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276 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the dura mater?
is the outermost covering membrane of the spinal cord
NAME
this is the outermsot covering membrane of the spinal cord
dura mater
What kind of tissue does the dura mater have?
composed of tough fibrous and some elastic tissue
NAME
this spinal cord membrane is composed of tought fibrous and some elastic tissue
dura mater
The dura mater forms the ()
spinal dural sac
The (1)forms the spinal dural sac
dura mater
What is the epidural space?
is a space that separates the dura mater from the vertebrae
NAME
this is a space that separates the dura mater from the vertebrae
epidural space
What is the arachnoid mater composed of?
is a delicate avascular membrane composed of fibrous and elastic tissue that lines the dural sac and dural root sheaths
NAME
this is a delicate avascular membrane composed of fibrous and elastic tissue that lines the dural sac and dural root sheath
arachnoid mater
in the lumbar spinal puncture, the needle traverses the (1)and (2)
dura mater and archnoid matter
What is the dura-arachnoid interface?
refers to how during a lumbar spinal puncture, the need has to tranverse through the dura matar and archnoid mater
NAME
this refers to how during a lumbar spinal puncture, the needle has to tranverse through the dura mater and the arcnoid mater
dura-archnoid interface
What is the subarachnoid space?
separates the arachnoid mater from the pia mater
NAME
this separates the arachnoid mater from the pia mater
subarachnoid space
What are arachnoid trabeculae?
are delicate strands of connective tissue that span the subarachnoid space connecting the arachnoid and pia
NAME
these are delicate strands of connective tissue that span the subarachnoid space connecting the arachnoid and pia
arachnoid trabeculae
What is the pia mater?
is the innermost covering the membrane of the spinal cord
NAME
this the innermost covering of the membrane of the spinal cord
pia mater
WHat does the pia mater consist of ?
flattened cells w long equallly flattened processes that closely follow all the surface features of the spinal cord
NAME
this membrane has flattened cells w long equallly flattened processes that closely follow all the surface features of the spinal cord
pia mater
What are the denticulate ligaments?
they suspend the spinal cord in the dural sace
NAME
these suspend the spinal cord in the dural sac
denticulate ligaments
What is the lumbar puncture?
is used to obtain a sample of the CSF
NAME
this is used to obtain a sample of the CSF
lumbar puncture
NAME
this contains CSF
subarachnoid space
The subarachnoid space contains (1)
CSF
What are (3)arteries that supply the spinal cord?
(1)spinal arteries (2)meduallary arteries (3)great anterior segmental meduallry arteries
NAME
this is supplied by three arteries: the spinal arteries, meduallary arteries, and the great anterior segemental medually arteries
spinal cord
Most of the body weight is (1)espically for obsese people
anteriorly
What are (2)major groups of the muscles in the back?
(1)extrinsic back muscles (2)intrinsic back muscles
NAME
there are two major groups of these: extrinsic back muscles and intrinsic back muscles
back mauscles
What are the extrinsic back muscles?
include the superficial and intermediate muscles that produce and control limb and respiratory movements
NAME
these include the superficial and intermediate muscles that produce and control limb and respiratory movements
extrinsic back muscles
What are the superficial extrinsic back muscles?
they connect the upper limbs to the trunk
NAME
these connect the upper limbs to the trunk
superficial extrinsic back muscles
What are the various superfical extrinsic back muscles?
(1)trapezius (2)latissimus dorsi (3)levator scapulae(4)rhomboids
NAME
these include trapezius, latissimus dorsi, levator scapulae, and rhomboids
superficial extrinsic back muscles
Where do the superfical extrinsic back muscles recieve their nerve supply?
from the anterior rami except the trapezius (2)the trapezius recieves the from the cranial nerve 11
NAME
these back muscles get there nerve supply from the anterior rami and the trapezius recieves its nerve supply from the cranial nerve 11
superfical extrinsic back muscle
Where does the trapezius recieve its nerve supply from?
the C nerve 11
NAME
this back muscle recieves its nerve supply from the cranial nerve 11
trapezius
What are the intermediate extrinsic back muscles?
are thin muscles commonly desginated superficial respiratory muscles
NAME
these are thin muscles commonly desingated superficial respiratory muscles
intermediate extrinsic back muscles
What are the specfic types of intermediate extrinsic back muscles?
