAME
this type of injury of the brachial plexus can be caused by the pulling of the arm above the head
Erb's palsy
What are raptures?
is when the upper roots of the brachial plexus that are firmly fixed to the bony sides of the spine are torn
NAME
this is when the upper roots of the brachial plexus that are firmly fixed to the bony sides of the spine are torn
raptures
WHat are alvusions?
refers to when the unprotected lower roots of the brachial plexus are torn out of the spinal cord
NAME
this refers to when the unprotected lower roots of the brachial plexus are torn out of the spinal cord
alvusions
Can raptures be repaired easly?
yes
NAME
these type of injuries to the upper roots of the brachial plexus can be repaired easily
ruptures
because lower roots of the brachial plexus serve and the area supplied are further from the neck, they tend (1)
not to recover as well as the upper roots do
Why do lower root injuries of the brachial plexus, tend not to recover as well as the upper root injuries of the brachial plexus? (2)
bc they are further from the neck (2)more serve
T or F
upper roots can be avulsed and lower roots can rapture
true
Can upper roots be avulved and lower roots rapture?
yes
NAME
this type of injury to the brachial plexus can not be easily repaired
lower root
T or F
lower root injuries to the brachial plexus cna be easily repaired
false
What is the differ btwn the FCR and the FCU? (2)
(1)FCR=flexes and abducts the wrist (2)FCU-flexs and adducts the hand at the wrist
What is the differ btwn the FCR and the FCU? (2)
(1)FCR=flexes and abducts the wrist (2)FCU-flexs and adducts the hand at the wrist
What is the differ btwn the FCR and the FCU? (2)
(1)FCR=flexes and abducts the wrist (2)FCU-flexs and adducts the hand at the wrist
What is the differ btwn the FCR and the FCU? (2)
(1)FCR=flexes and abducts the wrist on the radial side (2)FCU-flexs and adducts the hand at the wrist on the ulnar side
NAME
this muscle flexes and abducts the wrist
FCR
NAME
this muscle flexes and adducts the wrist
FCU
What is policis latin for?
thumb
NAME
this is latin for thumb
Policis
What does "longus" refer to?
length of a tendon
NAME
this refers to the length of a tendon
longus
NAME
this refers to how a tendon is short
brevis
What does brevis refer to?
how a tendon is short
NAME
this is a somatic nerve network of cervical nerves (C4,C5,C6,C7, and C8) and T1
brachial plexus
WHat is the brachial plexus
is a somatic nerve network of cervical nerves (C4,C5,C6,C7, and C8) and T1
What ist he brachial plexus?
is a somatic nerve network of cervical nerves (C4,C5,C6,C7, and C8) and T1
what are the nerves of the brachial plexus? (17)
(1)Dorsal scapular (2)nerve to the phrenic (3)long thoracic nerve (4)nerve to subclavis (5)suprascapular nerve (6)lateral pectoral nerve (7)axillary nerve (8)radial nerve (9)thoracodorsal nerve (10)upper subscapular nerve (11)lower subscapular nerve (12)medial pectoral nerve (13)medial brachial cutaneous nerve (14)medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (15)muscultaneous nerve (16)median nerve (17)ulnar nerve
what are the nerves of the brachial plexus? (17)
(1)Dorsal scapular (2)nerve to the phrenic (3)long thoracic nerve (4)nerve to subclavis (5)suprascapular nerve (6)lateral pectoral nerve (7)axillary nerve (8)radial nerve (9)thoracodorsal nerve (10)upper subscapular nerve (11)lower subscapular nerve (12)medial pectoral nerve (13)medial brachial cutaneous nerve (14)medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (15)muscultaneous nerve (16)median nerve (17)ulnar nerve
what are the nerves of the brachial plexus? (17)
(1)Dorsal scapular (2)nerve to the phrenic (3)long thoracic nerve (4)nerve to subclavis (5)suprascapular nerve (6)lateral pectoral nerve (7)axillary nerve (8)radial nerve (9)thoracodorsal nerve (10)upper subscapular nerve (11)lower subscapular nerve (12)medial pectoral nerve (13)medial brachial cutaneous nerve (14)medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (15)muscultaneous nerve (16)median nerve (17)ulnar nerve
what are the nerves of the brachial plexus? (17)
(1)Dorsal scapular (2)nerve to the phrenic (3)long thoracic nerve (4)nerve to subclavis (5)suprascapular nerve (6)lateral pectoral nerve (7)axillary nerve (8)radial nerve (9)thoracodorsal nerve (10)upper subscapular nerve (11)lower subscapular nerve (12)medial pectoral nerve (13)medial brachial cutaneous nerve (14)medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (15)muscultaneous nerve (16)median nerve (17)ulnar nerve
What is the dorsal scapular nerve? (3)
think of "scapula" posterior side and the muscles that move the scapula (2)therefore, it is rhomboids (3)levator scapulae
NAME
this nerve supplies the rhomboids and the levator scapulae
dorsal scapular
What is the nerve to the phrenic?
