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883 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
verb: to decrease; reduce
verb: to give up a position, right, or power
adjective: deviating from what is normal
noun: something different from the usual or normal
noun: temporary suppresion or suspension
adjective: miserable; pitiful
verb: to reject; abandon formally
noun: the act of cutting; the natural separation of a leaf or other part of a plant
verb: to cut off or away
verb: to depart secretly
adjective: moderate in appetite
noun: the giving up of certain pleasures
adjective: very bad
noun: growth in size or increase in amount
verb: to accumulate; grow by additions
adjective: uncompromising; unyielding
noun: something added, attached, or joined
verb: to caution or reprimand
verb: to corrupt or make impure
adjective: relating to beauty or art

noun: a conception of what is artistically beautiful
"The Gothic aesthetic dominated European art and architecture from approximately the 12th to the 15th century."
noun: someone who cultivates a special sensitivity to beauty
adjective: pretentious, phony

"It has been argued that the emphasis on so-called "proper English" leads to unnatural and affected speech"
noun: fondness; liking; similarity
verb: to make larger or greater

One of the concerns of the framers of the U.S. constitution was that one branch of government would try to aggrandize itself at the expense of the others
adjective: amounting to a whole; total

The aggregate wealth of a country includes private as well as public resources and possesions.

verb: to collect into a mass

noun: collective mass or sum
noun: cheerful willingness; eagerness; speed
noun: medieval chemical philosophy based on changing mtal into gold; a seemingly magical power or process of transmutation
verb: to lessen; ease; soothe

Improvements in antivirus software have allayed many people's fears of having their computers infected with malicious software
verb: to relieve; improve partially
noun: a combination; a mixture of two or more metals
noun: the power to entice by charm

verb: to entice by charm
verb: to combine into a unified whole

Former members of Game and Minority Report were amalgamated to form Browntown
adjective: unclear or doubtful in meaning
noun: the state of having conflicting emotional attitudes

John felt some ambivalence about getting married before finishing college
noun: something delicious; the food of the gods

adjective: ambrosial
verb: to improve
adjective: agreeable; cooperative; suited

The young writer is amenable to suggestions for improving her prose style to make it more interesting
noun: something that increases comfort

Many amenities considered normal and necessary by people in developed countries, such as indoor plumbing, were luxuries only a few generations ago
noun: ornament worn as a charm againts evil spirits
noun: something out of the proper time

Some experts regard the retirement age of 65 as an anachronism at a time when people in the developed world have much longer life expectancies than previously.
noun: medication that reduces or eliminates pain
adjective: comparable
noun: something that is comparable to something else

Some commentators have posited the existence of an analog to the Protestant work ethic in Chinese culture, which they call the "Confucian work ethic," to explain the economic success of some countries with large Chinese populations.
noun: absence of government; state of disorder
noun: something that calms or soothes pain

Some people use alcohol as an anodyne to numb their emotional pain
adjective: relaxing or capable of soothing pain

The public relations officer is remarkably anodyne; all he does is mouth comforting, politically correct platitudes,saying nothin of substance
adjective: irregular; deviating from the norm
noun: something that comes before
adjective: prehistoric
noun: dislike; hostility
noun: indifference
noun: the highest point
noun: the point in an orbit most distant from the body being orbited; the highest point
noun: a terse, witty saying
also spelled apophthegm

One of the best-known political apothegms was written by the British historian, Lord Acton: "Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely."
verb: to calm; pacify; placate
noun: name
adjective: strikingly appropriate and relevant
verb: to inform
noun: praise; approval
verb: to take possession for one's own use; confiscate

The invading army appropriated supplies from the houses of the local people
adjective: relevant

Apropos of nothing, the speaker declared that the purpose of life is to love.
noun: ornate design featuring intertwined curves; a ballet position in which one leg is extended in back while the other supports the weight of the body

The ballerina stunned the audience with her perfectly executed arabesque
noun: the study of material evidence of past human life
noun: great emotion or passion
adjective: extremely difficult; laborious
noun: a specialized vocabulary used by a group

Writers of crime fiction often use the argot of criminals and detectives to create a realistic atmosphere.
verb: to stop; to seize

Temporary arrest of the patient's respiration made it easier for the doctor to perform surgery on him
noun: item made by human craft
adjective: guileless; natural
noun: one who practices self denial
Muslim ascetics consider the internal battle againts human passions a greater jihad than the struggle againts infidels.

adjective: self-denying or austere
The writer's ascetic lifestyle helped her to concentrate on finishing her novel.

noun: asceticism
noun: severity; harshness; irritability
noun: slander; false rumor

The Republic of Singapore is a young democracy, and its leaders often respond strongly to journalists and others who cast aspersions on their integrity.
adjective: diligent; hard-working
verb: to make less severe
adjective: harsh; severe
noun: place of refuge or shelter
noun: in biology, the reappearance of a characteristic in an organism after several generations of absence; individual or a part that exhibits atavism; return of a trait after a period of absence
verb: to weaken
adjective: bold; daring
adjective: stern; unadorned
adjective: self-governing; independent
noun: greed
verb: to affirm; declare to be true
noun: secondary occupation

Dan became so proficient at his avocation -computer programming- that he is thinking of giving up his job as a teacher to do it full time.
adjective: like an uncle, benevolent and tolerant
adjective: taken for granted; self-evident; obvious; containing aphorisms or maxims
adjective: pertaining to riotous or drunken festivity; pertaining to revelry
adjective: commonplace; trite
noun: playful conversation
noun: poet
adjective: obscene
verb: to sanctify; to bless; to ascribe a virtue to

noun: beatification
verb: to dress in a vulgar, showy manner

Janell went to the costume party bedizened as a french maid.
noun: huge creature; anything very large and powerful
verb: to contradict; misrepresent; give a false impression

Raymond's austere facial expression belies his fun personality.
adjective: kindly; doing good
verb: to divide into two parts

noun: bifurcation
noun: flattery
blase, apostrophe thing over the "e"
adjective: bored because of frequent indulgence; unconcerned
verb: to give a boost to; prop up; support
adjective: pompous; using inflated language
adjective: rude; insensitive
adjective: cowlike
adjective: bold; shameless
verb: to mention for the first time
adjective: characteristic of the countryside; rustic; pastoral
verb: to flourish

The burgeoning world population resulted in an increase in pollution.
verb: to polish

The poet T.S. Eliot burnished his reputation as one of the master poets of the twentieth century with Four Quartets, four long poems published between 1936 and 1942.
verb: to reinforce; support
adjective: unpleasant or harsh-sounding
verb: to beg; sponge

An enduring image of he Great Depression in America is the out-of-work man cadging money with the line, "Hey, mister, can you spare a dime for a cup of coffee?"
adjective: thick skinned; insensitive
noun: false and malicious accusation; slander
noun: false, deliberately misleading story
noun: an established principle; a basis or standard for judgement; a group of literary works

Canons of aesthetic taste vary over the years; the Rococo period, for example, valued ornate art.

