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310 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PRECOCIOUS
Showing advanced development, intelligent
TEDIUM
Boredom
DEARTH
A scarcity or lack of something
PARSIMONIOUS
Very frugal
TIMOROUS
Showing fear or hesitancy
REND
To tear something apart violently
SWILL
To drink large amounts of something
PRATTLE
To talk in a silly, childish way
BOLSTER
To strengthen or support
DENOUNCEMENT
To publicly accuse
COHORT
A united group of people with common interests
EXTRINSIC
Outside of
SPURIOUS
Being different from what it claims to be, a fake
ANOMALOUS
Deviating from the norm
INGENIOUS
Clever
INSIPID
Without flavor
ERSATZ
An inferior imitation
FACILE
Easily done
CAUSTIC
Corrosive
ASTUTE
Insightful
NASCENT
Starting to develop
INCIPIENT
Beginning to appear or develop
RIBALD
Humorous but rude and vulgar
CLAQUE
A group of people hired to applaud or praise someone
HAGIOGRAPHY
A biography of a saint
VENERATE
To respect someone or honor someone as sacred
POLEMIC
A strongly worded argument against someone or something
DIATRIBE
An attack on someone or something
REMONSTRATION
The act of pleading in protest
ENCOMIUM
An expression of high praise
VERITY
Something that is true and is accepted as fact
AXIOMATIC
Universally accepted as being true
CONFLAGRATION
A large fire that causes a great deal of damage
TRUISM
An obvious truth
FLAIL
To thrash or swing around
DEBAUCH
To persuade someone to behave in an immoral way: seduce
DEBASE
To reduce something’s value (or someone’s status)
EMPHATIC
Expressed or done with emphasis
CONTENTIOUS
Frequently causing fights
RAUCOUS
Loud and unpleasant
INOCULATE
To introduce a serum to create immunity
DEFAME
To attack someone’s character by making slanderous comments
HALCYON
Calm and peaceful
TECTONIC
Relating to Earth’s movement
TEMPESTUOUS
Frequently turbulent and giving rise to many emotions
SURREPTITOUS
Sneaky
CLANDESTINE
Sneaky
VERDANT
Green with vegetation
Lacking in experience
ROCOCO
Ornate
ASTRINGENT
Rigidly severe
OPULENT
Wealthy
OBTUSE
Slow to understand or perceive something
FRENETIC
Characterized by confusion and hurry
BENIGN
Having a kind disposition and appearance, not harmful
FORTUITOUS
Happening by chance
LACONIC
Using very few words
ARBITRARY
Based on personal wishes rather than facts
Chosen at random
FLAUNTING
To display ostentatiously
FLOUTING
To scorn
INCISIVE
Quick to understand and act
ZEALOUS
Unreservedly enthusiastic
PIOUS
Holy, sacred, religious
STEADFAST
Firm and unwavering
APOTHEOSIS
Elevation to divine being
DISSIMULATION
The act of putting on a false appearance
DISSENSION
Disagreement that leads to open conflict
NEGATION
Something that is the opposite of something positive
CONCATENATION
The state of being linked together
CONVOCATION
A large formal assembly
CONCORDANCE
Similarity or agreement between two or more things
CONSUMMATION
The final completion of something
MAGNANIMOUS
Overly generous
FESTER
To decay or rot, produce pus
FASTIDIOUS
Overly tidy
DEMUR
To delay doing something b/c of personal objections
To object mildly to doing something
SUCCINCT
Clear and to the point
EXACERBATE
To make matters worse
INDIGENCE
Extreme poverty
BLITHE
Cheerful
PROSCRIBE
To prohibit, to condemn something
PALL
To be or become uninteresting or insipid (dull)
JINGOISM
Zealous patriotism (with hostility towards other countries)
DISSIPATE
To cause something to disappear
To spend or use something wastefully
RUE
To feel bad about, regret
ARCANE
Hidden, difficult to understand
ATROPHY
To waste away
LANGUOR
A feeling of weakness, having no energy
