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1/1957

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1957 Cards in this Set

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abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
abash
embarrass
abate
to lessen; to subside
aberrant
deviating from normal or correct.
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
abeyance
suspended action
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
abjure
promise or swear to give up
ablution
washing
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
abrogate
abolish
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority
abscission
cutting off; separation
abscond
depart secretly and hide
abscond
to leave secretly and hide, often to avoid the law.
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstemious
restraint, especially of food and alcohol
abstruse
difficult to comprehend; obscure
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
abut
border upon; adjoin
acarpous
effete; no longer fertile; worn out
accede
agree
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
adduce
to offer as example, reason or proof
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
adjure
to beg
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonitory
containing warning
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
adumbrate
to suggest or hint; overshadow
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
advert
refer
aegis
shield; protection; defense
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
alchemy
medieval chemistry
alcove
nook; recess
alimentary
supplying nourishment
allay
calm; pacify
allure
entice; attract; tempt
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
ameliorate
improve; make better
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
anachronism
an error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
analogous
comparable; similar
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ¡¯≈Ρ¶; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
anomalous
peculiar; unique, contrary to the norm (n: anomaly)
antebellum
existing before a war
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
ancient; outmoded; (literally,before the flood); made a long time ago
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
antipathy
hostility toward, objection, or aversion to
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
antithetical
direct opposing
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphasia
loss of the power to use or comprehend words
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
apiarist
person who keeps bees
apiary
a place where bees are kept
apiculture
bee-keeping
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
apotheosis
deification; glorification to godliness
apparition
ghost; phantom
appellation
name; title
appellation
identifying name or title
apposite
appropriate; fitting
approbation
approval
approbation
approval
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
arabesque
a complex ornate design
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
arboreal
of or living in trees
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
archipelago
group of closely located islands
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
arduous
steep; difficult; ascent; laborious
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
arraign
charge in court; indict
arrant
in the highest degree
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
artifice
deception; trickery
artless
without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
aseptic
surgically clean
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
aspersion
slander
aspirant
seeker after position or status
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
assuage
to make less severe; to appease or satisfy
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
atelier
artist's workroom
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
attenuate
make thin; weaken; enervate
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
auspicious
favorable; successful; prosperous
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
avarice
greediness for wealth
aver
state confidently; declare as true
aver
affirm; assert; prove; justify; declair
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avuncular
of or like an uncle
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
bacchanalian
drunken, orgy
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
base
contemptible; morally bad; inferior in value or quality; Ex. base motives/conduct; Ex. base metal such as iron
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
bearing
deportment; connection
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap showy manner
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
bellicose
belligerent; pugnacious; warlike
benison
blessing
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
bilk
swindle; cheat
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
blandishment
speech or action intended to coax someone into doing something
blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
blithe
cheerful; casual; carefree
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
brackish
somewhat saline
braggadocio
boasting
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
brook
to tolerate, endure
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
burgeon
to grow or flourish; a bud or new growth (adj: burgeoning )
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place; V.
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
cacophony
harsh sound
cadge
to get something by taking advantage of someone; to beg; to get by begging
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
canto
division of a long poem
capacious
spacious
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
captious
faultfinding; too critical
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
carouse
to drink alcohol freely
carp
to find fault or complain querulously
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
castigate
to chastise or criticize severely
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
caustic
capable of dissolving by chemical action; highly critical: "His caustic remarks spoiled the mood of the party."; biting; sarcastic
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
cede/cession
to surrender possession of, especially by treaty
celerity
rapidity of motion or action
centripetal
tending toward the center
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
certitude
certainty
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
chaffing
bantering; joking
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
chimera
illusion or fabrication of the mind
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
chivy
to tease or annoy with persistent petty attacks
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
churl
bad-tempered person
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
chutzpah
nerve; gall
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
circuitous
roundabout
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clandestine
secret
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
cleft
N: split
clerical
of the clergy or clerk
clime
climate
clique
small exclusive group of people
cloister
monastery or convent
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
coagulation
change to a thick and solid state
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age; coexisting
cogent
strong; convincing
cogitate
think over; ponder; mediate
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
cognizant
being fully aware of
cohere
stick together
coiffure
hairstyle
collation
a light meal; collating
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
comestible
something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed; comfortable
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
compensatory
making up for; repaying
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt; feeling of regret for one's action
concatenate
link as in a chain
concentric
having a common center
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
conclave
private secret meeting
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
concord
harmony; accord
concordat
formal agreement
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
conflagration
a great fire
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
congenital
existing at birth
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
conjoin
to join together
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
consonance
harmony; agreement
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
consternation
great shock and fear; dismay
constrain
compel
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
contemn
to scorn or despise
contiguous
touching; neighboring
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
convalesce
to recover health gradually after sickness
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
copious
plentiful
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars)
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
corporal
of the body: "corporal punishment." a non-commissioned officer ranked between a sergeant and a private.