The 60-volume Great Books of th Western World is an attempt to gather the central canon of Western civilization into one collection.

Adjective: canon

The system of civil law originated in the Roman Empire and was kept alive in the Middle Ages in the canon law of the Church.

Adjective: canonical - belonging to a group of literary works

The English professor is trying to persuade the chairperson of her department to let her teach some writers that are not canonical.
noun: insincere talk; language of a particular group

Commentators dismissed the speech as the mere cant of someone desperately trying to be reelected.
adjective: irritable; ill-humored

I will always remember lola Norma as a cantankerous old woman who was constantly complaining about something or other.
adjective: fickle
noun: an inclination to change one's mind compulsively

Styles in high fashion seem governed by caprice as much as anything else.
adjective: faultfinding; intended to entrap, as in an argument

The English teacher is so pedantic and captious in her marking that her students hve become discouraged.
adjective: of foremost importance
adjective: of the flesh or body; related to physical appetites
verb: to find fault; complain

The band decided to continue to play in their new style despite the carping of critics who said it was a sell-out to commercial interests.
noun: the science of making maps
noun: any of the hereditary social classes of Hindu society; social stratification

adjective: caste

Most modern corporations employ a sort of caste system, with senior executives at the top and ordinary workers at the bottom.
noun: punishment; chastisement; criticism
noun: a violent upheaval that causes great destruction and change

The French Revolution of 1789 was a cataclysm whose effects are still felt today.
noun: something that causes change
adjective: absolute; without exception

Incest is categorically forbidden by every state in the US.
noun: smaller group within an organization

The workers formed an informal caucus to discuss their difficulties.

The parliament's minority caucus issued a report condemning government policy.
adjective: involving a cause
adjective: sarcastically biting; burning
adjective: concerning the sky or heavens; sublime
adjective: moving away from the center

As the empire expanded, there was an ever-increasing centrifugal stress as remote colonies sought autonomy.
adjective: moving or directed toward a center
verb: to defend or support

Robin Hood is famous for championing the underdogs of England
verb: to correct by punishment or reproof; to restrain or subdue

The child's behavior improved after she had been chastened by punishment.
noun: trickery; fraud
noun: trickery; fraud

The governor ordered an audit to investigate alleged financial chicanery.
noun: the qualities idealized by knighthood such as bravery and gallantry toward women
adjective: rude; boorish
adjective: roundabout

After robbing the store, the theif took a circuitous route back to his house in case anyone was following her.
noun: one who can predict the future; psychic
noun: noisy outcry

Over the past 12 years or so the voices clamoring for better protection of the Earth's rain forests have increased dramatically.

verb: clamor - to cry out noisily

The crowd clamored their disapproval of the plan.
verb: to confine; seclude

The writer cloistered herself in a country house to finish her novel.

adjective: cloistered - shut away from the world

The journalist described the large American philanthropic foundations as arrogant, elitist, and cloistered.

noun: cloister - a monastery or convent
verb: to thicken; congeal
verb: to cause to become one

A recent theory of how the Earth got its moon is that a very large object collided with the Earth about 4.5 million years ago to cause iron-free material that gradually coalesced into the moon.
noun: concluding part of a literary or musical composition; something that summarizes or concludes

The coda of the Danish composer Per Norgard's Sixth Symphony seems to return to the serene sounds of the opening
verb: to systematize

The state legislature voted to codify regulations governing banking fraud.

noun: codification

The most influential codification of civil law as the Napoleonic Code in France.

adjective: codified
adjective: informed; conscious; aware
noun: artistic composition of materials pasted over a surface; an assemblage of diverse elements

Modern Singapore is a multiethnic collage of Malays, Indians, Chinese, and many other groups.
adjective: proportional

One of the cornerstones of capitalism is the conviction that a worker's rewards should be commensurate with his or her contribution.
noun: brief, comprehensive summary

When one is studying a complex novel, it is helpful to have a compendium that gives information about characters, setting, plot, etc.
adjective: self-satisfied

Although Tom received an "A" on his midterm exam, Professor Donovan warned him not to become complacent since the work in the second term would be harder.
adjective: overly polite; willing to please; obliging
noun: something that completes or makes up a whole
adjective: yielding
noun: uneasiness caused by guilt

One of the main goals of military training is to train soldiers to kill without compunction.

I felt much compunction while asking kellie to fill out documentation for my volunteer hours; I felt she was doing me big favor and I was over-staying my welcome.
adjective: curving inward
adjective: overcoming distrust or hostility

The leader of the country made conciliatory statements assuring the world that his country did not intend to acquire nuclear weapons.
verb: to invent
noun: existing concurrently

It appears that bureaucracies are today a necessary evil, a concomitant of modern society
verb: to overlook voluntarily; forgive
verb: to baffle; perplex; mix up
adjective: similar in tastes and habits; friendly; suited to

The dating service matches men and women with congenial interests.
adjective: pertaining to marriage agreement
noun: a person possessing expert knowledge or training; a person of informed and discriminating taste
noun: person compulsorily enrolled for military service

verb: conscript - to enroll a person for military service

noun: conscription
verb: to declare sacred
verb: to assert

noun: contention - an assertion

The study's contention is that obesity is America's biggest health problem.
adjective: quarrelsome; causing quarrels
adjective: caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature, speech, behavior, etc.

There was an acrimonious debate between the two candidates.
adjective: touching; neighboring; connecting without a break

There are 48 contiguous states in the US.
noun: self-control; abstention from sexual activity
adjective: very sorrowful for a wrong
adjective: disobedient; rebellious

Ethan is sometimes contumacious, not listening when he is told to stop jumping on the couch.

In the late eighteenth century, Great Britain tried unsuccessfully to put down the uprising againts their rule by contumacious Americans, leading eventually to the establishment of a separate nation.
noun: riddle; puzzle with no solution

The paradoxical statement "This statement is false" presents us with a conundrum
noun: practice widely observed in a group; custom; accepted technique or device
verb: to approach; come together; tend to meet
adjective: curved outward
adjective: sociable

Kevin is so convivial; he knows everbody and he is so well-liked.

One of the jobs of an ambassador is to provide an convivial atmosphere for diplomats to meet.
adjective: twisted; complicated

Unraveling the convoluted genetic code is one of the great achievements of modern science.

When I put a pair of ear phones in my pocket, the wires often get convoluted.

If you don't study circuits, it be convoluted to you.
adjective: abundant; plentiful

The copious rainfall was welcomed by farmers in the parched land.

A typical bento party is characterized my copious amounts of hair gel and shirts from express men.
noun: woman who flirts

The cute nurse I saw at University Hospital was a coquette; she eye F-ed me all morning.
noun: horn overflowing with fruit and grain; state of abundance; an abundant, overflowing supply

The US economy has produced a cornucopia of employment opportunities.