(1)serratus posterior superior and (2)serratus posterior inferior
NAME
these include the serratus posterior superior and serratus inferior
intermediate extrinsic back muscles
What are the intrinsic back muscles innervated by?
the posterior rami
NAME
these are inverated by the posterior rami
intrinsic back muscles
Deficiency of the blood supply to the spinal cord can lead to (1) and (2)
muscle weakness and paralysis
What is a alternative circulation pathway if the IVC is obstruacted?
the vertebral venous plexuses
What is the vertebral venous plexuses?
are important bc blood may return from the plevis or abdomen through these plexuses and reach the heart via the superior vena cava
NAME
these are important bc blood may return from the plevis or abdomen through these plexuses and reach the heart via the superior vena cava
vertebral venous plexuses
What are the muscles of the superficial layer of the intrinsic back muscles?
splenius
NAME
these include the splenius
superficial layer of the intrinsic back muscles
What are the intermediate layer of intrinsic back muscles?
ES
NAME
this is the ES
the intermediate layer of the intrinsic back muscles
What are the differ muscles that make up the ES? (3)
(1)iliocastalis (2)longissimus (3)spinalis
NAME
this is made up of the three muscles: the iliocostalis, longissimus, and spinalis
ES
What is the deep layer of the intrinsic back muscles?
the tranverso spinal
NAME
this is the tranverso spinal
is the deep layer of the intrinsic back muscles
What are the different muscles that make up the tranverso spinal?
(1)semispinalis (2)multifidus (3)rotatores
NAME
this is made up of three muscles: semispinalis, multifidus, and rotatores
tranverso spinal
What is back strain?
refers to some streching or microscopic tearing of muscle fibers and/or ligaments of the back
NAME
this refers to some streching or microscopic tearing of muscle fibers and/or ligaments of the back
back strain
What is the suboccipital region?
is the traingular area of the back
NAME
this is the triangular part of the back
suboccipital region
What are the (4)muscles that make up the suboccitpial region?
(1)rectus captius posterior major (2)rectus capitus posterior minor (3)inferior oblique of head (4)superior oblique of the head
NAME
this is made up of 4 muscles: rectus captius posterior major, rectus capitus posterior minor, inferior oblique of head, and superior oblique of the head
subocciptial region
What nerve innervtes the subocciptial region?
the suboccitpial nerve
What is the suboccpital nerve?
is the posterior ramus of C1 that innervtes the subocciptial region
NAME
this is the posterior ramus of C1 that innervtes the suboccipital region
suboccpital nerve
NAME
this is a common back probom that usally results from extreme movements of the vertebral column such as extension and rotation
back strain
What is ischemia?
refers to lack of blood supply
NAME
this means there is a lack of blood supply
ischemia
What are conventional radiographs?
are excellent for high contrast structures such as bone
NAME
these are excellent for high contrast structures such as bone
conventional radiographs
What is myelography?
is a radiopaque contrast study that allows visulization of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots
nAME
this is a radiopaque contrast strudy that allows visualization of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots
myelography
T or F
Herniations of the IV discs are recoginazable in CT images
true
What are the true muscles of the back?
the deep muscles
The deep muscles are the (1)muscles of the back
true
WHat are ALL the layers of the back in order starting from the skin?
see chart
WHat are ALL the layers of the back in order starting from the skin?
see chart
WHat are ALL the layers of the back in order starting from the skin?
see chart
WHat are ALL the layers of the back in order starting from the skin?
see chart
WHat are ALL the layers of the back in order starting from the skin?
see chart
The (1)back muscles are supplied by the dorsal rami
true or deep muscles
Where does the Trapezius muscle start?
the head
NAME
this superfical back muscle starts at the head
trapezius
The trapezius muscles attaches to all of the (1) and (2)segments
(1)cervical (2)thoracic
NAME
this superfical layer of extrinsic back muscles that attaches to all cervical and thoracic segments
Trapezius
What bone is the trapezius part of?
the scapula
NAME
this superfical layer of the extrinsic muscle is attached to the scapula
trapezius
NAME
this superfical layer of the extrinsic muscle is attached to the scapula
trapezius
What does the trapezius muscle look like?
a diamond
NAME
this superfical extrinsic muscle looks like a diamnod
trapezius
NAME
this superfical extrinsic muscle moves the scapula
trapazius
WHat bone does the trapzius move?
