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731 Cards in this Set

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Draw a picture of the muscles of the thigh w their functions
see notes
Draw a picture of the muscles of the thigh w their functions
see notes
Draw a picture of the muscles of the thigh w their functions
see notes
Draw a picture of the muscles of the thigh w their functions
see notes
What is the femoral nerve supply? (7)
(1)Pectineus (2)Sartorius (3)iliacus (4)rectus femoris (5)vastus lateralis (6)vastus medius (7)vastus intermedius
NAME
this nerve supplies the following muscles- the pectineus, sartorius, iliacus, rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medius,and vastus intermedius
femoral nerve
When you think of this (1)you normal think of the thigh
femoral
When you normally think of the word (1)you think of the thigh
femoral
When you normally think of the word (1)you think of the thigh
femoral
What are the exceptions to the femoral nerve supply?
the psoas major is supplied by the anterior rami of the lumbar nerves
NAME
this is an exception to the femoral nerve and is supplied by the anterior rami of the lumbar nerves
psoas major
What is the femoral nerve supply? (7)
(1)Pectineus (2)Sartorius (3)iliacus (4)rectus femoris (5)vastus lateralis (6)vastus medius (7)vastus intermedius
Where is the pectineus muscle located?
(1)superior ramus of the pubis (2)pectineal line of the femur
NAME
this muscle is located on the superior ramus of the pubis and the pectineal line of the femur
pectineus muscle
Where is the sartorius muscle located?(2)
(1)the anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of notch inferior to it (2)superior part of the medial surface of the tibia
NAME
this muscle articulates at the the anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of notch inferior to it and the superior part of the medial surface of the tibia
sartorius
Where does the psoas major articulate? (2)
(1)the vertebrae and discs btwn the transverse and all transverse process of all lumbar vertebrae (2)lesser trochanter of femur
NAME
this muscles articulate w the vertebrae and discs btwn the tranverse and all transverse process of all lumbar vertebrae and at the lesser trochanhter of the femur
psoas major
Where does the ilicaus muscle articulate w the bone? (2)
(1)the iliac crest and iliac fossa of the sacrum and anterior sacroiliac ligaments (2)the tendons of the psoas major, lesser trochanter and the femur distal to it
NAME
this muscle articualtes w the iliac crest and iliac fossa of the sacrum and anterior sacroiliac ligaments and the tendons of the psoas major, lesser trochnater and femur distal to it
iliacus muscle
Where is the rectus femoris articualte w the bone? (3)
(1)iliac spine and ilium (2)via common tendinous and independent attachments to the base of the patella (3)indirectly via patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
NAME
this muscle articulates to the anterior inferior iliac crest and spine and ilium, via the common tendoninous and independent attachments to the base of the patella, and the indirectly via the patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
rectus femoris
Where does the vastus lateralis articulate w the bone? (2)
(1)greater trochanter and the lateral tip of the aspera (2)via the common tendoninous and independent attachments to the base of the patella (3)indirectly via the patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
Where does the vastus medius articulate? (2)
(1)intertochanteric line and medial lip of the linea asprea of the femur (2)via the common tendoninous and independent attachments to the base of the patella (3)indirectly via the patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
NAME
this articulates w the intertochanteric line and the medial lip of the linea aspear, via the common tendoninous and independent attachments to the base of the patella, and the indirectly via the patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
vastus medius
Where does the vastus intermedius articulate at the bone? (2)
(1)anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft of the femur via the common tendoninous and independent attachments to the base of the patella (2)indirectly via the patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
NAME
this articulates w the anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft of the femur, via the common tendoninous and independent attachments to the base of the patella, and the indirectly via the patellar ligaments to the tibal tuberosity
vastus intermedius
What is the function of the pectineus? (3)
(1)adducts (2)flexes the thigh (3)assists w medial rotation of the thigh
NAME
this muscle adducts, flexes the thigh, and assists w medial rotation of the thigh
pectineus
What is the function of the sartorius?
(1)flexs (2)abducts (3)laterally rotates the thigh at the hip joint (4)flexes the leg at the knee joint
NAME
this muscle flexs, abducts, and laterally rotates at the hip joint, and flexes the leg at the knee joint
sartorius
What are the different lliopsoas? (2)
(1)psoas major (2)iliacus
NAME
this consists of the psoas major and the iliacus
lliopsoas muscles
What are the functions of the lliopsoas muscles?
flexs thigh
NAME
these muscles act conjointly in flexing the thigh at the hip joint and stablizing it while the psoas major is also a postural muscle that helps control the deviation of the trunk and is active during standing
psoas major
NAME
this muscle is a postural muscle that helps control the deviation of the trunk and is active during standing
psoas major
the psoas major is a (1)muscle that helps control the deviation of the (2)and is active during(3)
(1)postural (2)trunk (3)standing
What are the functions of the quadriceps femoris muscles?
(1)extend the leg at knee joint
NAME
these muscles extend the knee at the joint
quadriceps femoris
What are the different quadricep femoris muscles? (4)
(1)rectus femoris (2)vastus lateralis (3)vastus medialis (4)vastus intermedius
NAME
these muscles include the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius
quadriceps femoris
What are the functions of the rectus femoris muscle? (2)
(1)extends the leg at the knee joint (2)steadies the hip joint (3)helps the ilioposoas to flex the thigh
NAME
this extends the leg at the knee joint and steadies the hip joint and the lliopsoas to flex the thigh
rectus femoris
Where does the adductor longus articulate? (2)
(1)body and inferior ramus of the pubis (2)middle third of the linea aspera of the femur
NAME
this muscle articulates the body of the pubis inferior to the pubic crest, body and inferior ramus of the pubis, middle third of the linea aspera of the femur, pectineal line and proximal part of the linea of aspera of the femur
adductor longus
Where does the adductor brevis articulate?
(1)body and inferior ramus of pubis (2)pectineal line and proximal part of the linea aspera of the femur
NAME
this articulates w the body and inferior ramus of the pubis and pectineal line and proximal part of the linea aspera of the femur
adductor brevis
What does the adductor part of the adductor magnus articulate to the bone? (2)
(1)adductor part-inferior ramus of the pubis and ramus of the ischium (2)gluteal tuberosity, linea apsera, medial superacondylar line
NAME
this part of this muscle articulates at the inferior ramus of the pubis and ramus of the ischium, glucteal tuberosity, linea aspera, and the medial supercondylar line
adductor part of the adductor magnus
Where does the hamstring part of the adductor magnus articulate?
(1)ischial tuberosity (2)adductor tubercle of the femur
NAME
this articulates to the ischial tuberosity and the adductor tubercle of the femur
hamstring part of the adductor magnus
Where does the gracilis muscle articulate?
the pubis (2)superior part of the medial surface of the tibia
NAME
this muscle articulates w the body and the inferior ramus of the pubis and superior part of the medial surface of the tibia
gracilis
Where does the obturator exernus muscle articulate?
(1)margins of the obturator foramen and the obturator membrane (2)trochanteric fossa of the femur
NAME
this muscle articulates w the margins of the obturator foramen and the obturator membrane and the trochaneteric fossa of the femur
obturator externus
Where does the semitendinsous muscle articulate?(2)
(1)ischila tuberosity (2)medial surface of the superior part of the tibia
NAME
this muscle articulates at hte ischilia tuberosity, and medial surface of the superior part of the tibia
semitendinous
Where does the semimembransus muscle articulate?
(1)ischial tuberosity (2)posterior part of the medial condyle of the tibia
NAME
this muscle articulates w the ischial tuberosity and the posterior part of the medial condyle of the tibia
semimembransus muscle
What are the (2)heads of the biceps femoris?
(1)long (2)short
NAME
this has two heads: long and short
biceps femoris
Where does the long head of the biceps articulate?
(1)ischial tuberosity
NAME
this head of the biceps femoris articualtes w the ischial tuberosity
long head
Where does the short head articualte ?
the linia apsera and lateral supracondylar line of the femur
NAME
this articulates w the linia aspera and lateral supracondylar line of the femur
short head
Overall, where does the whole biceps femoris muscle articulate?
(1)distal attachment =lateral side of the head of the fibula
NAME
overall, this muscle distally articulates w the lateral side of the head of the fibula
biceps femors
Where does the tibilias anterior attach? (2)
(1)proximal attachment= lateral condyle and superior half of the lateral surface of the tibia and interosseous membrane (2)DISTAL= medial and inferior surfaces of the medial cuneiform and the base of the 1st metacarpal
NAME
this muscle proximal attaches at the lateral condyle and the superior half of the lateral surface of the tibia and interosseous membrane and distal attaches at the medial and inferior surfaces of the medial cuneiform and the base of the 1st metacarpal
tibialis anterior
Where does the extensor hallucis longus attach?
(1)PROXIMAL= middle part of the anterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane (2)DISTAL=dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of the great toe
NAME
this muscle proximal attachment is at the middle part of the anterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane and its distal attachment is at the dorsal aspect of the base of the distal phalanx of the great toe
extensor hallucis longus
Where does the extensor digitorum longus attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL=lateral condyle of the tibia and superior 3/4s of the anterior surface of the interosseous mebrane (2)DISTAL=middle and distal phalanges of the lateral digits
NAME
this has proximal attachments at the lateral condyle of the tibia and superior 3/4 of the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane and the distal attachment is at the middle and distal phalanges of lateral four digits
extensor digitorum longus
Where does the fibularis tertius attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL=interior third of anterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane (2)DISTAL=dorsum of the base of the 5 metatarsal
NAME
this muscle attachments include (1)PROXIMAL at the interior third of anterior surface of the fibula and interosseous membrane (2)DISTAL at the dorsum of the base of the 5 metatarsal
fibular tertius
Where does the fibular longus attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL= head and superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula (2)DISTAL=base of the 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform
NAME
this muscles attachments include the following:
(1)PROXIMAL= head and superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula (2)DISTAL=base of the 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform
fibular longus
Where does the fibularis brevis attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL= inferior 2/3 surface of the fibular (2)DISTAL= dorsal surface of the tuberosity of the base of 5th metatarsal
NAME
this muscle attachs at the following spots:
(1)PROXIMAL= head and superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula (2)DISTAL=base of the 1st metatarsal and medial cuneiform
fibularis longus
Where does the gastrocnemius attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL=lateral head (lateral aspect of the lateral condyle of the femur), medial head (popliteal surface of the femur (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
NAME
this muscle attachs at the following areas:
(1)PROXIMAL=lateral head (lateral aspect of the lateral condyle of the femur), medial head (popliteal surface of the femur (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
gastrocnemius
Where does the soleus attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL=posterior aspect of the head of the fibulam superior quarter of the posterior surface of the fibula and the soleal line and medial border of the tibia (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
NAME
this muscle attaches at the following areas:
(1)PROXIMAL=posterior surface of the fibula and the soleal line and medial border of the tibia (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
soleus
Where does the plantaris attach?