Thanks to my dad I now have a cornucopia of polo ralph lauren shirts.
noun: study of the universe as a totality; theory of the origin and structure of the universe
noun: the physical universe regarded as a totality
adjective: relating to the physical universe, especially as distinct from earth, and suggests infinite vastness
adjective: hidden; secret

The cute nurse thought I was a spy on a covert, or secret mission.
adjective: obviously planned or forced; artificial; strained; obviously planned or calculated; not spontaneous or natural; labored
noun: feeling of mental unease, as of annoyance or embarrassment, caused by failure, disappointment, or a disconcerting event

To her chagrin, the party ended just as she arrived.
adjective: desiring something owned by another

I am covetous of rolando's receiver gloves.
verb: to mislead by trick or fraud; deceive

I could not cozen Ethan into believing that mommy and daddy was downstairs. To my chagrin, ethan did not fall for my chicanery and continued to cry.
adjective: cowardly

Raymond is craven when asked to kill an insect.
noun: acceptance of something that is true

If you cry wolf often with no real danger, people will be less likely to give credence to your future calls for help.
noun: statement of belief or principle

My credo is "If you're not hot or I can't get anything from you, then there's no point in me talking to you."
verb: to discourage; intimidate; dishearten
noun: scarcity

In america affluence is located disproportionately in the private sector, leaving a dearth of resources available for the publix sector.

There is a dearth of hot puti girls that eye F kenny, he claims.
noun: corruption

According to my dad, there is much debauchery in the Philippine government, since politicians often give and accept bribes.
noun: proper behavior

Although I think Kellie is smokin' hot, I know I am just a volunteer observing a skilled therapist, so I must keep it professional by not flirting and by maintaining decorum.

adjective: decorous
verb: to malign; harm someone's reputation

Socrates was defamed as a teacher who corrupted the morals of his students.
verb: to fail to act
noun: respect; regard for another's wish

The proposal was dropped in deference to the objections of a number of people.
verb: to submit to the wishes of another due to respect or recognition of the person's authority or knowledge

The young lawyer deferred to the view of the senior partner in the law firm.
adjective: no longer existing
verb: to represent or depict

Quantum theory led to the formation of the uncertainty principle, which was delineated in 1937 by Werner Heisenberg
adjective: related to population balance

Demographic trends in many European countries indicate that in the next generation there will be relatively fewer working people to support retired people.
noun: the study of human population

demographer is one who studies human population
adjective: pertaining to people
verb: to express doubt

The Supreme Court's decision was not unanimous; one justice demurred, saying that the majority decision used specious reasoning.
verb: to slur someone's reputation
noun: an inhabitant; a regular visitor

The US Census Bureau has the responsibility of collecting information about the denizens of the United States.
noun: outcome; unraveling of the plot of a play or work of literature

The book tells the story of what was for Europe a rather embarassing denouement to the Crusades.
verb: to mock
noun: something derived; unoriginal

The drug morphine is the principal derivative of opium

adjective: derivative

The critic dismissed the new novel as dull and derivative.

verb: derive - obtained from another source
verb: to dry completely
noun: state of disuse

NASA is considering a plan to refurbish booster rockets from the Apollo Program that have fallen into desuetude.
adjective: random; disconnected; rambling

The jury had difficulty following the witnesses' desultory testimony.

Rather than go through his GRE book in a desultory manner, Raymond delineated a plan to split up the book in sections, and finish them in a certain order, so that the task would appear less daunting.
noun: something that discourages or hinders
noun: the act of taking away; derogatory comment on a person's character

The writer responded in a letter to the critic's long list of detractions about his book.
adjective: transparent; fine-textured; insubstantial; vague

In WWII, many soldiers went to war with diaphanous dreams of glory, but fund instead horror and death.
noun: bitter verbal attack

The crazy lady from the movie Jesus camp launched into a diatribe againts the evils of Harry Potter books.
noun: division into two usually contradicting parts

The philosopher is a dualist who argues that there is a dichotomy between the mind and physical phenomena.
noun: shyness; lack of confidence

My diffidence shows when I am around beautiful women, which is evident in the fact that I hardly talk to them.
verb: to spread out

The idea of equality and liberty diffused through society after the French Revolution.

adjective: diffuse - wordy; rambling; spread out

This essay is so diffuse it is difficult to follow its central argument.
noun: the act of straying from the main point
adjective: spiritual, without sensual desire, or theoretical
noun: funeral hymn
verb: to free from a misconception
adjective: perceptive; exhibiting keen insight and good judgement

verb: discern - to perceive something obscure
verb: to make uneasy; disconcert

Raymond was discomfited by having to carry the chocolates and thank you card all morning in the hospital.
adjective: not in tune

In a pluralistic society there exists a cacophony of discordant voices, each shouting to be heard.
verb: to dishonor; disgrace; cause to be doubted
noun: difference between
noun: funeral hymn

The pianist played a dirge at Matt's funeral.
verb: to free from a misconception

One year of medical school was enough to disabuse Steve of the idea that medical school is a "piece of cake"
adjective: constituting a separate thing; distinct

Like the physicist, the abstract artist strives to identify the discrete elements of reality and to understand how they interact.
noun: quality of showing self-restraint in speech or actions; circumspection; freedom to act on one's own
adjective: heedful of potential consequences; prudent; careful and sensible; marked by sound judgement
adjective: not candid; crafty
adjective: unprejudiced; objective

The newspaper reporter looked for disinterested witnesses to the events so that she could get an objective account of what had happened.
adjective: lacking order or coherence; dislocated
verb: put away from consideration; reject

Investigators dismissed the man's account of a visit to another planet aboard an alien spacecraft as the product of an overactive imagination.
verb: to belittle

Philosophy is sometimes disparaged as merely an intellectual game.
adjective: dissimilar

Many technological projects are interdisciplinary, requiring a knowledge of fields as disparate as physics and biology.
verb: to pretend; disguise one's motives

I dissembled that I did not find Kellie attractive, though I did glance at her whenever I felt she wouldn't notice.

I believe you are dissembling. Tell me the truth! Do you really like my haircut?
verb: to spread; scatter; disperse

I disseminated the seeds in the back yard and waited for flowers to sprout.

