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15 Cards in this Set

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philosopher-taught Alexander the Great; started Lyceneum; first biologist
Aristotle
most "modern" of the tragic playwrights; wrote "Medea", "Trojan Wars": his characters struggled with their emotions
Euripides
Legendary Greek blind poet
-credited with Iliad and Odeyesy
-lived about 800 BC in Ionia on the coast of Asia Minor
Homer
First of the tragic playwrights; wrote "Persians", the Orestia; portrayed agony of characters caught in conflict
Aeschylus
Athenan General
-his strategy led the Greeks to victory over the Persians at the battle of Maraton in 490 BCE
Miltiades
historian known for his accuracy and objectivity in relating events;wrote about Peloponnesian wars
Thucydides
Athenian leader who organized the Greek victory over the persians at the Battle of Salamis. He also pushed for Athens to stregthen its navy before the invasion
Themistocles
-theban leader
-clever strategy led thebans to win victory over Sparta at Lectura
Epominonidas
Legendary king of sparta who died with his troops fighting for the Persian invasion of the battle at Thermopalyae
Leonidas
leader of Athens during its golden age pushed the rebuilding of the Acropolis; led Athens into the Peloponnesian wars
Pericles
"father of history" who wrote about the persian wars; his research was extensive, his accounts sometimes exaggerated
Herodotus
Philosopher who was a pupil of #6 wrote "The Republic" opened the Academy; believed ideas were real
Plato
Philosopher who taught by asking questions;was tried and executed for his beliefs; left no writings; "the unexclaimed life..."
Socrates
Mathmatician and inventor
-founded pi
-invented water screw
Archimedes
"greatest" of the tragic playwrights;wrote "Oedipus the King", "Antigone", his proud characters battled fate
Sophecles