(1)inferior end of the lateral supracondylar line of the femur and oblieuqe popliteal ligament (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
NAME
this muscle attachs at the following areas:
(1)inferior end of the lateral supracondylar line of the femur and oblieuqe popliteal ligament (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
plantaris
Where does the popliteus muscle attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL=lateral surface of the lateral condyle of the femur and lateral meniscus (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the tibia
NAME
this is muscle attachs at the following areas:
(1)PROXIMAL=lateral surface of the lateral condyle of the femur and lateral meniscus (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the tibia
popliteus
Where does the flexor hallucis longus attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL=inferior 2/3 of posterior surface of the fibula and inferior part of the interosseous membrane (2)DISAL=base of the distal phalnx of the great toe
NAME
this muscle attachs here:
(1)PROXIMAL=lateral surface of the lateral condyle of the femur and lateral meniscus (2)DISTAL=posterior surface of the tibia
flexor hallucis longus
What is the hallux?
the great toe
nAME
this is another name for the great toe
hallux
Where does the flexor digitorum longus attach?(2)
(1)PROXIMAL=medial part of the posterior surface of the tibia inferior to soleal line and by a broad tendon to the fibula (2)DISTAL=bases of the distal phalanges of the lateral 4 digits
NAME
these muscle attach here:
(1)PROXIMAL=medial part of the posterior surface of the tibia inferior to soleal line and by a broad tendon to the fibula (2)DISTAL=bases of the distal phalanges of the lateral 4 digits
flexor digitorum longus
Where does the tibialis posterior attach?(2)
(1)PROXIMAL= interosseous mebrane, posterior surface of the tibia, inferior to soleal line and the posterior surface of the fibula(2)DISTAL= primarly to the tuberosity of navicular, also to cuneiforms, cuboid and bases of the 2nd to 4th metatarsals
NAME
this muscle attachs here
(1)PROXIMAL= interosseous mebrane, posterior surface of the tibia, inferior to soleal line and the posterior surface of the fibula(2)DISTAL= primarly to the tuberosity of navicular, also to cuneiforms, cuboid and bases of the 2nd to 4th metatarsals
tibialis posterior
What are the functions of the adductor longus?
adducts the thigh
NAME
this muscle adducts the thigh
adductor longus
What is the function of the adductor brevis?
adducts the thigh (2)and to some extent flexes it
NAME
this muscle adducts the thigh and to some extent flexes the thigh
adductor brevis
What are the function of the adductor magnus?
(1)adducts thigh (2)its adductor part also flexes thigh (3)its hamstring part extends it
NAME
this muscle adducts the thigh and its adductor part also flexes the thigh and its hamstring part extends it
adductor magnus
What are the (2)parts of the adductor magnus?
(1)adductor part (2)hamstring part
NAME
this muscle has two parts: adductor and hamstring part
adductor magnus
What is the function of the hamstring part of the adductor magnus?
extends the thigh
NAME
this part of the adductor magnus extends the thigh
hamstring part
What does the adductor part of the adductor magnus do?
flexes the thigh
NAME
this part of the adductor magnus flexes the thigh
adductor part
What is Gracilis?
(1)adducts the thigh (2)flexes the leg (3)helps medially rotates the leg
NAME
this adducts the thigh and flexes the leg and helps to medially rotate the leg
Gracilis
What does the obtruator externus do?
(1)laterally rotates the thigh
NAME (2)
this muscle laterally rotates the thigh and steadies the head of the femur in the acetabulum
obtrurator externus (2)quadratus femoris
What is the obturator nerve? (5)
supplies the muscles of the medial thigh including (1)adductor longus (2)adductor brevis (3)adductor magnus (4)gracilis (5)obturator externus
NAME
this nerve supplies the muscles of the medial thigh including the adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis, and the obturator externus
obturator nerve
What is the obturator nerve? (5)
supplies the muscles of the medial thigh including (1)adductor longus (2)adductor brevis (3)adductor magnus (4)gracilis (5)obturator externus
What is the obturator nerve? (5)
supplies the muscles of the medial thigh including (1)adductor longus (2)adductor brevis (3)adductor magnus (4)gracilis (5)obturator externus
What are the exceptions to the obturator nerve?
the tibial part of the sciatic nerve supplies the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
NAME
the exception to this nerve is the tibial part of the sciatic nerve supplies the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
obturator nerve
What are the exceptions to the obturator nerve?
the tibial part of the sciatic nerve supplies the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
What is the function of the semitendinosus ? (4)
(1)extend the thigh (2)flex the leg and (3)medially roatate the leg (4)when the thigh and leg are flexed, it extends the trunk
NAME (2)
this muscle extends the thigh and flexes and medially rotates the leg and when the thigh and leg are flexed, it extends the thigh
semitendinosus (2)semimembranosus
What are the functions of the semimembranosus? (4)
(1)extend the thigh (2)flex the leg and (3)medially roatate the leg (4)when the thigh and leg are flexed, it extends the trunk
NAME (2)
this muscle extends the thigh and flexes and medially rotates the leg and when the thigh and leg are flexed, it extends the thigh
semitendinosus (2)semimembranosus
What does the biceps femoris do?
(1)flexes the leg and (2)laterally rotates it when the knee is flexed (3)extends the thigh
NAME
this muscle flexes the leg and laterally rotates it when the knee is flexed and extends the thigh
biceps femoris
What is the tibial division of the sciatic nerve?
supplies the (1)semitendinosus (2)semimembransous (3)biceps femoris
NAME
supplies the semitendinous, semimembransous, and biceps femoris
tibial division of the sciatic nerve
What are the exceptions to the obturator nerve?
the short head of the biceps femoris is supplied by the fibular division of the sciatic nerve
NAME
the exception to this nerve is that the short head of the biceps femoris is supplied by the fibular division of the sciatic nerve
tibial division of the sciatic nerve
What nerve supplies the short head of the biceps femoris?
the fibular division of the sciatic nerve
What is the deep fibular nerve?(4)
supplies the anterior compartment of the leg including the (1)tibialis anterior (2)extensor hallucis longus (3)extensor digitorum longus (4)fibularis terius
NAME
this nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the leg including the tibialis anterior, extensor hallucis longus, extesnor digitorum longus, and the fibularis teritus
deep fibular nerve
What is the superficial fibular nerve? (2)
(1)fibularis longus (2)fibularis brevis
NAME
this nerve is supplies the fibularis longus and fibularis brevis
superficial fibular nerve
What is the superficial fibular nerve? (2)
(1)fibularis longus (2)fibularis brevis
What is the deep fibular nerve?(4)
supplies the anterior compartment of the leg including the (1)tibialis anterior (2)extensor hallucis longus (3)extensor digitorum longus (4)fibularis terius
What is the deep fibular nerve?(4)
supplies the anterior compartment of the leg including the (1)tibialis anterior (2)extensor hallucis longus (3)extensor digitorum longus (4)fibularis terius
What is the function of the tibialis anterior? (2)
dorsiflexes the ankle (2)inverts the foot
NAME
this muscle dorsiflexes the ankle and the inverts the foot
tibialis anterior
What are the functions of the extensor hallucis longus ? (2)
(1)extends the great toe and (2)dorsiflexes the ankle
NAME
this muscle extends the great toe and dorsiflexes the ankle
extensor hallucis longus
What does the extensor digitorum longus do? (2)
extends the 4 digitis (2)dorsiflexes the ankle
NAME
this muscles the extends the 4 digitis and dorsiflexes the ankle
extensor digitorum longus
What is the fibularis tertius? (2)
(1)dorsiflexes the ankle (2)aids in eversion of the foot
NAME
this muscle dorsiflexes the ankle and aids in eversion of the foot
fibular tertius
What does the fibularis longus do?
everts the foot (2)weakly planterflexs the ankle
NAME (2)
these muscles everts the foot and weakly planterflexs the ankle
(1)fibularis longus (2)fibularis brevis
What does the fibular brevis do?(2)
everts the foot (2)weakly planterflexs the ankle
What does the Gatrocnemius do? (3)
(1)plantarflexs the ankle when the knee is extended (2)raises the heel during walking (3)flexs the leg at the knee joint
NAME
this muscle plantarflexs the ankle when the knee is extended, raises the heel during walking, and flexes the leg at the knee joint
Gastrocnemius
What do the soleus?(2)
(1)plantarflexes the ankle (2)steadies the leg on the foot
NAME
this muscle plantarflexes the ankle and steadies the leg on the foot
soleus
What is plantaris?
think about its name......therefore it only plantarflexs the ankle
NAME
this weakly assists the gastrocnemius in the plantar flexing of the ankle
plantaris
What does the popliteus muscle do? (2)
(1)weakle flexs the knee (2)unlocks it
NAME
this musle flexes the knee and unlocks it
poplietus
What is the tibial nerve? (7)
supplies the (1)gastrocnemius (2)soleus (3)plantaris (4)popliteus (5)flexor hallucis longus (6)flexor digitorum longus (7)tibialis posterior
NAME
this nerve is supplied by the gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, popliteus, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, and tibialis posterior
tibial nerve
What is the tibial nerve? (7)
supplies the (1)gastrocnemius (2)soleus (3)plantaris (4)popliteus (5)flexor hallucis longus (6)flexor digitorum longus (7)tibialis posterior
What is the tibial nerve? (7)
supplies the (1)gastrocnemius (2)soleus (3)plantaris (4)popliteus (5)flexor hallucis longus (6)flexor digitorum longus (7)tibialis posterior
What are the functions of the flexor hallucis longus? (3)
(1)flexes the great toe in all joints (2)weakly plantarflexs the ankle (3)supports medial longitudinal arch of the foot
NAME
this flexes the great toe in all joints, weakly plantarflexs the ankle, and supports the medial longitudinal arch of the foot
flexor hallucis longus
What is the flexor digitorum longus?