corporeal
of or having to do with material, as opposed to spiritual; tangible. (In older writings, coeporeal could be a synonym for corporal. This usage not common.
corpulent
having a large bulky bod; very fat
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear's works; Cf. corpse
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
countervail
counterbalance
cow
terrorize; intimidate
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
cravat
piece of linen worn as a necktie
craven
cowardly; a coward
credence
belief
credential
evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
credulous
ready to believe things
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
crone
hag; ugly old woman
crotchet
highly individual and usually eccentric opinion
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
culprit
one guilty of a crime
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
cupidity
greed; lust
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
dappled
spotted
dastard
coward
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one's clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
declaim/declamation
to speak pompously or bombastically
declivity
downward inclination
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
defalcate
embezzle
deference
courteous regard for another's wish; courteous yielding to another's wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
deft
neat; skillful
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
deign
to condescend; to give; stoop
deleterious
harmful
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
deluge
great flood; heavy rush of water
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
denigrate
blacken; belittle; defame
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
depredation
the act of preying upon or plundering: "The depredations of the invaders demoralized the population."
dereliction
deserting and leaving; to fall into ruins
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
derision
ridicule; mockery; deriding
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
descry
to make clear, to say; catch sight of; see smth in the distance
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture
desiccate
to dry out thoroughly (adj: desiccated)
desolate
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
desuetude
cessation of use; disuse
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
deviance
being different in moral standards (from normal)
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
diadem
crown
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
diaphanous
sheer; transparent; guazy
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
diffident
lacking self-confidence, modest (n: diffidence)
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
disconcert
upset the self-possession of
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
disconsolate
cheerless; dejected
discountenance
refuse to approve of
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
disinter
dig up from the earth
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
dispirited
lacking in spirit
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
dissemble
to conceal one's real motive, to feign
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
dissolute
marked by indulgence in vices
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
distend
expand; swell out
distrait
absentminded; distracted
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
divestiture
taking off; getting rid of; giving up
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
doff
take off; OP. don
doggerel
trivial, poorly constructed verse
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one's opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
dolorous
marked by misery or grief
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one's domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
domineer
rule over tyrannically
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one's dotage
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
droll
queer and amusing
drone
idle person who lives on other people's work; male bee
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
dys-
abnormal; impaired
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
ebullience
exuberance; outburst of feeling
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm; showing excitement
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
ecumenical
representing the whole Christian world
edacious
voracious; devouring
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
edifice
building (of imposing size)
edify
instruct; correct morally
efface
rub out; remove the surface of; make indistinct
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
effluent
the quality of flowing out. something that flows out, such as a stream from a river (n: effluence)
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles; a noxious odor or vapor
effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek; arrogance; impudence
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
emanate
issue forth; come out
emasculate
weaken; castrate
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
emollient
softening; something that softens
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
empirical
based on experience
enact
make (a bill) into law
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
encomium
a formal eulogy or speech of praise; warm or glowing praise;
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
endue
provide with some quality; endow
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
engender
to give rise to, to propagate, to cause: "His slip of the toungue engendered much laughter."
enjoin
command; order; forbid
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility; being an enemy
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
entomology
study of insects
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
enumerate
list; mention one by one
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
ephemeral
lasting for only a brief time, fleeting (n: ephemera); short lived
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
epigram
witty thought or paradoxical saying, usually short
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
epoch
period of time
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
equivocate
try to deceive by equivocal language
errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
evince
to show clearly; to indicate
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
exculpate
to demonstrate or prove to be blameless: "The evidence tended to exculpate the defendant."(adj: exculpatory)
execrable
very bad; detestable
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; øπº˙ ¿€«∞¿« ¡¶¿€¿⁄
exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
exigency
emergency an urgent situation
exiguous
small in amount; minute
exorbitant
exceeding customary or normal limits, esp. in quantity or price: "The cab fare was exorbitant."
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail; to roam; wander freely
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one's country
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
expiation
ending; expiring
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
expository
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
expurgate
to remove obscenity, purify, censor
exscind
to cut out; cut away
extant
in existence, still existing: The only extant representative of that species."
