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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
polis government
city-state government
oligarchy
government by the few
basis of the greek temple
megaron
pronaos
chamber before the naos/cella
naos/cella
where the cult statue was held
peristyle columns
columns around the temple
stereobate
level in which the temple rests (below stylobate)
stylobate
levels where the column stands
opisthodomos
room where treasures were dedicated to the deity
anta
projecting walls around the cella, opisthadomos
columns in antis
columns inbetween antae
stereobate + stylobate=
stepped platform
what is unique about the doric order

tapered?
no base

yes
column
base + shaft + capital
shaft
main part between the base and the capital
base
lower part of the column below the shaft
greek parthenon

arhitect
culture
date
iktinos + kallikrates
greek
447-438 bce
propylaia

arhitect
culture
date
mnesikles
greek
437-432 bce
temple of athena nike

arhitect
culture
date
kallikrates
greek
435-420
erechtheion

arhitect
culture
date
unknown
greek
421-405
theater of epidauros

architect
civilization
date
polykleitos the younger
greek
350-300 bce
temple of apollo at didyma

architect
civilization
date
paionios of ephesos + daphnis of miletus
greek
300 bce- 2 cent ce
colosseum

arhitect
culture
date
unknown
roman
80 ce
entasis of column
upward taper
reason for a convex stylobate
water drainage

prevent the idea of a straight line that starts to sag
trussing
triangular arrangment of beams for roof support
banked seating of a greek theater
theatron
primary performance area of a greek theater
orchestra
backdrop of a greek theater
proskenion
castrum plan
roman military camp plan used to layout city of pompei
marcellum of pompei
meat market
portico
columned porch
tepidarium
frigidarium
calidarium
warm bath
cold bath
hot bath
velarium
canvas system to provide shade
parts of an atrium house

atrium
impluvium
tablinium
triclinium
vestibule
peristyle court
open courtyard
water catching system
family jewels storage
dining room
entrance
open courtyard
apse
outer bulging .5 dome
pantheon

architect
civilization
date
hadrian
roman
118-128 CE
forum of trajan

architect
civilization
date
apollodorus of damascus
roman
98-117 BCE
oclulus
eye at the top of the pantheon
coffering
artistic carvings out of the pantheon dome for aesthetic pragmatic reasons
rotunda and portico
round part, square part of patheon