supplies the diaphragm
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the diaphragm
nerve to the phrenic
What does BP stand for?
brachial plexus
What is the long thoracic nerve?
supplies the serratus anterior
NAME
this nerve supplies the serratus anterior
long thoracic nerve
The roots of the BP are the (1)
ventral rami
What is sub latin for?
under
NAME
this is latin for under
sub
What is sub latin for?
under
the roots of the BP are the (1)
ventral rami
the (1)of the BP are the ventral rami
roots
What is the nerve to the subclavius?
supplies the subclavius muscle
NAME
this nerve supplies the subclavius muscle
nerve to the subclavius
What is the subclavisu muscle located?
"sub"is latin for under...therefore, it the muscel under the clavicle
What does the suprascapular nerve? (2)
think of the "supra" and "scapula" in the nerve name.....therefore, it supplies the (1)supraspinatus and (2)infraspinatus muscle
What does the suprascapular nerve? (2)
think of the "supra" and "scapula" in the nerve name.....therefore, it supplies the (1)supraspinatus and (2)infraspinatus muscle
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the supraspinatus and the infraspinatus
suprascapular nerve
What is the lateral pectoral nerve?
supplies the major and minor pectoral muscles
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the major and minor pectoral muscles
lateral pectoral nerve
What is the axillary nerve?
think of "axilla" in the name which is latin for the armpit ....therefore, it supplies the (1)deltoid muscle (2)teres minor
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the deltoid muscle and the teres minor
axillary nerve
What is the axillary nerve?
think of "axilla" in the name which is latin for the armpit ....therefore, it supplies the (1)deltoid muscle (2)teres minor
What is the upper subscapular nerve?
think about the name "upper" and "subscapula"......therfore,it supplies the superior portion of the subscapularis
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the superior portion of the subscapularis
upper subscapular nerve
What is the lower subscapular nerve? (4)
Think about the name "lower" and "subscapula".(2)and about how it shares another function w the teres major......therefore it supplies the (3)inferior portion of the subscapularis and (4)teres major
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the inferior portion of the subscapularis and teres major
lower subscapular nerve
What is the differe btwn the lower subscapular nerve and the upper subscapular nerve?
(1)think about the name "lower" and "subscapular" and how it shares a common function w the teres major .....therefore, it supplies the inferior portion of the subscapularis and the teres major (2)upper subscapular nerve=== think about the name "upper" and the "subscapular" ....therefore, it supplies the superior portion of the subscapularis muscle
What is the thoradorsal nerve?
think about the name, "dorsal"...meaning its on the posterior side of the shoulder....therefore, it supplies the latisssimus dorsi
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the Latissimus dorsi
thoradorsal nerve
What is the thoradorsal nerve?
think about the name, "dorsal"...meaning its on the posterior side of the shoulder....therefore, it supplies the latisssimus dorsi
What is the thoradorsal nerve?