the scapula
What type of movements does the trapzius allow for? (3)
(1)scapular elevation (2)scapular depression (3)scapular protrusion
NAME
this muscles allows for the following type of movements: scapular elevation, scapular depression, and scapular protrusion
trapezius
What type of movements does the trapzius allow for? (3)
(1)scapular elevation (2)scapular depression (3)scapular protrusion
Protrusion is also called (1)
protraction
(1)is also called protraction
protrusion
What nerve supplies the trapezius?
the C11
NAME
this is supplied by the C11
trapezius
Give a example of how you can use your trapezius?
by puting your shirt over your head
What superficial extrinsic muscle do you use when you put your shirt over your head?
trapezius
What is unique about the trapezius if you are right handed?
the trapezius is lower on the right side bc you do a lot of fine motor skills w your right hand compared to your left hand
NAME
this superficial extrinsic muscle is lower on the (if you are right handed)is lower on the right side bc you do a lot of fine motor skills w your right hand compared to your left hand
trapezius
What muscle is underneath the trapezius?
the levator scapulae (2)rhomboid
The levator scapulae and the rhomboid are underneath the (1)and (2)
trapezius
What does the levator scapulae do
elevates the scapula at angle
NAME
this elevates the scapula at an angle
levator scapulae
WHat do the rhomboids do?
(1)retraction of scapula
NAME
this muscle allows for the retraction of the scapula
rhomboid
The (1)is underneath the rhomboids
ES
the ES is underneath the (1)
rhomboids
What are the different rhomboids?
(1)major (2)minor
What is fascia?
is a layer of deep connective tissue that divides and separates muscle groups and sometimes serves a attachment sites
NAME
this is a deep layer of connective tissue that divides and separates muscle groups and sometimes serves as attachment sites
fascia
What region of the back is the Latissimus Dorsi found?
in T and lumbar regions
NAME
this superfical extrinsic back muscle is found in the T and lumbar regions
Latissimus Dorsi
NAME
this superfical extrinsic back orrginates in the pelvis bone
Latissimus Dorsi
The Latissimus Dorsi orginates in the (1)
pelvic bone
Where does the Latissimus Dorsi orginate in?
the pelvic bone
NAME
this insertes in the floor of the biceps tendon
Latissimus Dorsi
NAME
this superfical extrinsic back insertes in the floor of the biceps tendon
Latissimus Doris
What nerve supplies the Latissimus Dorsi?
the thoracodorsal nerve
NAME
this superfical extrinsic back is supplied by the thoracodorsal nerve
Latissimus DOrsi
What nerve supplies the Latissimus Dorsi?
the thoracodorsal nerve
What nerve supplies the Latissimus Dorsi?
the thoracodorsal nerve
What is the thoracodorsal nerve?
is branch of the brachial plexus and supplies the Latissmi dorsi
NAME
this is branch of the brachial plexus
thoracodorsal nerve
What are the different movements that the Latissimus dorsi can allow for? (5)
(1)is the muscle you use to wipe your butt (2)medial rotation (3)abudction (4)adduction (5)extension
What are the different movements that the Latissimus dorsi can allow for? (5)
(1)is the muscle you use to wipe your butt (2)medial rotation (3)abudction (4)adduction (5)extension
NAME
this muscle allows for medial rotation, abudction, adduction, and extension of your back
Latissimi Dorsi
What are the functions of the ES?
posture such as (1)extension
NAME
this is the major spine extensor
ES
The ES is the major (1)
spine extensor
NAME
this is the major spine extensor
ES
What is the nerve supply of the ES?
dorsal rami
NAME
this muscle is further divides into two muscles: the captis and the cervicis
semispinalis
What are the (2)division of the splenius muscle?
(1)capitis (2)cervicis
What are the (2)division of the splenius muscle?
(1)capitis (2)cervicis
What is the capitius muscle?
refers to the head muscle
NAME
this is the head muscle
capitis muscle
What is the cervicis muscle?
refers to the neck muscle
NAME
this refers to the neck muscle
cervicis muscle
What is the differ bwtn the capitis and the cervicis muscle?