(1)flexes the lateral 4 digits (2)plantarflexs the ankle (3)supports longitudinal arches of the foot
NAME
this flexes the lateral 4 digits, plantarflexs the ankle, and supports longitudinal arches of the foot
flexor digitorum longus
What does the tibialis posterior do? (2)
(1)plantarflexs the ankle (2)inverts the foot
NAME
this muscle plantarflexs the ankle and inverts the foot
tibialis posterior
Draw a pic of all the thigh muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the thigh muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the thigh muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the thigh muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the thigh muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the leg muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the leg muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the leg muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the leg muscles
see notes
Draw a pic of all the leg muscles
see notes
What are the muscles of the anterior leg? (4)
(1)tibialis anterior (2)extensor hallicus longus (3)extensor digitorum longus (4)fibularis tertius
NAME
these include the tibialis anterior, extensor hallicus longus, extensor digitorum longus, and fibularis tertius
anterior leg muscles
What are the lateral leg muscles? (2)
(1)fibularis longus (2)fibularis brevis
NAME
these include the fibularis longus and the fibularis brevis
lateral leg
What are the superfical post leg muscles? (3)
(1)gastrocnemius (2)soleus (3)plantaris
NAME
these inlcude the gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris
sup layer of the post leg muscles
What are the deep muscles of the posterior leg? (4)
(1)flexor hallucius longus (2)flexor digitorum longus (3)tibailis posterior (4)poplietus
NAME
these include the flexor hallucius longus, flexor digitorum longus, tibialis posterior, and poplietus
deep muscles of the posterior leg
What are the anterior thigh muscles? (4)
(1)pectinus, (2)sartonius (3)lliopsoas (4)Quadriceps femoris
NAME
these include the pectinus, sartonius, lliopsoas, and quadriceps femoris
anterior thigh muscles
What are the quadrieps femoris? (4)
(1)rectus femoris (2)vastus lateralis (3)vastus medius (4)vastus intermedius
NAME
these include the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medius, and the vastus intermedius
quadriceps femoris
What are the medial thigh muscles? (5)
(1)adductor longus (2)adductor brevis (3)adductor magnus (4)gracilis (5)obturator externus
NAME
these include the adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus, gracilis, and the obturator externus
medial thigh
What are the posterior thigh muscles? (3)
(1)semitendinsous (2)semimembranosus (3)biceps femoris
NAME
these include the semitendinsous, semimebranosus, and biceps femoris
posterior thigh
What is the Tibia?
is the bigger more lateral leg bone
NAME
this is the bigger more lateral leg bone
tibia
What is the fibula?
is the smalller medially located leg bone
NAME
this is the smaller medially located leg bone
fibula
What is the femur?
is the thigh bone
NAME
this is the thigh bone
femur
STOPED HERE
STOPED HERE
the pelvic gridle is also called the (1)
os coxae
the (1)is also called the os coxae
pelvic gridle
What bones make up the pelvic gridle (3)?
(1)ilium (2)ischium (3)pubis
NAME
this has three bones: the ilium, ischium, and the pubis
pelvic gridle
What bones make up the pelvic gridle (3)?
(1)ilium (2)ischium (3)pubis
What is the acetablulum?
is where all three bones of the pelvic gridle join together
NAME
this is where all 3 bones of the pelvic gridle join together
actabulum
What is the ilium?
most superior portion of the pelvic gridle
NAME
this is the most superior portion of the pelvic gridle
ilium
What is the ischium?
forms the postinferior portion of the acetabulum and the anteromedial coxal structure
NAME
this forms the postinferior portion of the acetabulum and the anteromedial coxal structure
ischium
What is the pubis?
forms the anterior portion of the acetabulum and the anteromedial portion of the coxal structure
NAME
this forms the anterior portion of the acetabulum and the antermedial portion of the coxal structure
pubis
What is the iliac crest?
is the ilium's rim of the wing
NAME
this is the ilium's rim of the wing
iliac crest
What is the quadrecps latin for?
4 heads
NAME
this Latin for 4 heads
quadrceps
NAME
this is the only head of the quadrecps femoris that crosses the hip joint
rectus femoris
What is the unique thing about the rectus femoris?
is the only head of the quadrecps femoris that crosses the hip joint
The (1)is the only head of the quadrceps that crosses the hip joint
rectus femoris
the rectus femoris is the only head of the quadrceps that crosses the (1)
hip joint
NAME
all of these muscles orginate from the femur except the rectus femoris which crosses the hip joint
quadrecps femoris
NAME
this quadrceps muscle helps you to stand up
rectus femoris
inferior to the patella is the (1)
patellar ligament
Where is the patella ligamnet?
inferior to the patella
NAME
this is inferior to the patella
patella ligament
What are the differ landmarks of the ilium? (4)
(1)posterior superior iliac spine (2)posterior inferior iliac spine (3)anterior superior iliac spine (4)anterior inferior iliac spine (5)anterior, inferior, and posterior gluteal lines
NAME
this has certain landmarks such as the posterior superior iliac spines, posterior inferior iliac spine, anterior superior iliac spine, anterior inferior iliac spine, anterior, inferior and posterior gluteal lines
ilium
What are the (4)iliac spines?
(1)posterior superior (2)posterior inferior (3)anterior superior (4)anterior inferior
What is the ischial tuberosity?
is the predominent bump on the ramus that you sit on
NAME
this is the predominent bump on the ramus that you sit on
ischial tuberosity
What are some features of the ischium? (4)
(1)ischial spine (2)greater sciatic notch (3)inferior sciatic notch (4)ishial tuberosity
NAME
this has three features: ischial spine, greater sciatic notch, inferior sciatic notch, and ischial tuberosity
ischium
What is the pubis?
is the anterior plane of the pubis
NAME
this is in the anterior plane of the plevis
pubis
Where is the pubis located?
in the anterior plane of the pelvis
What are (2)features of the pubis?
(1)superior ramus (2)inferior ramus
NAME
this has 2 features: superior and inferior ramus
pubis
Describe the obturator foramen?(2)
is inferior to the acetabulum (2)90-95% covered w a membrane and internal and external membranes
NAME
this located inferior to the acetabulum and 90-95% w a membrane and internal and external membrane
obturator foramen
What are the sacroiliac joints essential for?
joints that are essential for the human upright stance
NAME
these joints are essential for the human upright stance
sacroiliac joint
Where are the sacroiliac joints located?
bten the sacrum and the paired iliac
NAME
this joint is located btwn the sacrum and the paired iliac
sacroiliac joint
What are some reflexs? (6)
(1)the knee jerk reflex (2)elbow joint (3)thumb (4)withdraw reflex (such as from a hot stove ) (5)dilation of pupils
What is proprioception?
is the ability to know where your body parts are in space
nAME
this is the ability of a person to know where their body parts are in space
proprioception
NAME
some examples of these things include the knee jerk reflex, elbow joint, thumb, withdraw reflex such as from a hot stove, and dilation of the pupils
reflexs
All joints have (1)in thier tendons
propriocepetors
NAME
all of these have propricoceptors in their tendons
joints
Where can you find propricocepters?
in the tendons of all joints
Reflexs stay at the (1)
spinal cord
(1)stay at the spinal cord
reflex
Describe the fiber path as a person knee jerk reflex happens
(1)sends sensory fibers to the spinal cord then the spinal cord sends motor fibers to the femorla nerve then the knee extends
Afferent is also called (1)
sensory fibers
(1)fibers are also called sensory fibers
afferent
efferent fibers are also called (1)
motor fibers
(1)fibers are also called motor fibers
efferent
What is the function of the gluteus maximus? (4)
(1)extends (2)lateral rotates the thigh (3)steadies the thigh (4)assists in rising from siting postion
NAME
this muscle extends and lateral rotates the thigh, steadies the thigh, and assists in rising from a siting postion
gluteus maximus
NAME
this is the most powerful thigh extensor
gluteal maximus
What does the IT band stand for?
iliotibal tract band
Where does the gluteal maximus attach?
(1)proximal attachment=sacrum and coccyx (2)IT band and femur
NAME
this muscle proximal attaches at the scarum and the coccyx and the distal attachment is at the IT band and the femur
gluteal maximus
Where does the gluteal medius attach? (2)
(1)proximal attachment= btwn the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the ilium (2)distal= greater trochanter of the femur
Where do all of the gluteal muscles distally attach?
greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
all 2 of these muscles attach at the trochnater of the femur
(1)gluteal medius (2)gluteal minimus
How do all of the gluteal medius and minimus proximal attachments differ? (3)
(1)gluteal medius=is btwn the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the ilium (2)gluteal minimus=btwn the anterior and inferior gluteal lines of the ilium
Where do all of the gluteal maedius and minimus distally attach?
greater trochanter of the femur
How do all of the gluteal proximal attachments differ? (2)
(1)gluteal medius=is btwn the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the ilium (2)gluteal minimus=btwn the anterior and inferior gluteal lines of the ilium
How do all of the gluteal muscles proximal attachments differ? (2)
(1)gluteal medius=is btwn the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the ilium (2)gluteal minimus=btwn the anterior and inferior gluteal lines of the ilium
Where does the gluteus medius muscle attach? (2)
(1)Proximal attachment=btwn the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the ilium (2)the greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
this muscle proximally attaches between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines of the ilium and distally attaches at the greater trochanter of the femur
gluteus medius
Where does the gluteal minimus attach? (2)
(1)proximal= btwn the anterior and inferior gluteal lines (2)greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
this has proximally attachs btwn the anterior and inferior gluteal lines and its greater trochanter of the femur
gluteal minimus
NAME (2)
contraction of these muscles in the weight-bearing limb overcomes the effect of gravity on the free limb--allowing this limb to swing through without dragging on the ground
(1)gluteus medius and minimus
What does the contraction of the gluteus medius and minimus do?
they over come the effects of gravity on the free limb--allowing it to swing though without dragging on the ground
What is the function of the gluteaus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia lata? (3)
(1)abducts (2)med rotates the thigh (3)keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
What is the function of the gluteaus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia lata? (3)
(1)abducts (2)med rotates the thigh (3)keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
NAME (3)
these muscles abduct and med rotate the thigh and keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
(1)gluteus medius (2)gluetus minimus (3)tensor of the fascia lata
NAME (3)
these muscles abduct and med rotate the thigh and keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
(1)gluteus medius (2)gluetus minimus (3)tensor of the fascia lata
What is the function of the gluteus medius? (3)
(1)abducts (2)med rotates the thigh (3)keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
What is the function of the gluteus minimus? (3)
(1)abducts (2)med rotates the thigh (3)keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
What is the function of the tensor of the fascia lata? (3)
(1)abducts (2)med rotates the thigh (3)keeps the pelvis level when the opposite leg is raised
What does the piriformis, obturator internus, and the Gemelli superior and inferior do? (4)
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
NAME
this laterally rotates and extends the thigh, abducts the flexed thigh, and steadies the femoral head in the acetbulum
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
What does the piriformis, obturator internus, and the Gemelli superior and inferior do? (4)
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
What does the piriformis, obturator internus, and the Gemelli superior and inferior do? (4)
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
NAME (4)
these 4 muscles lateral rotate, and extend the thigh, abduct the flexed thigh, and steady the femoral head in the actebulum
(1)piriformis (2)obturator internus (3)gemelli superior and inferior
What is the function of the piriformis? (4)
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
What is the function of the obturator internus? (4)
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
What is the function of the gemelli superior and inferior? (4)
(1)lateraly rotate (2) extend the thigh (3)abduct the flexed thigh (4)steady the femoral head in the acetbulum
What is the function of the quadratus femoris? (2)
(1)laterally rotates thigh (2)steadies femoral head in the acetabulum
NAME (2)
this laterally rotates the thigh and steadies the femoral head in the acetabulum
quadratus femoris and (2)obturator externus
What are the deep rotators of the lower limb? (6)
(1)piriformis (2)obturator internus (3)gemellus superior and inferior (5)obturator externus (6)quadratus femoris
NAME
these muscles include the piriformis, obturator internus, gemellus superior and inferior, obturator externus, and quadratus femoris
deep rotators of the lower limb
What are the deep rotators of the lower limb? (6)
(1)piriformis (2)obturator internus (3)gemellus superior and inferior (5)obturator externus (6)quadratus femoris
What are the deep rotators of the lower limb? (5)
(1)piriformis (2)obturator internus/externus (3)gemellus superior and inferior (5)quadratus femoris
WHat is the nerve to the piriformis?