think about the name, "dorsal"...meaning its on the posterior side of the shoulder....therefore, it supplies the latisssimus dorsi
What is the medial pectoral nerve? (2)
think about the name, "pectoral"...therefore, it supplies the pectoralis mino and major
What is the medial brachial cutaneous nerve?
think about the name, "medial" and "brachial" which is latin for arm, and cutaneous for skin nerve.....therefore, it supplies the skin of the medial side of the arm
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the skin of hte medial side of the earm
medial brachial cutaneous nerve
WHat is the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve?
think about the name, "medial", "antebrachial"--refering to forearm.....therefore,it supplies the skin on the medial side of the forearm
NAME
this nerve of the BP supplies the skin on the medial side of the forearm
medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve
WHat is the musculocutaneous nerve?
supplies the muscles on the anterior part of the arm and forearm
NAME
this supplies the muscles on the anterior part of the arm and forearm
musculocutaneous nerve
What is the musclulocutaneous nerve?
supplies the muslces on the anterior part of the arm and forearm
What is the musclulocutaneous nerve?
supplies the anterior part of the arm and forearm
What is the musclulocutaneous nerve?
supplies the anterior part of the arm
NAME
this supplies the anterior part of the arm and forearm
musculocutaneous nerve
NAME
this supplies the anterior part of the arm and forearm
musculocutaneous nerve
WHat is scalenene?
is a muscle found btwn the 2 C nerves
NAME
this is a muscle found btwn 2 C nerves
scalenene
WHat is scalenene?
is a muscle found btwn the 2 C nerves
WHat is scalenene?
is a muscle found btwn the 2 C nerves
WHere is the subclavian artery located in relation to the BP?
sits onto of the C7
NAME
this artery sits on top of C7 of the BP
subclavian artery
What nerve is damaged if someone has a claw hand?
ulnar nerve
NAME
this nerve is damaged if someone has a claw hand
ulnar nerve
What would someone hand look like if they had a damaged ulnar nerve?
they would have a claw hand
If a pateint can not abduct arm, what nerve is damaged?
(1)deltoid allows for you to adduct arm....therefore, axillary nerve is damaged
If a patient cant flex arm and forearm, what nerve is damaged?
musculocutaneus nerve
What is the Anconeus muscle?
pronates and assists the triceps brachi
NAME
this muscle pronates and assists the triceps brachi
Anconeus
What is the Anconeus muscle?
pronates and assists the triceps brachi
What is the Anconeus muscle?
pronates and assists the triceps brachi
WHat is the snuff box?
refers to how you can see traingular depression of 3 tendons and where the radial artery is located when you flex your thumb
NAME
this refers to how you can see trainagular depression of the 3 tendons and where the radial artery is located when you flex your thumb
snuff box
What is the Extensor indicis?
i for "index"finger......therefore, it extends the index finger
nAME
this muscle extends the index finger
extensor indicis
T or F
there are no muscles in the back of the hand. however, the muscles orginate from the anterior side
true
T or F
there are muscles in the back of the hand
false
The muscles of the back of the hand orginate from the (1)
anterior side
What is lumbircals latin for?
worms
NAME
this is latin for worms
lumbricals
NAME
these are the bye bye muscles
Lumbricals
What are the bye bye muscles?
lumbricals
What are the lumbricals? (2)
(1)are latin for worms and look like worms (2)are the bye bye muscles....therefore, flex the metacarpophalengal joints
NAME
these flex the metacarpophalangeal joints
lumbricals
What are the lumbricals? (2)
(1)are latin for worms and look like worms (2)are the bye bye muscles....therefore, flex the metacarpophalengal joints
WHat is an easy way to remember the differ btwn the dorsal interossei and the palamar interossei?
(1) PAD and DAB
(2)P= palmar interossei
AD=adduction
(3)D=dorsal interossei
AB=dorsal interossei
WHat is an easy way to remember the differ btwn the dorsal interossei and the palamar interossei?
(1) PAD and DAB
(2)P= palmar interossei
AD=adduction
(3)D=dorsal interossei
AB=dorsal interossei
WHat is an easy way to remember the differ btwn the dorsal interossei and the palamar interossei?
