• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/103

Click to flip

103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
someone who had a cult, and shrine
-shrine has an enterance along with this persons thomb
-thoms were made in mounds
Heros
heros burried in large mounds
-have a temenos around the thomb of a hero
-even though there are heros that arn't mentioned in his poems they are treated like ones
Homer
try to descrheros as founding father of the city
-allows community to create and identity
-find a common ancestor at this polis
-ruins of grand thombs of past; first type of mounded earth thombs
-8 c. we begin to see ancestor worship
Heros popular
someone who is immortal
-someone who has good things happen after death
-heros are considered amoral
-associated with mode of death
-wanted to associate powerful form of death
-associated with mode of death
definition of a hero
-would retain strength after death
-major category after death
-those who have died of violence
-shrine in attica for those who faought in trojan war
Men as heros
committed suicide
-people though his ghost was haunting the polis
-told to start cult to stop haunting
Ajax
athenians honored all those who died at marathon
-marathon huge deal because oracle
-huge mound built at marath
Real Cults of Dead heros
made into a hero after death
-thomstone was nothing to do with being a playwright
-was defeated during a plauge during th pelopenisian war
-associated with cult brought into athens to stop plauge
Sohphicles
was a great boxer
-at olympic games he was exiled
-goes to hometown and goes to school and breaks pillars and kills childeren at school
-looks at himself at temple of athenia
-oracle tells people to worship him
-was considered hero and be good person
Cliometes
eighth century production of these
-people offered to make thenm for others
curse tablets
papry graecae magic
-comes fourth century AD
-comes from long variety of religions
-big texts handed down from the gen. to gen.
-some were egyptian, jewish, christian, mixed with greek
-had roman numerals foolowed by lines
PGM
historical texts
-curse tablets
-papryi
-even though we have evidence we still have interpretations
Evidence of Magic
to bind
katadien
combining curses
katadesmos
latin for binding curses, transfix
-defings on who is casting the spell
-nailing refers to fix or bind it
-rolling,foldign, and nailing
Defixio;defixiones
words used of them were meant to be folded
-nails were from ship that was shipwrecked (was more majical)
-magic was perserved in the magic papyri
-be careful on produciton of curse tablets from papyri tablets
-forulai becomes complex, subject matter changes
-idea of tablets
-basic magic does not change
curse tablets
tablets were written on lead
-readibly and cheap cause lead seen as cold and heavy relationships between item and curses
Facts
tablets are divided into formal categoires
(1) I bind
2) prusuasive
3) prayer formulai bind this or that
-hermes most associated with curses
Formal categories
most associated with curse tablets dure to cbinding cthonic forms
hermes
comission of the curse
-most curses deposited in the same area
-used for personal rivalries
-scholars do it themselves and ther is a psychological effect or profesionals do the cursing
-creation of the tablet and inscribe it
-binding spells deal with tablet and oral along with sacrifice
Process of cursing
vodoo dolls or images that you bingle or mangle
-mangle and image in effigy
-ousia magical mataerial from the person
-put tablets where noone goes
-in graves in the hands of the restless
-dead willl get rest if they cary out curse
-put in wells , springs , baths
-if curse found the cournter curse can occur
materials associated with curse tablets
1) want to make sure you are binding the corect person
2)dont get counter cursed
3)social inquires; fear of retrubution
process associated with cursing
they are intended to restrains and keep something from hapening
purpose of curse tablets
major category
-aphrodisiacs= try to gain love
-mostly found for wemon
-do bind relatoinships of women
erotic tablets
tablets made that bind sexual actitivity is not clear who the attacker is
-most sugest that men will put spells on women
Erotic
say court names
-use leagal names i.e. adversayr
-have mix of deep personal spite; defaming another persons family name
-tablets start to be use for theature
-arena has been changes
court case binding
business rivals
-some political overtone
-people identified by their trade
-some deal with slander and other categories
business curses
dont course someone who has allready beaten you
-one who seeks to bind rival has an unfair advantage
-restrain lover rival by cursing certain body part
-binder procts him or herself from future unfair advangages
-some binders fell like thy have no choice
commonalities of curse tablets
stone or gem that have written inscriptions
-put curse on thin sheet of metal
Amulets
-seen as amulets are taking steps protecting from curses
