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46 Cards in this Set

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Achilles' heel
a single vulnerable spot
all but ankle dipped in River Styx
Adonis
an extremely handsome young man
Venus fell in love with him. Died boar hunting.
Aegis
sponsorship or protection
piece of armor or shield worn by Zeus and Athena
Amazon
a powerful, masculine woman
legendary race of female warriors
Atlas
a collection of maps
Titan who held the world on his shoulders
Cassandra
a person who warns of coming evil but whose prophecies are disregarded
Trojan princess whom Apollo fell in love with
Chimera
a foolish or idle fancy
fantastical fire-breathing monster
Elysium
place or state of blissful happiness
Gorgon
a snaky-haired creature so ugly as to petrify an onlooker
sister monsters, 1 (Medusa) killed by Perseus
halcyon
calm; peaceful
alcyon was the kingfisher who calmed the weather so that they could brood undisturbed during the nesting period
herculean
very powerful
Hercules - the strongest of all the heroes of Greek fable
hydra
a persistent evil, one difficult to eradicate
poisonous water serpent with nine heads whose very breath was fatal
labyrinth
a complicated arrangement of passageways or roads; a maze
confinement for the Minotaur built by King Minos of Crete
mentor
a wise counselor
adviser to whom Odysseus entrusted the education of his son when he sailed away to fight at Troy
Midas
a very rich man
rich and stupid, golden touch
narcissism
abnormal attachment to one's own appearance and personality
Narcissus, made Echo pine away, Aphrodite punished him, caught in his reflection
nemesis
retribution; one who inflicts retribution
goddess, the personification of righteous anger
odyssey
a long series of wanderings
Homer's epic poem which describes the wanderings of Odysseus
Oedipus (complex)
an abnormal attachment to one's parent of the opposite sex with corresponding hostility to the other
Oedipus, who killed his father and married his mother
Olympian
exalted; majestic
calm, imposing, majestic natures of the "divine" beings inhabiting Mt. Olympus
paean
a song of thanksgiving or praise
name for Apollo, who had power of healing
procrustean
forcing rigid conformity
legendary highwayman
protean
extremely changeable
Proteus - herdsman of the sea
siren
an alluring but dangerous woman; seductive
nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their singing
stentorian
very loud
Stentor was the herald of the Greek army at Troy
tantalize
tease
Tantalus was punished by being placed in a pool in Hades where the waters receded if he tried to stoop down for a drink and the fruit laden boughs above were blown out of his reach whenever he tried to get the fruit
titanic
of enormous size and power
Titans - race of primeval giants who ruled the universe before the Olympian gods
academy
a school or learned society
Plato and his successors taught in a grove sacred to Academus
Arcadian
simple, peaceful, rustic
the region of Greece known as Arcadia was mountainous and therefore somewhat inaccessible
Croesus
a very rich man
Croesus - wealthy king whose kingdom invented money. conquered by persians, so his life was consequently regarded as furnishing the supreme example of a disastrous change of fortune
cynic
one who sarcastically doubts human motives
a memeber of a Greek philosophical school noted for its exaggerated contempt of social conventions and institutions
Draconian
exteremely severe
codified and systemized Athenian laws in 7th c b.c. made them very harsh
epicure, epicurean
a person of refined taste in matters of food and drink
Epicurus was the founder of a school of philosophy which held that the supreme goal of life should be pleasure.
the cut the Gordian knot
to solve a difficult problem by direct and drastic means
Alexander Great cut the knot
laconic
brief, pithy, concise
Laconia was the district of Greece where sparta was located
mausoleum
a large tomb
tomb built for King Mausolus by his wife. one of 7 wonders of world
meander
to follow a winding course, the greek-key design
Meander - river in Turkey proverbial for crooked, wandering course
ostracism
exclusion from society
pottery=ostrakon
philippic
a bitter denunciation
Demosthenes bitter orations against Philip of Macedon
a Pyrrhic victory
a victory won at too great a cost
solecism
a substandard usage of language, a social blunder
Soli, colony that developed barbaruous dialect
sophistry, sophism
clever but deceptive argumentation meant to mislead
traveling teachers, some of whom taught politically motivated oratory
Spartan
rigorous, austere, disciplined
the bravest and hardiest warriors of greece
stoic
impassive
stoicism taught taht the universe is governed by a divine providence and so whatever happens is for the best
sword of Damocles
a constantly threatening danger
Damocles was invited to see what the life of a tyrant was like
sybarite
one devoted to luxury and pleasure
Sybaris, wealthy Greek colony in southern Italy