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131 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abacus
a tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a column as an aid in supporting the architrave
abdication
a formal resignation and renunciation of powers
aberration
a disorder in one's mental state

state or condition markedly different from the norm
abeyance
temporary cessation or suspension
abjure
formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure
abraded
having the skin scraped off
abscond
run away, usually includes taking something or somebody along
abrogate
revoke formally
abtruse
difficult to penetrate
abut
lie adjacent to or share a boundry
acarpous
producing no fruit
accretion
increase by growth or addition
adamant
very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem
adhesion
faithful support for a religion, cause, etc.

abnormal union of bodily tissues
adjacent
near or close to, but not touching
adorn
furnish with power or authority
affinity
kinship by marriage or adoption
ail
aromatic bulb used as seasoning
alacrity
liveliness and eagerness
alientate
transfer property or ownership
alloy
the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something

lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
ameliorate
get better
amortize
liquidate gradually
antithetical
sharply contrasted in character or purpose
apartheid
social policy or racial segregation involving discrimination against non-whites
aplomb
great coolness and composure under strain
apostate
a disloyal person who betrays or deserts cause, religion, friend, etc
apotheosis
the elevation of a person

model of excellence or perfection of a kind
apprehensive
quick to understand
apprise
increase the value of

make aware of
appropriate
give or assign a share of money or time to a particular person or cause

take possession of by force
apropos
of an appropriate or pertinent nature

by the way
arabesque
an ornament that interlaces simulated foliage in an intricate design

position in ballet dance
arboreal
inhabiting or frequenting trees

resembling a tree in structure
argot
a characteristic language of a particular group
articulate
provide with a joint

consisting of segments held together by joints
ascend
go back in order of genealogical succession
ascendancy
the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
ascetic
practices self denial as a spiritual discipline
ascribe
attribute or credit to
asperity
harshness of manner

something hard to endure
aspersion
the act of sprinkling water as in baptism

a disparaging remark
assiduous
marked by care and persistent effort
assuage
provide physical relief from pain, thirst, etc.

to be more favorably inclined, gain the good will of
assumption
the act of taking possession of or power over something
astringent
sour or bitter in taste
astute
marked by practical intelligence
attenuate
become weaker
audacious
disposed to venture or take risks

unrestrained by convention or propriety
augury
an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come
august
profoundly honored

of or befitting a lord
auspice
a favorable omen
auspicious
attended by favorable circumstances
austere
practicing great self-denial

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

severely simple
aver
to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

report or maintain
baleful
threatening evil or tragic developments

deadly or sinister
balk
one of several parallel sloping beams that support a roof

something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress

refuse to comply
banal
obvious and dull

repeated too often
beatify
declare a dead person to be blessed, first step to sainthood

to fill with sublime emotion
bedizen
dress up garishly
belie
represent falsely
bellicose
having or showing a ready disposition to fight
bend
diagonal line traversing a shield from the upper right corner to the lower left
bereft
sorrowful through loss or deprivation
bilge
where the sides of the vessel curve in to form the bottom

cause to leak
blandishment
the act of urging by means of teasing or flattery
blandness
the trait of exhibiting no embarrassment or concern

smooth and gracious in manner
blithe
carefree and happy, lacking concern
bolster
a pillow that is often put across a bed underneath the regular pillows
brass
impudent aggressiveness

the persons who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
brazen
made of or resembling glass
brook
put up with something or somebody unpleasant
burgeon
grow and flourish
burnish
the property of being smooth and shiny
bust
an occasion for excessive eating and drinking
cabal
a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act, especially a political plot

a clique that seeks power secretly
cadge
obtain or seek to obtain by cadging or wheedling
calipers
an instrument for measuring the distance between two points
calumniate
charge falsely or with malicious intent, attack the good name and reputation of
calumny
an abusive attack on a person's character
canvass
an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people
capricious
determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity or reason
castigate
censure serverly
catalyst
a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
caustic
any chemical substance that burns or destroys living tissue

harsh or corrosive in tone
censure
harsh criticism or disapproval

the state of being excommunicated

rebuke formally
centurion
leader of 100 soldiers
chary
characterized by great cautiousness and wariness
chisel
deprive somebody of something by deceit
churl
a bad tempered person

a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spend

a crude uncouth, ill bred person lacking refinement
cloture
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body

terminate debate by calling for a vote
coax
a transmission line for high-frequency signals
coddle
cook in nearly boiling water
codicil
a supplement to a will, a testamentary instrument intended to alter an already executed will
coeval
a person of nearly the same age as another

of the same period
cogent
powerfully persuasive
cogitate
use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions or solutions

consider carefully and deeply
collusion
secret agreement
commend
give in to change
complaisance
a disposistion or tendancy to yeild to the will of others
compunction
a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed
concord
the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relationships
concur
to happen simultaneously
condone
excuse, overlook or make allowances for
conjoin
to make come together
connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested
console
housing for electronic instruments

an ornamental scroll-shaped bracket
consternation
fear resulting from the awareness of danger
contemn
look down on with disdain
contentious
having or showing a ready disposistion to fight

involving or likely to cause controversy

inclination to dispute, even to engage in law suits
contiguous
very close or connected in space or time
contrite
feeling regret for a fault or offense
contumacious
willfully obstinate, stubbornly disobedient
conundrum
a difficult problem
convoluted
highly involved or intricate
cord
a unit of amount of wood cut for burning
cordon
adornment consisting of an ornamental ribbon or cord

cord or ribbon work as an insignia of honor or rank
corporeal
having material or physical form or substance

affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
corroboration
confirmation that some fact or statement is true
countenance
the apperance conveyed by a person's face

formal and explicit approval
countervail
oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions
covert
a flock of coots
craven
an abject coward
crease
Malayan dagger with a wavy blade
credulity
tendency to believe readily
credulous
disposed to believe on little evidence

showing a lack of judgment or experience
crush
a leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated
cumbersome
not elegant or graceful in expression
curmudgeon
a crusty, irascible, cantankerous old person full of stubborn ideas
cursory
hasty and without attention to detail
dart
a tapered tuck made in dressmaking