supplies the piriformis muslce
NAME
this nerve supplies the piriformis muscle?
nerve to the piriformis
Where does the piriformis muscle attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL= off the anterior surface of the sacrum (2)greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
this muscle proximally attaches off the anterior surface of the sacrum and the greater trochanter of the femur
piriformis muscle
Why is the piriformis an important landmark?
bc the sciatic nerve usually exits the pelvis immediately inferior to this muscle
NAME
this is an important landmark bc the sciatic nerve usally exitits the pelvis immediately inferior to this muscle
piriformis
Where does the obturator internus attach? (2)
(1)proximal= obturator membrane and the obturator forearm (2)distal=greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
this muscle attaches proximally at the obturator membrane and the obturator foramen and distally at the r trocanteric fossa of hte femur
obturator internus and externus
Where does the Gemelli superior and inferior attach? (2)
proximal=superior=ischial spine and the inferior=the ischial tubeosity (2)distal= the greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
the superior portion of this muscle attaches on the ischial spine and the inferior at the ischial tuberosity, while they both distally attach at the greater trochanter of the femur
gemellis superior and inferior
Where does the Gemelli superior and inferior attach? (2)
proximal=superior=ischial spine and the inferior=the ischial tubeosity (2)distal= the greater trochanter of the femur
Where do all of the gluteal region muscles distally attach ?
the greater trochanter of the femur
NAME
these muscles distally attach at the greater trochanter of the femur
the gluteal muscles except the the gluteus maximus, (2)tesnor of the fascia lata, (3)quadratus femoris?
The (1)distally attach at the greater trochanter of the femur
gluteal region muscles
What are the exceptions to the gluteal region muscles that do not attach to the greater trochanter of the femur? (3)
the gluteus maximus, (2)tesnor of the fascia lata, (3)quadratus femoris?
What is the nerve to the obturator internus?
supplies the obturator internus muscle
NAME
this nerve supplies the obturator internus muscle
the nerve to the obturator internus
What is the superior gluteal nerve? (3)
supplies the (1)gluteus medius (2)gluteus minimus (3)tensor of fasica lata `
NAME
this nerve is supplies the glutues medius, gluteus minimis, an tensor of fasica lata
superior gluteal nerve
the hip joints are usally weak bc of (1)
osteoporis
the (1)are usally weak bc of osteosporis
hip joints
the pelvic bone is also called the (1)
os coxae
the (1)is also called the os coxae
pelvic gridle
desrcibe the pelvic bone
u have 2 joined anterior and posteriorly
NAME
you have two of these: anteriorly and posteriorly
pelvic bone
What is the sacrum?
5 fused vertebrae
NMAE
these are 5 fused vertebrae
sacrum
What does SI stand for?
sacrum iliac joint
What is the SI joint?
joint located btwn the sacrum and ilaic
NAME
this joint is located btwn the sacrum and the iliac
SI joint
What are the bones of the pelvis? (3)
(1)ischum (2)pubis (3)ilium
T or F
it is impossible to have compression of the sacrum
false
Which of the sacrum can get compressed? (2)
btwn L5th and 1st sacral
Which of the sacrum can get compressed?(2)
btwn L5 and the 1st sacral
the L5th and 1st sacral can be (1)
compressed
What is the pubic syntheses?
is cartiliginous joint that becomes flexible during labor
NAME
this is a cartiliginous joint that becomes flexible during labor
pubic syntheses
What is oxatcyln?
is a hormone that makes the utereus contract and relaxes the pubic synthesis-thus making it more flexible
NAME
this is a hormone that makes the utereus contract and relazes the pubic synthesis==thus making it more flexible
oxatcyln
What kind of joint is the SI joint?
plane synovical joint
What kind of joint is the hip joint?
ball and socket
What kind of joint is the pubic sympahsis joint?
catiliginous
COmpare and contrast the SI joint, hip joint, and the pubic symphasis joint?
in order by great mobility

(1)hip joint= ball and socket that has great mobility (2)SI joint=plane synovial has medium mobility (3)pubic symphasis- is a cartilginous joint that is the least mobile of all three
What is the iliac fossa?
is a depression that the ilaic muscle sits on top of
NAME
this is a depression that the iliac sits on top of
iliac fossa
How do the male and females plevis differ? (2)
(1)circumference of the true pelvis is wider for females than males (2)males are taller
How do the male and females plevis differ? (2)
(1)circumference of the true pelvis is wider for females than males (2)males are taller
the circumference of the true pelvis is wider for (1)than (2)
(1)females (2)males
What is the Trendelenburg's sign?
refers to how the hip drops bc the gluteus medius and minus are not doing there job of preventing the femur from elevating so that the hip wont drop
NAME
this refers to how the hip drops bc the gluteus and minus are not doing there job
Trendelenburg's sign
What is the Trendelenburg's sign?
refers to how the hip drops bc the gluteus medius and minus are not doing there job of preventing the femur from elevating so that the hip wont drop
What is the Trendelenburg's sign?
refers to how the hip drops bc the gluteus medius and minus are not doing there job of preventing the femur from elevating so that the hip wont drop
When the (1)nerve is compressed the person may expereince spasms of hte pirifiormis
sciatic nerve
when the sciatic nerve is compressed the person may experience spasms of the (1)
piriformis
NAME
this is the largest peripheral nerve in the body and has been studied the most
sciatic nerve
the sciatic nerve is the (1)nerve and has been studied the most
largest peripheral
Describe the path of blood flow (arteries) (3)
(1)the aorta then (2)common iliac arteries (3)internal and external arteries
Describe the path of blood flow (arteries) (3
(1)the aorta then (2)common iliac arteries (3)internal and external arteries
Describe the path of blood flow (arteries) (3)
(1)the aorta then (2)common iliac arteries (3)internal and external lliac arteries
What is the internal arteries?
stays in the pelvis and has 8 branches that supply all pelvic organs
NAME
this stays in the pelvis and has 8 branches that supply all pelvic organs
internal arteries
What are the external arteries?
they become the femoral artery once crosses the Inguinal ligamnet
NAME
these become the femoral artery once crosses the Inguinal ligament
external arteries
What is the lumbosacral plexus?
consists of the scaral plexus and lumbar nerves
NAME
this consists of the sacral plexus and the lumbar nerves
lumbosacral plexus
the lumbosacral plexus has (1)and (2)divisions
anterior and posterior
Describe what happens to the the lumbosacral plexus during the embryonic development
bc of the med rotation of the lower limb during embyryonic development, nerves formed by posterior division come to supply the anteriorly placed muscles and nerved formed by the anterior divisions come to supply posteriorly placed muscles
Describe what happens to the the lumbosacral plexus during the embryonic development
bc of the med rotation of the lower limb during embyryonic development, nerves formed by posterior division come to supply the anteriorly placed muscles and nerved formed by the anterior divisions come to supply posteriorly placed muscles
Draw a chart of the gluteal muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the gluteal muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the gluteal muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the nerves that make up the lumbosacral plexus
see chart
Draw a chart of the nerves that make up the lumbosacral plexus
see chart
Draw a chart of the nerves that make up the lumbosacral plexus
see chart
Describe the path of the genitofemoral nerve?
divides into the genital and femoral branches
NAME
this nerve divides into the genital and femoral branches
genitofemoral nerve
What is the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve do? (3)
(1)the branch travels w the spermatic cord into the scrotum or w the ligamentum teres into the labia major in the females (2)supplies the cresmaster muscle (3)sensory to the skin of the external genitla and the medial thigh
NAME
this nerve travels w the spermatic cord into the scrotum or w the ligamentum teres to the labia major in females. It also supplies the cremaster muscle and is sensory to the skin of the external genitalia and the meidal thigh
the genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
What is the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve?
is sensory to the thigh in the region of the femoral triangle
NAME
this nerve is sensory to the thigh in the region of the femoral triangle
the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve
Draw a chart of the nerves that make up the lumbosacral plexus
(1)tibial nerve (2)pudendal nerve (3)nerve to the superior gemellus and obturator internus (4)nerve to the quadratus femoris and inferior gemellus (5)common peroneal nerve
Draw a chart of the nerves that make up the lumbosacral plexus
(1)tibial nerve (2)pudendal nerve (3)nerve to the superior gemellus and obturator internus (4)nerve to the quadratus femoris and inferior gemellus (5)common peroneal nerve
Draw a chart of the nerves that make up the lumbosacral plexus
LUMBAR SACRAL
ANTERIOR( obturator, ilionguinal, genitofemoral) ANTERIOR. Fibial nerve, nerve to the gemmellius superior and obturator internus, nerve to the quadratus femoris and the inferior gemelles, and pudendal

POSTERIOR (femoral nerve, lateral cutaneous femoral nerve, iliohypogastric) POSTERIOR
Common fibulor nerve, nerve to the pirfiromis, superior gluteal, inferior gluteal nerve, and posterior cutaneous femoral nerve
Peroneal nerve can also be called (1)
fibular nerve
the (1)nerve can also be called the fibular nerve
peroneal nerve
Peroneal nerve can also be called (1)
fibular nerve
the (1)nerve can also be called the fibular nerve
peroneal nerve
What is the pudendal nerve? (5)
supplies (1)sensory to the genitaalia (2)perinal muscles (3)sphincter urethrea (4) external anal sphincter (5)levator ani
NAME
this nerve supplies the sensory to the genitalia, perineal muscles, sphincter urethrea, external anal sphincter, and levator ani
pudendal nerve
What is the common peroneal nerve?
supplies the (1)short head of the biceps femoris
NAME
this nerve supplies the short head of the biceps femoris
common fibular nerve
What is the common peroneal nerve?
supplies the (1)short head of the biceps femoris
What is the common peroneal nerve?
