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249 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
orator
public speaker
havoc
widespread damage; disorder; chaos
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
primogeniture
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
delude
deceive
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
regime
method of system or government
prognosticate
predict (according to present indications)
rarefied
made less dense (of a gas); V. rarefy: make less dense; N. rarefaction
notch
V-shaped cut in a surface; V.
mar
spoil the appearance of
pithy
concise and meaningful; substantial; meaty
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
welt
raised mark from a beating or whipping
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
gaudy
flashy; showy
gorge
stuff oneself (with food); glut; CF. gorgeous: dazzlingly beautiful
ewe
female sheep
intimate
hint; suggest; imply; ADJ: marked by close relationship; familiar; private; personal; Ex. intimate knowledge/thoughts in the diary; N: close friend or confidant; CF. intimacy
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
verdigris
green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
spartan
without attention to comfort; lacking luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined; Ex. spartan living condition/life
psychic
of psyche; mental; of or possessing extraordinary mental powers
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
increment
increase
polemic
attack or defense of an opinion; controversy or refutation; argument in support of point of view; N. polemics: art of debate or controversy
marked
noticeable; targeted for vengeance or attack; Ex. marked improvement/man
practicable
feasible
submissive
willing to obey orders; yielding; timid
existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
unerringly
infallibly; ADJ. unerring: making no mistakes
clime
climate
gist
essence; main point; substance
facade(fa\c{c}ade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
motif
theme; recurrent thematic element in a musical or literary work; single or repeated pattern; figure
intermediary
intermediate; acting as a mediator; N: mediator; go-between
sacrosanct
invioably sacred; most sacred; inviolable
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
transcendental
going beyond common thought or ideas; impossible to understand by practical experiences or practices; known only by studying thoughts or intuition; OP. empirical; CF. transcendentalism
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
impenitent
not repentant
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
ursine
bearlike; pertaining to a bear
viable
capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme
proselytize
(induce someone to) convert to a religion or belief; N. proselyte: new convert to a doctrine or religion
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
pristine
unspoiled; remaining in a pure state; characteristic of earlier times; primitive; Ex. an old book in pristine condition
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
scad
a great quantity; Ex. scads of clothes
diadem
crown
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
taxonomist
specialist in classifying (animals, etc.); CF. taxonomy: science of classification
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
cogent
convincing
rustic
pertaining to country people; unsophisticated; simple; crude; uncouth; (of furniture) rough with the bark left on; N. rural person; rustic person
metallurgical
pertaining to the art of removing metals from ores; N. metallurgy: science that deals with extracting metals from ores
versatile
having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility
verisimilar
having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
penology
study of prison management and criminal rehabilitation
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
prosaic
lacking in imagination; dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact(concerned with facts, not imagination or feelings); factual; CF. prose
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
nebula
diffuse mass of interstellar dust or gas; galaxy
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
overthrow
topple; N.
reactionary
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; N. OP. radical
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
quisling
traitor who aids invaders; CF. Vidkun Quisling
relegate
put into a lower or worse place; banish to an inferior position; delegate; assign; Ex. relegate the old furniture to the children's room; Ex. relegated to the second division
ordination
ceremony conferring holy orders; ceremony of ordaining a priest
goad
urge on; drive with a goad; cause (someone) to do something by continued annoyance; Ex. They goaded him into doing it by saying he was a coward; N: sharp-pointed stick for driving cattle; stimulus; CF. annoy continually
uproarious
marked by commotion or uproar; very noisy (esp. with laughter); hilarious; causing loud laughter; extremely funny
tantamount
equivalent in effect or value; Ex. This invasion is tantamount to a declaration of war; CF. amount
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
guile
deceit; duplicity; wiliness; cunning; Ex. persuade her by guile
pluck
courage; V: pull off or out; pull out the hair or feathers of; ADJ. plucky: courageous; brave
copious
plentiful
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
grouch
bad-tempered complaint; person who keeps complaining; V: complain; grumble
narcissist
conceited person; N. narcissism; CF. narcissus
sheaf
bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
vertebrate
having a backbone or spinal column; N: group of animals having a segmented spinal column
provisional
tentative; temporary
habitat
natural home of a plant or animal; CF. habitation
venal
capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal
viscid
adhesive; gluey
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
lexicon
dictionary
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
impending
nearing; approaching; about to happen
turpitude
depravity; baseness; Ex. moral turpitude
studied
carefully contrived; calculated; unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful; Ex. studied remark
sober
serious; solemn; not drunken; abstemious or temperate; V: make or become sober
musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
seminary
school for training future ministers; secondary school, especially for young women
wan
having a pale or sickly color; pallid
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
shun
keep away from; avoid deliberately; Ex. She has been shunned by her neighbors.