(1)capitis-is the head muscle (2)cervicis is the neck muscle
NAME
all togther these muscle stablize the spine (4)
all the muscles that make up the ES--(1)multifidial (2)rotatores (3)splenius (4)semispinalis
What is the most inferior part or end of the spinal cord?
the concus medullaris
NAME
this is the most inferior or end of the spinal cord
concus medullaris
NAME
this latin for horse tail
Cauda Equina
What is cuada equina latin for?
horse tail
Where is the concus medullaris found?
btwn L1 and L2
NAME
this is found btwn L1 and L2
Concus medullaris
NAME
DUring a spinal tap, the needle needs to be inserted inferior to this
concus medullaris
NAME
this root carrys motor axons
ventral root
What is the spinal nerve?
is a mixed root meaning it contains both motor and sensory fibers
NAME
this is a mixed root meaning it contains both motor and sensory fibers
spinal nerves
The spinal nerve splits into (1)and (2)
anterior and posterior ramus
NAME
this splits into anterior and psoterior ramus
spinal nerve
What is lorduatic?
is a concave curvature from a posterior view
NAME
this is a concave curvature from a posterior view
lorduatic
What is lordoses?
is an exagerateed lumbar curvature
NAME
this is an exagerated lumbar curvature
lordoses
What is lordoses?
is an exagerated lumbar curvature
What is a kyphosis?
is an exagerated convex thoracic curvature
NAME
this is an exagerated convex thoracic curvature
kyphosis
What is the arch?
is formed by the pedicles and laminae
NAME
this is formed by the pedicles and the laminae
arch
the arch is formed by the (1)and (2)
(1)pedicles and Laminae
What is the tranverse processes?
is the junction of the pedicles and laminae
NAME
this is the junction of pedicles and laminae: however, it does not have a facet but does point outward (horziontally)
tranverse processes
What is the tranveres processes?
is the junction of the pedicles and laminae
What is the spinous process?
is where 2 laminae meet
What is the spinous process?
is where 2 laminae meet
What is the spinous process?
is where 2 laminae meet
How do you tell if the vertebrae is cervical? (2)
(1)has 2 foramen (other side has holes for the artery) (2)has a bifid on the spinous process
How do you tell if the vertebrae is cervical? (2)
(1)has 2 foramen (other side has holes for the artery) (2)has a bifid on the spinous process
How do u tell if vertebrae is Thoracic? (3)
(1)ha a long spiny process (2)has no tranverse process (3)has place for ribs
How do u tell if vertebrae is Thoracic? (3)
(1)ha a long spiny process (2)has no tranverse process (3)has place for ribs
How do u tell if vertebrae is Thoracic? (3)
(1)ha a long spiny process (2)has no tranverse process (3)has place for ribs
How do you tell if the vertebrae is Lumbar? (2)
(1)has a thick short spiny process (2)there is no place for ribs
How do you tell if the vertebrae is Lumbar?
(1)has a thick short spiny process (2)there is no place for ribs
How do you tell if the vertebrae is Lumbar?
(1)has a thick short spiny process (2)there is no place for ribs
Draw a diagraph of the CNS including Defs
See notes
Draw a diagraph of the CNS including Defs
See notes
Draw a diagraph of the CNS including Defs
See notes
Draw a diagraph of the CNS including Defs
See notes
Draw a diagraph of the CNS including Defs
See notes
Draw a diagraph of the CNS including Defs
See notes
What is the peripheral nerve system made up of ? (2)
(1)CN (2)SN
NAME
this system is made up of CN and SN
PNS
What is the PNS?
allows for communication btwn the CNS and the rest of the body
NAME
this system allows for communication btwn the CNS and the rest of the body
PNS
What does the CNS sesnory division contain?
somatic and visceral nerve fibers
What is the sensory NS?
conducts impluses from receptors to the CNS
NAME
this conducts impulses from receptors to the CNS
sensory nervous system
What is the motor division of the nervous system?
conducts impulses from the CNS to effectors (muscles and glands)
NAME
this system conducts impulses from the CNS to effectors (muscles and glands)
motor division of the Nervous system
What is the sympathetic system?
mobilzes the body system during emergency systems for the fight or flight response
NAME
this system mobilzes the body system during emegerncy for the fight or flight system
sympathetic system
Wat is the parasympathetic system?
it conserves energt and promotoes non-emergency functions
NAME
this system conserves energey and promotes non-emergency functions
parasympathetic
WHat is the ANS?
