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223 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ANODYNE
noun (aah nuh dien)
something that calms or soothes pain
ARROGATE
verb (aa ruh gayt)
claim without justification or right
ATTENUATE
verb (uh tehn yoo ayt)
reduce in force or degree
AUDACIOUS
adj (aw day shuhs)
fearless or daring
BLIGHT
verb (bliet)
damage or destroy; afflict
CALUMNY
noun (kaa luhm nee)
a false and malicious accusation
COGENT
adj (koh juhnt)
well-reasoned and convincing
COLLUSION
noun (kuh loo zhuhn)
conspiracy, collaborated
CONTUMACIOUS
adj (kahn tuh may shuhs)
rebellious
CORROBORATE
verb (kuh rahb uhr ayt)
to support with evidence
DECOROUS
adj (deh kohr uhs)
proper, tasteful, socially correct
DEMUR
verb (dih muhr)
to express doubts or objections
DERIDE
verb (dih ried)
to mock, to speak of or treat with contempt
DESICCATE
verb (deh sih kayt)
to dry out thoroughly
DESULTORY
adj (dehs uhl tohr ee)
erratic, jumping from one thing to another
DIAPHANOUS
adj (die aaf uh nuhs)
allowing light to show through; translucent
DIATRIBE
noun (die uh trieb)
an abusive, condemnatory speech
DICTUM
noun (dihk tuhm)
authorative statement
DIFFIDENT
adj (dih fih dint)
lacking self-confidence; bashful or coy
DILATORY
adj (dihl uh tohr ee)
to use something to delay; procrastinating
DILETTANTE
noun (dih luh tahnt)
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
DIRGE
noun (duhrj)
a funeral hymn or mournful speech
DISSEMBLE
verb (dihs sehm buhl)
to give a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character
DISSONANCE
noun (dihs uh nuhns)
a harsh and disagreeable combination
DISTAFF
noun (dis taf)
female branch of a family
DISTEND
verb (dih stehnd)
to swell, inflate, bloat
DOCTRINAIRE
adj (dahk truh nayr)
rigidly devoted to theories without regard for practicality; dogmatic
DYSPEPTIC
adj (dihs pehp tihk)
suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable; melancholy
EBULLIENT
adj (ih byool yuhnt)
exhilarated
EDIFY
verb (eh duh fie)
to morally instruct
EFFICACY
noun (eh fih kuh see)
effectiveness
EFFIGY
noun (eh fuh jee)
stuffed like a doll; likeness of a person
EFFRONTERY
noun (ih fruhnt uhr ee)
impudent boldness
ENCOMIUM
noun (ehn koh me uhm)
warm praise
ENDEMIC
adj (ehn deh mihk)
local, native, belonging to a particular area
ENERVATE
verb (ehn urh vayt)
to reduce in strength
ENGENDER
verb (ehn jehn duhr)
to produce or bring about
EPHEMERAL
adj (ih fehm uhr uhl)
fleeting, momentary
EQUIVOCATE
verb (ih kwihv uh kayt)
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead
ESOTERIC
adj (eh suh tehr ihk)
known only by a few
ESTIMABLE
adj (eh stuh muh buhl)
admirable, ESTEEM
EUPHONY
noun (yoo fuh nee)
pleasant, harmonious sound
EXACERBATE
verb (ihg zaas urh bayt)
to make worse
EXIGENT
adj (ehk suh juhnt)
urgent; requiring immediate action
EXPONENT
noun (ihk spoh nuhnt)
one who champions or advocates
EXPURGATE
verb (ehk spuhr gayt)
to censor
FATUOUS
adj (fah choo uhs)
stupid; foolishly self-satisifed
FLAG
verb (flaag)
to slacken in strength, vigor, or interest
FOMENT
verb (foh mehnt)
to arouse or incite; instigate
FRACTIOUS
adj (fraak shuhs)
unruly, rebellious
FRENETIC
adj (fruh neht ihk)
frantic, frenzied; delirious
FURTIVE
adj (fuhr tihv)
secret, stealthy
GAMBOL
verb (gaam buhl)
to dance or skip around playfully
GARNER
verb (gahr nuhr)
gather and store
GESTATION
noun (jeh stay shuhn)
growth process from conception to birth
GRADATION
noun (gray day shuhn)
process occurring by regular degrees or stages; variation in color; shade; step
HAPLESS
adj (haap luhs)
having bad luck
HEGEMONY
noun (hih jeh muh nee)
the domination of one state or group over its allies
HERMETIC
adj (huhr meh tihk)
tightly sealed
HOARY
adj (hohr ee)
very old
HUSBAND
verb (huhz buhnd)
to manage economically; to use sparingly, to conserve
HYPERBOLE
noun (hie puhr boh lee)
purposeful exaggeration for effect
ICONOCLAST
noun (ie kahn uh klaast)
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
IDIOSYNCRACY
noun (ih dee uh sihn kruh see)
peculiarity of temperament; oddity; quirk
IGNOBLE
adj (ihg noh buhl)
not noble in character; having low moral standards
IMBUE
verb (ihm byoo)
dye; wet; moisten; permeate; to infuse
IMPECUNIOUS
adj (ihm pih jyoo nyuhs)
poor, having no money
IMPETUOUS
adj (ihm peh choo uhs)
quick to act without thinking
IMPRECATION
noun (ihm prih kay shuhn)
a curse
INCARNADINE
adj (in car nuh deen)
blood-red in color
INCHOATE
adj (ihn koh uht)
not fully formed, disorganized
INCULCATE
verb (ihn kuhl kayt)
to teach, impress in the mind
INEXORABLE
adj (ihn ehk suhr uh buhl)
inflexible, unyielding
INGENUOUS
adj (ihn jehn yoo uhs)showing innocence or childlike simplicity
INIMICAL
adj (ih nihm ih kuhl)
hostile, unfriendly
INIQUITY
noun (ih nihk wih tee)
sin, evil act
INNOCUOUS
adj (ih nahk yoo uhs)
harmless
INQUEST
noun (ihn kwehst)
an inquiry, an investigation
INSIPID
adj (ihn sih pid)
lacking interest or flavor; bland
INSURRECTION
noun (ihn suh rehk shuhn)
rebellion
INTER
verb (in tuhr)
to bury
INTRACTABLE
adj (ihn traak tuh buhl)
not easily manipulated or managed
INTRANSIGENT
adj (ihn traan suh juhnt)
uncompromising, refusing to be reconciled
INTREPID
adj
fearless, resolutely courageous
INUNDATE
verb (ih nuhn dayt)
to overwhelm; to cover with water
INURE
verb (ih nyoor)
to harden; accustom, become used to, familiarize
INVESTITURE
noun (in ves tuh chur)
ceremony conferring authority
JETTISON
verb
to discard, to get rid of as unecessary or encumbering
JINGOISM
noun
belligerent support of one's country
JOCULAR
adj
playful, humorous
KNELL
noun
sound of a funeral bell
LACONIC
adj
using few words
LAPIDARY
adj
relating to precious stones or the art of cutting them
LARGESS
noun
generous giving to others who may seem inferior (male)
LASSITUDE
noun
a state of diminished energy
LEERY
adj
suspicious
LEGERDEMAIN
trickery
LEVITY
noun
an inappropriate lack of seriousness, overly casual
LICENTIOUS
adj
immoral; unrestrained by society
LIMPID
adj
clear, transparent
LIONIZE
verb
to treat as a celebrity
LISSOME
adj
limber, agile, easily flexible
LISTLESS
adj
lacking energy or motivation
LUGUBRIOUS
sorroful, mournful; dismal
MACHINATION
noun
plot or scheme; design
MAELSTROM
noun
whirlpool; turmoil, agitated state of mind
MAGNATE
noun
powerful or influential person
MALEDICTION
noun
a curse or wish of evil upon someone else
MALINGER
verb
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
MARTINET
noun
strict disciplinarian; one who rigidly follows rules
MAUDLIN
adj
overly sentimental
MENDACIOUS
adj
dishonest
MENDICANT
noun
beggar
MERCURIAL
adj
quick, shrewed, and unpredictable
MERETRICIOUS
adj
gaudy; falsely attractive
MILITATE
verb
to operate against, work against
MISSIVE
noun
a written note or letter
MITIGATE
verb
to soften, to lessen
MULTIFARIOUS
adj
diverse
MYOPIC
adj
short-sighted; lacking foresight
NADIR
noun
lowest point; bottom; depth
NASCENT
adj
starting to develop; coming into existence
NEOLOGISM
noun
new word or expression
NEOPHYTE
noun
novice, beginner
NETTLE
verb
to irritate
NOISOME
adj
stinking
NUANCE
noun
a subtle expression of meaning or quality
NUMISMATICS
noun
coin collecting
ODBURATE
adj
resistant to persuasion; hardened to feeling; inflexible
OBLIQUE
adj
indirect; evasive; misleading
OBSEQUIOUS
adj
overly submissive and eager to please; compliant
OBVIATE
verb
to prevent; to make unnecessary
OCCLUDE
verb
to stop up, prevent passage of; barricade
OFFICIOUS
adj
too helpful; meddlesome
ONEROUS
adj
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
OPAQUE
adj