(1) PAD and DAB
(2)P= palmar interossei
AD=adduction
(3)D=dorsal interossei
AB=dorsal interossei
WHat is an easy way to remember the differ btwn the dorsal interossei and the palamar interossei?
(1) PAD and DAB
(2)P= palmar interossei
AD=adduction
(3)D=dorsal interossei
AB=dorsal interossei
NAME
this muscle abducts the 2nd, 3rd, 4th fingers
DAB


dorsal interossei
NAME
this muscle adducts the 2nd, 4th, and 5th fingers
PAD

palamr interossei
What is the palmar interossei?
PAD== adducts the 2nd, 4th and 5th fingers
What are the dorsal interossei?
DAB==

abducts 2nd, 3rd, and 4th fingers
What are the dorsal interossei?
DAB==

abducts 2nd, 3rd, and 4th fingers
What is the palmar interossei?
PAD== adducts the 2nd,4th ,and 5th fingers
What is the palmar interossei?
PAD== adducts the 2nd, 3rd and 4th fingers
What are the dorsal interossei?
DAB==

abducts 2nd, 3rd, and 4th fingers
Using your hand, tell which metacarpals are which
see pic
Using your hand, tell which metacarpals are which
see pic
Using your hand, tell which metacarpals are which
see pic
Using your hand...do abduction
see pic
Using your hand do abduction
see pic
Using your hand do adduction
see pic
Using your hand do adduction
see pic
Using your hand, do extension
see pic
Using your hand do extension
see pic
using your hand, do flexion
see pic
using your hand, do flexion
see pic
using your hand do oppoistion
see pic
using your hand do opposition
see pic
using your hand do reposition
see pic
using your hand, do reposition
see pic
What are the pectoral muscles?
move the pectoral gridle
NAME
these muscles move the pectoral gridle
pectoral muscles
What are (2)other names for anterior axioapendicular musces?
(1)thoracoappendicular (2)pectoral muscles
What are (2)other names for the thoracoappendicular muscles?
(1)pectoral (2)anterior axioapendicular muscles
What is another names (2)for the pectoral musclces?
(1)thoraappendicular muscles (2)anterior axioappendicular muscles
WHat are muscles make up the pectoral muscles? (4)
(1)pectoralis major (2)pectoralis minor (3)subclavius (4)serratus anterior
NAME
this main muscle group consists of 4 muscles: pectoralis major and minor, subclavius and serratus anterior
pectoral muscles
WHat are muscles make up the pectoral muscles? (4)
(1)pectoralis major (2)pectoralis minor (3)subclavius (4)serratus anterior
WHat are muscles make up the pectoral muscles? (4)
(1)pectoralis major (2)pectoralis minor (3)subclavius (4)serratus anterior
What is the subclavius do?
anchors and depresses the clavicle
NAME
this anchors and depresses the clavicle
subclavius
What does the serratus anterior do?
prtoracts scapula (2)rotates scapula
nAME
this muscles protracts scapula, and rotates the scapula
serratus anterior
What are the (3)different parts of the trapezius?
(1)descending part (2)middle part (3)ascending part
NAME
this has 3 different parts or fibers moving in differ direction: descending part, middle part, and ascending part
trapezius
What does the descending part of the trapeizus do?
elevates the scapula
nAME
this part of the trapezius elevates the scapula
descending part
What does the middle part of the trapezius do?
retracts the scapula
NAME
this part of the trapezius retracts the scapula
the middle part of the
What does the Latissimus dorsi do? (3)
(1)extends (2)adducts (3)medially rotates the humerus
NAME
this muscle extends, adducts, and medially rotates the humerus
Latissimus dorsi
WHat does the levator scapulae do?
