Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the action or process of writing in shorthand or taking dictation.
1 a piece of jewelry that hangs from a chain worn around the neck.
• a necklace with such a piece of jewelry.
• a light designed to hang from the ceiling.
• the part of a pocket watch by which it is suspended.
• Nautical a short rope hanging from the head of a ship's mast, yardarm, or clew of a sail, used for attaching tackles.

2 an artistic, literary, or musical composition intended to match or complement another : "the triptych's pendant will occupy the corresponding wall in the south transept."
• lack of imagination, foresight, or intellectual insight : "historians have been censured for their myopia in treating modern science as a western phenomenon."
1 extremely poor; poverty-stricken : "a penurious old tramp."
• characterized by poverty or need : "penurious years."

2 parsimonious; mean : he was generous and hospitable in contrast to his stingy and penurious wife.
showing a lack of courage or determination; timid.
the pursuit of pleasure; sensual self-indulgence.
• the ethical theory that pleasure (in the sense of the satisfaction of desires) is the highest good and proper aim of human life.
untruthfulness : "people publicly castigated for past mendacity."
depravity; wickedness : "acts of moral turpitude."
contemptibly lacking in courage; cowardly
exhibiting different colors, esp. as irregular patches or streaks : "variegated yellow bricks."
• Botany (of a plant or foliage) having or consisting of leaves that are edged or patterned in a second color, esp. white as well as green.
• marked by variety : "his variegated and amusing observations."
soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud or clay and can be split easily into fragile slabs.
an underground cemetery consisting of a subterranean gallery with recesses for tombs, as constructed by the ancient Romans.
• an underground construction resembling or compared to such a cemetery.
1 a plant of the daisy family that has bright rayed flowers, typically of purple or pink.

New England aster
• Genus Aster, family Compositae: numerous species, many of which bloom in autumn, including the wild purple New England aster ( A. novae-angliae).

2 Biology a star-shaped structure formed during division of the nucleus of an animal cell.
of, relating to, or characteristic of a sophomore : "my sophomoric years."
• pretentious or juvenile : "sophomoric double entendres."
not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily : "she was extremely reticent about her personal affairs."
a tool with a helical bit for boring holes in wood.
• a similar larger tool for boring holes in the ground.
an inhabitant or occupant of a particular place : "denizens of field and forest."
• Brit., historical a foreigner allowed certain rights in the adopted country.
legitimate, honest, and open : "certain transactions were not totally aboveboard."
(of a route or journey) longer than the most direct way : "the canal followed a circuitous route"
| figurative: "a circuitous line of reasoning."
an extensive fire that destroys a great deal of land or property.
a keen or close watch : "she was keeping an eagle eye on Laura."
brave and determined.
diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry) : "the report attempted to educate the public and allay fears."
• relieve or alleviate (pain or hunger) : "some stale figs partly allayed our hunger."
a monarch or ruler, esp. an autocratic one.
the utterance or bestowing of a blessing, esp. at the end of a religious service.
• ( Benediction) a service in which the congregation is blessed with the Blessed Sacrament, held mainly in the Roman Catholic Church.
• devout or formal invocation of blessedness : "her arms outstretched in benediction."
• the state of being blessed : "he eventually wins benediction."
a female fox.
• a spiteful or quarrelsome woman.
a flock of geese.
• informal a disorderly or noisy group of people : "the gaggle of reporters and photographers that dogged his every step."
a person who deserts one party or cause in order to join an opposing one.
given to begging.
• of or denoting one of the religious orders that originally relied solely on alms : "a mendicant friar."
having little or no money : "a titled but impecunious family."
(of a person or their manner) childishly sulky or bad-tempered : "he was moody and petulant"
| a petulant shake of the head.
laugh in a breathy, gleeful way; chuckle : "he chortled at his own pun."
intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive : "a didactic novel that set out to expose social injustice."
• in the manner of a teacher, particularly so as to treat someone in a patronizing way : "slow-paced, didactic lecturing."
a person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.
have an angry or sullen look on one's face; scowl : "she glowered at him suspiciously."
a pithy observation that contains a general truth, such as, “if it ain't broke, don't fix it.”
• a concise statement of a scientific principle, typically by an ancient classical author.
1 looking exhausted and unwell, esp. from fatigue, worry, or suffering : "I trailed on behind, haggard and disheveled."
2 (of a hawk) caught for training as a wild adult of more than twelve months.
a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly.
in keeping with good taste and propriety; polite and restrained : "dancing with decorous space between partners."
forbid, esp. by law
• denounce or condemn
• an outlaw (someone).
silly; stupid
hard, menial, or dull work
(of words or the person speaking them) fluent and voluble but insincere and shallow : "she was careful not to let the answer sound too glib."
the omission of a sound or syllable when speaking (as in I'm, let's, e ' en).
• an omission of a passage in a book, speech, or film
• the process of joining together or merging things, esp. abstract ideas
a person who makes slow progress and falls behind others : "there was no time for laggards."