supplies the (1)short head of the biceps femoris
What is the superior gluteal nerve? (3)
supplies the (1)gluteus medius (2)gluteal minimus (3)tensor fascia latae
NAME
this supplies the gluteus medius, gluteal minimus, and the tensor fascia latae
superior gluteal nerve
What is the inferior gluteal nerve?
supplies the gluteus maximus
NAME
this nerve supplies the gluteus maximus
inferior gluteal nerve
What are (3)arteries that supply glands? (3)
(1)supraarenal (2)renal (3)gonadal
NAME
these include the supraarenal, renal, and gonadal arerties
branchs to glands
What is the suprarenal branch?
supplies the adrenal glands w blood
NAME
this supplies the adrenal gland w blood
suprarenal branch
What is renal branch?
supplies the kidneys w blood
NAME
this supplies the kidneys w blood
renal branch
What is the inferior phrenic?
think about the phrenic nerve supplies the diaphragm......therefore, it supplies the inferior surface of the diaphragm w blood
NAME
this supplies the inferior surface of the diaphargm w blood
inferior phrenic
What is the lumbar branch?
supplies the muscles to the skin of hte back, psoas major, and quadratus lumborum
NAME
this branch supplies the muscles to the skin of the back, psoas major, and quadratus lumborum w blood
lumbar branch
The (1)bifurcates into the common iliac arteries
aorta
the aorta bifurcates into the (1)
common iliac arteries
Where does the aorta bifurcate?
at the L4
NAME
this is where the aorta bifurcates
L4
The (1)is where the aorta bifrucates
L4
the L4 is where the (1)
aorta bifrucates
the common ilaic arteries split into the (1)and (2)
internal and external iliac arteries
NAME
this splits into the internal and external iliac arteries
common iliac arteries
What are the branches of the internal lliac? (6)
(1)liolumbar (2)lateral sacral (3)obturator (4)superior gluteal (5)inferior gluteal (6)umbilical
Draw a pic of blood flow of hte pelvis
see chart
Draw a pic of blood flow of hte pelvis
see chart
Draw a pic of blood flow of hte pelvis
see chart
Draw a pic of blood flow of hte pelvis
(1)liolumbar (2)lateral sacral (3)obturator (4)superior gluteal (5)inferior gluteal (6)umbilical`
What is the iliolumbar brach?
supplies the (1)psoas major, quadratus luumborum, and ilium w blood
NAME
this supplies the psoas major, quadratus lumborum, and the ilium w blood
iliolumbar brach
What is the obturator branch? (4)
suppies the (1)pelvic muscle (2)hip joint (3)anterior (4)medial thigh w blood
NAME
this supplies the plevic muscle, hip joint, anterior and medial thigh w blood
obturator branch
What is an easy way to remember the articulation of the sartorius muscle? (2)
S for superior.....therefore, proximal articulation is at the anterior superior iliac spine and the superior part of the notch (2)distal attachment is at the superior part of the medial surface of the tibia
What is an easy way to remember the articulation of the sartorius muscle? (2)
S for superior.....therefore, proximal articulation is at the anterior superior iliac spine and the superior part of the notch (2)distal attachment is at the superior part of the medial surface of the tibia
STOPPED HERE
STOPPED HERE
What is the superfical fibular nerve?
supplies the lateral compartment of the leg
NAME
this nerve supplies the lateral compartment of the leg
superficial fibular nerve
What is the differ btwn the proximally attachments of the EHL, EDL, FHL and the FDL? (4)
EHL=medial part of the anterior fibula and interossous membrane
EDL=lateral condyle of the tibia and ¾ superior of the interosseous membrane
FHL=2/3 of the inferior part of the fibula and the posterior part of the interossous membrane
EDL=medial part of the posterior tibia
What is the differ btwn the proximally attachments of the EHL, EDL, FHL and the FDL? (4)
(1)EHL=middle part of the anterior fibula and the interosseous membrane (2)EHL=latearl condyle of the tibia and superior 3/4 of hte interosseous membrane (3)FHL= the 2/3 posterior surface of the fibula and inferior part of the interosseous membrane (4)FDL= the medial part of the posterior tibia and 3/4 of the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane
What is the differ btwn the proximally attachments of the EHL, EDL, FHL and the FDL? (4)
EHL=medial part of the anterior fibula and interossous membrane
EDL=lateral condyle of the tibia and ¾ superior of the interosseous membrane
FHL=2/3 of the inferior part of the fibula and the posterior part of the interossous membrane
EDL=medial part of the posterior tibia
What is the differ btwn the proximally attachments of the EHL, EDL, FHL and the FDL? (4)
(1)EHL=middle part of the anterior fibula and the interosseous membrane (2)EHL=latearl condyle of the tibia and superior 3/4 of hte interosseous membrane (3)FHL= the 2/3 posterior surface of the fibula and inferior part of the interosseous membrane (4)FDL= the medial part of the posterior tibia and 3/4 of the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane
The anterior compartment of the legs is where the (1)are located
dorsiflexors of the ankle
What are the exceptions to the obturator nerve?
supplies all of the medial thigh except for the hamstring part of the adductor magnus which is supplied by the tibal part of the sciatic nerve
What is the obturator nerve?
supplies the medial thigh
NAME
this nerve supplies the muscles in the medial thigh
obturator nerve
What supplies the hamstring part of the adductor magns?
the tibial part of the sciatic nerve
What does the adductor part of the magnus do?
flexs the thigh
How can u remember the attachment sites for the lliacus muscle? (2)
think about the name "lliac and iliac" and all the things that have those words in it......therefore (1)Proximal attachment= lliac crest, ilaic fossa, and the anterior sacroiliac ligaments (2)DISTAL= the tendon of the psoas major and the lesser trochanter
How can u remember the attachment sites for the lliacus muscle? (2)
think about the name "lliac and iliac" and all the things that have those words in it......therefore (1)Proximal attachment= lliac crest, ilaic fossa, and the anterior sacroiliac ligaments (2)DISTAL= the tendon of the psoas major and the lesser trochanter
NAME
this nerve supplies the pectineus, sartorius, illacus, and quadrecps femoris
femoral nerve
What is the femoral nerve?
supplies the anterior thigh
NAME
this nerve supplies the anterior thigh
femoral nerve
What is the deep fibular nerve?
supplies the anterior leg
NAME
this nerve supplies the anterior leg
deep fibular nerve
Where is the fibula located?
on the medial side of the leg
What is the exception to the femoral nerve?
the psoas major is supplied by the anterior rami of the lumbar nerves
T or f
the psoas major is supplied by the femoral nerve
false
What is the exception to the femoral nerve?
the psoas major is supplied by the anterior rami of the lumbar nerves
What supplies the psoas major?
the anterior rami of the lumbar nerves
What is the obturator nerve?
supplies the medial thigh
NAME
this nerve supplies the medial thigh
obturator nerve
The lateral and posterior compartment of the leg are where the (1)are located
plantarflexers
What is the femoral nerve?
supplies the anterior thigh
NAME
this supplies the anterior thigh
femoral nerve
How do you tell the differ btwn the articulation fibularis longus and brevis? (2)
ABC order and think about the muscles locations(1)Fibularis longus= superior head of the superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and base of the 1st metatarsal and the medial cuneiform (2)fibularis brevis=it proximal attaches at the inferior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and the dorsal surface of the tuberosity and the base of the 5th metatarsal
How do you tell the differ btwn the articulation fibularis longus and brevis? (2)
ABC order and think about the muscles locations(1)Fibularis longus= superior head of the superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and base of the 1st metatarsal and the medial cuneiform (2)fibularis brevis=it proximal attaches at the inferior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and the dorsal surface of the tuberosity and the base of the 5th metatarsal
How do you tell the differ btwn the articulation fibularis longus and brevis? (2)
ABC order and think about the muscles locations(1)Fibularis longus= superior head of the superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and base of the 1st metatarsal and the medial cuneiform (2)fibularis brevis=it proximal attaches at the inferior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and the dorsal surface of the tuberosity and the base of the 5th metatarsal
How do you tell the differ btwn the articulation fibularis longus and brevis? (2)
ABC order and think about the muscles locations(1)Fibularis longus= superior head of the superior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and base of the 1st metatarsal and the medial cuneiform (2)fibularis brevis=it proximal attaches at the inferior 2/3 of the lateral surface of the fibula and the dorsal surface of the tuberosity and the base of the 5th metatarsal
the lateral and posterior compartments of the leg are where the (1)are located
planterflexors
What is the femoral nerve?
supplies the anterior thigh
What is the differ btwn the functions of the semitendinnsous,semimembranosus, and the biceps femoris? (2)
(1)semitendinosus and the semimembransosus=extend the thigh, flex and med rotate the leg when the knee is flexed, and extend the trunk when the thigh and leg are flexed (2)biceps femoris=flex and lateral rotate the leg when the knee is flexed and extends the thigh
What is the differ btwn the functions of the semitendinnsous,semimembranosus, and the biceps femoris? (2)
(1)semitendinosus and the semimembransosus=extend the thigh, flex and med rotate the leg when the knee is flexed, and extend the trunk when the thigh and leg are flexed (2)biceps femoris=flex and lateral rotate the leg when the knee is flexed and extends the thigh
What is the only posterior leg muscle that does not planterflex the ankle ? (1)
popliteus
What is the only posterior leg muscle that does not planterflex the ankle ?
popliteus
What is the function of the popliteus muscle?
weakly flexs and unlocks the knee
NAME
this muscle weakly flexs and unlocks the knee
politeus
What is the function of the popliteus muscle?
weakly flexs and unlocks the knee
What is the function of the popliteus muscle?
weakly flexs and unlocks the knee
NAME
this part of the adductor magnus extends the thigh
hamstring part
NAME
this nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the leg
deep fibular nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies the tibialis anterior, EHL, EDL, and the fibularis teritus
deep fibular nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the thigh except for the psoas major
femoral nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies the medial thigh except for the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
obturator nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies the lateral compartment of the leg
superfical fibular nere
What is the superifical fibular nerve?
supplies the lateral compartment of the leg
NAME
this nerve supplies the fibularis longus and brevis
superfical fibular nerve
Where is the tibia located?
