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90 Cards in this Set

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cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect. The content of philosophical works is crebral in nature and requires much thought
centurion
Roman army officer. Because he was in command of a company of one hundred soldiers, he was called acenturion
centripetal
tending toward the center. Does centripetal force or the force of gravity bring orbiting bodies to the earth's surface?
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them. At the dairy, we employ a centrifuge to separate cream from milk
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center. many automatic drying machines remove excess moisture from clothin by centrifugal force
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius). On the centigrade thermoemter, the freezing point of water is zero degrees
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse. I was particularly impressed by the stattue of the centaur in the Roman Hall of the museum
censorious
critical. Censorious people delight in casting blame
censor
overseer of morals person who eliminates inappropriate matter. soldiers dislike having their mail read by a censor but understand the need for this precaution
celibate
abstaining fro sexual intercourse; unmarried.
celestial
heavenly. She spoke of the celestial joys that awaited vrtuous souls in the hereafter
celerity
speed; rapidity. Hamlet resented his mother's celerity in remarryiing within a month after his father's death
cede
yield (title, territory) to; surrender formally. Eventually the descendants of England's Henry II were forced to cede their French territories to the king of france. cession
cavil
make frivolous objections. I respect your sensible criticisms, but I dislike the way you cavil about unimportant details
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant. Sensitive about having her ideas taken lightly, Marcia felt insulted by Mark's cavalier dismissal of her suggestion
cavalcade
procession; parade. As described by Chaucer, the cavcalcade of Canterbury pilgrims was a motley group
cauterize
burn with hot iron or caustic. In order to prevent infection, the doctor cauterized the wound
caustic
burning'ssarcastically biting. The critic's caustic remarks angered the hapless actors who were the subjects of his sarcasm
causal
implying a cause-effect reationship. The psychologist maintained there was a causal relationship between the nature of one's early childhood experiences and one's adult personality. casuality
caulk
to make watertight (by plugging semas)> When water from the shower leaked into the basement, we knew it was time to caulk the tiles at the edges of the shower stall
caucus
private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy. At the opening of Congress the members of the Democratic Party held a caucus to elect the majority leader of the HOuse and the party whip
catholic
universal; wide ranging liberal. He was extremely catholic in his taste and read everything he could find in the library
cathartic
purgative. Some drugs act as laxatives when taken in small doses but act as cathartics when taken in much larger doses
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body. Aristotle maintained that tragedy created a catharsis by purging the soul of base concepts
categorical
without exceptions; unqualified; absolute. Though the captain claimed he was never, never sick at sea, he finally qualified his categorical deniall he was 'hardly ever' sick at sea
catechism
book for religious instruction; instruction by question and answer. He taught by engaging his pupils in a catechism until they gave him the correct answer
catcall
shout of disapproval; boo. Every major league pitcher has off days during which he must learn to ignore catcalls and angry hisses from the crowd
catastrophe
calamity; disaster. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was a catastrophe that destroyedmost of the city. A similar earthquake striking today could have even more catastrophic results
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality. She gazed with awe at the mighty cataract known as Niagara Falls
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine. Airplanes are sometimes launched from battleships by catapults
catalyst
agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction whie it remains unaffected and unchanged; person or thing that cuauses action
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval. A cataclysm such as the French Revolution affects all countries. cataclysmic adj
casualty
serious or fatal accident. The no. of automotive casualties on this holiday weekend was high
castigation
punishment; severe criticism
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
cascade
small waterfall. we were too tired to appreciate the beauty of the many cascades because we had to detour around them to avoid being drenched by the torrens cascading down
cartographer
map-maker. Though not a professional cartographer, tolkien was able to construct a map of his fictional world
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body, Buzzards are nature's scavengers; they eat the carrion left behind by other predators
carping
petting criticism; fault-finding. Welcoming constructive criticism, LExy appreciated her editor's comment,s finding them free of carping
carosual
drunken revel. Once the beer chugging contests started, the drinking got out of control, and the party degenerated into an ugly carousal
carnivorous
meat-eating. The lion's a carnivorous beast; a hunk of meat makes up his feast. A cow is not a carnivore; she likes the taste of grain, not gore
carnal
fleshly. Is the public more interested in carnal pleasure s than in spiritual matters? Compare the no. of ppl wo read playbody daily to the no of those who read the bible every day
carnage
destruction of life. The film 'THe Killing Fields vividly depicts the carnage wreaked by Pol Pot's followers in Cambodia
carillon
a set of bells capable of being played. The carillon in the bell tower of the coca cola pavillion at the NY world's fair provided musical entertainment every hour
caricature
distortion; bulesque. The caricatures he drew always emphsized personal weaknesses of the people he burlesqued
careen
lurch; sway from side to side. The taxicab careened wildly as it rounded the corner
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
cardinal
chief. If you want to increase your word power, the cardinal rule of vocabulary building is to read
carcinogenic
causing cancer
carat
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineneess of gold. eg 3 carat of diamond
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, crab) . At the children's zoo, RIchard perched on top of the giant turtle's hard carapace as the creature slowly made its way around te enclosure
captious
faultfinding. His criticisms were always captious and frivolous, never offering constructive suggestions
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
capricious
unpredictable; fickle. The storm was capricious; it changed course contstantly. Jill was capricious, too; she change bfs almost as often as she changed clothes. (me!)
