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555 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abase
v. lower; degrade; humiliate
abash
v. embarrass
abate
v. subside or moderate
abbreviate
v. shorten
abdicate
v. renounce; give up
aberrant
adj. abnormal or deviant
aberration
n. abnormality; departure from the norm; mental irregularity or disorder
abet
v. assist
abeyance
n. suspended action
abhor
v. detest; hate
abject
adj. wretched; lacking pride
abjure
v. renounce upon oath; disavow
ablution
n. washing
abnegation
n renunciation; self-sacrifice
abolish
v. cancel; put an end to
abominable
adj. detestable; extremely unpleasant
abominate
v. loathe; hate
aboriginal
adj., n. being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native
abortive
adj. unsuccessful; fruitless
abrasive
adj. rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge
v. condense or shorten
abrogate
v. abolish
abscission
n. removal by cutting off, as in surgery; separation
abscond
v. depart secretly and hide
absolute
adj. complete; totally unlimited; certain
absolve
v. pardon (an offense)
abstain
v. refrain; withhold from participation
abstemious
adj. sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstinence
n. restraint from eating or drinking
abstract
adj. theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstruse
adj. obscure; profound; difficult to understand.
abusive
adj. coarsely insulting; physically harmful
abut
v. border upon; adjoin
abyss
n. enormous chasm; vast, bottomless pit
academic
adj. related to a school; not practical or directly useful
accede
v. agree
accelerate
v. move faster
accessible
adj. easy to approach; obtainable
accessory
n. additional object
acclaim
v. applaud; announce with great approval
acclimate
v. adjust to climate or environment; adapt.
acclivity
n. sharp upslope of a hill
accolade
n. award of merit
accommodate
v. oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt
accomplice
n. partner in a crime
accord
n. agreement
accost
v. approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
v. equip
accretion
n. growth; increase
accrue
v. come about by addition
acerbic
adj. bitter or sour in nature; sharp and cutting
acerbity
n. bitterness of speech and temper
acetic
adj. vinegary
acidulous
adj. slightly sour; sharp; caustic
acknowledge
v. recognize; admit
acme
n. peak, pinnacle; highest point
acoustics
n. science of sound; quality of that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
acquiesce
v. assent; agree passively
acquittal
n. deliverance from a charge
acrid
adj. sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
adj. bitter in words or manner
acrophobia
n. fear of heights
actuarial
adj. calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuate
v. motivate
acuity
n. sharpness
acumen
n. mental keenness
acute
adj. quickly perceptive; keen; brief and severe
adage
n. wise saying; proverb
adamant
adj. hard; inflexible
adapt
v. alter; modify
addendum
n. addition; appendix to book
addiction
n. compulsive, habitual need
addle
v. muddle, drive crazy; become rotten
address
v. direct a speech to; deal with or discuss
adept
adj. expert at
adhere
v. stick fast
adherent
n. supporter; follower
adjacent
adj. adjoining; neighboring; close by
adjunct
n something (generally nonessential or interior) added on or attached
adjuration
n. solemn urging
adjutant
n. staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonish
v. warn; reprove
adorn
v. decorate
adroit
adj. skillful
adroit
adj. skillful
adulation
n. flattery; admiration.
adulterate
v. make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances.
advent
n. arrival.
adventitious
adj. accidental; casual.
adversary
n. opponent; enemy.
adverse
adj. unfavorable; hostile.
adversity
n. poverty; misfortune.
advert
v. refer (to).
advocacy
n. support; active pleading on behalf of someone or somethin.
advocate
v. urge; plead for
aegis
n. shield; defense.
aerie
n. nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk).
aesthetic
adj. artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful.
affable
adj. easily approachable; warmly friendly.
affected
adj. artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress.
affidavit
n. written statement made under oath.
affiliation
n. joining; associating with.
affinity
n. kinship
affirmation
n. positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath.
affix
v. attach or add on; fasten.
affliction
n. state of distress; cause of suffering
affluence
n. abundance; wealth
affront
n. insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect.
agape
adj. openmouthed.
agenda
n. items of business at a meeting.
agglomeration
n. collection; heap
aggrandize
v. increase or intensify; raise in power, wealth, rank or honor.
aggregate
v. gather; accumulate.
aggressor
n. attacker.
