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39 Cards in this Set

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Hesiod of Ascrae
His world:

Greece at about 700 BCE

He was a singer who performed at religious festivals

His contemporary: Homer
HHesiod...The poet’s initiation by
the Muse

His Poems: Theogony (“How the Gods Came into Being”)

Works and Days
Theo-gony =
the Coming-into-Being of the Gods?: mythology
Cosmo-gony =
the Coming-into-Being of the World?: mythology or science
Chaos =
the great open space
Gaia =
Earth (“who carries Olympus”
Eros =
Love as Sexual Drive (“the most beautiful among the gods”
The Family of Chaos:

The Children
Male Erebos, ‘Dark Underworld’

Female Night
The Grandchildren Chaos
Night’s children: Death, Sleep, Censure, Strife etc.

Male Aether ‘Divine Light and Fire’

Female Day
Earths Asexual Progeny
Male Uranos, ‘Sky’

The Mountains

Male Pontos, ‘Sea’
Earth’s and Uranos’ Sexual Progeny
Oceanus, ‘Ocean’
The Titans
The Titans
Koios, Kreios, Hyperion, Iapetos

Theia, Rheia, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe, Thetys

Cronus, her youngest son
The monster children of Earth and Sky
Cyclopes, the one-eyed makers of lightning

The 100-Handers
Birth of Aphrodite (aphros = ‘foam’) from
Uranos’ genitals
Allegory = “saying something else” (allos “other, different” + agoreuo “I say”)
Cronus (greek Kronos) > greek chronos “time
Hesiod of Ascrae
His world:

Greece at about 700 BCE

He was a singer who performed at religious festivals

His contemporary: Homer
HHesiod...The poet’s initiation by
the Muse

His Poems: Theogony (“How the Gods Came into Being”)

Works and Days
Theo-gony =
the Coming-into-Being of the Gods?: mythology
Cosmo-gony =
the Coming-into-Being of the World?: mythology or science
Chaos =
the great open space
Gaia =
Earth (“who carries Olympus”
Eros =
Love as Sexual Drive (“the most beautiful among the gods”
The Family of Chaos:

The Children
Male Erebos, ‘Dark Underworld’

Female Night
The Grandchildren Chaos
Night’s children: Death, Sleep, Censure, Strife etc.

Male Aether ‘Divine Light and Fire’

Female Day
Earths Asexual Progeny
Male Uranos, ‘Sky’

The Mountains

Male Pontos, ‘Sea’
Time is created by the movements of the sky, but becomes something stronger.
Chronus eats children
Central Mytheme = Mythical Theme:The separation of Earth and Sky
Casration of Uranus
Cronus and Rhea > Olympians of the First Generation
Hestia, Demeter, Hera

Hades, Poseidon, Zeus
The youngest son’s revenge:

Zeus' revenge
The father is deposed and either put in jail or sent into exile
The stone is kept as a Victory Memorial in Delphi
What comes from castration
Giants
Erinyes, goddesses of revenge
Meliai, Tree nymphsAphrodite,
Born from Foam?
Rhea
Mother of Gods
The Offspring of Night
Hypnus and Thanatus, Sleep and Death ??Old Age ?Strife ?Deception? and other negative forces as old as the world
The offspring of Pontus
Rivers ? ?Water nymphs ? ?Sea monsters ? ?Oceanids
3 daughters of Rhea and Chronus
Hestia, Demeter, Hera
3 sons of Rhea and Chronus
Zeus,Hades, Poiseden
Hyperions children
Sun(Helious), Moon (Selene)Dawn (Eos)
Zeus and Hera
The Olympians
Cronus and Rhea
The Titans
Gaia and Uranus
Premiveal beings