CLAMOR
Noise
To demand noisily
MALADROIT
Clumsy or insensitive in speech or behavior
MAGNANIMOUS
Very generous
BURGEON
To flourish rapidly
ROUT
A noisy and disorganized group of people
GUFFAW
A loud, deep laugh
RAUCOUS
Loud and unpleasant sounding
TOME
A large, heavy book
LECHER
A man who behaves lustfully in a way that is distasteful
MISSIVE
A letter or written communication
FORTHRIGHT
Plain, simple, and honest in speech
INDOLENCE
Lazy light a sloth
FLOUT
To show contempt for laws by openly breaking it
TRITE
Overused and lacking in originality
LAMPOON
To make someone look foolish (in writing)
LOQUACIOUS
Tending to talk a great deal
RETICENT
Not talkative, unwilling to reveal al the facts
TACITURN
Uncommunicative, reserved in speech and manner
ERUDITE
Having or showing great book smarts
CHARLATAN
Someone who falsely claims a special skill
PHILISTINE
Ignorant and uncultured
ENERVATE
To weaken someone’s vitality
DISSEMBLE
To play a part to fool someone
MENDACIOUS
Dishonest, lying at any time
EMBITTER
To make someone feel bitter or wronged
ROGUE
Someone who is dishonest but likable
EQUANIMITY
Evenness of temper even under stress
NONPLUSSED
Perplexed
FLUMMOXED
Confused
ZENITH
High point or climax
CODA
The final section of a piece of music or writing
CRAVEN
Cowardly
SCYTHE
Instrument of death
PROTEAN
Continually changing, versatile
BUREAUCRAT
An official who applies rule rigidly
MISO-
Hater of
INNATE
Inborn
BANAL
Boringly ordinary, commonplace
ABRIDGE
To shorten
UNGAINLY
Clumsy, awkward
MANIFEST
Clear to see or understand
To make something clear by demonstrating
DULCET
Pleasant to hear, soothing
BURLY
Heavily built
PLETHORA
An excessive amount of something
SAGACIOUS
Keen, having good judgment, clever
DESULTORY
Happening in a random, disorganized way
GRAVE
Serious, solemn
PROWESS
Exceptional ability or skill
EPHEMERAL
Lasting for only a short period of time
PENCHANT
A strong liking for
SURFEIT
Excess (to the point of getting sick of something)
ACUMEN
Sharp, insightful
ASCETIC
Someone who chooses a life of self-denial
EVANESCENT
Quickly disappearing
SOMNOLENT
Feeling sleepy, making someone feel sleepy
REVELRY
Lively celebration
INCREDULITY
A state or feeling of disbelief
INSOLVENT
Broke, bankrupt
LUCID
Clear and easily understood
AGGRANDIZE
To increase the size of something
CORPULENT
Obese
AUSTERE
Plain and simple, without indulgence
EXTRANEOUS
Coming from outside, irrelevant
PRUDENT
Careful, practical
PRODIGAL
Wasteful
FERAL
Wild, untamed
ALACRITY
Eager and speedy readiness
DOWDY
Drab and plain in style
PROGNOSTICATE
To predict the future
EQIVOCATE
Say one thing and mean another, lie
ESPOUSED
To take up a cause
PINIONED
To restrain by binding the arms, shackle
CONCILIATORY
Done to restore trust or goodwill
RANCOR
Resentment
PERSONA
A character
AGGREGATION
A group composed of many parts or persons
CHIMERA
Fantasy, made up
MORIBUND
Declining, nearly dead
DULCET
Pleasant to hear, calming
TRENCHANT
Penetrating, clear-cut, deliberately hurtful
SOBRIQUET
A nickname given to you by someone
IMBIBE
To drink
SHYSTER
An unprincipled professional
TORPID
Lazy, no energy
GELID
Cold
DOLEFUL
Sad
SANGUINE
Cheerful, confident
PEERLESS
Without equal
DIDDLE
To cheat someone
MOUNTEBANK
Someone who cheats other people
BILK
To cheat someone out of their money
DEBUNK
To expose a sham
QUIBBLES
To evade the point by talking
FOMENT
To cause or stir up trouble
EXTORT
To obtain something by using threats
DISEMBARK
To get off (a plane, ship, train)
BANTER
To exchange lighthearted, teasing remarks
PERSIFLAGE
Light or teasing good-hearted talk
FLUMMOX