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
OPINE
verb
to express an opinion; point out; voice
OPPROBIUM
noun
public disgrace; discredit
OROTUND
pompous
OSSIFY
verb
to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern
OSTENSIBLE
adj
apparent; supposed; surface
OVERWROUGHT
adj
agitated, overdone, elaborate
PALATIAL
adj
relating to a palace; magnificent
PALLIATE
verb
to make less serious; ease
PANEGYRIC
noun
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
PANOPLY
noun
impressive array
PARE
verb
to trim off excess, reduce
PASTICHE
noun
piece of literature or music imitating other works
PATHOGENIC
adj
causing disease
PECCADILLO
noun
minor sin or offense
PENURY
noun
severe poverty
PEREGRINATE
verb
to wander from place to place; to travel, especially on foot
PERFIDIOUS
adj
disloyal, willing to betray one's trust
PERFUNCTORY
adj
routine-like way; indifferent
PERIPATETIC
adj
wandering from place to place, especially on foot
PERSPICACIOUS
adj
shrewd, astute
PHALANX
noun
a compact or close-knit body of people
PHILISTINE
noun
a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values
PLEBEIAN
adj
crude; unrefined; conventional
POLEMIC
noun
controversy, argument; verbal attack
POSIT
verb
to assume as real; propose as an explanation
POTENTATE
noun
a monarch or ruler with great power
PRECIPITATE
verb
to throw violently or bring about abruptly
PRESCIENT
adj
having foresight
PROBITY
noun
complete honesty and integrity
PROCLIVITY
noun
a natural inclination or predisposition
PRODIGAL
adj
lavish, wasteful
PROFLIGATE
adj
corrupt, degenerate
PROPITIATE
verb
to conciliate, to appease
PUGILISM
noun
boxing
PULCHRITUDE
noun
beauty
PUNGENT
sharp and irritating to the senses
PUSILLANIMOUS
adj
cowardly, without courage
QUERULOUS
adj
inclined to complain, irritable
QUIESCENT
adj
motionless
QUIXOTIC
adj
overly idealistic, impractical
RACONTEUR
noun
witty, skillful storyteller
RAREFY
verb
to make thinner or sparser
REDRESS
noun
relief from wrong or injury
REJOINDER
noun
response
REPAST
noun
meal or mealtime
RESTIVE
adj
impatient; uneasy; restless
RETICENT
adj
silent, reserved
RIBALD
adj
humorous in a vulgar way
SACROSANCT
adj
extremely sacred; beyond criticism
SAGACIOUS
adj
shrewd, wise
SALIENT
adj
prominent, notable significance
SALUBRIOUS
adj
healthful
SATIATE
to satisfy fully or overindulge
SEDITION
noun
behavior that promotes rebellion
SENTIENT
adj
aware; conscious, unable to perceive
SINECURE
noun
a well-paying job or office that requires little or no work
SLAKE
verb
to calm down or moderate
SOBRIQUET
noun
nickname
SOLECISM
noun
grammatical mistake; blunder in speech
SOPORIFIC
adj
causing sleep or lethargy
SPECIOUS
adj
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
STENTORIAN
adj
extremely loud
STOLID
adj
unemotional, lacking sensitivity
TANGENTIAL
adj
digressing, diverting, irrelevant
TIRADE
noun
long harsh speech or verbal attack
TOADY
noun
on who flatters in the hope of gaining favors
TORPOR
noun
extreme mental and physical sluggishness
TRENCHANT
adj
acute; sharp; effective
TURGID
adj
swollen as from a fluid; bloated
TYRO
noun
beginner, novice
UMBRAGE
noun
offense; resentment
UNCONSCIONABLE
adj
shockingly unfair or unjust
UNEQUIVOCAL
adj
certain, absolute
USURY
noun
the practice of lending money
VACILLATE
verb
to physically sway, to be indecisive
VERNAL
adj
related to spring; fresh
VESTIGE
noun
a sign, trace
VICISSITUDE
noun
a change or variation
VIM
noun
vitality and energy
VISCOUS
adj
thick and adhesive, like a slow-flowing fluid
VITUPERATE
verb
to abuse verbally, berate
VOLATILE
adj
explosive; easily aroused
VOLUBLE
adj
talkative
WAN
adj
sickly pale
XENOPHOBIA
noun
a fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers
YOKE
verb
to join together
ZENITH
noun
the point of culmination; peak