Belief in reincarnation appeared as doctrine first in India an was disseminated throughout Asia by Buddhism.
noun: person who disagrees about beliefs, etc.
noun: disintegration; debauchery

Some philosophers maintain that the dissolution of the body does not mean the destruction of the mind
noun: discord; lack of harmony
verb: to expand; swell out
verb: extract the essential elements
adjective: inattentive; preoccupied

The chairperson became distrait because his secretary was not sitting in her usual position on his right.
verb: to vary; go in different directions from the same point
verb: to strip; deprive; rid

The candidate for secretary of defense pledged to divest himself of the shares he held in defense-related companies.
verb: to make known something that is secret

Under the Geneva Conventions prisoners of war cannot be tortured and forced to divulge information.
adjective: relating to a person who cannot compromise about points of a theory or doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding

The doctrinaire Marxists say that capitalism is merely a temporary phenomenon on the road to socialism.
noun: poor verse
adjective: stating opinions without proof

Since every case is unique, jurists must not be dogmatic in applying precedents to make their decision, but instead must base their decision on a combination of such precedents and the facts of the case at hand.
noun: a belief asserted on authority without evidence

Religions whose dogma specifies a time of the creation of the world have found difficulty in reconciling their view of creation with that of modern science.
adjective: inactive
noun: waste; worthless matter; trivial matter

One of the ways the dross among blogs on the internet are filtered out from the worthwhile ones is through links good blogs provide to other good blogs.
verb: to deceive; trick
adjective: exhilarated; enthusiastic

The ebullient candidate for president appeared before his supporters to announce that he had one in a landslide.
adjective: selecting from various sources
noun: state of high spirits or liveliness; the process of bubbling as gas escapes

adjective: effervescent
adjective: depleted of vitality, exhausted; overrefined; decadent; no longer productive, infertile

It is interesting to observe how some traditions remain strong, while others gradually become effete.
noun: efficiency; effectiveness
noun: shameless boldness; presumptuousness

In her essay the student had the effrontery to argue that school is largely a waste of time.
noun: the tendency to see things in relation to oneself; self-centeredness
adjective: excessively self-centered; conceited
noun: poem or song expressing lamentation

Adonais is a pastoral elegy written by Percy Bysshe Shelly in the spring of 1821 after he learned of the death of his friend and fellow poet John Keats.
verb: to provoke; draw out

The Socratic method is designed to elicit responses that guide the student toward understanding.

Nothing the teacher could say was able to elicit a response from the bored students.
noun: a substance believed to hve the power to cure ills
adjective: blissful; delightful

The novel portrays an Elysian world in which suffering and death have been eliminated.
adjective: thin and wasted

The prisoner was emaciated after being fed only bread and water for three months.
verb: to adorn; decorate; enhance; make more attractive by adding details

It seems to be almost a natural human trait to embellish a good story to make it an even better story.
adjective: soothing; mollifying

The veteran mediator is famous for his emollient approach that rarely fails to find a way to bring opposing sides together.

noun: emollient - an agent that soothes or makes more acceptable
adjective: derived from observation or experiment

It has been said that Charles Darwin, virtually single-handedly, emancipated science from the idealogies of philosophy and religion by being fiercely independent in his thinking, rejecting all prevailing dogmas as to the immutability of species and relying solely on empirical evidence.
verb: to imitate; copy
adjective: educational method in which students learn from their own investigations
noun: a formal expression of praise

The prime minister asked her speechwriter to compose an encomium for the retiring general.

Encomiums to Pope Paul II began to be published in newspapers around he world shortly after his death in 2005.
adjective: inherent; belonging to an area

Malaria, once endemic to the area, has now been largely eradicated.

Faced with endemic high unemployment, the government lowered taxes on foreign investment to encourage economic growth.
verb: to weaken

During WWII Russian commanders counted on the bitter cold to enervate German soldiers invading their country.
verb: to cause; produce

Freudians believe that the traumatic events of infancy often engender repression that creates neuroses.

Much of the tragedy of the Holocaust can be attributed to the fanatical racism engendered by the Nazis.
verb: to increase; improve
noun: the scientific study of insects
verb: to pronounce clearly

In everyday speech the sounds of many words are not enunciated clearly.
adjective: short-lived; fleeting
noun: branch of philosophy that examines the nature of knowledge

The cognitive sciences are providing epistemology with new insights into how the mind acquires knowledge.
adjective: steady; unvarying; serene

Throughout the crisis the president remained equable.

Perth, Australia is often cited as a pleasant place to live because of its equable climate.
adverb: fair, just, impartial

Some people want to ensure that the fruits of capitalism are shared equitably.
noun: composure; calmness

Emergency room doctors and nurses are trained to maintain their equanimity when treating patients.
verb: to intentionally use vague language; to use ambiguous or unclear expressions, usually to avoid commitment or in order to mislead; be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in order to withhold information;
synonyms: evade, stall, dodge

Mary Jane said to Peter Parker, "Don't equivocate; tell me if you love me or not."
noun: interpretation of a word, sentence, or other language form
adjective: mistaken; straying from the proper course

The pitcher's errant fastball struck the batter on the shoulder.
adjective: learned; scholarly

The young history Ph.D candidate is not as erudite his supervising professor, who appears to know just about everything that happened in history.

Members of the Society of Jesus (often called Jesuits), are famous for their erudition, which they believe should be used in the service of God.
adjective: hard to understand; known only to a few

Much slang originates in a specific group as a sort of argot that allows that group to share something esoteric.
verb: to make an attempt; subject to a test

The composer began work on a sonata, a form she had not previously essayed.

The infant essayed walking up a stairs for the first time in her life.
adjective: admirable; possible to estimate

Chris Everet was an estimable tennis player who won three Wimbeldon titles.
adjective: based on the attitude that one's group is superior

The words "primitive" and "savage" reflect an ethnocentric bias in Western culture that regards societies that do not have Western science and technology as inferior because they have not achieved as much material success as Western societies.

noun: ethnocentrism - During certain periods of Chinese history, foreigners were considered to be "barbarians"; perhaps this ethnocentrism made it difficult for the Chinese to accept innovations from other countries.
noun: causes or origins

The diversity of factors involved in triggering cancers maes it difficult to be certain of the etiology of a particular case of cancer.
noun: origin and history of a word

"Folk etymology" is the term used by linguists to refer to popular theories of how words originated or changed their meaning.
noun: study of factors that influence the hereditary qualities of the human race and ways to improve these qualities.

Alexander Graham Bell advocated a form of eugenics; from his research, he concluded that deafness was hereditary and in 1881 he recommended that deaf people be prohibited from getting married.
noun: high praise, especially of a person who has recently died
noun: use of agreeable or inoffensive language in place of unpleasant or offensive language.
noun: a feeling of extreme happiness
noun: study of factors that influence the hereditary qualities of the human race and ways to improve these qualities.