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
extenuate
reduce the strength; lessen seriousness; partially excuse
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
extralegal
outside the law
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
extricable
that can be freed
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
exult
rejoice
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
fallible
liable to err
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
fancied
imagined; unreal
fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
febrile
feverish
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality; ineffective
fecund
fertile
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
feint
pretend
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile); cruel; (of a disease) deadly
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
fete(f\^ete)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
figurehead
carved image on the prow of a ship
filch
steal (things of small value)
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells)
fissure
crevice; crack
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
fledged
able to fly; trained, experienced
floe
flat mass of floating ice
florescence
condition or period of flowering
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
flotsam
drifting wreckage
flout
reject, mock; to go against (as in going against tradition)
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another; defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. Fail
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
forage
food for horses and cattle
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
forebears(forbears)
ancestors
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance preempt
foretoken
premonitory sign
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
frenetic
frantic, frenzied
frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
frisk
move about playfully; froric; ADJ. frisky: playful
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
froward
intractable; not willing to yield or comply; stubborn
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
fusty
musty; rigidly old-fashioned or reactionary
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
gainsay
deny
gainsay
to deny; to oppose
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
garrulous
verbose; talkative; rambling: "We tried to avoid our garrulous neighbor."
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
gaucherie
socially awkward, tactless behavior
gentry
people of standing(rank or position); people of good family or high social position; class of people just below nobility
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
gerontology
study of the sociological phenomena associated with old age
gerrymander
change voting district lines in order to favor a political party; N. CF. Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
gesticulation
motion; gesture; V. gesticulate: make gestures (while speaking)
gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
girth
distance around something; circumference
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
gnomic
characterized by aphorism
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
gourmand
epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and drink
granary
storehouse for grain
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
gregarious
sociable; (of an animal) tending to form a group
grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
gruel
thin liquid porridge
guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
guile
skillful deceit: "He was known for his guile." (v. bequile; adj: beguiling.) Ohter meaning: to charm (v.) or charming (adj:), not positive connotation
guileless
without deceit
guise
outward appearance; costume; Ex. in a new guise
gull
trick; deceive; hoodwink; N: person who is easily tricked; dupe
gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
habituate
accustom or familiarize; addict
hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
hale
healthy
hap
chance; luck
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of
hardihood
resolute; courage and fortitude
hardy
(of people or animals) sturdy; robust; (of plants) able to stand inclement(stormy) weather
harrow
to distress; create stress or torment
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
hector
to bully
hegemony
dominance especially of one nation over others
heinous
atrocious; wicked; hatefully bad; Ex. heinous crime
herbivorous
grain-eating; CF. herbivore
hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight; concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
hermitage
home of a hermit
herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
heterogeneous
dissimilar; mixed; not homogeneous; consisting of dissimilar elements or plants
hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
histrionic
theatrical; excessively dramatic or emotional; affected; of actors or acting; N. histrionics: histrionic behavior
hoary
white with age
homeostasis
tendency of a system or organism to maintain relative stability or internal equilibrium; CF. homeo-: constant; Ex. homeotherm
homiletics
act of preaching
hone
sharpen (a tool); N: whetstone for sharpening a tool
hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
hubris
arrogance; excessive self-conceit
hummock
small hill; hillock
humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola
hypocritical
pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite
ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images
idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
ignoble
unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed
ignominious
shameful; dishonorable; undignified; disgraceful
ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
illicit
illegal
illimitable
infinite; limitless
illusory
illusive; deceptive; not real
imbalance
lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion
imbecility
weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool
imbibe
drink in
imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
imbue
saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
immutable
unchangeable
impecunious
penniless; poor; having little or no money
impenitent
not repentant
imperil
put in danger
imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
imperturbable
unshakably calm; placid
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
impious
irreverent
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
importunate
urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent
importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
imprecation
an invocation of evil; a curse
improvidence
an absence of foresight; a failure to provide for future needs or events: "Their improvidence resulted in the loss of their home."
impudent
rash indiscreet
impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
inamorata
woman whom a man loves
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
inchoate
not yet fully formed; rudimentary; elementary; in an initial or early stage; incomplete; disorganized: "The act of writing forces one to clarify incohate thoughts."
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
incisive
(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into
inclement
stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
incongruity
lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate
incontinent
lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious
incontrovertible
indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable
incorporeal
without a material body; insubstantial
incorrigible
not capable of being corrected: "The school board finally decided the James was incorrigible and expelled him from school."
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
incredulous
withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief
increment
increase
incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill; fix firmly by repetition
indelible
permanent; unerasable; strong: "The Queen made an indelible impression on her subjects."
indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
indenture
bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)
indices
signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index
indigence
poverty
indigenous
native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World
indigent
poor; destitute
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
indistinct
not easily heard, seen
indite
write; compose
indolent
lazy
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued; unconquerable; unyielding
indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
indubitable
too evident to be doubted
indulgent
humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence