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137 Cards in this Set

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rescind
v. to abrogate; annul; revoke; repeal.
2. to invalidate (an act, measure, etc.) by a later action or a higher authority.
restive
adj. restlessly impatient; obstinately resisting control
reticent
adj. reserved; uncommunicative; inclined to silence
retinue
n. a body of retainers in attendance upon an important personage; suite.
retiring
adj. modest; shy; withdrawing from contact with others
retrench
v. to cut down, reduce, or diminish; curtail (expenses).
2. to cut off or remove.
3. Military. to protect by a retrenchment.
retrograde (v)
v. go backwards; degenerate
reverie
n. daydream; musing
revile
v. attack with abusive language; vilify
rhetoric
n art of effective communication; insincere or grandiloquent speech
ribald
adj. /ˈrɪbəld; spelling pron. ˈraɪbəld/ vulgar or indecent in speech, language, etc.; coarsely mocking, abusive, or irreverent; scurrilous.
n. a ribald person.
riddle (v)
v. pierce with holes; permeate or spread throughout
rider
n. amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
rife
adj. of common or frequent occurrence; prevalent; in widespread existence, activity, or use: Crime is rife in the slum areas of our cities.
2. current in speech or report: Rumors are rife that the government is in financial difficulty.
3. abundant, plentiful, or numerous.
4. abounding (usually fol. by with).
rococo
adj. ornate; highly decorated
roil
v. make liquids murky by stirring up sediment; disturb
roseate
adj. /ˈroʊziɪt, -ˌeɪt/ tinged with rose; rosy: a roseate dawn.; bright or promising: a roseate future.; incautiously optimistic: a roseate forecast for holiday sales.
rostrum
n. platform for speech-making; pulpit
rotundity
n. roundness; sonorousness of speech
rout
v. stampede; drive out
rue
v. 1. to feel sorrow over; repent of; regret bitterly: to rue the loss of opportunities.; to wish that (something) had never been done, taken place, etc.: I rue the day he was born.
runic
adj. mysterious; set down in an ancient alphabet; (of ornamental knots, figures, etc.) of an interlaced form seen on ancient monuments, metalwork, etc., of the northern European peoples.
rusticate
v. /ˈrʌstɪˌkeɪt/ banish to the country; dwell in the country; to go to the country
sacrosanct
adj. most sacred; inviolable; above or beyond criticism, change, or interference
sagacious
adj. /səˈgeɪʃəs/ having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd: a sagacious lawyer.
2. Obsolete. keen of scent.
salacious
adj. lustful or lecherous; (of writings, pictures, etc.) obscene; grossly indecent.
salient
adj. prominent or conspicuous: salient traits.
2. projecting or pointing outward: a salient angle.
3. leaping or jumping: a salient animal.
sallow
adj. /ˈsæloʊ/ yellowish; sickly in color
salubrious
adj. healthful
salutary
adj. /ˈsælyəˌtɛri/ favorable to or promoting health; healthful.; promoting or conducive to some beneficial purpose; wholesome.
sanctimonious
adj. displaying ostentatious or hypocritical devoutness
sanguinary
adj. /ˈsæŋgwəˌnɛri/ bloody; ready or eager to shed blood; bloodthirsty.; composed of or marked with blood.
sardonic
adj. characterized by bitter or scornful derision; mocking; cynical; sneering: a sardonic grin.
sartorial
adj. of or pertaining to tailors or their trade: sartorial workmanship.
2. of or pertaining to clothing or style or manner of dress: sartorial splendor.
saturnine
adj. /ˈsætərˌnaɪn/ sluggish in temperament; gloomy; taciturn.; suffering from lead poisoning, as a person.; due to absorption of lead, as bodily disorders.
scabbard
n. case for a sword; sheath
scad
n. a great quantity
scintilla
n. a minute particle; spark; trace: not a scintilla of remorse.
scruple (v)
v. fret about; hesitate, for ethical reasons
scurrilous
adj. /ˈskɜrələs, ˈskʌr-/ grossly or obscenely abusive: a scurrilous attack on the mayor.
2. characterized by or using low buffoonery; coarsely jocular or derisive: a scurrilous jest.
scurvy (adj)
adj. contemptible; despicable; mean: a scurvy trick.
scuttle
v. to abandon, withdraw from, or cause to be abandoned or destroyed (as plans, hopes, rumors, etc.).; to sink (a vessel) deliberately by opening seacocks or making openings in the bottom.
seamy
adj. sordid; unwholesome
secrete
v. to place out of sight; hide; conceal: squirrels secreting nuts in a hollow tree trunk.
sedition
n. incitement of discontent or rebellion against a government.
2. any action, esp. in speech or writing, promoting such discontent or rebellion.
3. Archaic. rebellious disorder.
sedulous
adj. diligent in application or attention; persevering; assiduous.