aghast
adj. horrified; dumbfounded
agility
n. nimbleness
agitate
v. stir up; disturb
agnostic
n. one who is skeptical of the existence of a god or any ultimate reality
agog
adj. highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
adj. pertaining to land or its cultivation
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness; eagerness.
alchemy
n. medieval form of speculative thought that aimed to transform base metals (lead or copper) into silver or gold and to discover a means of prolonging life.
alcove
n. nook; recess.
alias
n. an assumed name.
alienate
v. make hostile; separate
alimentary
adj. supplying nourishment.
alimony
n payments made to an ex-spouse after divorce.
allay
v. calm; pacify
allege
v. state without proof.
allegiance
n. loyality
allegory
n. story in which characters are used as symbols; fable.
alleviate
v. relieve
alliteration
n. repetition of beginning sound in poetry.
allocate
v. assign.
alloy (noun usage)
n. a mixture as of metals.
alloy (verb usage)
v. mix; make less pure; lesson or moderate
allude
v. refer indirectly
allure
v. entice; attract
allusion
n. indirect reference.
alluvial
adj. pertaining to soil deposits left by running water.
aloof
adj. apart; reserved.
aloft
adv. upward
altercation
n. noisy quarrel; heated dispute.
altruistic
adj. unselfishly generous; concerned for others.
amalgamate
v. combine; unite in one body.
amass
v. collect
amazon
n. female warrior.
ambidextrous
adj. capble of using either hand with equal ease.
ambience
n. environment; atmosphere
ambiguous
adj. unclear or doubtful in meaning.
ambivalence
n. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes.
amble
n. moving at an easy pace.
ambrosia
n. food of the gods.
ambulatory
adj. able to walk; not bedridden.
ameliorate
v. improve.
amenable
adj. readily managed or willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally.
amend
v. correct; change, generally for the better.
amenities
n. convenient features; courtesies
amiable
adj. agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly.
amicable
adj. politely friendly; not quarrelsome.
amiss
adj. wrong; faulty.
amity
n. friendship
amnesia
n. loss of memory.
amnesty
n. pardon
amoral
adj. nonmoral
amorous
adj. moved by sexual love; loving.
amorphous
adj. formless; lacking shape or definition
ample
adj. abundant
amplify
v. boraden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger.
amputate
v. cut off part of body; prune.
amok (also amuck)
adv. in a state of rage
amulet
n. charm; talisman
anachronism
n. something or someone misplaced in time.
analgesic
adj. causing insensitivity to pain
analogous
adj. comparable
analogy
n. similarity; parallelism
anarchist
n. person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anarchy
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder.
anathema
n. solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse.
ancestry
n. family descent
anchor
v. secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place.
ancillary
adj. serving as an aid or accessory; auxillary.
anecdote
n. short account of an amusing or interesting event
anemia
n. condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles.
anesthetic
n. substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
anguish
n. acute pain; extreme suffering.
angular
adj. sharp-cornered; stiff in manner.
animadversion
n. critical remark.
animated
adj. lively; spirited.
animosity
n. active enmity.
animus
n. hostile feeling or intent
annals
n. records; history.
anneal
v. reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling.
annex
v. attach; take possesion of
annihilate
v. destroy
annotate
v. comment; make explanatory notes.
annuity
n. yearly allowance
annul
v. make void
anodyne
n. drug that relieves pain; opiate.
anoint
v. consecrate
anomalous
adj. abnormal; irregular.
anomaly
n. iregularity
anonymity
n. state of being nameless; anonymousness.
antagonism
n. hostility; active resistance
antecede
v. precede.
antecedents
n. preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; ancestors of early background
antediluvian
adj. antiquated; extremely ancient.
anthem
n. song of praise or patriotism
anthology
n. book of literary selections by various authors.
anthropoid
adj. manlike.
anthropologist
n. student of the history and science of humankind
anthropomorphic
adj.. having human form or characterstics
antic
adj. extravagantly odd
anticlimax
n. letdown in thought or emotion
antidote
n. remedy to counteract a poison or disease
antipathy
n. aversion; dislike
antiquated
adj. obsolete; outdated
antispetic
n. substance that prevents infection
antithesis
n. contrast; direct opposite of or to.
anvil
n. iron block used in hammering out metals
apathy
n. lack of caring; indifference
ape
v. imitate or mimic
aperture.
n. opening; hole
apex
n. tip; summit; climax
aphasia
n. loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
n. pithy maxim or saying.