elevates the scapula
NAME
this muscle elevates the scapula
levator scapulae
What do the rhomboids do? (2)
(1)retracts (2)rotatest the scapula
nAME
these muscles retract and rotate the scapula
rhomboids
What does deltoid muscle do? (3)
(1)abducts the arm (2)flexes and extends the arm (3)medially and laterally the arm
nAME
this muscle abducts the arm, flexes and extends the arm, and medially and laterally rotates the arm
deltoid
Draw a chart of the differ posterior muscles of the forearm
see paper
Draw a chart of the differ posterior muscles of the forearm
see paper
Draw a chart of the differ posterior muscles of the forearm
see paper
Draw a chart of the differ posterior muscles of the forearm
see paper
WHat does the Brachioradialis do?
flexion of the forearm
What does extensor carpi radialis longus do? (2)
extends and (2)abducts the hand at the wrist joint
What does the extensor carpi radialis brevis? (2)
extends and abducts the hand at the wrist
NAME
these (2)muscles extends and abduct the hand at the wrist
extensor carpi radialis longus (2)extensor carpi radialis brevis
What does the extensor digitorum do?
extends the medial 4 fingers
nAME
this muscle extends the 4 fingers
extensor digitorum
What dos the extensor digti minimi?
extends the pinki or the 5
NAME
this extends the pinki
extensor digiti minimi
the 5th finger is the (1)
pinki
the (1)finger is the pinki
5th
the 1 finger is the (1)
thumb
the (1)finger is the thumb
1st
the 1st finger is the (1)
thumb
What is the extensor Carpi Ulnaris? (2)
extends and (2)adducts the hand at the wrist
NAME
this muscle extends and adducts the hand at the wrist
extesnor carpi ulnaris
What is the differ btwn the extensor carpi radialis and the extensor carpi ulnaris ? (2)
think of abc order (1)extensor carpi radialis brevis and longus= extend and abducts the hand at the wrist (2)extensor carpi ulnaris==extend and adduct the hand at the wrist
What is the differ btwn the extensor carpi radialis and the extensor carpi ulnaris ? (2)
`think of abc order (1)extensor carpi radialis brevis and longus= extend and abducts the hand at the wrist (2)extensor carpi ulnaris==extend and adduct the hand at the wrist
What is the differ btwn the extensor carpi radialis and the extensor carpi ulnaris ? (2)
think of abc order (1)extensor carpi radialis brevis and longus= extend and abducts the hand at the wrist (2)extensor carpi ulnaris==extend and adduct the hand at the wrist
What is the differ btwn the extensor carpi radialis and the extensor carpi ulnaris ? (2)
think of abc order (1)extensor carpi radialis brevis and longus= extend and abducts the hand at the wrist (2)extensor carpi ulnaris==extend and adduct the hand at the wrist
What does the supinator do? (2)
(think about name...and what use do when u do that movement
(1)supinates the forearm and (2)rotates the radiaus to turn the palm anterior or posteriorly
What does the supinator do? (2)
(think about name...and what use do when u do that movement
(1)supinates the forearm and (2)rotates the radiaus to turn the palm anterior or posteriorly
What does the supinator do? (2)
(think about name...and what use do when u do that movement
(1)supinates the forearm and (2)rotates the radiaus to turn the palm anterior or posteriorly
What does the supinator do? (2)
(think about name...and what use do when u do that movement
(1)supinates the forearm and (2)rotates the radiaus to turn the palm anterior or posteriorly
What does the abductor pollicis do?
think aboutt the name and how pollicis is latin for thumb and function....therefore, it (1)abducts and (2)extends the thumb
NAME
this muscle abducts and extends the thumb
abductor polllicis
What does the extensor pollicis longus do?
extends the thumb
NAME
this extends the distal end of the thumbthumb
extensor pollicus longus
What does the extensor pollicis brevis do?
think of how brevis means shorter...therefore, it extends the proximal part of the thumb
NAME
this extends the proximal part of the thumb
extensor pollicis brevis
What does the extensor indicis do?
i is for index finger....therefore, it extends the index finger (2nd finger)
NAME
this extends your index finger
extesnor indicis
What is your index finger?
