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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is Myth?
Myth can be serious and can be about the gods (such as Demeter, goddess of women and fertile fields)

Myths can be funny, even if they are about the gods (uch as Zeus, the supreme god)

Myths can also be about heroes, such as Narcissus here (and they still can be funny (see the drawing by Honoré Daumier, 1808-1879)
The word ‘mythology’ derives from Greek
to tell / to collect / to give an account of something”
Mythology’ thus means
To tell myths/stories

To collecting myths/stories

To understand myths/stories
to tell stories”: inside a society (by storytellers such as ...
Homer or Hesiod
to collect stories”: inside or outside a society (by scholars such as...
Roman poet Ovid (43 BCE-17 CE) or the German brothers Grimm (19th cent)
to unterstand stories”: outside a society (by scholars such as ...
Bronislaw Malinowski, early 20th century
Myth – a definition:
A story

The story is traditional

The story is relevant for the group that retells it.
“Traditional” means
Handed down over generations

Inventor is unknown

Oral tradition
“Traditional” ALSO means:
The story is NOT sacred or revealed

It comes from the forefathers, not from a superhuman being

There is no written version that must not be changed

The story can be CHANGED

Each oral retelling adapts it to the audience

Each written version adapts it to the writer’s agenda
Europa is daughter of ...
Agenor, king of Tyre inPhoenicia
Europa is sister of...
Cadmus, founder of Thebes in Greece.
Europa is Abducted by Zeus in the shape of a bull. Brought to...
Zeus makes her the mother of ..
Minos, the most powerful Cretan king.
The Camus Sequence
Cadmus is sent to bring back his sister. Founds the city of Thebes in Greece.
Myth of Europa historical meanings...
Origins: (Cretan) kings come from Zeus

Foundation: the city of Thebes

The Bronze Age city has ties to the Ancient Orient

Origins: Culture moved from east to west
Myth of Europa general truths...
Gods are unreliable

Fathers are terrible

Virgins have to be careful

Male sexuality is disastrous
Predecessors in Antiquity(in myth studies)


Origins: 18th century, Chr. G. Heyne
Theories: Myth talks about..
History: Euhemerus ofMessene

Nature: J. G. Frazer

Ritual: Cambridge School

Society: Emile Durkheim

Us as human beings: Psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud, Carl Gustav Jung)

The Structure of the Brain: Claude Levi-Strauss
Whom is Narcissus
Beautiful man that falls in love with himself
What is the main difference between myth and fairytale?
Myth is relavent to group that is telling it