apiary
n. a place where bees are kept
aplomb
n. poise; assurance
apocalyptic
adj. prophetic; pertaining to revelations.
apocryphal
adj. spurious; not authentic; invented rather than true.
apogee
n. highest point.
apolitical
adj. having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apologist
n. one who writes in defense of a cause or institution.
apostate
n. one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
apothecary
n. durggist
apothegm
n. pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
n. elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appall
v. dismay; shock
apparition
n. ghost; phantom
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve.
appellation
n. name; title
append
v. attach
application
n. diligent attention
apposite
adj. appropriate; fitting
appraise
v. estimate value of
appreciate
v. be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious
apprehend
v. arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive.
apprehensive
adj. fearful; discerning
apprise
v. inform.
approbation
n. approval
appropriate
v. acquire; take possesion of for one's own use.
appurtenances
n. subordinate possessions.
apropos
adj. to the point and timely
aptitude
n. fitness; talent
acquiline
adj. curved, hooked
arabesque
n. style of decoration involving intertwined plants and abstract curves; ballet position with one leg supporting the weight of the body, while the other leg is extended in back.
arable
adj. fit for growing crops
arbiter
n. person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge
arbitrary
adj. unreasonable or capricious; tryannical.
arbitrate
v. act as judge
arboretum
n. place where different varieties of trees and shurbs are studied and exhibited.
arcade
n. a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
arcane
adj. secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated.
archaeology
n. study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
archaic
adj. antiquated
archetype
n. prototype; primitive pattern
archipelago
n. group of closely located islands
archives
n. public records; place where public records are kept
ardor
n. heat; passion; zeal
arduous
adj. hard; strenuous.
argot
n. slang.
aria
n. operatic solo
arid
adj. dry; barren
aristocracy
n. hereditary nobility; privileged class
armada
n. fleet of warships
aromatic
adj. fragrant
arraign
v. charge in court; indict
array
v. marshal; draw up in order
array
v. clothe; adorn
arrears
n. being in debt
arrest
v. stop or check; seize or capture (the attention)
arrhythmic
adj. lacking rhythm or regularity
arrogance
n. pride; haughtiness
arroyo
n. gully
arsenal
n. storage place for military equipment.
artful
adj. cunning; crafty; sly
articulate
adj. effective; distinct.
artifact
n. object made by human beings, either handmade or mass-produced.
artifice
n. deception; trickery
artisan
n. manually skilled worker; craftsman, as opposed to artist
artless
adj. without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
n. controlling influence.
ascertain
v. find out for certain
ascetic
adj. practicing self-denial; austere
ascribe
v. refer; attribute; assign
aseptic
adj. preventing infection; having a cleansing effect.
ashen
adj. ash-colored; deadly pale
asinine
adj. stupid
askance
adv. with a sideways or indirect look.
askew
adv. crookedly; slanted; at an angle
asperity
n. sharpness (of temper).
aspersion
n. slanderous remark.
aspirant
n. seeker after position or status
aspire
seek to attain; long for
assail
v. assault
assay
v. analyze; evaluate
assert
v. state strongly or positively; insist on or demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.).
assessment
n. estimation; appraisal
assiduous
adj. diligent
assimilate
v. absorb; cause to become homogenous
assuage
v. ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger).
assumption
n. something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possesion of
assurance
n. promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence.
asteroid
n. small planet
astigmatism
n. eye defect that prevents proper focus
astral
adj. relating to the stars
astringent
adj. binding; causing contraction; harsh or severe.
astronomical
adj. enormously large or extensive.
astute
adj. wise; shrewd; keen.
asunder
adv. into parts; apart
asylum
n. place of refuge or shelter; protection.
asymmetric
adj. not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
atavism
n. resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback
atheist
n. one who denies the existence of God
atone
v. make amends for; pay for.
atrocity
n. brutal deed.
atrophy
n. wasting away
attentive
adj. alert and watchful; considerate; thoughtful.
attenuate
v. make thinner; weaken or lessen (in density, force, degree).
attest
v. testify; bear witness
attribute (noun usage)
n. essential quality
attribute (verb usage)
v. ascribe; explain
attrition
n. gradual decrease in numbers; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment
atypical
adj. not normal
audacious
adj. daring; bold.
audit
n. examination of accounts
augment
v. increase; add to.
augury
n. omen; prophecy.
august
adj. impressive; majestic
aureole
n. sun's corona; halo
auroral
adj. pertaining to the aurora borealis
auspicious
adj. favoring success.