the lateral side of the leg
What is the differ btwn the anterior and lateral/posterior compartments of the leg? (2)
(1)anterior=have dorsiflexors (2)lateral /posterior= have planterflexors
What is the differ btwn the hamstring part and the adductor part of hte adductor mangus? (2)
(1)adductor part=extends the thigh (2)hamstring part= extends the thigh
What is the differ btwn the hamstring part and the adductor part of hte adductor mangus? (2)
(1)adductor part=extends the thigh (2)hamstring part= extends the thigh
What is an easy way to remember the articulation of the semitendinsosus vs the semimembranosus? (3)
They both proximal attach at the ischial tuberosity (2)semitendinosus= m is for MEDIAL TIBIA ....therefore its distal attachment is at the medial surface of the superior part of the tibia (3)semimembransous= distal attachment=m is for MEDIAL TIBIA ....therefore, it attaches at the posterior part of the medial conydle of the tibia
What is an easy way to remember the articulation of the semitendinsosus vs the semimembranosus? (3)
They both proximal attach at the ischial tuberosity (2)semitendinosus= m is for MEDIAL TIBIA ....therefore its distal attachment is at the medial surface of the superior part of the tibia (3)semimembransous= distal attachment=m is for MEDIAL TIBIA ....therefore, it attaches at the posterior part of the medial conydle of the tibia
What is an easy way to remember the articulation of the semitendinsosus vs the semimembranosus? (3)
They both proximal attach at the ischial tuberosity (2)semitendinosus= m is for MEDIAL TIBIA ....therefore its distal attachment is at the medial surface of the superior part of the tibia (3)semimembransous= distal attachment=m is for MEDIAL TIBIA ....therefore, it attaches at the posterior part of the medial conydle of the tibia
How do u tell where the different quadreceps femoris musles proximally attach? (4)
(1)vastus lateralis= greater trochanter and the lateral lip of the linea aspera (2)vastus medialis= inrtrochanteric line and the medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur (3)vastus intermedius=the anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft of the femur (4)rectus femoris= anterior inferior iliac spine and the ilium superior to the acetabulum
How do u tell where the different quadreceps femoris musles proximally attach? (4)
(1)vastus lateralis= greater trochanter and the lateral lip of the linea aspera (2)vastus medialis= inrtrochanteric line and the medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur (3)vastus intermedius=the anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft of the femur (4)rectus femoris= anterior inferior iliac spine and the ilium superior to the acetabulum
How do u tell where the different quadreceps femoris musles proximally attach? (4)
(1)vastus lateralis= greater trochanter and the lateral lip of the linea aspera (2)vastus medialis= inrtrochanteric line and the medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur (3)vastus intermedius=the anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft of the femur (4)rectus femoris= anterior inferior iliac spine and the ilium superior to the acetabulum
How do u tell where the different quadreceps femoris musles proximally attach? (4)
(1)vastus lateralis= greater trochanter and the lateral lip of the linea aspera (2)vastus medialis= inrtrochanteric line and the medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur (3)vastus intermedius=the anterior and lateral surfaces of the shaft of the femur (4)rectus femoris= anterior inferior iliac spine and the ilium superior to the acetabulum
Where do all of the medial thigh muscles proximally attach and which is the only exception?
they proximally attach at the body and inferior ramus of the pubis except the obturator externus and the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
Where do all of the medial thigh muscles proximally attach and which is the only exception?
they proximally attach at the body and inferior ramus of the pubis except the obturator externus and the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
Where do all of the medial thigh muscles proximally attach and which is the only exception?
they proximally attach at the body and inferior ramus of the pubis except the obturator externus and the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
What is the tibial nerve?
supplies the posterior leg
What is the tibial nerve?
supplies the posterior leg
NAME
this supplies the posterior leg muscles
tibial nerve
NAME
all of hte medial thigh muscles proximally attach here except for the obturator externus and the hamstring part of the adductor magnus
body and inferior ramus of the pubis
NAME
this nerve supplies the anterior thigh
femoral nerve
What is the distal attachment of all of the quadrcieps femoris muscles?(2)
(1)via common tendinous and independent attachments to the base of the patella (2)indirectly via patellar ligaments to the tibial tuberoisty
NAME
this supplies the posterior thigh
tibial nerve
What is the differ btwn the superifcal and deep fibular nerve?
(1)deep=anterior leg (2)superfical= lateral leg
(1)compartments of the leg are where the dorisflexors are located
anterior
NAME
this is the larger more laterally located bone
tibia
NAME
this nerve supplies the posterior thigh except the short head of the biceps
tibial division of the sciatic nerve
NAME
this nerve supplies the posterior thigh except the short head of the biceps
tibial division of the sciatic nerve
What does the tibial division of the sciatc nerve supply?
the posterior thigh muscles excpt the short head of the biceps femoris
What does the tibial division of the sciatc nerve supply?
the posterior thigh muscles excpt the short head of the biceps femoris
What is the exception to the tibial division of the sciatc nerve?
the short head of biceps femoris is supplied by the common fibular division of the sciatic nerve
What is the exception to the tibial division of the sciatc nerve?
the short head of biceps femoris is supplied by the common fibular division of the sciatic nerve
What is the differ btwn the functions of the FHL and the FDL?
(1)FHL=flexs the great toe and plnaterflexs the ankle and supports the arch of the foot (2)FDL=flexs the lateral 4 digits and planterflexs the ankle and supports the arch of the foot
What is the differ btwn the functions of the FHL and the FDL?
(1)FHL=flexs the great toe and plnaterflexs the ankle and supports the arch of the foot (2)FDL=flexs the lateral 4 digits and planterflexs the ankle and supports the arch of the foot
What is the differ bwtn the functions of the EHL and the EHL?
(1)EHL=extends the great toe and dorsiflexs teh ankle (2)EDL=extends the lateral 4 digits and dorsiflexs the ankle
What is the differ bwtn the functions of the EHL and the EHL?
(1)EHL=extends the great toe and dorsiflexs teh ankle (2)EDL=extends the lateral 4 digits and dorsiflexs the ankle
What are the lateral hip rotators? (4)
(1)obturators (ext/int) (2)piriformis (3)gemelli (superior and inferior) (4)gluteus maximus
What are the lateral hip rotators? (4)
(1)obturators (ext/inter)(2)piriformis (3)gemelli (superior and inferior) (4)gracillis
What are the lateral hip rotators? (4)
(1)obturators (ext/int)(2)piriformis (3)gemelli (superior and inferior) (4)gracillis
NAME
these muscles include the obturators (externus and internus), piriformis, Gemelli (superior and inferior), and quadratus femoris
lateral hip rotators
What are the flexors of the knee? (5)
(1)biceps femoris (2)semimembranous (3)semitendinous (4)sartorius (5)popliteus
What are the flexors of the knee? (5)
(1)biceps femoris (2)semimembranous (3)semitendinous (4)sartorius (5)popliteus
What are the flexors of the knee? (5)
(1)biceps femoris (2)semimembranous (3)semitendinous (4)sartorius (5)popliteus
NAME
these muscles share a common function: biceps femoris, semimebranous, semitendinous, sartorius, and popliteus
flexors of the knee
What are the extensors of the knee?
quadreceps femoris
NAME
these are muscles are the extensors of the knee
quadreceps femoris
What are the extensors of the knee?
quadreceps femoris
How do you tell what the functions of the muscles of the gluteal region are? (3)
(1)abductors of the thigh= include the muscles in the gluetal region exct the gluteus maximus and the quadratus femoris (2)med rotators include the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia later (3)lateral rotators include the gluteus maximus, piriformis, obturator internus, gemellis superior and inferior, and the quadratus femoris
Where are the abudcters of the thigh located? (6)
(1)gluteal minimus (2)gluteal medius (3)tensor of fascia lata (4)piriformis (5)obturator internus (6)gemelli superior and inferior
Where are the abudcters of the thigh located? (6)
(1)gluteal minimus (2)gluteal medius (3)tensor of fascia lata (4)piriformis (5)obturator internus (6)gemelli superior and inferior
Where are the abducters of the thigh located? (6)
(1)gluteal minimus (2)gluteal medius (3)tensor of fascia lata (4)piriformis (5)obturator internus (6)gemelli superior and inferior
How do you tell what the functions of the muscles of the gluteal region are? (3)
(1)abductors of the thigh= include the muscles in the gluetal region exct the gluteus maximus and the quadratus femoris (2)med rotators include the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia later (3)lateral rotators include the gluteus maximus, piriformis, obturator internus, gemellis superior and inferior, and the quadratus femoris
How do you tell what the functions of the muscles of the gluteal region are? (3)
(1)abductors of the thigh= include the muscles in the gluetal region exct the gluteus maximus and the quadratus femoris (2)med rotators include the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia later (3)lateral rotators include the gluteus maximus, piriformis, obturator internus, gemellis superior and inferior, and the quadratus femoris
How do you tell what the functions of the muscles of the gluteal region are? (3)
(1)abductors of the thigh= include the muscles in the gluetal region exct the gluteus maximus and the quadratus femoris (2)med rotators include the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia later (3)lateral rotators include the gluteus maximus, piriformis, obturator internus, gemellis superior and inferior, and the quadratus femoris
How do you tell what the functions of the muscles of the gluteal region are? (3)
(1)abductors of the thigh= include the muscles in the gluetal region exct the gluteus maximus and the quadratus femoris (2)med rotators include the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, and the tensor of fascia later (3)lateral rotators include the gluteus maximus, piriformis, obturator internus, gemellis superior and inferior, and the quadratus femoris
What are the lat rotators of the thigh? (6)
(1)obturator externus and obturator internus (3)gemelli superior and inferior (4)pifiromis (5)quadratus femoris (6)gluteus maximus
What are the lat rotators of the thigh? (5)
(1)obturator externus and obturator internus (2)gemelli superior and inferior (3)pifiromis (4)quadratus femoris (5)gluteus maximus
What are the lat rotators of the thigh? (6)
(1)obturator externus and obturator internus (3)gemelli superior and inferior (4)pifiromis (5)quadratus femoris (6)gluteus maximus
What are the lat rotators of the thigh? (6)
(1)obturator externus and obturator internus (3)gemelli superior and inferior (4)pifiromis (5)quadratus femoris (6)gluteus maximus
What are the med rotators of the thigh?(3)
(1)gluteus medius (2)gluteus minimus (3)tensor of fasica
What are the med rotators of the thigh?(3)
(1)gluteus medius (2)gluteus minimus (3)tensor of fasica
What are the med rotators of the thigh?(3)
(1)gluteus medius (2)gluteus minimus (3)tensor of fasica
Draw a chart of the feet muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the feet muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the feet muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the feet muscles
see chart
Draw a chart of the feet muscles
see chart
what is the differ btwn the innervation of the long and short head of the biceps femoris? (2)
(1)short head= common fibular division of the sciatic division (2)long head= tibial division of the sciatiac nerve
what is the differ btwn the innervation of the long and short head of the biceps femoris? (2)
(1)short head= common fibular division of the sciatic division (2)long head= tibial division of the sciatiac nerve
what is the differ btwn the innervation of the long and short head of the biceps femoris? (2)
(1)short head= common fibular division of the sciatic division (2)long head= tibial division of the sciatiac nerve
what is the differ btwn the innervation of the long and short head of the biceps femoris? (2)
(1)short head= common fibular division of the sciatic division (2)long head= tibial division of the sciatiac nerve
NAME
this head of the biceps femoris supplied by the common fibular nerve of the sciatic division
short head
NAME
this head of the biceps femoris is suppleid the by the tibial division of the sciatic nerve
long head
Which head of the biceps femoris is suppleid by the common fibular nerve of the sciatic division?