2. persistently or carefully maintained: sedulous flattery.
seminal
adj. pertaining to, containing, or consisting of semen.
2. Botany. of or pertaining to seed.
3. having possibilities of future development.
4. highly original and influencing the development of future events: a seminal artist; seminal ideas.
sententious
adj. /sɛnˈtɛnʃəs/ abounding in pithy aphorisms or maxims: a sententious book; given to excessive moralizing; self-righteous.
sere
adj. /sɪər/ parched; dry; withered
sheaf
n. bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
shrew
n. scolding woman
shunt
v. divert; turn aside; sidetrack
shyster
n. a lawyer who uses unprofessional or questionable methods.
2. a person who gets along by petty, sharp practices.
sibylline
adj. /ˈsɪbəˌlin, -ˌlaɪn, -lɪn/ of, resembling, or characteristic of a sibyl; prophetic; oracular.
2. mysterious; cryptic.
sinecure
n. well-paid position with little responsibility
skinflint
n. stingy person; miser
skulduggery
n. dishonorable proceedings; mean dishonesty or trickery: bribery, graft, and other such skulduggery.
2. an instance of dishonest or deceitful behavior; trick.
skulk
v. move furtively and secretely
slag
n. residue from smelting metal; dross; waste material
slake
v. /sleɪk/ to allay (thirst, desire, wrath, etc.) by satisfying.; to cool or refresh: He slaked his lips with ice.; to make less active, vigorous, intense, etc.: His calm manner slaked their enthusiasm.
slapdash
adj. haphazard; careless; sloppy; offhand: a slapdash answer.
sleazy
adj. contemptibly low, mean, or disreputable: sleazy politics.
2. squalid; sordid; filthy; dilapidated: a sleazy hotel.
3. thin or poor in texture, as a fabric; cheap; flimsy: a sleazy dress; a sleazy excuse.
sleight
n. skill; dexterity.
2. an artifice; stratagem.
3. cunning; craft.
slew
n. large quantity or number
slight (n)
n. insult to one's dignity; snub
slipshod
adj. untidy or slovenly; shabby
sluggard
n. lazy person
sluice
n. /slus/ artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of water
smattering
n. a slight, superficial, or introductory knowledge of something: a smattering of Latin.
adj. slight or superficial.
smelt
v. melt or blend ores, changing their chemical composition
solecism
n. /ˈsɒləˌsɪzəm, ˈsoʊlə-/ a nonstandard or ungrammatical usage, as unflammable and they was.
2. a breach of good manners or etiquette.
3. any error, impropriety, or inconsistency.
solemnity
n. seriousness; gravity; Often, solemnities. a solemn observance, ceremonial proceeding, or special formality: the solemnities of Easter.
solicitous
adj. anxious or concerned (usually fol. by about, for, etc., or a clause): solicitous about a person's health.
2. anxiously desirous: solicitous of the esteem of others.
3. eager (usually fol. by an infinitive): He was always solicitous to please.
soliloquy
n. an utterance or discourse by a person who is talking to himself or herself or is disregardful of or oblivious to any hearers present (often used as a device in drama to disclose a character's innermost thoughts): Hamlet's soliloquy begins with “To be or not to be.”
2. the act of talking while or as if alone.
soluble
adj. capable of being dissolved or liquefied: a soluble powder.; capable of being solved or explained: a soluble problem.
solvent (adj)
adj. able to pay all debts
somnolent
adj. half asleep; sleepy; drowsy.; tending to cause sleep.
sophist
n. /ˈsɒfɪst/ teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious reasoning
sophistry
n. /ˈsɒfəstri/ a subtle, tricky, superficially plausible, but generally fallacious method of reasoning.
2. a false argument; sophism.
soporific
adj. /ˌsɒpəˈrɪfɪk, ˌsoʊpə-/ sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
spangle
n. small metallic piece sewn on clothing as an ornament
spasmodic
adj. pertaining to or of the nature of a spasm; characterized by spasms.
2. resembling a spasm or spasms; sudden but brief; sporadic: spasmodic efforts at reform.
3. given to or characterized by bursts of excitement.
spate
n. sudden flood; a sudden, almost overwhelming, outpouring: a spate of angry words.
specious
adj. seemingly reasonable, but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
spendthrift
n. a person who spends possessions or money extravagantly or wastefully; prodigal.
adj. wastefully extravagant; prodigal.
spoonerism
n. he transposition of initial or other sounds of words, usually by accident, as in a blushing crow for a crushing blow.
sportive
adj. playful
spruce
adj. trim in dress or appearance; neat; smart; dapper.
spurious
adj. false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
staid
adj. /steɪd/ of settled or sedate character; not flighty or capricious.; fixed, settled, or permanent.
stalwart
adj.strongly and stoutly built; sturdy and robust.
2. strong and brave; valiant: a stalwart knight.