-prevelens of one to another magic vs cournter magic
perophe
longer written
-charekteres
-astrological symbols
-depictions of people being bound
older tablets
letter set of scred words that occur in early curse tablets
-occur prfolictic amulets or protective amulets
epesia grammatica/ ephesian leeters
psychological affect
-self help type of world
mind over matter
-extremely face to vface society
-gossip spreads easily
-we are not asking to kill others buyt the ability to perform
major avenue
mound or grave to the hero who relates to the first charriot race
-scarerer for horses
-public failure will get story of modern curse
-you would course yourself to crash at chariot races use as excuse
-gives the curser confidence
taraxippos
public perception
-intnse
-suicide intensity
-constantly dramaticizing yourself
-leads to lying
-low grade lies to protect your family from the exterior
-tablets use to stiefel people from criticism
mediteranean culture
-people are talking about you
-klos good reputation; translated as (Glory)
-protect yourself from the negative
-time, honer, price, value, worth, placed on you by others
-everyone is in competition for goods
Illiad
young women are most vulnerable to be talked about
-fathers and brothers are to protect sisters, daughters, and wives
-abductions of helen first sign of protection
-men married at old age and women mary younger
-have to be aristrocratic, pursuasive, bequel opponents anger, along with using charm and charisma
Winkler article
an ailment
eros was originally a god of love
-an infliction sent by arrows
-physical symptoms, fever,sweating,
-seen as coming from the outside
-the only care for eros is to get curse the beloved
-madness is action that violates or opposite of social norm
-eros is a force that forces people to act out of the norm
-eros caused by female body
A cure for love
cause someone restlessness and draw them to them
-need to use a piece of beloveds, nail or hair
-occurs at midnight on top of roof
-litterary sources
-symythia draws lover towards her
-PGM IV
-have five lead tablets with agoge type spells
-mix wax or clay and make a male or female figure
-talk female hair and attach piece of hair, nail, etc
Agoge
image of man striking down on famles colarbone; reperesents odyssius and circe
-male figures not found
-femal figure found on knees with needles inserted
-take 13 copper needles incert them into body part you want cursed
-agaoge speels have egyptian elements to them
-identify people by therer mothers name
Agoge cont'd.
men in mediteranean dealt with threats of eros
-this is a womans fault; a counter spell and last act against a womans speel
-violence is a transferel of anger on the women
-dont intend to last indefinately; only until the womancomes to her lover
EROS
man has to covince the god or godess that the cursed is truly wrong or deserves to be cursed
-magic is stronger at night; transference of dream world
-world of erotic fantasy overlaps with erotic majoc and erotic dreams
-wrinkler sees infractor as an erotic fantasy
-people thought they worked; psychological factors; gicves people relief to stab needles into dolls
-people use magic as a social excuse
Eros cont'd
liturature shows women as practitioners
-in the tablets it shows the men cursing the women
-women did use tablets but in lower numbers
men casting spells over women
practical world of greece
- is it same as roman egypt
- analysis on classic texts
-where is the proof who is casting the spells
-some oeman were alrady maried
-some of these women are sexually active
problems
scholars say that ther was women who were sexually active and sexually available
-wrinlers onterpretations counteracts with his arguments
-some involved were prostittes and young men'
-comon factor of curse tablets and putting people to sleep
-casting spells come from a nightime fantasy; magic done at night time
-we have to be carefull interpreting the world of erotic magic
problems contd
both men an woman participate
-otiment used by women to keep men from cheating
-oitment used by men to ncrease sexual desire (viagra)
other forms of erotic magic
-horse madness
-is an aphrodesiac
-female horse is more sexual desire
-subsance horses described
-mother chews off gland of newborn at birth
Ahrodisiacs
associated with withces ability to control the moon
-moon associated with womens reproduction cycle
drawing of the moon
can draw women by soft fruit
-throw soft fruit at women
-hera recieves golden apples from zues that resembles marrige
-golden apple start of trojan war
-myth that woman to fast man throws apples
soft fruit charms
hades slops perspone a frut with red seeds; represents, blood, death, fertility
palmagramit
a wryneck bird and associated with insane movements and greeks thought it was a mating dance and cry that is atractive
-nymph who was transformed into bird mother was piertho= pursuasion
Iunx
fifth century BC gives wheel to seduce god
-disk that spins with rope
-makes hmm that is pursuasive