austere
adj. forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented
authenticate
v. prove genuine.
authoritarian
adj. subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another's will
authoritative
adj. having the weight of authority; peremptory and dictatorial
autocratic
adj. having absolute, unchecked power; dictatorial.
automation
n. mechanism that imitates actions of humans.
autonomous
adj. self-governing.
autopsy
n. examination of a dead body; postmortem
avalanche
n. great mass of falling snow and ice
avarice
n. greediness for wealth
avenge
v. take vengeance for something (or on behalf of someone).
aver
v. assert confidently or declare; as used in law, state formally as a fact.
averse
adj. reluctant; disinclined
aversion
n. firm dislike
avert
v. prevent; turn away
aviary
n. enclosure for birds.
avid
adj. greedy; eager for
avocation
n. secondary or minor occupation.
avow
v. delcare openly
avuncular
adj. like an uncle
awe
n. solemn wonder
awl
n. pointed tool used for piercing
awry
adv. distorted; crooked
axiom
n. self-evident truth requiring no proof
azure
adj. sky blue
babble
chatter idly.
bacchanalian
adj. drunken
badger
v. pester; annoy
badinage
n. teasing conversation
baffle
v. frustrate; perplex.
bait
v. harass; tease
baleful
adj. threatening; menacing; sinister; foreshadowing evil
balk
v. stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue
balk (verb usage)
v. foil
ballast
n. heavy substance used to add stability or weight.
balm
n. something that relieves pain
balmy
adj. mild; fragrant
banal
adj. hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality
bandy
v. discuss lightly or glibly; exchange (words) heatedly.
bane
n. curse; cause of ruin
baneful
adj. destructive; causing ruin or death
bantering
adj. good-naturedly ridiculing
barb
n. sharp projection from fishhook or other object; openly cutting remark
bard
n. poet
barefaced
adj. shameless; bold; unconcealed.
baroque
adj. highly ornate
barrage
n. barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion
barrister
n. counselor-at-law
barterer
n. trader
bask
v. luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
bastion
n. stronghold; something seen as a source of protection
bate
v. let down; restrain
bauble
n. trinket; trifle, something of little value
bawdy
adj. indecent; obscene.
beatific
adj. showing or producing joy; blissful
beatify
v. bless or sanctify; proclaim someone dead to be one of the blessed
beatitude
n. blessedness; state of bliss
bedizen
v. dress with vulgar finery
bedgraggle
v. wet thoroughly
beeline
n. direct, quick route
befuddle
v. confused thoroughly
beget
v. father; produce; give rise to
begrudge
v. resent
beguile
v. mislead or delude; cheat; pass time
behemoth
n. huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
beholden
adj. obligated; indebted.
behoove
v. be necessary or proper for; be incumbent upon
belabor
v. explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally.
belated
adj. delayed
beleaguer
v. besiege or attack; harass
belie
v. contradict; give a false impression
belittle
v. disparage; deprecate
bellicose
adj. warlike; pugnacious; naturally inclined to fight
belligerent
adj. quarrelsome
bemoan
v. lament; express disapproval of
bemused
adj. confused; lost in thought; preoccupied.
benediction
n. blessing
benefactor
n. gift giver; patron
beneficent
adj. kindly; doing good
beneficial
adj. helpful; useful
beneficiary
n. person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benevolent
adj. generous; charitable
benign
adj. kindly; favorable; not malignant.
benison
n. blessing
bent
adj.; n. determined; natural talent or inclination
bequeath
v. leave to someone by means of a will; hand down
berate
v. scold strongly.
bereavement
n. state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved
bereft
adj. deprived of; lacking
berserk
adv. frenzied
beseech
v. beg; plead with
beset
v. harass or trouble; hem in
besiege
v. surround with armed forces; harass (with requests).
besmirch
v. soil, defile
bestial
adj. beastlike; brutal; inhuman
bestow
v. confer
betoken
v. signify; indicate
betray
v. be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly)
betroth
v. become engaged to marry
bevy
n. large group
bicameral
adj. two-chambered, as a legislative body
bicker
v. quarrel
biennial
ajd. every two years.
bifurcated
adj. divided into two branches; forked
bigotry
n. stubborn intolerance
bilious
adj. suffering form a liver complaint; peevishly ill humored
bilk
v. swindle; cheat
billowing
adj. swelling out in waves; surging.