short head
Which head of the biceps femoris is supplied by the tibial division of hte sciatic nerve?
long head
What is the differ btwn the inferior and superior gluteal nerve? (2)
(1)inferior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal maximus (2)superior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal minimus and medius and the tensor of fascia lata
What is the differ btwn the inferior and superior gluteal nerve? (2)
(1)inferior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal maximus (2)superior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal minimus and medius and the tensor of fascia lata
What is the differ btwn the inferior and superior gluteal nerve? (2)
(1)superior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal maximus (2)inferior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal minimus and medius and the tensor of fascia lata
What is the differ btwn the inferior and superior gluteal nerve? (2)
(1)superior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal maximus (2)inferior gluteal nerve supplies the gluteal minimus and medius and the tensor of fascia lata
Where does the abductor hallucis attach? (2)
(1)proximal= medial tubercle of the tuberosity of the calcaneous, flexor retinaculum and the planatar aponeurpsosis (2)medial side of the base of the proximal phalanyx of the 1st digit
NAME
this muscle attaches at the (1)proximal= medial tubercle of the tuberosity of the calcaneous, flexor retinaculum and the planatar aponeurpsosis (2)medial side of the base of the proximal phalanyx of the 1st digit
abductor hallucis longus
NAME (2)
these muscles both proximal attach at the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 1st digit
abductor hallucis longus and (2)FDB
NAME (2)
these muscles both proximal attach at the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 1st digit
abductor hallucis and (2)FDB
Where do the abductor hallucis and the FHB proximally attach? (2)
(1)at the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 1st digit
Where does the FDB atatch? (2)
(1)proximal= medial tubercle of the tuberosity of the calcaneus, planatar aponeurosis, and the intermuscular septa (2)distal=at the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 1st digit
NAME
this muscle attachs at the (1)proximal= medial tubercle of the tuberosity of the calcaneus, planatar aponeurosis, and the intermuscular septa (2)distal=at the medial side of the base of the proximal phalanx of the 1st digit
FDB
What does FDB stand for?
flexor digitorum brevis
What are the muscles in the 1st layer of the sole of the foot? (3)
(1)abductor hallicus (2)FDB (3)abductor digti minmi
What does the abductor hallicus do? (2)
(1)abducts and flexs the great toe
NAME
this muscle abducts and flexs the great toe
abductor hallicus
What are the functions of the abductor digit minmi? (2)?
abducts and flexs the 5th digit
NAME
this musce abducts and flexs the 5th digit
abductor digiti minmi
WHat is the function of the FDB?
flexs the lateral 4 digits
NAME
this muscle flexs the lateral 4 digits
FDB
Where does the abductor digti minimi attach? (2)
(1)proximal= medial and lateral tubercles of the tuberosity of calcenus, plantar aponeurosis and the intermuscular septa (2)distal=lateral side of the base of the proxmal 5th digit
NAME
this muscle proximally attaches at the medial and lateral tubercles of the tuberosity of calcaneus, plantar aponeurosis, and intermuscular septa and distally attaches on the lateral side of the base of the 5th phalanx digit
abductor digiti minmi
The (1)digit is the smallest toe
5th
The 5th digiti is the smallest toe
smallest
the 1st digit is the (1)
great toe
the (1)is the great toe
1st digit
What muscles are part of the 2nd layer of the sole of the foot? (2)
(1)quadratus plantae (2)lumbricals
NAME
this layer of the sole of the foot consists of the quadratus plantae and lumbricals
2nd layer
Where does the quadratus plantae muscle attach? (2)
(1)proximal=plantar surface of the calcaneus (2)Distal=posterolateral margin of the tendon of the flexor
NAME
this muscle proximally attach on the medial surface and lateral margin of the plantar surface of thecalcaneus and distal attachs on the posterolateral margin of the tendon of the flexor
quadratus plantae muscle
Where does the lumbricals in the foot attach?(2)
(1)proximal=tendons of the FDL (2)distal=medial apsect of the expansion over the lateral 4 digitis
NAME
this muscles attach proximally at the tendons of the FDL and the distally attachs on the medial aspect over the lateral 4 digits
lumbricals
What are the (3)muscles that make up the 3rd layer of the sole of the foot?
(1)FHB (2)adductor hallicus (3)flexor digiti minimi brevis
NAME
this layer of the sole of the foot consists of FHB, adductor hallicus, and the flexor digit minimi brevis
3rd layer
Where does the FHB attach? (2)
THINK ABOUT THE NAME and the great toe

(1)PROXIMAL=plantar surfaces of the cuboid and lateral cuneiform (2)DISTAL=both sides of the base of the proximal phlanax of the 1st digit
NAME
this muscle attaches on the plantar surface of the cuboid and lateral cuneiform and distally on both sides of the base of the proximal phlanax of the 1st digit
FHB
Where does the adductor hallucis attach? (2)
(1)PROXIMAL= oblique head= base of the metatarsals 2-4 and tranverse head= plantar ligaments of the metarsalsophalangeal joints (2)DISTAL=tendons of both heads attach to the lateral side of the base of the proximal 1st digit
NAME
this muscle attach(1)PROXIMAL= oblique head= base of the metatarsals 2-4 and tranverse head= plantar ligaments of the metarsalsophalangeal joints (2)DISTAL=tendons of both heads attach to the lateral side of the base of the proximal 1st digits as follows
adductor hallucis
Where does the flexor digit minimi brevis attach? (2)
(1)proximal= base of the 5th metatarsal (2)base of the proximal phalanx of the 5th digit
NAME
this muscles proximally attaches on the base of the 5th metatarsal and the distally at the base of the proximal phalanx of the 5th digit
flexor digiti minimi brevis
What muscles make up the 4th layer of the sole of the foot? (2)
planter and dorsal interoessei
NAME
this layer of the sole of the foot consists of plantar and dorsal interossei
4th layer
Where does the plantar interossei attach? (2)
(1)bases and median sides of the metatarsals 3-5 (2)distal=medial sides of bases proximal phalanges of the 3rd-5th digits
NAME
this muscles attaches at (1)bases and median sides of the metatarsals 3-5 (2)distal=medial sides of bases proximal phalanges of the 3rd-5th digits
plantar interossei
Where does the dorsal interossei attach? (2)
(1)proximal=adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5 (2)distal=medial phalanx of the 2nd digit, and 2nd to 4th digits
NAME
this muscle has the following attachements
(1)proximal=adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5 (2)distal=medial phalanx of the 2nd digit, and 2nd to 4th digits
dorsal interossei
What is the differ btwn the attachments for the plantar and dorsal interossei? (4)
PLANTAR=
(1)bases and median sides of the metatarsals 3-5 (2)distal=medial sides of bases proximal phalanges of the 3rd-5th digits


DORSAL=
(1)proximal=adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5 (2)distal=medial phalanx of the 2nd digit, and 2nd to 4th digits
What is the differ btwn the attachments for the plantar and dorsal interossei? (4)
PLANTAR=
(1)bases and median sides of the metatarsals 3-5 (2)distal=medial sides of bases proximal phalanges of the 3rd-5th digits


DORSAL=
(1)proximal=adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5 (2)distal=medial phalanx of the 2nd digit, and 2nd to 4th digits
What is the differ btwn the attachments for the plantar and dorsal interossei? (4)
PLANTAR=
(1)bases and median sides of the metatarsals 3-5 (2)distal=medial sides of bases proximal phalanges of the 3rd-5th digits


DORSAL=
(1)proximal=adjacent sides of metatarsals 1-5 (2)distal=medial phalanx of the 2nd digit, and 2nd to 4th digits
What is the function of the quadratus plantae?
assists the FDL in flexing the lateral 4 digits
NAME
this muscle assists the FDL in flexing the lateral 4 digits
quadratus plantae
What is the function of the lumbricals? (2)
(1)flex the proximal phalanges (2)extends the middle and distal phalanges of the lateral 4 digits
NAME
this muscle flexs the proximal phalanges and extends the middle and distal phalanges of the lateral 4 digits
lumbricals
What is the function of the FHB?
flexes the proximal phalanax of the 1st digit
NAME
this muscle flexes the proximal phalanax of the 1st digit
FHB
What is the function of the adductor hallicus?(2)
(1)adducts the 1st digit (2)assists in maintaing the tranverse arch of the foot
NAME
this adducts the 1st digit and assists in maintaing the tranverse arch of the foot
adductor hallicus
What is the flexor digit minimi brevis?
flexs proximal phalanx of the 5ht digit
NAME
this flexs the proximal phalanx of the 5th digit
flexor digti minimi brevis
What is the function of the plantar interoessei?(2)
PAD

adducts digits 2-4 (2)flex metatarsophalangeal joints
NAME
this muscle adducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsaophalangeal joints
plantar interoessei
What is the function of the dorsal interossei? (2)
DAB

(1)abducts digit 2-4 and (2)flexs the metatarsophalangeal joints
NAME
this muscle abducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsophalangeal joints
dorsal interossei
How do u tell the differ btwn the dorsal and plantar interossei? (2)
(1)dorsal=DAB and
muscle abducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsophalangeal joints
(2)PAD=
muscle adducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsaophalangeal joints
How do u tell the differ btwn the dorsal and plantar interossei? (2)
(1)dorsal=DAB and
muscle abducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsophalangeal joints
(2)PAD=
muscle adducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsaophalangeal joints
How do u tell the differ btwn the dorsal and plantar interossei? (2)
(1)dorsal=DAB and
muscle abducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsophalangeal joints
(2)PAD=
muscle adducts digits 2-4 and flexs the metatarsaophalangeal joints
Which muscles flex the sole of the foot? (9)
(1)abductor hallucis (2)FDB (3)abductor digiti minimi (4)quadratus plantae (5)lumbricals (6)FHB (7)Flexor digit minimi brevis (8)plantar interossei (9)dorsal interossei
Which muscles flex the sole of the foot? (9)
(1)abductor hallucis (2)FDB (3)abductor digiti minimi (4)quadratus plantae (5)lumbricals (6)FHB (7)Flexor digit minimi brevis (8)plantar interossei (9)dorsal interossei
Which muscles flex the sole of the foot? (9)
(1)abductor hallucis (2)FDB (3)abductor digiti minimi (4)quadratus plantae (5)lumbricals (6)FHB (7)Flexor digit minimi brevis (8)plantar interossei (9)dorsal interossei
Which muscles flex the foot?