Alexander Graham Bell advocated a form of eugenics; from his research, he concluded that deafness was hereditary and in 1881 he recommended that deaf people be prohibited from getting married.
noun: mercy killing
verb: to show plainly; be an indication of

The student's response to the teacher's question evinced his ignorance of the subject.
adjective: tending to call to mind or produce a reaction

noun: evocation
Some literary critics believe that Charles Dicken's use of caricature makes his characters one-dimensional, but others see these characters as evocations of universal human types that resonate powerfully with readers' experiences of real people.

verb: evoke
The terms "loaded language" and "charged language" are used to specify language that has so many connotations for most readers that it is difficult for a writer to use it without evoking myriad associations, which will distract attention from the topic under discussion.
verb: to aggravate; make worse
verb: to force the payment of; demand and obtain by authority

The conquering rulers exacted a tax of 10% from every adult male in the country.
adjective: extremely demanding

Amateur radio equipment generally is not built to the exacting standards that professional and military radio equipment is.
verb: to clear of blame; vindicate

The report exculpated the FBI of any wrongdoing in its handling of the investigation.

The defendant's attorney brought forward new evidence that exculpated her of the crime.
adjective: detestable; abhorrent

The people living in the slums of Mexico City live in execrable conditions.
verb: to urge by strong appeals

The principal exhorted the students to study hard for the final exams.
noun: crisis; urgent requirements

Astronauts must be prepared for exigencies such as damage to their spacecraft's life support system.
adjective: having to do with existence; based on experience; having to do with the philosophy of existentialism

Existential writers writers such as Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre tend to focus on the individual human condition as opposed to human social interaction.
verb: to expel evil spirits; free from bad influences
verb: to speak or write at length

Every year the book club invites a famous author to come to expatiate on the art of writing

The literature student was amazed that the professor could expatiate for an hour on a poem containing only 12 words.
verb: to send into exile

People seeking asylum in another country are sometimes expatriated

noun: expatriate - a person living outside his or her own land
The eminent poet T.S. Eliot was born in the United States in 1888 and lived in England as an expatriate from 1914 until 1927, when he became a British subject.
adjective: expatriate
verb: to atone for

The pilgrims undertook their long journey to expiate their sins.

The bad guy from Da Vinci code whipped himself to expiate his sins.

noun: expiation - atonement; compensation for a wrong
verb: to explain; interpret; classify

The literature exam requires students to explicate three poems they studied in class.

In 8th grade english, we once had to explicate the song "Crash" by Dave Matthews Band.

noun: explication - an explanation; interpretation
adjective: explanatory; serving to explain: an expository essay; expository writing
adjective: in existence; not lost

Unfortunately for Bible scholars, there are no extant writings of Jesus Christ.

The book contains all the extant writings of Edgar Allen Poe.
adjective: unrehearsed

I hate doing "free style" or extemporaneous dancing while trying out for small group; I never know what to do.
verb: to root up; to destroy

The new federal prosecutor promised voters that he would extirpate corruption in the state.
adjective: not essential
noun: the act of estimation by projecting known information

verb: extrapolate - I extrapolate that I will not do well on the verbal section based on the current information that I have not learned all 800 words yet.
adjective: not inherent or essential

Being born to a wealthy family can be considered an extrinsic advantage to a person.
adjective: humorous
verb: to make less difficult
noun: a person who does all sorts of work; a handyman

The general's aide-de-camp functions as the general's factotum.
adjective: based on a false idea or fact; misleading

The belief of the Nazis that they could create a "master race" was based on the fallacious premise that some races are inherently superior to others.
noun: an incorrect idea
adjective: plowed but not sowed; uncultivated

The farmer could not afford to let any of his fields lie fallow.

At the beginnin of each school year the teacher looks out at the new students and thnks of a fallow field, ready to be cultivated.
adjective: foolishly self-satisfied; foolish or silly, especially in a smug or self-satisfied way.

"Don't you like the poor bachelor?" he yammered in a fatuous way.

The teacher was becoming tired of her student's fatuous response to literature.
noun: animals of a period or region

When humans introduce fauna from one habitat into another habitat, the ecological balance is upset.
adjective: seeking favor by flattering

In an episode of Scrubs, the fawning surgeons did favors for the head doctor so they could keep their jobs.
adjective: suitably expressed; appropriate; well-chosen

The Gettysburg Address is full felicitious phrases such as "government of the people, by the people, and for the people."
adjective: existing in a wild or untamed state

Feral dogs returning to an untamed state after domestication sometimes form packs, becoming a threat to humans.
noun: warmth and intensity of emotion

American soldiers were welcomed back to the United States with fervor after the end of WWII.

Tim Tebow passes and runs with equal fervor.
adjective: full of strong emotion; impassioned

Niels, a fervent born again christian, believes strongly in no sexual relations before marriage. F that shit.
adjective: having a bad smell

Mosquitoes are breeding in the fetid pond.
verb: to bind; confine

The poet William Blake believed that each person creates "mind-forged manacles," fettering his or her natural instincts and spirit.

noun: fetter - something that restricts or restrains

The libertarian believes that modern democratic governments place unacceptable fetters on individual liberty

adjective: fettered - bound or confined
noun: arbitrary order; authorization; an authoritative decree, sanction, or order by a person or group of persons having absolute authority to enforce it:

The king ruled by fiat.
adjective: subject to individual will or judgement without restriction: an arbitrary decision; having unlimited power; uncontrolled or unrestricted by law; despotic; tyrannical
noun: loyalty; exact correspondence
noun: use of obstructive tactics in a legislature to block passage of a law

The senator threatened that his filibuster would include a full reading of his eight-volume autobiography.
verb: to handle with a deceptive or evasive strategy; to use finesse, that is, refinement in performance

Engineers decided that the problem could be finessed by using lighter materials.
noun: crevice

Geologists measure the width of the fissure regularly to monitor movement of the Earth's plates in the area.
verb: to droop; grow weak

The marathon runner began to flag about two miles from te finish line.
noun: beginner; novice

adjective: fledgling - immature or inexperienced
noun: plants of a region or era
adjective: ruddy; reddish; flowery

A florid style is generally best avoided when one is writing a business letter or report.
noun: an embellishment or ornamentation

Rhetorical flourishes are generally frowned upon under the canons of modern English.

verb: flourish - to grow vigorously, or to thrive
noun: reasoning that is subtle and seemingly true but is actually incorrect
verb: to treat scornfully

The student's essay flouts the rules of written English.
noun: flowing; a continuous moving

The education system is in a state of flux, as administrators struggle to keep up with changes in society.
verb: to incite; arouse

The government accused the newspaper of fomenting unrest in the country.

The country accused the neighboring country of employing agents to foment revolution.
noun: patience

The president warned that great courage and forbearance would be required to see the war through to a successful conclusion.
verb: to prevent; delay

The government took steps to forestall an economic downturn by increasing government spending.
adjective: menacing; threatening

By the middle of the nineteenth century the United States had become a formidable economic and military power.
verb: renounce; repudiate

When she became a US citizen, Julia forswore allegiance to all other countries and pledged to defend the United States if called upon to do so.
verb: to sink; fail; collapse

The negotiations foundered when agreement could not be reached on the central issue.
noun: a loud quarrel; brawl

The police were called in to break up a fracas that had erupted in the bar.
adjective: quarrelsome; unruly; rebellious

In an effort to unify their divided party, its leaders decided to first placate the party's most fractious elements.
noun: a painting done on plaster
noun: ornamental band on a wall

Archaeologists are studying the frieze, which they hope will give them a better understanding of life in ancient greece.
adjective: stubbornly contrary; obstinately disobedient

The froward horse resisted every effort of its rider to make it follow the path.