3. firm, steadfast, or uncompromising: a stalwart supporter of the U.N.
stanch
v. /stɔntʃ, stæntʃ, stɑntʃ/ to stop the flow of (a liquid, esp. blood).; to stop the flow of blood or other liquid from (a wound, leak, etc.).
steep (v)
v. soak; saturate
stem (v)
v. check the flow
stentorian
adj. extremely loud; very loud or powerful in sound: a stentorian voice.
stigma
n. token of disgrace
stilted
adj. bombastic; stiffly pompous
stint (v)
v. be thrifty; set limits
stipple
v. paint or draw with dots
stock (adj)
adj. typical; standard; kept regularly in supply
stockade
n. wooden enclosure or pen; fixed line of posts used as a defensive barrier
stolid
adj. dull; impassive; not easily stirred or moved mentally; unemotional
stratagem
n. clever trick; deceptive scheme; any artifice, ruse, or trick devised or used to attain a goal or to gain an advantage over an adversary or competitor: business stratagems.
stricture
n. critical comments; severe and adverse criticism; an abnormal contraction of any passage or duct of the body.; a restriction.
studied
adj. unspontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful
stultify
v. /ˈstʌltəˌfaɪ/ cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; frustrate or hinder
stupefy
v.to put into a state of little or no sensibility; benumb the faculties of; put into a stupor.
2. to stun, as with a narcotic, a shock, or a strong emotion.
3. to overwhelm with amazement; astound; astonish.
stygian
adj. /ˈstɪdʒiən/ of or pertaining to the river Styx or to Hades.
2. dark or gloomy.
3. infernal; hellish.
subaltern
n. /sʌbˈɔltərn/ subordinate
sublimate
v. refine; purify; to make nobler or purer: To read about great men sublimates ambition.; Psychology. to divert the energy of (a sexual or other biological impulse) from its immediate goal to one of a more acceptable social, moral, or aesthetic nature or use.
subliminal
adj. below the threshold
suborn
v. /səˈbɔrn/
persuade to act unlawfully, especially to commit perjury
subsume
v. to consider or include (an idea, term, proposition, etc.) as part of a more comprehensive one.
2. to bring (a case, instance, etc.) under a rule.
3. to take up into a more inclusive classification.
subterfuge
n. /ˈsʌbtərˌfyudʒ/ pretense; evasion. an artifice or expedient used to evade a rule, escape a consequence, hide something, etc.
succor
v. /ˈsʌkər/ aid; assist; comfort
suffuse
v. to overspread with or as with a liquid, color, etc.
sunder
v. to separate; part; divide; sever.
sundry
adj. various; several
superannuated
adj. retired or disqualified because of age
supercilious
adj. haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a facial expression.
supererogatory
adj. /ˌsupərəˈrɒgəˌtɔri, -ˌtoʊri/ going beyond the requirements of duty.; superfluous; more than needed or demanded
supernumerary
n. /ˌsupərˈnuməˌrɛri, -ˈnyu-/ being in excess of the usual, proper, or prescribed number; additional; extra.; associated with a regular body or staff as an assistant or substitute in case of necessity.
supine
adj. /adj. suˈpaɪn; n. ˈsupaɪn/ lying on the back, face or front upward.; inactive, passive, or inert, esp. from indolence or indifference.; (of the hand) having the palm upward.
n. (in English) the simple infinitive of a verb preceded by to.
suppliant
n. /ˈsʌpliənt/ a person who supplicates; petitioner.
adj. supplicating; expressive of supplication, as words, actions, etc.
supplicate
v. petition humbly; pray to grant a favor
supposititious
adj. /səˌpɒzɪˈtɪʃəs/ assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
surfeit
v. /ˈsɜrfɪt/ satiate; stuff; indulge in excess in anything
n. excess; an excessive amount: a surfeit of speechmaking.
2. excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking.
surreptitious
adj. secret; furtive; sneaky; hidden
swathe
v. /swɒð, sweɪð/ wrap around; bandage
swill
v. drink greedily
n. liquid or partly liquid food for animals, esp. kitchen refuse given to swine; hogwash.
2. kitchen refuse in general; garbage.
3. any liquid mess, waste, or refuse; slop.
sybarite
n. (usually lowercase) a person devoted to luxury and pleasure.
syllogism
n. logical formula consisting of a major premise, a minor premise and a conclusion; deceptive or specious argument
sylvan
adj. pertaining to the woods; rustic
synoptic
adj. pertaining to or constituting a synopsis; affording or taking a general view of the principal parts of a subject.; (often initial capital letter) taking a common view: used chiefly in reference to the first three Gospels (synoptic Gospels), Matthew, Mark, and Luke, from their similarity in content, order, and statement.
tacit
adj. understood; not put into words
tangential
adj. peripheral; only slightly connected
tantamount
adj. equivalent in effect or value