all of the muscles of the sole of the foot except the adductor hallicus
Which muscles flex the foot?
all of the muscles of the sole of the foot except the adductor hallicus
Which muscles flex the foot?
all of the muscles of the sole of the foot except the adductor hallicus
What is the medial plantar nerve? (4)
think about how supplies most of the BREVIS muscles

(1)abductor hallucis (2)FDB (3)medial head of the lumbricals (4)FHB
What is the medial plantar nerve? (4)
(1)abductor hallucis (2)FDB (3)medial head of the lumbricals (4)FHB
What is the medial plantar nerve? (4)
(1)abductor hallucis (2)FDB (3)medial lumbrical(4)FHB
What is the lateral plantar nerve? (3)
(1)abductor digit minimi (2)lateral 3 lumbricals (3)plantar and dorsal interoseei
NAME
this nerve supplies the abductor digit minimi, lateral 3 lumbrials and the plantar dorsal interossei
lateral plantar nerve
What is the lateral plantar nerve? (3)
(1)abductor digit minimi (2)lateral 3 lumbricals (3)plantar and dorsal interoseei
What is the lateral plantar nerve? (3)
(1)abductor digit minimi (2)lateral 3 lumbricals (3)plantar and dorsal interoseei
What is the differ btwn the lateral and medial plantar nerve? (2)
(1)medial plantar nerve=abductor hallicus, FDB, medial head of the lumbricals, and FHB (2)lateral plantar nerve=the abductor digit minimi, the lateral 3 lumbricals, and the plantar and dorsal interossei
What is the differ btwn the lateral and medial plantar nerve? (2)
(1)medial plantar nerve=abductor hallicus, FDB, medial head of the lumbricals, and FHB (2)lateral plantar nerve=the abductor digit minimi, the lateral 3 lumbricals, and the plantar and dorsal interossei
What is the differ btwn the lateral and medial plantar nerve? (2)
(1)medial plantar nerve=abductor hallicus, FDB, medial head of the lumbricals, and FHB (2)lateral plantar nerve=the abductor digit minimi, the lateral 3 lumbricals, and the plantar and dorsal interossei
What is the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve?
supplies the adductor hallucis
NAME
this nerve supplies the adductor hallucis
deep branch to the lateral plantar nerve
What is the superfical branch to the lateral plantar nerve?
supplies the Flexor digiti minimi brevis
NAME
this nerve supplies the flexor digit minimi brevis
superfical branch to the lateral plantar nerve
What is the differ btwn the deep and superfical branch of the lateral plantar nerve? (2)
(1)deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve= supplies the adductor hallicus (2)superfical branch of the lateral plantar nerve supplies flexor digiti minimi brevis
What is the differ btwn the deep and superfical branch of the lateral plantar nerve? (2)
(1)deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve= supplies the adductor hallicus (2)superfical branch of the lateral plantar nerve supplies flexor digiti minimi brevis
What is the differ btwn the deep and superfical branch of the lateral plantar nerve? (2)
(1)deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve= supplies the adductor hallicus (2)superfical branch of the lateral plantar nerve supplies flexor digiti minimi brevis
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What is Sarturius latin for?
the tailer muscle
NAME
this muscle is latin for the tailor muscle
sartorutius
Why is the sarturius muscle called the talior muscle?
bc it allows you to cross your leg and flex ure leg and knee
NAME
this muscle allows you to cross ure leg and flex your knee
sartious
Compare and contrast the sartiorius and the rectus femoris muscle? (2)
(1)sartarious=flexs the hip and knee (2)rectus femoris= flexs hip and extends knee
NAME
this muscle is the most powerful flexor
lliopsoas
What is the longest muscle of the body?
sartorius
the sartorius is the (1)muscle in the body
longest
What are the hamstring muscles?
refers to all the posterior thigh muscles
the hamstring muscles are just all of the (1)muscles
posterior thigh
What are the acutally hamstring muscles?(3)
(1)semitendinous (2)semimembranous (3)biceps femoris
What is the largest peripheral nerve in the body?
sciatic nerve
the sciatic nerve splits into the (1)and (2)
(1)tibial and (2)common fibular nerve
the sciatic nerve splits into the (1)and (2)
(1)tibial and (2)common fibular nerve
NAME
this nerve splits into the tibial and common fibular nerve
sciatic nerve
What kind of joint is the hip joint? (3)
(1)ball and socket (2)multiaxial (3)synovail
What kind of joint is the hip joint? (3)
(1)ball and socket (2)multiaxial (3)synovail
NAME
this joint is mulitaxial, ball and socket and synovial
hip joint
What motions does the hip joint all for?
circumduction
NAME
this joint alls for circumduction
hip joint
What kind of joint is the knee joint? (3)
(1)hinge (2)synovial (3)uniaxial
NAME
this joint ins hinge synocial and uniaxial joint that allows for flex, ext and some gliding and rotation along the vertical axis
knee joint
What motions does the knee allow for? (3)
(1)flex (2)ext (3)some gliding, rolling and rotation on the vertical axis
What kind of joint is the ankle?(2)
hinge/synovail
What kind of movements does the ankle allow for? (2)
(1)dorsiflexing (2)plantarflexing
Where does the knee joint articulate? (3)
(1)btwn the lateral and the medial femoral and tibial condyle (3)btwn the femur and the patella
NAME
this joint atriculates btwn the lateral and medial femoral and tibial condyle and btwn the femur and the patella
knee joint
What kind of movement does the tarsometatarsal joint allow for?
gliding or sliding
What kind of joint is the joint?
plane synovial
What kind of joint is the MTPs?
condyloid synovail joint
NAME
this is a condyloid synovial joint that allows for circumduction
MTPs
What does MTPs stand for?
metatarsophalangeal joints
What movements does the MTPs allow for?
circumduction
What kind of joint is the interphalangeal joints?
hinge synovial
What kind of movements does the interphalangeal joint allow for?
flex/ext
Describe the interphalangeal joint? (2)
(1)type=hinge synovial (2)movement=flex/ext
Describe the MTPs? (2)
(1)type=condyloid synovial joint (2)movement=circumduction including flex/ext/and some abduct and adduct
Describe the tarsometatarsal joint? (2)
(1)type=plane synovial joint (2)movement=gliding or sliding
Describe the ankle joint ? (2)
(1)hinge synovial (2)movement=dorsiflexing and plantarflexing
Describe the knee joint? (2)
(1)type=hinge synovial/uniaxial (2)movement=flex/ext/gliding and rotation on vertical axis
Describe the hip joint (20
(1)ball socket and synovial and multiaxial (2)movement=circumduction including flex, ext, abd, add, and lat and med rotation
What is circumduction?
all of the movements including flex/ext, abduct, adduct, and med and lateral rotation
What is the popliteal fossa?
is fat filled diamond shaped depression on the posterior surface of the knee
NAME
this is a fat filled diamond shaped depression on the posterior surface of the knee
popliteal fossa
What is the popliteal fossa?
is fat filled diamond shaped depression on the posterior surface of the knee
What is the leg?
is from the knee down to the ankle
NAME
this is from the knee down to the ankle
leg
What is the thigh?
from the hip to the knee
NAME
this from the hip to the knee
thigh
(1)is another name for fibular
peronceus
peronceus is another name for the (1)
fibular
What are (2)of the arches of the foot?
(1)tranverse and (2)longitudinal
What are the importance of the arches of the foot?
give the body the ability to spring and resist weight
NAME
these give the body the abiltiy to spring and resist weight
arches of the foot
What is edema?
is abnormal swelling
NAME
this abnormal swelling
edema
T or F
you have lymph nodes in the brain
false
Do you have lymph nodes in the brain?
no
How can you improve lyphathic drainage of the foot? (3)
(1)elevation (2)excerise (3)breathing
What happens when you stand a lot during the day?
the lymph does not make it back to the leg and the ankle swell
What is any easy way to remember where the semimebranous and semitendinous muscles are on the model?
the semimebrannous= m for more medially located
What is any easy way to remember how to id the quadratus femoris muscle on the model?
it is boxed shaped
Draw a pic of the flow of blood into the leg
see chart
Draw a pic of the flow of blood into the leg
see chart
Draw a pic of the flow of blood into the leg
see chart
Draw a pic of the flow of blood into the leg (4)
(1)great saphenous veins
(2)femoral veins
(3)external iliac veins
(4)IVC
NAME
after this passes the inguinal artery it becomes the femoral artery
external iliac artery
NAME
at the knee this artery becomes the genicular arteries for the knee
femoral artery
NAME
this artery peirces the adductors and goes to the back of the knee to become the popliteal artery
genicular artery
NAME
this artery splits into tibial posteior and anterior arteries
popliteal arteries
NAME
this artery supplies the dorsal side of the foot
tibial anterior artery
What is the tibial anterior artery?
supplies the dorsal side of the foot
NAME
this artery becomes the plantar artery
tibial posterior artery
What are (3)arteries in the leg that you can get a pulse from?
(1)femoral artery (2)popliteal artery (3)dorsalis paedis artery
What are (3)arteries in the leg that you can get a pulse from?
(1)femoral artery (2)popliteal artery (3)dorsalis paedis artery
What are (3)arteries in the leg that you can get a pulse from?
(1)femoral artery (2)popliteal artery (3)dorsalis paedis artery
Describe the viens flow in the leg
see chart
Describe the viens flow in the leg
see chart
Describe the viens flow in the leg (4)
(1)great saphenous veins
(2)femoral veins
(3)external iliac veins
(4)IVC
Describe the viens flow in the leg (4)
(1)great saphenous viens
(2)femoral veins
(3)external iliac veins
(4)IVC
What are (2)sites for autograft? (2)
great saphenous veins (2)femoral viens
What are (2)sites for autograft? (2)
great saphenous veins (2)femoral viens
What are (2)sites for autograft? (2)
great saphenous veins (2)femoral viens
the great saphenous and the femoral veins are the number one site for (1)
autograft
NAME
this is the number one site for autograft
great saphenous viens
What is the number 1 site for autograft?
the graet saphenous veins
how many tarsal bones are there?
7
How many tarsal bones are there?
7
there are (1)tarsal bones
7
What is any easy way to remember what the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve supplies?
D in deep for adductor...therefore it supplies the adductor hallicus
What is any easy way to remember what the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve supplies?
D in deep for adductor...therefore it supplies the adductor hallicus
What is any easy way to remember what the deep branch of the lateral plantar nerve supplies?
D in deep for adductor...therefore it supplies the adductor hallicus
What are (2)branches of the lateral plantar nerve?
(1)deep (2)superfical
NAME
this nerve has two branches:deep and superfical
lateral plantar nerve
NAME
this nerve has two branches:deep and superfical
lateral plantar nerve