Whenever Ethan acts frowardly, he gets a time out.
noun: thrift
verb: to attack loudly; denounce

The reformer fulminated againts a society in which wealth is distributed so unequally.
adjective: so excessive as to be disgusting

The actor was embarrassed by the fulsome praise he received after winning the Academy Award for best actor.
adjective: union; synthesis
splitting into two parts
adjective: ineffective; useless; fruitless
verb: to deny; dispute; oppose

No one can gainsay the fact that UF beat OSU's ass in the BCS title game.
verb: to frolic; leap playfully

Ethan gamboled around the airport waiting area while we waited for Karen to tell us whether or not we would be stuck in New York for the weekend.

noun: gambol - frolicking about
adjective: very talkative; wordy

Sharkey is often garrulous - talkative and wordy.

The garrulous witness keps digressing from his account of the incident to tell amusing anecdotes.
adjective: coarse and uncouth; clumsy

The protagonist of the novel is a shy woman who becomes flustered and gauche in formal social situtions.

What is considered gauche in one culture might not be considered gauche in another culture; for example, burping is considered rude in America but is acceptible in China.
noun: cheerfulness; kindliness; sociability

The host's geniality impressed everyone at the party.

adjective: genial - having a pleasant or friendly disposition
verb: to divide an area into voting districts in a way that favors a political party
adjective: fluent in an insincere way; offhand; marked by ease and fluency of speech or writing that often suggests or stems from insincerity, superficiality, or deceitfulness

The suspect's explanation sounded suspiciously glib to the detective.
verb: to prod; urge on

I goaded Kevin into trying out flag football. He quit right away.
adjective: sheer; light and delicate, like cobwebs

The pilot assured me that the glider's gossamer wings would support the aircraft just fine, but I still had my doubts.

Some experts in NASA believe that what they call a gigantic "gossamer spacecraft" could be constructd in space using extremely lightweight materials.
verb: to tear out; scoop out; overcharge

The store is able to gouge its customers because it is the only store in the area that carries that particular line of merchandise.
adjective: pompous; bombastic

The orator abandoned grandiloquent phrases and instead uses simple and direct language.
adjective: sociable

Human beings are gregarious creatures that are comfortable living in groups of around 150 individuals.

Greg Podraza is gregarious, meaning sociable. Probably why Melissa Santilli likes him.
verb: to complain

Instead of grousing about your noisy neighbors, do something about it: knock on their door and tell them to shut the hell up.

noun: grouse
The lieutenant told his men "If you have any grouses, take them to the captain."

Anyone with a grouse about my speed drills can talk to me after practice.
adjective: free of cunning or deceit; artless
noun: deception or trickery
noun: outward appearance; false appearance; pretense

According to Hindu belief, God appears throughout history in many guises.
adjective: easily deceived
adjective: affecting the sense of taste
adjective: calm and peaceful; happy; golden; prosperous

The movie evokes the halcyon years immediately after WWII when America was at peace and the economy was booming.
adjective: holy; sacred
noun: long, pompous speech; tirade

Browntown listened to Roger's half-time harangue about poor flag pulling, dropped passes, and overall lack of fervor in the football game.
adjective: extremely distressing; terrifying

The journey "inward" to explore the unconscious mind has been described as more harrowing than the most dangerous voyage to explore the earth.
adjective: tightly sealed; magical

The "hermetic tradition" refers to a number of interrelated subjects such as alchemy, magic, and astrology.
adjective: unorthodox; not widely accepted

The orthodox view among scientists is that the ancestors of the great apes and humans evolved solely in Africa; however, recently a competing, heterodox view has arisen theorizing that they also may have evolved in Euroasia.
noun: a system of writing in which pictorial symbols represent meaning or sounds; writing or symbols that are difficult to decipher; the symbols used in advanced mathematics.
adjective: covered with hair

Monkeys and the sasquatch are hirsute, meaning covered with hair.
adjective: relating to exaggerated emotional behavior calculated for effect; theatrical arts or performances; deliberately affected or self-consciously emotional; overly dramatic, in behavior or speech

Most mothers are astute at judging whether their child's tears are genuine or merely histrionic.

noun: histrionics - emotional behavior done for effect

"Cut the histrionics and tell me how you really feel," the woman said to her angry husband.
noun: automatic maintenance by an organism of normal temperature, chemical balance, etc. within itself
noun: sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; platitude
adjective: composed of identical parts; uniform in composition
noun: purposeful exaggeration for effect

It would be hyperbole to say that scientists have gained a perfect understanding of the process of human evolution; however, it is fair to say that over the last century and a half a reasonably clear idea of it has emerged.
adjective: attacking cherished traditions

The linguist and political commentator Noam Chomsky has been described as gleefully iconoclastic because of the zeal with which he attacks many of the central beliefs of American society.
noun: an image or representation
noun: idol worship; blind or excessive devotion

During the Protestant Reformation images in churches were felt to be a form of idolatry and were banned and destroyed.
adjective: produced by fire; volcanic
noun: complicated situation; an entanglement

The president warned Congress that the US should not become involved in the diplomatic imbroglio.
adjective: unchangeable

noun: immutability
The dogma of creation and the immutability of species was endorsed virtually unanimously by the leading anatomists, botanists, and zoologists of Charles Darwin's day.
verb: to damage; injure
adjective: showing no emotion

The judge sat impassive through the entire murder trial, carefully considering the evidence presented.
adjective: poor; having no money

The impecunious artist is applying for a grant so that she can continue playing full time.
verb: to hinder; block

The development of the western region of China has been impeded by a lack of trained workers.
adjective: impossible to penetrate
adjective: not easily disturbed

An important attribute of a leader is the ability to remain imperturbable in a crisis.
adjective: impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected

We were amazed how Laura could sit at the noisy party studying organic chemistry, impervious to the noise around her.
verb: to strike; encroach

When you look at a star that is 50 light years away, the light that is impinging on your retina forms an image of the star as it was 50 years in the past.
adjective: inflexible; incapable of being pleased

Sometimes seen as implacable foes of science, many theologians are working to reconcile divergent views of science and religion.
adjective: unlikely; unbelievable

It seems implausible to some people that a complex organ such as the human eye developed purely as a result of the process of evolution through natural selection.
adjective: implied; understood but not stated

Implicit in the idea of democracy is the notion of individual liberty.
that which is hinted at or suggested; something implied
verb: to collapse inward violently
noun: curse

