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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
From the moment when sailing began...
the Mediterranean Sea connected many people and many cultures.

It did not divide people and cultures.

It was a wide open space for the exchange of goods, ideas, and stories.
The Aegean Sea: a bridge between ...
two continents
The Fertile Crescent...
a land bridge between cultures
Egypt and Mesopotamia are leading cultures...
3000 BCE
Rise of the Hittite Kingdom in Asia Minor (Turkey)...
1800 BCE
Minoan Empire on Crete
1600 BCE
Mycenaean power
1400 BCE
Greek Dark Ages
1200-850 BCE
Greek Archaic Age
850-480 BCE
Greek Classical Age
480-323 BCE
Greek Hellenistic Age
323- 31 BCE
The Third Millennium: Egypt
Unifies Upper and Lower Egypt
Invents its own writing system

Looks away from the Sea
The Third Millennium: Mesopotamia
Independent city states that sometimes form federations

Two languages, Sumerian and Akkadian

One writing system, cuneiform
The Second Millennium: Near East
Rise of Anatolia under the Hittites

Powerful city states along the Eastern coast of the Mediterranean (Ugarit)
The First Millennium: Near East
Destruction by the Sea People, ca.1200 BCE

Powerful city states in Phoenicia

Assyrian empire
Rise of Israel
3000 BCE Egypt and Mesopotamia(Summaric Language)
Hebrew Arabic
1800 BCE Rise of "Hittite"
European Language
800-480 BCE Geek Archaic Age
2nd war against Persians
480-323 BCE Greek Classical Age
Death of Alexandar
323 BCE Greek Hellenistic Age
Romans take over
First Real Library
(Hellenistic Period)
At Alexandria, Mouseion-Hall of Muses
author of first scientific history of literatyre worte mythicak poetry
Callumachus' pupil
Apollonius of Rhodes-epic poen on Jason in style of Homer
Library of Apollodorus
Straightforward account of mythical events from creation of world to death
The Dark Ages: 1200-800
Fragmentation and isolation
Slow rise
No information
The Archaic Age: 800-480
City states (polis = city state)


Epic and lyric poetry: Homer, Stesichorus, Pindar
Classical Age: 480-323
Athens dominates culture

Tragedy: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides

Vase painting and sculpture
The Hellenistic Age: 323-31 BCE
Several Kingdoms under Greek kings

Greek culture from Italy to Afghanistan
Key Cultural Technology: Writing
The Writing System 1: Cuneiform

The Writing System 2: Egyptian

The Writing System 3: Alphabet
Spreads from the Phoenician Coast to Greece

Greek settlers bring it to Etruria and Italy
Library of the Hittite Kings in Hattusa
1300 BCE: Hittite and Mesopotamian texts
Library of Assurbanipal in Niniveh
750 BCE: Mesopotamian texts
Library of the Ptolemies in Alexandria
250 BCE: Greek texts
First Millennium
Greek, Magna Graecia
First Milenium
Italian Cultures
Etruscans, Romans