-depictions of whells in churches represent voices of the divine
-appallow refered to ampiamplos
-symatia uses this
Iunx contd
the bull roarer
-thin piece of wood on a string and hureled; makes funny noise
-use to atract people
rhombus
primary sources
-get idea from magical activities
-greek litureature depicts women
-hard evidence sugests that they are men
-where no such thing as witches
-whatever topic there are literary acounts and hard evidnce
1) have to be careful
wrinkler interpretations is not only interpretations
-our explanations cannot be right or wrong
2) hav to recognize we can only go so far
prophecy of the dead; pasage from the odyssey refered to as the nukia
nekrumantia
a descent;by extension; a descent by a living a person into the underworld
katabasis
influence of homers poems
-did homer create necromancy
-ogdon wants to know why we dont use necromancy
-no real consistant view of how people die
-if you want to find ghost look at the thomb or area wher they died
necromancy
evokes the dead
-close to bringing them up to the earth
Tiresius
appears to odysius
-wants to be burried
-telss hom how to do it
-called to serve for answers to the future
-closely associated with the devine
-how do dead tell people how to act
-if we were going to call them we need to send them back
-unreasonable to ask them knowledge if they dont know
-tiresius still prophet of the underworld
elpenor
periander ask melisa (Ghost) for burried treasure
periander has woman strip to and burns them to grant melisa's wish
-periander asks ghost what she did in life
-melisa indicates that she was not burried properly
-melissa=bee= also bersephone cult
-honey may have used
-there was a place where people performed
-first real evidence
herodutus on periander
river runs through ionia
-ithica birthplace of odyssius
-homer says that there are a local tribe living near archean river
-rivers meet
-homer mentions zues oracle at dedorai
-hermes takes dead back to underworld past with rock or leukas
-some parts of homers entrance to underworld inspired by the sperotia
-homers odyssey may be posible because two sntuarys are there
-homer did not say his entrance is there but uses geographical referecne
-major gods of area of death is Hades and Persephone
-orphius refered to going to thesperotia
-nukromentia has been escovated
Asheron river/ Homer
description of prphetic
-if you dont believe evocate me
archeological evidence
common area of dead
-plain of troy
-greeks made offering on the field
-most experiences of the dad come from dreams
-necromancy = seing people in dreams
-restless dead, nero dead,
-necromancy takes place at the thomb
Battlefields
a place for prophecy of the dead
nukromantian
a place for prophecy of the dead
psuchomanteion
a place to smmon up the dead; system for drawing up life, water pipe
psuchagageion
evocator sumoner of the dead
psuchagogos/oi
surrounded by trees and grooves described in homers oddesy
-nekyomanteion ascavated and herodutus poem was geographicly real
-found ancient pottery
-although area fits with the oddysey it looks exactly like our sources described it
aheron river
first steep is walk throught hall and enter
-first part of the rooms to purify yourself
-after purifacations; sacrifice animals and keep animals blood
-go into labyrinth area that represents the underworld
-then underground is where necromantic expierence occurs
-priests would manipulate your experience
-some argue tht its a fortified farm house
-farming equipment found durring excavation
-objects of persephone in necromanteion
-people gathored objects of persephanie during siege
-
nekromanteion
main reason for seeing ghost is for appeasment
tianaron/heraklia
on source says that this necromantion uses kabatasas
-this discription is very close to a necromantion; but also could be used as a thomb
-literary source says it exists but cannot be sure
Herakleia
says place is aawkeward because of 3 headed dogs
-suposedly sanctuary of posiedon
-only conection is literar source
-associated with tettix or cicada
-hero created to give idea above
-very pathtic cave, but could be symbolic
-north up the coast are caves of deru
-greeks are very symbolic
tainaron necromantian
a lot of volcanic activity
necromantion at avernus
books of prophecy
-books became roman religion
-heros associated with these places
the sybyl of phropitus
sources say that a necromanteion near a volcanic creater
-volocures gude you though the necromantic process
-this is closely related to odysius' travel to the underworld
necromantion at avernous
acheron river
-avernus lake is associated with the avernous lake
-fifth century we have a long history the greeks colonize this area
needs
lave avernus: in current itally on odyssius necromancy with elpenor
tairanion
the syby voice that guides aneius to the underworld
-necromancy occured in cave avernous
-cabes wre creatd by romans
caves of avernous
acherons and avernus are not the true sanctuary
-hieraklia and tianeron; based on caves and kabatasas