The convicted man was taken away by court officers, uttering imprecations againts the jury that had found him guilty.
verb: to relate to a particular cause or source; attribute the fault to; assign as a characteristic

People often impute great cleverness to cats.
adverb: carelessly; unintentionally

Nickelback says that it is easy to inadvertently use the melody of another song when composing.
adjective: having bodily form

Christians believe that Jesus Christ was God incarnate.
adjective: imperfectly formed or formulated

In his book, Chronicles, Bob Dylan describes the process of how some of his songs went from an inchoate state to finished, well-produced songs.
noun: state of not fitting

There is an incongruity between the poem's solemn tone and its light-hearted theme.
adjective: not fitting
adjective: insignificant; unimportant

The meeting of Ray and Jenilee at the flag football game seemed inconsequential at the time, but in retrospect it was the beginning of their long relationship.
verb: introduce something into another thing already in existence; combine

According to Bob Dylan in his autobiography, Chronicles, he systematically tried to incorporate what he learned about life and music into the songs he wrote.
noun: sudden invasion

At first, the Native Americans were not too concerned about the incursions of European settlers, but their anxiety grew with the relentless flow of people, until, finally, calamitous wars were fought between the two sides.
adjective: uncertain; indefinite

The novel describes the main character as "being of an indeterminate age, somewhere between 50 and 60."
noun: poverty

Most economists believe that the best way to prevent indigence is to expand employment opportunities.

Those living in indigence are often impecunious.
adjective: in poverty

For approximately 20% of he world's population, nearly all of whom are indigent, malnutrition is the main impediment to achieving good health
adjective: habitually lazy; idle

An arguement againts welfare is that it encourages people to be indolent.

My indolent ways are over; I will now stay busy and work hard every day so I will get accepted into PT school.
adjective: not to be avoided or escaped; inevitable

No one can escape the ineluctable truth that every creature that is born will one day die.
adjective: unable to move; sluggish

The teacher was frustrated by his inability to get an answer to his question from his inert class.

The old buckeye that had a tumor removed was inert; Kellie essentially moved his muscles and joints for him.
noun: disinclination to action or change

The fact that industrialization occured in Europe hundreds of years before it did in china, which had reached a similar level of technology, is perhaps attributable to cultural factors such as bureaucratic inertia in china an a culture that placed a high value on the status quo.
status quo
the existing state of affairs
adjective: naive and trusting; lacking sophistication

The conman could not bring himself to take advantage of the ingenuous boy.
adjective: firmly established by nature or habit
adjective: harmless

RJ looks inocuous, but his martial arts training will kick your ass.
adjective: unconscious; unresponsive

The gas is intended to render enemy soldiers insensible.

A punch to the head by Chuck Lidell will most likely leave you insensible.
verb: to suggest; say indirectly; imply

If you read his speech carefully you will see that the senator is insinuating that his party has taken the wrong path.
adjective: lacking flavor; dull

Ironically, the book about how to write lively, engaging prose is an insipid piece of writing.

Indonesians who travel to America sometimes find the food so insipid that they add chili to it.
adjective: indifferent; lacking concern or care

Considering the gravity of the situation, Nancy's colleagues could not understand her insouciant attitude.

The "cool" look that many fashion models affect seems meant to convey a look of insouciance.
noun: narrow-mindedness; isolation

The country's insularity makes it difficult for its people to accept ideas from different cultures.
adjective: insurmountable; unconquerable

Since, according to the theory of relativity, an object traveling at the speed of light would have infinite mass, astronauts traveling at that speed would, presumably, face insuperable difficulties.
adjective: not material

When considering what occupation to pursue it is prudent to consider intangible rewards as well as financial ones.
verb: to forbid; prohibit; to confront and halt the activities, advance, or entry of

Under US law, interdicted goods can be seized by customs officials.

Military intelligence officers played a major role in interdicting spies attempting to pass top-secret intelligence to the enemy.
adjective: deadly to both sides

The US civil war was an internecine conflict that lead to the deaths of 620,000 soldiers out of the 2.4 million who fought in the war
verb: to insert; change by adding new words or material

Scholars disagree on whether the text is entirely the work of the original author or cantains passages interpolated by later writers.
noun: interval between reigns; gap in continuity

The interregnum between the two empires was a period of near anarchy.
adjective: marked by close aquaintance

Over the years the boss and her assistant have become intimate friends as well as colleagues.

verb: intimate - to make known subtly and indirectly

The editor intimated that substantial changes would have to be made in the book.
adjective: not easily managed

General practitioners are equipped to deal with most psychosomatic disorders, but in intractable cases a psychiatrist is consulted.

Although the majority of Americans are members of what has been called the "affluent society", poverty remains an intractable problem, with a sizable minority of people living below what is considered to be an acceptable standard of living.
noun: stubbornness; refusal to compromise

Each side in the negotiations accused the other of intransigence, so talks broke down.
adjective: contemplating one's own thoughts and feelings

In many ways William Wordsworth's great poem The Prelude is an introspective work, retrospectively exploring his thoughts and feelings as he matured.
verb: to cover with water; overwhelm

Farmers in the arid areas called for the government to build a dam to provide water to irrigate their crops and provide hydroelectric power; however, this plan was opposed by enviromentalists, who dislike inundation of land because it would have an adverse effect on wildlife.
verb: hardened; accustomed; used to

After 20 years in the army, the chaplain had not become inured to the sight of men dying in the battlefield.
noun: verbal abuse

The debate judge cautioned participants not to engage in invective, but rather in reasoned and decorous discourse.
verb: to disapprove; protest vehemently

The conservative writer inveighed againts the school board's decision to exclude moral education from the curriculum.
verb: to win over by flattery or coaxing

The students inveigled their professor into postponing the test for a week.
adjective: confirmed; long-standing; deeply rooted

The columnist is an inveterate iconoclast who continually questions conventional wisdom.
adjective: likely to provoke ill will; offensive

Most publications in the United States prohibit their writers from making invidious comparisons between racial groups.
adjective: easily angered

The irascible old man complains every time someone makes a little noise.
adjective: unsure of how to act; weak

The president admonished Congress, saying that although it faced difficult choices it must not be irresolute.
adjective: wandering from place to place; unsettled

According to state law, companies hiring itinerant workers must provide adequate housing for them.
noun: route of a traveler's journey
adjective: having a yellowish discoloration of the skin; affected by envy, resentment, or hostility

Norman's experience as an infantryman during the war has given him a jaundiced view of human nature.

jaundice - noun, a medical condition often due to liver disease and characterized by yellowness of the skin.
verb: to be in agreement

The auditor checked the company's account books to make sure that they jibed with the tax return it filed.
adjective: fond of joking; jocular; playful
noun: a huge force destroying everything in its path

Some people in Britain regard American English as a juggernaut sweeping through the British Isles, destroying British English.
noun: group of people united in political intrigue

