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143 Cards in this Set

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Discus Thrower/Diskobolos
By Myron; Classical
Sanctuaries
Scared to one or more gods; closed with walls
Temenos
Palatial home for the gods; Greeks treat each element within individually
Treasuries
Store valuables
Omphalos
Naval; sky was attached to Omphalos of the Earth
Oracle
Place where god communite with humans
Apollo's Messanger
Pythia
Colonnade
Row of columns
Stoa
Columned pavilion open on three sides
Halos
Outdoor pavement; where to watch ceremonial dancing
Geometric Period*
1000-700 BCE*
Orientalizing Period*
700-600 BCE*
Archaic Period*
600-480 BCE*
Classical Period
480-380 BCE
Late Archaic/Classical*
530-400 BCE*
Early Classical Period
480-450 BCE; Severe Style
Mature Classical Period
450-400 BCE
Late Classical Period
400-325 BCE
Classical to Hellenistic*
450-1st century BCE*
Cross-hatching
Density of tone; illusion of shadow; Early Geometric
Centaur
Geometric; large size (1 ft+); Hollow body formed like a vase of a potter's wheel; deliberately broken into two pieces (ritual significance?)
Slip
Mixture of water and clay
Dipylon Gate
Vases discovered at this Western gate of Athens; Geometric first time human beings are depicted as part of narrative
Difference Between Greek and Egyptian Version of Death
Greek: survivors; Egyptians: fate of dead
Man and Centaur
Broze, 750 BCE; geometric; man stab centaur;
Negative Spaces
Open spaces designed to render piece pleasing from every view
Porch
Over the door of an early Greek temple
Gable
Triangular area in facade
Facade
Area directly above the front door
Cella
Naos; main room of temple; statue in lieu of hearth
Pronaos
Reception area that preceeds the audience hall
Olpe
Wide-mouthed pitcher
Rosettes
Stylized flower forms
Black-Figure
Dark shapes against very pale buff, color of Corinthian clay
Gloss
Clay slip mixed with metallic elements
Elevations
Arrangement, proportions, and apperance of the columns and entablatures (Doric, Ionian)
Hera I
On Paestum/Poseidonia; post and lintel structure; peristyle
Peristyle
Row of columns that surrounds the cella on all sides
Entablature
Tall lintel area
Cornice
Topmost element of entablature
Raking Cornices
Slanted cornices of the room
Pediment
Traingular Gable
Necking
Transition from the shaft
Echinus
Cushionlike, above Necking
Abacus
Square
Architrave
Plain flat band; part of Entablature; topped by decorated band
Pillars
Anta
In antis
Two columns between Pillars
Amphiprostyle
Row of columns at front and back but not on the sides
Portico
Framed by amphiprostyle; covered entrance porches
Peristyle
Peripteral; collonade on all 4 sides
Adyton
Unlit inner chamber at end of cella proper
Opithodomos
Enclosed porch at the back
Stylobate
Top step of the stereobate/layered foundation
Stereobate
Layered foundation
Acroteria
Waterspouts and terminal decorative elements
Doric Order Proportion
5.5:1 (height to diameter of base); 7:1
Ionic Order Proportion
9:1
Corinthian capitals
Stylized acanthus* leaves
Astragal
Convex band; Corinthian
Entasis
Columns swell in middle and then contract at top
High Relief
Break architectural frame
Treasury of the Siphnians
Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi; two caryatids
Caryatids
Columns carved in the form of draped women
Groundline
Self explanatory
Doric Temple of Aphaia at Aegina
Figures crouched/rising to fill the pediment; 490-480 BC
Kore
Korai plural; Greek woman; always clothed
Kouros
Kouroi; young man: gods, warriors, or athletes
New York Kouros
580 BCE; Like Menkaure; Statute in the round; nudity removes him from a social class
Archaic Smile
Closed-lip smile
Kroisos Kouros
530 BCE; Heroic strength
Berline Kore
570-560 BCE; parallel folds like on a columns robe was once painted; pomegranate in her right hand (Persephone)
Attribute
Indentifying symbol
Peplos Kore
530 BC; from Acropolis;
Peplos
Draped rectangle of cloth
Encaustic
Pigments and hot wax
Kore (Chios)
520 BC; Chiton (like Peplos but fuller); himaton
Himation
Cloak
Calf Bearer
560 BC
Francois Vase
transition from geometric to Archaic; 570 BCE, by Kleitias; marriage of Peleus and Thetis
Volute Krater
Large, vessel with scroll-shaped volute/handles
Kleitias
Made Francois Vase
Amphora
Large, all purpose storage jar
Maenads
Female worshippers of Dionysos
Amasis Painter
6century BC Amphora
Tempera
Paint made from egg yolks, water, and pigments
Kantharos
Wine Cup
Exekias
Artist; 6th century BCE
Hydria
Water jug
Palmettes
Fan-shaped petal designs
Women at a Fountain House
The Priam Painter; hydria
Red-Figure
Latter third of 6th century
Euphronios*
Red-figure technique master
calyx krater
Handles curve up like a flower calyx
Death of Sarpedon
By Euphronios
Foreshortening
used of Euphronios; gives effect of real space around the figures
Kylix
Drinking cup
horror-vacui
Fear of empty spaces
naive realism
Graves, processions, ect
Prothesis
Death scene
Mantiklos Apollo
Offering to either Apollo or another guy (titular)
Center of art in geometric period
Corinth
Color of art in geometric period
Black figure
Cella
The interior temple structure, where statue is housed
In Antis
The position of columns between two walls
Prostyle
The columns form a Portico or walkway across the front
Amphiprostyle
Has a colonnade on both front and back.
Peripteral
Any room surrounded by a row of columns.
Peristyle
A surrounding colonnade of columns
Dipteral
A building with a double peristyle (surrounded by two rows of columns)
Stylobate
Upper
Stereobate
Lower
Fascaie
Architrave divided into 3 of these
Metopes and triglyphs
Frieze divided into this in Doric order
Siphnian Treasury
earliest caryatids
Temple of Aphaia
Known for triangular pediment, dying warrior
isocephaly
Heads at the same level*
Exekias
Master of Black figure
sgraffito
Carve linear detail into black shapes
Euphronios
Red figure
Death of Sarpedon
Euphronius work
Euthymides
Twist human body
Pan Painter
Artemis slaying Acteon
Birth of Athena; Posideon/Athena's contest
Pantheon front and back pediments
Panathenaic frieze
Inside of Pantheon
erechthem
Mnesikles
Krekrops
Where erechtheum is
Propylaia
House public art
Defeat of the Persians
Freize on Athena-Nike
Dolyphoros/Wounded Amazon
Polykleitos
Europa/Zeus
Berlin Painter
Penthesilea painter
Panthesilea
Athelete w/ a Strigil
Lysippos
Aphrodite of Knidos
Praxiteles
Hermes and Infant Dionysos
Praxiteles
battle of issus
Mosaic; classical
Epigonos
Gallic cheftain; pergamon
Ambulatory
Skene
scene building
Proscenium
archway at the front of stage
Parados
song by greek chorus
Athena Pronaia
Tholos
Venus de Milo
Alexander of Antioch