Confuse
INTREPID
Fearless and persistent in the pursuit of something
URBANE
Suave
OVERTURE
The beginning, first step
IRASCIBLE
Irritable, easily provoked
PRAGMATIC
Practical
CHAGRINED
Annoyed
FORTITUDE
Strength in a difficult or painful situation
SCATHING
Severely critical and scornful
PROFLIGATE
Extravagant and wasteful
PERFUNCTORILY
Characterized by routine or superficiality, lacking in enthusiasm
FALLACIOUS
Untrue
DEARTH
Scarcity or lack of something
AMBULATORY
Walking or able to walk
PRECOCIOUS
Intelligent (at an earlier age than is expected)
PREAMBLE
Introduction
EMENDATE
To amend, revise, rewrite
APPELLANT
The plaintiff
RODOMONTADE
Pretentious speech or behavior
DISDAIN
Extreme contempt for
To despise
INANITY
Stupidity
DELETERIOUS
Harmful
ARROGATE
To take or claim something without the right to do so
FLUENT
Easy, articulate
AFFLUENT
Rich
RECTITUDE
Strong moral integrity
FORBEARANCE
A refraining from the enforcement of something (as a debt, right, or obligation) that is due
LIMPID
Clear and easy to understand
FEBRILE
Feverish
DEPONENT
Someone who testifies under oath
QUELL
To bring something to an end by force, to suppress a feeling
DESICCANT
A drying agent
OFFICIOUS
Bossy
INSIDIOUS
Slowly and subtly harmful
IMPUTE
To charge someone with something (usually undesirable)
PUNCTILIOUS
Very careful about being socially correct
NEGATION
The denial or cancellation of something
PERSPICACITY
Acuteness of discernment or perception
CALCIFY
To harden
ABORTIVE
Unsuccessful, failing to reach completion
FURTIVE
Secretive
FACTICIOUS
Produced by humans rather than natural forces
JUDICIOUS
Showing wisdom, sensible
VERTIABLE
Absolute, true
SUBLIME
Inspiringly beautiful
VULPINE
Relating to a fox
DILATORY
Tending to waste time or move slowly
UNFLAGGING
Remaining strong and unchanging
OVERT
Done openly and without any attempt at concealing
ANTECEDENT
Precursor
ANIMUS
A feeling of animosity, an attitude that motivates somebody’s actions
ADJURATION
A solemn oath
INTERDICT
Prohibition
INTERPOSE
Interject
DISDAIN
Extreme disgust for someone or something
To regard someone as unworthy of respect
PRECARIOUS
Dangerously unstable, risky
INIMICAL
Unfavorable, showing hostility
VAINGLORIOUS
Conceited
EMPIRICAL
Experimental
PORTENTOUS
Very serious, pompous, inspiring amazement
ALLURING
Appealing
BELLICOSE
Inclined to fight
INNOCUOUS
Inoffensive
PERNICIOUS
Wicked and destructive
INDECOROUS
Rude and shocking
BLOWZY
Sloppy, unkempt appearance
TRADUCE
To say very critical things about someone
CONTUMACIOUS
Flagrantly rebellious
PUISSANT
Powerful or mighty
CONSONANT
In agreement with
IRASCIBLE
Easily provoked
UNSCRUPULOUS
Dishonest
MALINGER
To pretend to be ill to avoid work
EFFERVESCENT
To bubble and foam as gas escapes
AVARICE
Greed
FUTILE
Useless
CENSURE
Severe criticism
BENEVOLENT
Showing kindness or goodwill
DESPONDENT
feeling or showing extreme discouragement, dejection, or depression
EBULLIENT
cheerful
FRENETIC
frantic
PARSIMONIOUS
Thrifty, stingy
FLACCID
Limp, lacking energy
AMELIORATE
To improve something to make it better
AUGMENT
To grow or increase something
APATHY
Lack of interest in anything, indifferent
AVARRICIOUS
Greedy
APOCRYPHAL
Probably not true but widely believed to be true
DECREPIT
Old, in poor condition
DEARTH
Lack
EPHEMERAL
Short-lived
THE BIASED-SAMPLE FALLACY
This fallacy is committed when a person draws a conclusion about a population based on a sample that is biased or prejudiced in some manner. It has the following form:
Sample S, which is biased, is taken from population P. Conclusion C is drawn about Population P based on S.
