Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/141

Click to flip

141 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
precarious
adj. uncertain, risky, dangerous
precept
n. rule establishing standards of conduct, a doctrine that is taught
preciitate
adj. acting with excessive haste or impulse
predilection
n. a disposition in favor of something, preference
preempt
v. to replace, to supersede, to appropriate
preen
v. to dress up, primp, groom oneself with elaborate care; in animals, to clean fur or feathers
prescience
n. knowing of events prior to their occurring
prize
v. to pry, press or force with a lever
probity
adj. adherence to highest principle, uprightness
proclivity
n. a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
adj. recklessly wasteful, extravagant, profuse, lavish
prodigious
adj. abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
profligate
adj. excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
profuse
adj. given or coming forth abundantly, extravagant
prolific
adj. producing large volumes or amounts, productive
prolix
adj. long-winded, verbose
propinquity
adj. nearness in time or place, affinity of nature, kinship
propitiate
v. to appease, conciliate
propitious
adj. auspicious, favorable
prosaic
adj. dull, unimaginitive
proscribe
v. to outlaw or prohibit
provident
adj. frugal, looking to the future
puerile
adj. childish, immature
punctilious
adj. precise, paying attention to trivialities, especially in regard to etiquette
pundit
n. an authority on a subject, one who gives opinions
pusillanimous
adj. cowardly, craven
quaff
v. to drink deeply
quail
v. to shrink back in fear, lose courage
qualify
v. to limit
qualms
n. misgivings, reservations, causes for hesitancy
querulous
adj. prone to complaining or grumbling, quarrelsome
quixotic
adj. foolishly impractical, marked by lofty romantic ideals
quotidian
adj. occurring or recurring daily, commonplace
rail
v. to divided or subdivided, branch out
rancorous
adj. characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rapacious
adj. voracious, greedy, plundering, subsisting on prey
rarefy
v. to make or become thin, less dense, refine
rebus
n. riddle, a representation of words by pictures of symbols that sound like the words
recondite
adj. hidden, concealed, difficult to understand, obscure
reconnoiter
v. to engage in reconnaissance, make a preliminary inspection of
recumbent
adj. leaning, resting, prone
redolent
adj. fragrant, suggestive, evocative
redoubtable
adj. awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refulgent
adj. radiant; shiny; brilliant
regale
v. to delight or entertain, feast
remonstrate
v. to protest, object
rent
v. torn, split apart, pierced as by a sound

n. a tear or breach
repine
v. to feel or express dejection or discontent, long for
repudiate
v. to refuse to have anything to do with, disown
rescind
v. to invalidate, repeal, retract
resolute
adj. adamant, steadfast, determined
reticent
adj. quiet, reserved, reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
reverent
adj. marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe and repect
rhetoric
n. the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion

or

pretentious or insincere language

rhetorical means used to persuasive effect
rubric
n. authoritative rule, heading, title, or category
rue
v. regret, feel remorse
salacious
adj. appealing to or causing sexual desire
salient
adj. prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
salutary
adj. remdial, wholesome, causing improvement
sanctimony
adj. remedial, wholesome, causing improvement
sanctimony
n. self-rightiousness, pretended piety
sanction
n. authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance
sanguine
adj. cheerful, confident, optimistic
sap
v. to enervate or weaken the vitality of

n. a gullible person, a fool
satiate
v. to overindulge, satisfy to excess

synonym: sate
satire
n. a literary work that ridicules or criticizes human vice through humor or derision
saturnine
adj. gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
scurvy
adj. contemptible, despicable
sedulous
adj. diligent, persistent, hard-working
seine
n. a large net hung out and dragged in to catch fish
sere
adj. withered, arid
seminal
adj. like a seed, constituting a source, originative
simper
v. to smirk, to say something with a silly, coy smile

n. silly smile
sinecure
n. position requiring little of no work and usually providing an income
singular
adj. exceptional, unusual, odd
slake
v. to satisfy, quench, lessen the intensity of
sodden
adj. soaked or drenched, unimaginative, dull
solder
v. to weld, fuse or join, as with a soldering gun
solicitous
adj. concerned or attentive, eager
solvent
adj. able to meet financial obligations
sophistry
n. fallacious reasoning; plausible but faulty logic
sophomoric
adj. exhibiting immaturity, lack of judgment, pretentious
soporific
adj. causing drowsiness, tending to induce sleep
splenetic
adj. bad-tempered, irritable
stanch
v. to stop the flow of a fluid
static
adj. not mocing, active or in motion; at rest
stentorian
adj. extremely loud and powerful
stint
v. to restrain, be sparing or frugal

n. a lenght of time spent in a specific way
strut
n. a structural support used to brace a framework
stygian
adj. gloomy, dark
stymie
v. to block, thwart
subpoena
n. a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
succor
n. assistance, relief in time of distress
sundry
adj. various, miscellaneous, separate
supercilious
adj. disdainful, arrogrant, haughty, characterized by haughty scorn
supine
adj. inactive, lying in one's back, apatheitc, mentally or morally slack
suppliant
adj. asking humbly, beseeching
supplicant
n. beggar, one who prays or begs or something
surfeit
v. to feed or supply in excess
table
v. to remove (as a parliamentary motion) from consideration
tacit
adj. implied, not explicitly stated
tamp
v. to plug, to drive in or down by a series of blows
tautology
n. a repetition, a redundancy, a circular argument
tawdry
adj. cheap, gaudy, showy, tacky, indecent
tenacity
n. the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued

tenacious means stubborn, refusing to give up or let fo of something
tendentious
adj. biased, showing marked tendencies
tender
v. to offer formally
timorous
adj. timid, fearful, diffident
toady
n. sycophant, flatterer, yes-man
torpid
adj. lethargic, sluggish, dormant
torrid
adj. scorching, ardent, pasionate, hurried
tout
v. to publicly praise r promote
tractable
adj. docile, obedient, easily led
trenchant
adj. sharply perceptive, keen, penetrating, biting, clear cut
tumid
adj. swollen
turbid
adj. muddy, having sediment stirred up, clouded to the point of being opaque, in a state of turmoil
turgid
adj. swollen, bloated, pompous, excessively ornate
turpitude
n. depravity, baseness
tyro
n. novice, beginner in learning
umbrage
n. offense, resentment
unfeigned
adj. genuine, not false or hypocritical
untenable
adj. indefensible, not viable, uninhabitable
untoward
adj. troublesome, unruly, unseemly, adverse
upbraid
v. to scold, censure, rebuke, chastise
urbane
adj. sophisticated, refined, elegant
usury
n. charging an exorbitant or illegal rate of interest
variegated
adj. multicolored, characterized by a variety of patches of different color
vaunt
v. to brag or boast
venal
adj. capable of being bought or bribed, mercenary
venerate
v. to revere (respect)
veracity
n. truthfulness, honesty
voracity
n. ravenous or very eager
verisimilitude
n. appearing true or real
veritable
adj. authentic, real, genuine
vigilant
adj. alertly watchful
vilify
v. to defame, characterize harshly
virulent
adj. extremely harmful or poisonous, bitterly hostile or antagonistic
vitiate
v. to reduce the value of, debase, spoil, make ineffective
vituperate
v. to use harsh condemnatory language; abuse or censure severely
voracious
adj. having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit, ravenous
wend
v. to go, proceed, walk