latent
present but not yet noticeable or active; dormant; hidden; N. latency; CF. potential
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
sidetrack
switch (a railroad car) to a siding; divert from a main issue; N. CF. siding: short section of railroad track connected by switches with a main track
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
unguent
ointment
supposition
assumption; hypothesis; surmise; V. suppose
gnome
dwarf; underground spirit who guards treasure hoards
redress
remedy; compensation; Ex. seek redress for the damage to your car; V: put right; remedy or rectify (a wrong); make amends for
microcosm
small representative world; world in miniature; Ex. microcosm of English society
miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
stupefy
stun; make numb (as with a drug); amaze
supplicate
petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
rivet
metal pin used for fastening metal plates together; V: fasten with a rivet; engross
incoherent
unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
inequity
unfairness; ADJ. inequitable
prosperity
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
ostracize
banish from a group; exclude from public favor; ban; Ex. His friends ostracized him. N. ostracism
numismatist
person who collects coins; N. numismatics: study or collection of money, coins, and medals
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
requiem
mass for the dead; dirge
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
subterfuge
stratagem(deceptive scheme); pretense; evasion; Ex. resort to a harmless subterfuge
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
veneer
thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.
alchemy
medieval chemistry
feign
pretend
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
ultimatum
last demand; last warning; last statement of conditions that must be met; Ex. They have ignored our ultimatum.
spruce
neat and trim in appearance; smart; Ex. Be spruce for your job interview; V.
perpetrate
commit an offense; do (something wrong)
uxorious
excessively submissive or devoted to one's wife; CF. uxor: wife
insubordination
disobedience; rebelliousness; ADJ. insubordinate
fake
not genuine; N: one that is not genuine; impostor; sham; V: counterfeit; Ex. fake the results of the experiment/the signature
morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
paramour
illicit lover
captious
faultfinding; too critical
forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
topple
become unsteady and fall down
buccaneer
pirate
pernicious
very harmful; deadly; very destructive; Ex. pernicious effect/anemia
wax
increase gradually (as the moon); grow
stem
stop or check (the flow of); Ex. stem the bleeding from the slashed artery; N: main axis of a plant; stalk
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
ramification
branching out; subdivision; one branch of a system; one of the results following from an action or decision; Ex. ramifications of a business/the decision
stifle
suppress; extinguish; inhibit; smother or suffocate
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
spasmodic
fitful; periodic; of or like a spasm; N. spasm: sudden involuntary muscular contraction; sudden burst of energy or emotion
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
titillate
tickle; excite pleasantly; Ex. not to titillate the audience but to enlighten it
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
kaleidoscope
tube in which patterns made by the reflection in mirrors of colored pieces of glass, etc. produce interesting symmetrical effects; series of changing events; Ex. kaleidoscope of European history; CF. beautiful
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
hazard
venture; put in danger; risk; Ex. hazard a guess; N: possible source of danger
adjoin
be next to
licentious
amoral; lewd and lascivious; unrestrained
nexus
connection
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
inhibited
(of a person) unable to express what one really feels
repast
meal; feast; banquet
moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
bastard
illegitimate child
lien
legal claim or right on a property
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
voluptuous
sensual; of or giving sensual pleasure; indulging in sensual pleasures; Ex. voluptuous lines; Ex. voluptuous life of the Romans; N. voluptuary: voluptuous person
artisan
a manually skilled worker
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
refute
disprove; prove to be false; N. refutation
prodigy
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
primate
group of mammals including humans
sleigh
large vehicle drawn by a horse over snow or ice
crevice
crack; fissure
recluse
hermit; loner; ADJ. reclusive
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
hap
chance; luck
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
inquisitor
questioner (especially harsh); investigator; person making an inquisition
transcendent
exceeding ordinary limits; superior; surpassing; V. transcend: go beyond; exceed; surpass; N. transcendancy
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
misogynist
hater of woman; CF. misogyny
suckle
give or take milk at the breast or udder
maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
rotundity
roundness; sonorousness of speech
incite
arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
rationale
fundamental reason or principle (on which a system or principle is based); fundamental reason or justification; grounds for an action
solace
comfort in sorrow or trouble; consolation; V: comfort or console in time of sorrow or trouble
wary
very cautious; watchful
liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility; condition of being liable; ADJ. liable: likely; responsible (for paying)
subsistence
existence; means of subsisting; means of support; livelihood; V. subsist: exist; maintain life (at a meager level)
yen
strong desire; longing; urge; Ex. yen for travel
putative
supposed; reputed; generally regarded as such; Ex. putative father of the child
strew
spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter; Ex. flower girl strewing rose petals
urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
supplicant
one who supplicates; ADJ.
mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
vulnerable
susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
pharisee
Pharisee: member of an ancient Jewish group that emphasized strict observance of the Mosaic law (considering themselves very holy); hypocritical self-righteous person
impale
pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear
lucid
easily understood; clear; intelligible; N. lucidity
nepotism
favoritism (to a relative); CF. nephew
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
onerous
burdensome
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
encircle
surround
blunt
having a dull edge; abrupt and frank in speech or manner; brusque; V: make or become blunt
authenticate
prove genuine
purgatory
place of spiritual expiation; temporary state or place in which the souls must expiate their sins
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
facsimile
copy
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
doom
condemnation to a severe penalty; ruin; fate (esp. a tragic or ruinous one); V.
incursion
temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey