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157 Cards in this Set

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philatelist
n. stamp-collecter
philistine
n. narrow-minded person; uncultured and interested only in material gain
philology
n. study of language
phlegmatic
adj. calm; not easily disturbed
phoenix
n. symbol of immortality or rebirth
physiognomy
n. the face or countenance, esp. when considered as an index to the character: a fierce physiognomy. the art of determining character or personal characteristics from the form or features of the body, esp. of the face.
piebald
adj. of different colors; mottled; spotted
pied
adj. variegated; multicolored
pillory
v. punish by placing in a wooden frame; subject to criticism and ridicule
n. wooden framework erected on a post, with holes for securing the head and hands, formerly used to expose an offender to public derision.
pine (v)
v. languish; decline; long for; yearn
pinion
v. cut off the pinion of (a wing) or bind (the wings), as in order to prevent a bird from flying; to bind (a person's arms or hands) so they cannot be used.; shackle
piquant
adj. pleasantly tart-tasting; stimulating
pique (n)
n. irritation; resentment
piscatorial
adj. pertaining to fishing
pith
n. core or marrow; essence; substance
pithy
adj. concise; meaningful; substantial; meaty
plait
v. /pleɪt, plæt/ to braid, as hair or straw.; to make, as a mat, by braiding.; to pleat.
plenary
adj. full; complete; entire; absolute; unqualified: plenary powers.; attended by all qualified members; fully constituted: a plenary session of Congress
pliant
adj. flexible; easily influenced
pluck (n)
n. the heart, liver, and lungs, esp. of an animal used for food; courage or resolution in the face of difficulties
plumb (v)
v. examine critically in order to understand; measure depth
plumb (adj)
adj. vertical
plutocracy
n. society ruled by the wealthy
ponderous
adj. weighty; unyieldy
pore (v)
v. study industriously; ponder; scrutinize
portent
n. /ˈpɔrtɛnt, ˈpoʊr-/ sign; omen
poseur
n. person who pretends to be sophisticated, elegant, etc to impress others
postulate (n)
n. self-evident truth
potentate
n. /ˈpoʊtnˌteɪt/ monarch; sovereign
prate
v. speak foolishly; boast idly
prattle
v. babble
precept
n. practical rule guiding conduct
precipitate (adj)
adj. rash; premature; hasty; sudden
precipitate (v)
v. hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly; cast down headlong; fling or hurl down
précis
n. concise summing up of main points
predilection
n. tendency to think favorably of something in particular; partiality; preference: a predilection for Bach
prefatory
adj. introductory
prehensile
adj. capable of grasping or holding
prelate
n. an ecclesiastic of a high order, as an archbishop, bishop, etc.; a church dignitary.
premonitory
adj. serving to warn
preponderance
n. superiority of power, quantity, etc.
prerogative
n. privilege; unquestionable right
prescience
n. ability to fortell the future
presentiment
n. feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear; premonition
presumptuous
adj. full of, characterized by, or showing presumption or readiness to presume in conduct or thought.; unwarrantedly or impertinently bold; forward.; taking liberties
preternatural
adj. beyond that which is normal in nature
pretext
n. excuse
prevaricate
v. speak falsely or misleadingly; deliberately misstate or create an incorrect impression; lie
primogeniture
n. the state or fact of being the firstborn of children of the same parents; in law the system of inheritance or succession by the firstborn, specifically the eldest son
pristine
adj. characteristic of earlier times; primitive; unspoiled
privation
n. hardship; want
privy
adj. 1. participating in the knowledge of something private or secret (usually fol. by to); private; assigned to private uses; secret, concealed
probity
n. /ˈproʊbɪti, ˈprɒbɪ-/ uprightness; incorruptibility
prodigal
adj. wasteful; reckless with money
prodigious
adj. extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force, etc.: a prodigious research grant; wonderful or marvelous: a prodigious feat; abnormal, monstrous
profligate
adj. /ˈprɒflɪgɪt, -ˌgeɪt/ utterly and shamelessly immoral or dissipated; thoroughly dissolute.; recklessly prodigal or extravagant.
progenitor
n. ancestor
prognosticate
v. predict
prolixity
n. tedious wordiness; verbosity
promiscuous
adj. mixed indiscriminately; haphazard; irregular
promontory
n. a high point of land or rock projecting into the sea or other water beyond the line of coast; a headland.; a bluff, or part of a plateau, overlooking a lowland.
promulgate
v. proclaim a doctrine or law; make known by official publication
prophylactic
adj. disease preventing
propinquity
n. nearness in place; proximity.; nearness of relation; kinship.; affinity of nature; similarity.; nearness in time
propitiate
v. make favorably inclined; appease; conciliate
propitious
adj. favorable; fortunate; advantageous
propound
v. put forth for analysis
propriety
n. fitness; correct conduct
prosaic
adj. dull and unimaginative; matter-of-fact; of or having the character or form of prose rather than poetry
proscenium
n. part of stage in front of curtain
proscribe
v. /proʊˈskraɪb/ to denounce or condemn (a thing) as dangerous or harmful; prohibit.; to banish or exile.; put outside the protection of the law
prosody
n. the art of versiffication
protean
adj. versatile; able to take on many forms
protract
v. to draw out or lengthen, esp. in time; extend the duration of; prolong; extend or protrude
provenance
n. origin or source of something
provender
n. /ˈprɒvəndər/ dry food; fodder; dry food, as hay or oats, for livestock or other domestic animals
provident
adj. displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies
provincial
adj. limited in outlook; unsophisticated
proviso
n. a clause in a statute, contract, or the like, by which a condition is introduced.; a stipulation or condition
proxy
n. authorized agent
pugilist
n. boxer
puissant
adj. powerful; strong; potent
pummel
v. peat or pound with fists
punctilious
adj. stressing niceties of conduct or form; minuetly attentive to fine points
pundit
n. authority on a subject; learned person; expert
purchase (n)
n. a lever, pulley, or other device that provides mechanical advantage or power for moving or raising a heavy object.; a firm grip or grasp, footing, etc., on something.