THE INSUFFICENT-SAMPLE FALLACY
 The Fallacy of the Insufficient Sample is committed whenever an inadequate sample is used to justify the conclusion drawn. 

Here's an argument that commits the fallacy of the insufficient sample:
I have worked with 3 people from New York City and found them to be obnoxious, pushy and rude. It is obvious that people from New York City have a bad attitude.
The data for the inference in this argument are insufficient to support the conclusion. Three observations of people are not sufficient to support a conclusion about 10 million.
THE FALLACY OF FAULTY ANALOGY
Reasoning by analogy functions by comparing two similar things. Because they are alike in various ways, the fallacy is that it is likely they will share another trait as well. Faulty Analogy arguments draw similarities between the things compared that are not relevant to the characteristic being inferred in the conclusion.
Here's an example of a Faulty Analogy fallacy:
Ted and Jim excel at both football and basketball. Since Ted is also a track star, it is likely that Jim also excels at track.
In this example, numerous similarities between Ted and Jim are taken as the basis for the inference that they share additional traits.
POST HOC
This is a "false cause" fallacy in which something is associated with something else because of mere proximity of time. One often encounters - in news stories- people assuming that because one thing happened after another, the first caused it, as with "I touched a toad, I have a wart, the toad caused the wart." The error in arguments that commit this fallacy is that their conclusions are causal claims that are not sufficiently substantiated by the evidence.
Here are two examples of the After This, Therefore Because of This Fallacy:
Ten minutes after walking into the auditorium, I began to feel sick to
my stomach. There must have been something in the air in that building that caused my nausea.
The stock market declined shortly after the election of the president,
thus indicating the lack of confidence the business community has in the new administration.
THE FALSE DICHOTOMY FALLACY
THE “ALL THINGS ARE EQUAL” FALLACY
 This fallacy is committed when it is assumed, without justification, that background conditions have remained the same at different times/locations. In most instances, this is an unwarranted assumption for the simple reason that things rarely remain the same over extended periods of time, and things rarely remain the same from place to place.
The last Democrat winner of the New Hampshire primary won the general election. This year, the winner of the New Hampshire primary will win the general election.
     The assumption operative in this argument is that nothing has changed since the last primary. No evidence or justification is offered for this assumption.
THE FALLACY OF EQUIVACANTION
   The Fallacy of Equivocation occurs when a word or phrase that has more than one meaning is employed in different meanings throughout the argument.

"Every society is, of course, repressive to some extent - as Sigmund Freud pointed out, repression is the price we pay for civilization." (John P. Roche- political columnist)
In this example, the word repression is used in two completely different contexts. "Repression" in Freud's mind meant restricting sexual and psychological desires. "Repression" in the second context does not mean repression of individual desires, but government restriction of individual liberties, such as that in a totalitarian state.
FALSE AUTHORITY
A false authority fallacy occurs when people offer themselves (or other suspicious authorities) as sufficient warrant for believing their claims
APPEAL TO IGNORANCE
Appealing to ignorance as evidence for something. (e.g., We have no evidence that God doesn't exist, therefore, he must exist. Or: Because we have no knowledge of alien visitors, that means they do not exist). Ignorance about something says nothing about its existence or non-existence.