(1)is involuntary and conducts impulses from the CNS to cardiac,smooth muscles, and glands
NAME
this is an involuntary system that conducts impulses from the CNS to cardaic, smooth, and glands
ANS
What is the somatic nervous system?
is voluntary and conducts impulses from the CNS to skeletal muscles
NAME
this is voluntary and conducts impulses from the CNS to skeletal muscles
somatic nervous system
What is the differ tbw nthe ANS and the somatic nervous system?
(1)ANS is involuntary and conducts impulses from the CNS to cardiac, smooth, and glands (2)somatic nervous system is involuntary and conducts impulses from the CNS to skeletal muscles
What are spinal cord lesions in the C2 region like? (3)
(1)motor invovlement- they are tetraplegia and can not breath unassisted (2)There is no sensation below upper region of the neck (3)they have no motor reflexes
What are the spinal cord lesions in the C6? (3)
(1)motor involvement-shoulder function and elbow flexion, wrist extension intact, and no lower limb function (2)sensory invovlement-neck, posterior lateral arm, and radial forearm unaffected (3)motor reflexes- biceps and brachioradialis
What are spinal cord lesions in the Thoracic spinal cord like? (3)
(1)motor involvement-they have complete use of their neckand upper limb but are lower limb paraplegia (2)sesnory invovelemt-neck, upper limb intact, lower limb anestheisa, thorax and abdomen depends on level injured (3)motor reflexes-biceps, brachioradilias and triceps
What are the spinal cord lesions in the L2 region like? (3)
(1)motor involvement- hip flexion and some adduction is possible (2)sensory invovlement-the portion of the anterior and medial thigh are intact but no sensation remaining in the limb (3)motor reflexes-no lower limb reflexes
What are the spinal cord lesions in the L4 region like? (3)
(1)motor involvement-hip flexion and adduction and knee flexion are normal (2)sensory involvement-anterior, medial tihgh, and medial leg and foot are normal (3)motor reflexes-patellar
What are spinal cord lesions in the S1- like?
(1)motor involvement-hip, knee, and ankle dorsiflexors normal, ankle but ankle plantar flexors intrinsic muscles of the foot are weak (2)sensory invovlement-perinuem, lack of sensation, most of lower limb has sensation (3)Motor reflexes-patellar, and achilles incontience
How is the level of spinal cord injury indiacted?
by the highest level that remains intact
What does C3 lesions mean?
it means taht the dermatrome and myotomes associated w C-C3 are still intact and all those below C3 are affected
What does T4 lesions mean?
means that all dermatomes and myotome located above L4 and above are intact but those below L4 are not
What is the nerve root inovlement from a herniated disc in the C4-5 region?
(1)affects root C5 (2)sensory -lateral and anterior arm (3)Motor invovlement-Deltoid, and rotator cuff (4)reflex- biceps
What ist the nerve root involvment from a herniated disc in the C5-6 region?
(1)affects the C6 root (2)sensory-radial forearm (3)motor- biceps, and extensor carpi radialis longus and dorsum of the hand(4)rflex-brachioradial
What does the nerve root invovlement from a herniated disc in the C6-7 region like?
(1)affects C7 nerve (2)sensory-3rd digit (3)motor-triceps, extensor digitorum, flexor carpi radialis (4)motor-triceps
What does the nerve root invovlement from a herniated disc in the C7-T1 region?
(1)affects the C8 spinal rootlet (2)sensory-ulnar side of forearm, hand, 4 and 5th digits (3)motor-flexor digitorum superfiicals and profundus
What does the nerve root invovlement from a herniated disc in the T1-T2?
(1)affects the T1 rootlets (2)sensory-medial side of arm, medial brachial (3)motor-interoosel, lumbrials
What dose the nerve root invovlement from a herniatd disc in the L2-L3 region?
(1)affects the L3 rootlet (2)sensory-anterior and medial thigh (3)motor-quadriceps and adductors
What does the nerve root invovlement from a herniated disc in the L3-L4? (4)
(1)affects the L4 rootlet (2)sensory-medial leg (3)motor-tibilis anterior and tibailis posterior (4)reflex-patellar
What does the nerve root invovlement from a herniated disc in the L4-L5? (3)
(1)affects the L5 rootlet (2)sensory-lateral leg and dorsum of foot (3)motor-extensor digitorum, longus, gluteus medius and minimus
What does the nerve root invovlement from a herniated disc in the L5-S1 region like?