purport (n)
n. intention; meaning
ˈpɜrpɔrt
pusillanimous
adj. lacking courage or resolution; cowardly; faint-hearted; timid.; proceeding from or indicating a cowardly spirit.
pylon
n. marking post to guide aviators; steel tower supporting cables or telephone lines
quaff
v. to drink a beverage, esp. an intoxicating one, copiously and with hearty enjoyment. We spent the whole evening quaffing ale
quagmire
n. soft, wet, boggy land
quail (v)
v. to lose heart or courage in difficulty or danger; shrink with fear.
qualified
adj. limited; restricted
quarry (n)
n. victim; object of a hunt
quarry (v)
v. # To obtain (stone) from a quarry, as by cutting, digging, or blasting.
# To extract (facts, for example) by long, careful searching: finally quarried out the genealogy from hundreds of sources.
quash
v. subdue; crush; squash
quay
n. dock; landing place
querulous
adj. /ˈkwɛrələs, ˈkwɛryə-/ full of complaints; complaining.; characterized by or uttered in complaint; peevish: a querulous tone; constant querulous reminders of things to be done.
quintessence
n. purest and highest embodiment
quip
n. a clever or witty remark or comment.; a sharp, sarcastic remark; a cutting jest.; a quibble.; an odd or fantastic action or thing.
quisling
n. a person who betrays his or her own country by aiding an invading enemy, often serving later in a puppet government; fifth columnist
quixotic
adj. idealistic but impractical
quizzical
adj. odd, queer, or comical.; questioning or puzzled: a quizzical expression on her face.; derisively questioning, ridiculing, or chaffing.
quorum
n. number of members need to conduct a meeting
quotidian
adj. daily; comonplace; customary
raconteur
n. story-teller
rail (v)
v. to utter bitter complaint or vehement denunciation (often fol. by at or against): to rail at fate.
raiment
n. clothing
rakish
adj. stylish; sporty
ramify
v. divide into branches or subdivisions
rampart
n. defensive mound of earth
rancor
n. bitterness; hatred
rankle
v. irritate; fester
rapacious
adj. given to seizing for plunder or the satisfaction of greed.; inordinately greedy; predatory; extortionate: a rapacious disposition.; (of animals) subsisting by the capture of living prey; predacious.
rapt
adj. absorbed; enchanted
rarefied
adj. made less dense
ratiocination
n. reasoning; the process of logical reasoning
ravel
v. fall apart into tangles; unravel or untwist; entangle
raze
v. destroy utterly
rebuke
v. scold harshly; criticize severely
rebus
n. puzzle in which pictures stand for words
recalcitrant
adj. obstinately stubborn; detrmined to resist authority; unruly
recast
v. reconstruct; fashion again
recidivism
n. repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime; in psychiatry the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns
recondite
adj. /ˈrɛkənˌdaɪt, rɪˈkɒndaɪt/ dealing with very profound, difficult, or abstruse subject matter: a recondite treatise.; beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding; esoteric: recondite principles.; little known, obscure
recrimination
n. countercharges
recumbent
adj. reclining; lying down completely or in part
redolent
adj. /ˈrɛdlənt/ fragrant; odorous; suggestive of an odor
redoubtable
adj. formidable; causing fear
redress
n. /riˈdrɛs/ remedy; compensation
refectory
n. dining hall
refractory
adj. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child.; resisting ordinary methods of treatment.
refulgent
adj. brightly shining; gleaming
refurbish
v. renovate; make bright by polishing
regale
v. to entertain lavishly or agreeably; delight.; to entertain with choice food or drink.
regicide
n. murder of king or queen
rejoinder
n. /rɪˈdʒɔɪndər/ retort; comeback; reply; answer
remediable
adj. reparable
remiss
adj. negligent
remonstrance
n. protest; objection
remonstrate
v. protest; object
remunerative
compensating; rewarding
rend
v. split; tear apart
renegade
n. deserter; traitor
renege
v. deny; go back on
rent
n. rip; split
reparable
adj. capable of being repaired
repartee
n. clever reply
repast
n. rɪˈpæst quantity of food taken or provided for one occasion of eating: to eat a light repast.
a meal: the evening repast.; mealtime
repine
v. /rɪˈpaɪn/ to be fretfully discontented; fret; complain.
replete
adj. filled to the brim or to the point of being stuffed; abundantly supplied
reprobate
n. ˈrɛprəˌbeɪt a depraved, unprincipled, morally depraved, or wicked person: a drunken reprobate.; a person rejected by god and beyond hope of salvation.
reprobation
n. severe disapproval, condemnation, or censure.; rejection by god, as of persons excluded from the number of the elect or from salvation.
reprove
v. /riˈpruv/ to criticize or correct, esp. gently: to reprove a pupil for making a mistake.; to disapprove of strongly; censure: to reprove a bad decision.
repudiate
v. to reject as having no authority or binding force: to repudiate a claim.; to cast off or disown: to repudiate a son.; to reject with disapproval, condemnation, or denial: to repudiate a new doctrine.
reputed
adj. supposed
requite
v. repay; revenge