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37 Cards in this Set

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How did the geography of Greece impact the development of city-states?
Mountains and seas prevented Greece from uniting under one ruler and instead they emreged as independent city-states
Describe the geography of Greece
mountainous terrain, jagged coastline, good harbors, lack of arable land, mild climate
Who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey?
Homer
Agora
market place/meeting place for Greek governments
What were the two Aegean civilizations that preceded classical Greek civilization?
Minoan and Mycenaean
Who was the leader of the Athenian Golden Age?
Pericles
Who fought in the Persian Wars?
Greek city-states vs Persia
Who won the Persian Wars?
Greece, especially Athens
Who fought in the Peloponnesian Wars?
Athens (Delian League members) vs Sparta (Peloponnesian League)
Who won the Peloponnesian Wars?
Sparta
What is a city-state?
city that performs all the functions of an independent nation
What does POLIS mean?
city-state
Why was Draco's code an improvement?
it limited the power of the aristocracy and inconsistent punishments
Who could be a citizen in Athens?
all free (non-slave) adult males born in Athens
Why were Solon's reforms important?
the increased citizenship and participation in Athens' government
What were the results of Greek colonization?
spreading of Greek ideas (cultural diffusion), establishment of Greek colonies and trading ports, Greece gained control of the Aegean region
What were the 2 main victories for Greece in the Persian Wars?
Marathon and Salamis
Why was the Battle of Marathon important?
it gave Greeks a sense of confidence
What caused the Peloponnesian Wars?
Greek city-states were jealous of Athens and angry with them
What were the results of the Peloponnesian War?
weakened power of Athens, slowing Greek cultural achievements, Greeks lost their sense of community, Greece was ripe for attack by Philip of Macedon
How was the Council of 500 chosen?
lottery (by lot)
What civilization's government provided the foundation for the government of the United States?
Athens
What sea did the Greeks control and colonize?
Aegean
Which city-state prided itself on its militaristic and simple lifestyle?
Sparta
What type of government did Sparta have?
oligarchy
The Greek alphabet is based on the alphabet of what civilization?
Phoenicia
Monarchy
government where one person inherits his/her power; queen or king
Tyranny
government where one person seizes power often by unlawful means
Aristocracy
government by the wealthy/nobles
Oligarchy
government by a select few
Democracy
government controlled by the people
oligarchy
rule by a select few
Zeus
king of Olympic gods; god of weather
Athena
goddess of wisdom, warfare, crafts
Hera
queen of all Greek gods, motherhood, marriage and childbirth
Apollo
god of light and prophecy
Aphrodite
goddess of love and beauty