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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
What are the ten categories of being?
Substance, quantity, quality, relative, place, time, position, having, acting upon, being affected
How did Aristotle come across them?
He was looking for a basic and fundamental explanation of being.
Explain ARistotle's definition of virtue.
Virtue is the golden mean between the 2 extremes (excess and deficient)

-depends on function
-virtue is relative to each person
-harmful truth telling
-doing the action in the "mean" develops virtue

Virtue requires knowledge(action+knowledge+habits)
"Virtue is a state of character such that one does the right thing at the right time, for the right reason towards the appropriate object, with the correct results
Knowledge against virtue
Doing what is bad, knowing that it is bad, because you are overcome by pleasure.
-If virtue is knowledge, then akrasia is impossible
Essential predication
Essential predication is being said of something(Socrates is human)
-Is of identity
Accidental predication
being said in something(Socrates is white)
-Is of predication
Primary Substances
-exist independently of secondary substances (Socrates,Pegasus)
- Everything which isn't a primary substance is said of or said in a primary substance
- If premise 1 is true, it would possible for anything to exist without primary substances.
- Without primary substances, nothing could exist.
Happiness is the highest, complete good.
- The complete good is self-sufficient
- Something is self-sufficient when it alone makes life worth living and lacks nothing.
- Happiness makes life worth living and lacks nothing.
- Happiness is the complete good.
4 Causes
- The four causes are necessary for adequate explanations.
- Material:what something is made of
- Formal: pattern, form of something
- Efficient: the principle of sufficient reason
- Final: the function, purpose of something