bivouac
n. temporary encampment
bizarre
adj. fantastic; violently contrasting
blanch
v. bleach; whiten
bland
adj. soothing or mild; agreeable
blandish
v. cajole; coax with flattery
blandishment
n. flattery
blare
n. loud, harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light.
blase'
adj. bored with pleasure or dissipation.
blasphemy
n. irreverence; sacrilege; cursing
blatant
adj. extremely obvious; loudly offensive
bleak
adj. cold or cheerless; unlikely to be favorable.
blighted
adj. suffering from a disease; destroyed.
blithe
adj. carefree and unconcerned (perhaps foolishly so); cheerful and gay.
bloated
adj. swollen or puffed as with water or air.
blowhard
n. talkative boaster.
bludgeon
n. club; heavy-headed weapon.
bluff
adj. rough but good-natured
bluff (noun usage)
n. pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff
blunder
n. error
blurt
v. utter impulsively
bluster
v. threaten emptily; bully.
bode
v. foreshadow; portend
bogus
adj. counterfiet; not authentic
bohemian
adj. unconvential(in an artistic way).
boisterous
adj. violent rough; noisy
bolster
v. support; reinforce
bolt (noun usage)
n. door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric
bolt (verb usage)
v. dash or dart off; (fasten (a door); gobble down.
bombardment
n. attack (as with missiles).
bombastic
adj. pompous; using inflated language
boon
n. blessing; benefit
boorish
adj. rude; insensitive
bouillon
n. clear beef soup
bountiful
adj. abundant; graciously generous
bourgeois
adj. middle class; selfishly materialistic; dully conventional
bovine
adj. cowlike; placid and dull
bowdlerize
v. expurgate, to cleanse of something morally harmful, offensive, or erroneous
boycott
v. refrain from buying or using
brackish
adj. somewhat saline
braggadocio
n. boasting
braggart
n. boaster
brandish
v. wave around; flourish
bravado
n. swagger; assumed air of defiance
brawn
n. muscular strength; sturdiness
brazen
adj. insolent
breach
n. breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap
breadth
n. width; extent
brevity
n. conciseness
brindled
adj. tawny or grayish with streaks or spots.
bristling
adj. rising like bristles; showing irritation
brittle
adj. easily broken; difficult
broach
v. introduce; open up
brocade
n. rich, figured frabric
brochure
n. pamphlet.
brooch
n. ornamental clasp
brook
v. tolerate; endure
browbeat
v. bully; intimidate
browse
v. graze; skim or glance at casually.
brunt
n. main impact or shock
brusque
adj. blunt; abrupt
buccaneer
n. pirate
bucolic
adj. rustic; pastoral; of or relating to the countryside : not urban
buffonery
n. clowning
bugaboo
n. bugbear; object of baseless terror
bullion
n. gold and silver in the form of bars
bulwark
n. earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
bungle
v. mismanage; blunder
buoyant
adj. able to float; cheerful and optimistic
bureaucracy
n. overregulated adminstrative system marked by red tape.
burgeon
v. grow forth; send out buds
burlesque
v. give an imitation that ridicules
burnish
v. make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
v. support; prop up
buxom
adj. full-bosomed; plump; jolly
cabal
n. small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
n. hiding place
cacophonous
adj. discordant; inharmonious
cadaver
n. corpse
cadaverous
adj. like a corpse; pale
cadence
n. rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat
cadge
v. beg; mooch; panhandle
cajole
v. coax; wheedle
calamity
n. disaster; misery
calculated
adj. deliberately planned; likely
caldron
n. large kettle
caliber
n. ability; quality
calligraphy
n. beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
callous
adj. hardened; unfeeling
callow
adj. youthful; immature; inexperienced
calorific
adj. heat-producing
calumny
n. malicious misrepresentation; slander
camaraderie
n. good-fellowship
cameo
n. shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
camouflage
v. disguise; conceal
canard
n. false or unfounded story; fabricated report
candor
n. frankness; open honesty
canine
adj. related to dogs; doglike
canker
n. any ulcerous sore; any evil
canny
adj. shrewd; thrifty
canon
n. collection or authoritative list of books (e.g., by an author, or accepted as scripture).
canon
n. rule of principle, frequently religious
cant
n. insincere expression of piety; jargon of thieves
cantankerous
adj. ill-humored; irritable
cantata
n. story set to music, to be sung by a chorus
canter
n. slow gallop