2nd finger
What muscles make up the superfical layer of the posterior compartment of the forearm? (6)
(1)brachioradialis (2)extensor carpi radialis longus (3)extensor carpi radialis brevis (4)extensor digitiorum (5)extensor digit minimi (6)extensor carpi ulnaris (
NAME
this layer contains the brachioradialis, extensor carpi radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor digitiorum, extensor digiti, and extensor carpi ulnaris
superficial layer of the posterior compartment of the forearm
dorsal is another name for (1)
posterior
(1)is another name for posterior
dorsal
(1)is another name for anterior
ventral
ventral is another name for (1)
anterior
What muscle make up the deep layer of the posterior compartment of the forearm?
supinator
NAME
this layer is of this muscle consists of the supinator
deep layer of the posterior compartment of the forearm
What are the "outcropping" muscles of the deep layer of the forearm on the posterior compartment side? (4)
(1)abductor pollicis longus (APL)(2)(EPL)extensor pollicis longus (3)(EPB)extensor pollicis brevis (4)extensor indicis
NAME
this layer of the this structure of the arm consists of the abductor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis longus, extensor pollicis brevis, and extensor indicis
"outcropping muscles of the deep layer of the posterior compartment of the forearm
Draw a pic of the muscles of the hand
see pic
Draw a pic of the muscles of the hand
see pic
Make a chart of the muscles of the hand
see pic
Draw a pic of the muscles of the hand
see pic
What are the actually thenar muscles? (4)
(1)opponens pollicis (2)abductor pollicis brevis (3)flexor pollicis brevis (4)adductor pollics
NAME
this layer of this structure is made up of the opponeuns pollicis, abductor pollicis brevis, flexor pollicis brevis, and the adductor pollicis
the thenar muscles of the hand
What are the actual hypothenar muscles? (3)
(1)abductor digiti minimi (2)flexor digiti minimi (3)opponens digiti minmi
NAME
these type of muscles include the abductor digiti minimi, flexor digiti minimi brevis, and opponens digiti minimi
hypothenar muscles
What dos the opponens pollicis do?
opposes the thumb
NAME
this muscle opposes the thumb
opponens pollicis
What does the abductor pollicis brevis do? (2)
(1)abducts the thumb (2)helps to oppose thumb
NAME
this muscle helps to abduct the thumb and oppose it
abductor pollicis
What does the flexor pollicis brevis?
flexs the thumb
NAME
this muscle flexes the thumb
flexor pollicis brevis
What are the short muscles of the hand? (3)
(1)lumbricals (2)dorsal interossei (3)palmar interossei
NAME
this consists of the lumbricals, dorsal interossei, and the palmar interossei
short muscles of the hand
What is the function of the adductor pollics?
adducts the thumb
NAME
this muscle adducts the thumb
adductor pollicis
What does the abductor digiti minimi do?
abducts the 5th finger
nAME
this muscle abducts the 5th finger
abductor digiti minimi
What does the flexor digiti minimi brevis do?
flexes the proximal part of the 5th finger
nAME
this flexes the proximal part of the 5th finger
flexor digiti minimi brevis
WHat is the opponens digiti minimi?
draws the 5ht metacarpal anterior and rotates it, bringing the 5th finger into opposition w the thumb
NAME
this muscle draws the 5ht metacarpal anterior and rotates it, bringing the 5th finger into opposition w the thumb
opponens digiti minimi
NAME
these muscles flex the metacarpophalangeal joints
lumbricals
What does APL stand for?
abductor pollicis longus
What does EPL stand for?
Extensor pollics longus
What does EPB stand for?
extesnor pollisic brevis
How do you tell the differ btwn the ulna and radius?
the ulna is the longer bone
How do you tell the differ btwn the ulna and radius?
the ulna is the longer bone
How do you tell the differ btwn the ulna and radius?
the ulna is the longer bone
When iding the carpal bones using the memorimic where do u start
the thumb side
When iding the carpal bones using the memorimic where do u start
the thumb side