(1)affects the S1 rootlet (2)sensory-lateral and plantar surface of the foot (3)motor-peroneus longus, and brevis, tricpes surae (4)reflex-achilles
What is the level of dermatome for C5?
the clavicles
What is the level of dermatome for C5, C6, and C7?
the lateral parts of the upper limbs
What is the level of dermatome for C8 and T1?
the medial sides of upper limbs
What is the level of deramtome for C6?
the thumb
What is the level of dermatome for C6, C7, and C8?
the hand
WHat is the level of deramtome for C8?
the ring and little fingers
WHat is the level of deramatome for T4?
level of nipples
What is the level of dermatome for L1?
loin region
What is the level of dermatome for the T10 region?
the umbilicus
What is the level of deramtome for the L1,L2,L3,L4 region?
anterior and inner surface of the lower limbs
What is the level of dermatome for L4,L5,and S1?
the foot
What is the level of dermatome for the L4 region?
the medial side of the great toe
What is the level of dermatome for the S1,S2,and L5 region?
posterior and outer surface of the lower limbs
WHat is the level of dermatome for S1?
lateral margin of the foot and the little toe
WHat is the level of dermatome for S2, S3, and S4
perineum
What region's level of dermatome is the clavicles?
C5
What region's level of dermatome is the lateral part of the upper limbs? (3)
(1)C5(2)C6 (3)C7
What region's level of dermatome is the medial sides of the upper limbs? (2)
(1)C8 (2)T1
What region's level of dermatome is the thumb?
C6
What region's level of dermatome is the hand? (3)
(1)C6(2)C7(3)C8
What region's level of dermatome is the ring and little fingers?
C8
What region's level of dermatome is level of nipples?
T4
What region's level of dermatome is level of umbilicus?
T10
What region's level of dermatome is the inguinal or groin regions?
L1
What region's level of dermatome is the anterior and inner surfaces of the lower limbs? (4
(1)L1 (2)L2(3)L3(4)L4
(What region's level of dermatome is the foot? (3)
(1)L4(2)L5(3)S1
What region's level of dermatome is the medial side of the great toe?
L4
What region's level of dermatome is the posterior and outer surfaces of the lower limbs?(3)
(1)S1(2)S2(3)L5
What region's level of dermatome is the lateral margin of the foot and little toe?
S1
What region's level of dermatome is the perineum?(3)
(1)S2 (2)S3(3)S4
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
Label the different dermatones
see notes
What is the differ btwn a spinous process, articular process, and tranverse process? (3)
(1)spinous process- is where 2 laminae meet (2)articular process-is the junction of the pedicle and laminae but also has 2 facets (3)tranverse- is the junction of the pedicle and laminae; however, it does not have facets but does point outward (horizontally)
What is the differ btwn a spinous process, articular process, and tranverse process? (3)
(1)spinous process- is where 2 laminae meet (2)articular process-is the junction of the pedicle and laminae but also has 2 facets (3)tranverse- is the junction of the pedicle and laminae; however, it does not have facets but does point outward (horizontally)
What is the differ btwn a spinous process, articular process, and tranverse process? (3)
(1)spinous process- is where 2 laminae meet (2)articular process-is the junction of the pedicle and laminae but also has 2 facets (3)tranverse- is the junction of the pedicle and laminae; however, it does not have facets but does point outward (horizontally)
What is the differ btwn a spinous process, articular process, and tranverse process? (3)
(1)spinous process- is where 2 laminae meet (2)articular process-is the junction of the pedicle and laminae but also has 2 facets (3)tranverse- is the junction of the pedicle and laminae; however, it does not have facets but does point outward (horizontally)
What is the epiphsyial rim
is a ring of smooth bone
NAME
this is a ring of smooth bone
epiphyseal rim
What is the differ bwn presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons?
(1)presyanptic neurons are short and located in the gray matter of the CNS (2)postsynpatic neurons are long and located outside of the CNS in automatic ganglia
What is the differ bwn presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons?
(1)presyanptic neurons are short and located in the gray matter of the CNS (2)postsynpatic neurons are long and located outside of the CNS in automatic ganglia
What is the differ bwn presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons?
(1)presyanptic neurons are short and located in the gray matter of the CNS (2)postsynpatic neurons are long and located outside of the CNS in automatic ganglia
What is the differ bwn presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons?
(1)presyanptic neurons are short and located in the gray matter of the CNS (2)postsynpatic neurons are long and located outside of the CNS in automatic ganglia