caprice
whim. She was an unpredictable creture; acting on caprice, never taking thought of the consequences
capitulate
surrender. The enemy was warned to capitulate or face annihilation.
capillary
having a very fine bore. The changes in surface tension of liquids in capillary vessels is of special interest to physicists.
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; ability to accommodate. Mike had the capacity to handle several jobs at once
capacious
spacious. In the capacious areas of the railroad terminal, thousands of travelers lingered while waiting for their trains
canvass
determine or seek opinonis, votes. After canvassing the sentiments of his constituents, the congressman was confident that he represented the majority opinion of his district
canto
division of a long poem. Dante's poetic master piece. The Divine COmedy is divided into cantos
canter
slow gallop. Because the racehorse had out distanced its competition so easily, the reporter wrote that the race was won in a canter.
cantata
story set to music. to be sung by a chorus.
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable. Constantly complaining about his treatment and refusing to cooperate with the hospital staff, he was a cantakerous patient
cant
insincere expressions of piety; jargon of thieves. Shocked by news of the mnister's extramarital love affairs, the worshippers dismissed his talk about the sacredness of marriage as mere cant.
canon
rule or principle; frequently religious. 'one catastrophe, one locality, one day' these are aristotles' rules for tragedy, and calssic french plays strictly follow them
canon
collection or authoritative list of books. scholars hotly debated whether the newly discovered sonnet should be accepted as part of the shakespearean canon
canny
shrewd; thrifty, quick reaction. The canny scotsman was more than a match for the swindlers
canker
any ulcerous sore; any evil. Poverty is a canker in the body politic; it must be cured
canine
related to dogs; doglike. Some days the canine population of Berkeley seems almost to outnumber the human population
candor
frankness; open honesty. Jack can carry candor too far; when he told Jill his honest opinion of her, she nearly slapped his face. candid
canard
false or ufounded story; fabricated report. Rather than becoming upset by the National Enquirer story about tony's supposed infidelity, tina refused to take the canard seriously
camouflage
disguise; hide, conceal. in order to rescue Hansolo, princess leia camouflaged herself in the helmet and cloak of a space bandit
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minro role in a film. Don't bother buying cameos from the street peddlers in Rome; the carvings they sell are clumsy job.
camaraderie
good fellowship. What he loved best about his job was the sense of camaraderie he and his coworkers shared
calumny
maliciou misrepresentation; slander. He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the calumny that his foes heaped upon him
calorific
heat producing. Coal is much more calorific than green wood
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced. As a freshman, Jack was sure he was a man of the world; as a sophomore, he made fun of freshmen as callow youths
callous
hardened; unfeeling. He had worked in the hospital for so many years that he was callous to the suffering in the wards. callus N
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penemanship. As we examine ancient manuscripts, we become impressed with the calligraphy of the scribes
caliber
ability; quality. Einstein's cleaning the blackboards again? Alber, quit it. A man of your caliiber shouldn't have to do such menial tasks
caldron
large kettle. 'Why mr. Crusoe,' said the savage hating the giant caldron. 'we'd love to have you for dinner'
calculated
deliberately planned; likely.
calamity
disaster; misery. As news of the calamity spread, offers of relief poured in to the striken community
cajole
coax; wheedle. Cher tried to cajole her fahter into letting her drive the family car. cajoery
cadge
beg; mooch; panhandle. While his car was in the shop, Bob had to cadge a ride to work each day.
cadence
rhtymic rise and fall (of words or sounds) beat. Marching down the road, the troops sand out, following the cadence set by the sergeant
cadaver
corpse. In some states, it is illegal to dissect cadavers
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious. Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the cacophonous sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the racket.
cache
hiding place. The detectives followed the suspect until he led them to the cache wehere he had stored his loot