-real places are less fantastic
upshot
evidence is not clear
-literary referecnces to sanctuaries
-negatively influenced by necromancy
-necromancy was fit for greek thinking
-wild romantic terms of necromancy
-necromancy is not call up with the dead
-considered dangerous
-other stories have negatice conotations
-one way to expierience the dead is imagination
-incubation find ghosts through dreams
-healing is most comon way in incubation
evidence
became popular after the late century
-mortal son of appallo
-was so good that esclipeus would bring people from the dead
-zues blasted asclepius with bolt an dkilled becaus of raising dead
sanctuary of spas
- healing incubations
-abaton: not to ntered by those who have not particiaped by the ritual
-many writhings about cures
-surgeries were also common in asculplus
-drugs were also common in the process of incubation
-thymele: round building were ascuplius was killed by zues
-music and athletic competitions were held at a theature for ascepulus
sanctuary of Ascelpius at epidaurus
build temple of appolo and treasy buried there
-got caught trying to escape at treasury
-trophonius cut brothers head off and he was swalloed up from the ground
trophonius
amparaos prophet
-one of seven protector of thebes
-attempted to help oedupus brother to take throne
-oedipus curses his two sons and take turns rulling thebes
-amphiaraos went with one of oedipus' brother and killed by earh swallling amphiaras whole
- the sanctuary was a oracle and also healing cult
-known for healing waters, spas, and baths
-healing occured through incubation
amphiaros at orops
both cults do not deal with necromancy
-incubation is used for healing
-both shrines are real
-eating certain foods, then heal by incubation
-necromancy is seen as apeasing the dead
-both sanctuaries have stoa for incubation
upshot to ampiaros at oropos
were for a persons want
-we cant assume that cults offered more than religion
-we see mysterie cults be more magic than greek religion
-what did cults offor to its initiates
intitation cults
deal with life after death
-not clear what you are going to get
-orphic initators have peopl talking about childish things
mystery cults
initiators go to the place that represents the after liffe
-did this involve the understanding for the psyke
-if you join a cult did it make your underworld life different than commond belief
-have little evidence of the mysteries of the mystery cults
Golden ass
revelation of knowledge that couold help you in the afterlife; but you were subjected to signs, symbols, and expieriences that cannot be expressed in words; deep meaning
-
change in cults
secret basket that holds sevret objects; in golden ass
kiste
things having beeen suffered are things having learned
-initiates saw scary expieriences and it changed them
pathemta/matemeta
some initiations involves a passion play
-the initiate would go through story of the god
-involed mock trip to the underworld
initiation
had many associations
-associated the civilization
-assoicated with the man relationship to the gods
-method, rational, sivilization, eptiamy of greeks to be greek
appollo
know your place on your order you are mortal; try to rise above animals
-
first phase of of appolo/ know yourself
to excess exual activity, animalo impulses, no excess drinking, think things through
nothing in excess/second phase of appollo
associated with the vine
-has many other associations
-concieved of in the shape of appollo
-Direct inverstion of appalo
-vegitation, agricultural god
-wine detemer, and him
-associated with the sap rising
-associated with making and drinking wine
Dionysus
crush grapes and represent blood wine let you step away from the reality
Wine making
thebes owned by casmus has many daughters
-semale most important
-zues has affair with semele
herra seduces semele sisters to make zues prove himself
zues burnhs semele to a crisp showing himself
-zues takes baby from semele and nurtures him from zues's thigh
-he born 2
-he breaks all rules and should be mortal
myth of Dionysus
hera sends titans after dionysus
-story with apith dionysus-aagrotheos
-zues talks with detemer and persephone
-zues in form of snake
-dioysus looks at himself in the mirror
-titans chase dionysus and shred him and eat him
-zues stuck titans with thunderbolt
-zues puts pieces of dionysus back together
-zues swallows dionysus and has affair
dionysus' birth
dresses up as woman
-man becomes close to dionysus
-pehthius looks in mirror while being dressed
-ino hides baby dionysus
Bachea
main figure in orphic initiation
-torn to shres by woman flowers of dionysus
Orpheus
tys to hide dionysus by dressing him as a girl
Ino
sometimes appears as a man with full beard
-hera makes him go inssane and becomes eye of th storm
-hera chases him east
-dionysus posses women who become insane
-one expirinces him in a group
-women become exocit rebel band or thiasos
-thiasos say in tact after death
-can oly have dionisiac expirience in a group
-
Dionysus