The country's ruling junta consists of a general, an admiral, and the mayor of the capital city.
verb: place side by side
verb: place side by side

noun: juxtaposition - side-by-side placement
noun: fame; glory; honor

Kudos won by Bod Dylan include an honorary doctorate in music from Princeton University.
adjective: likely to change

Blood pressure in human beings is, to varying degrees, labile.
adjective: using few words

The laconic actor seemed to be a good choice to play the strong, silent hero in the western.
verb: to thrash verbally or physically

The critic lambasted the movie in her column, calling it "the most insipid, jejune film made in our generation."
adjective: lustful

The court ruled that the movie could be censored because its sole aim was to promote lascivious thoughts.
noun: lethargy; sluggishness

After the death of his wife, Steven suffered a three-month period of lassitude and depression.
adjective: present but hidden; potential

Some experts in human psychology believe that we are just beginning to explore the latent powers of the human mind.
verb: to praise
adjective: inactive

After the 18-hour flight from new york to singapore, the passengers were lethargic.
noun: an embankment that prevents a river from overflowing

An extensive system of levees is the only way to prevent the river from flooding the area during periods of heavy rain.
noun: light manner or attitude

The comedian has a gift for finding an element of levity in the most serious of subjects.
adjective: tolerant; broad-minded; generous; lavish
noun: one without moral restraint

Don Juan is a legendary, archetypal libertine whose story has been told by many poets, such as Lord Byron.
noun: sexual desire

According to psychologists, the libido of human males peaks at around the age of 18.
adjective: extremely small

Microbiologists study Lilliputian organisms.
verb: to draw; describe

The artist based his painting on a sketch he had limned several years earlier.
adjective: clear; transparent

At the bottom of the limpid water in Boracay we could see schools of fish swimming.
adjective: pertaining to language

Humans are at the acme of their linguistic proficiency in the first several years of life, during which they master thousands of complex grammatical operations.
noun: the scientific study of language

linguist - someone who studies language
noun: lengthy recitation; repetitive chant

The student listened intently to his teacher's litany of the grammatical errors commited by the class.
noun: scholarly or learned persons
noun: legal proceedings

The radio amateur's neighbor resorted to litigation in an attempt to have her neighbor dismantle his 100-foot-high antenna tower.
noun: record of voyage; record of daily activities
adjective: talkative
adjective: clear; transparent

At the bottom of the limpid water in Boracay we saw schools of fish.

The critic praised the novel for its limpid prose and original characters.
adjective: bright; clear; intelligible

Dr. Barnard made his views on euthanasia clear in this lucid injunction: "Just do it."
noun: money or profits

Many religions regard the pursuit of lucre for what it can do to help others as laudable.
adjective: bright; brilliant; glowing

The moon is the most luminous object in the night sky.

noun: luminosity

A supernova can suddenly increase its luminosity to as much as a billion times its normal brightness.
adjective: shining

On the clear night we gazed up in awe at the lustrous stars.

Lil John's teeth and crunk cup are lustrous with diamonds.
adjective: crafty; double-dealing

One theory of the evolution of high intelligence in primates is that it evolved largely as a result of Machiavellian calculations on the part of apes.
noun: plots or schemes

The mayor resorted to behind-the-scenes machinations to try to win his party's nomination for governor.
noun: whirpool; turmoil

Nearly everyone in europe was caught up in the maelstrom that was WWII.
noun: generosity; nobility

The senator showed is magnanimity when he conceded defeat to his opponent in the disputed election, saying that further uncertainty would be harmful to public confidence in the political system.
verb: to speak evil of

Lawyers are sometimes maligned as greedy and dishonest.
verb: to feign illness to escape duty

In order to discourage malingering, the company decided to require employees taking sick leave to produce a doctor's certification of their illness.
adjective: capable of being shaped by pounding; impressionable
noun: dissenter

Bernie Sanders of Vermont has a reputation as a maverick; he is one of only two members of the United States Congress who is independent (that is, not a member of the Republican or Democratic party).
noun: delusions of power or importance

In his farewell speech the retiring trial judge warned his colleagues to beware of megalomania as they exercise their power in the courtroom.
noun: a variety of animals kept together

Linda seems to take home every abandoned pet in the town; she now has an incredible menagerie of dogs, cats, turtles, rabbits, and other animals.
adjective: dishonest

The judge ruled the testimony inadmissable because he considered it mendacious.
noun: beggar

In thailand it is traditional for young men to become monks for a year, a period during which they become mendicants.

Mendicants can't be choosers.
adjective: gaudy; plausible but false; specious; alluring by a show of flashy or vulgar attractions; pertaining to or characteristic of a prostitute; attracting attention in a vulgar manner; having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious

One of the allures of jargon is that it can make a poor idea appear worthwhile, or something meretricious easier to accept because it is dressed in fancy language.
verb: to hypnotize
noun: change; transformation
noun: a branch of philosophy that investigates the ultimate nature of reality
adjective: concerned with the weather

meteorology - science that deals with weather and atmospheric phenomena
adjective: very careful; fastidious; painstaking; taking or showing extreme care about minute details

Science is an empirical field of study based on the belief that the laws of nature can best be discovered by meticulous observation and experimentation.
noun: courage; endurance

In many cultures, young men are expected to test their mettle by performing difficult and dangerous tasks, like in Sparta.
adjective: full of courage and fortitude; spirited

The mettlesong young officer was well regarded by all the senior officers.
adjective: inclined to interfere
noun: a small system having analogies to a larger problem; small world
verb: to work againts

The manager asked all of his employees to think of any factors that might militate againts the project's success.

Don't militate againts Hattie the therapist. She wants you to get better as soon as possible so you will leave Hanna House.
adjective: threatening; menacing

Intelligence information suggests minatory troop concentrations on the border.
adjective: very small
noun: petty details

President Ronald Reagan said that a president should concentrate on the formulation and execution of broad policy and leave the minutia of running the country to subordinates.
noun: one who hates humanity

Mr. scrooge was a misanthrope - he hated humanity.
noun: mixture of writings on various subjects

The book is a fascinating miscellany collected from the writer's life work.
noun: villain; criminal

The public execution of miscreants was common in Great Britain in the eighteenth century.
noun: one who hates women

Some people have called the philosopher Freidrich Nietzsche a misogynist because of the numerous negative comments he made about women.
verb: to cause to become less harsh, severe, or painful; alleviate

noun: mitigation - the act of reducing the severity or painfulness of something

Before sentencing the woman, the judge asked if she had anything to say in mitigation.
adjective: related to memory; assisting memory

The more absurd, exaggerated, grotesque the images used as a mnemonic device to help remember a poem, the easier it will be to recall.
noun: a system that develops and improves the memory
noun: limited quantity

The scientist Carl Sagan wrote about astronomy and other scientific subjects in a way that enabled a reader with even a modicum of knowledge of science to understand what he was saying.
verb: to soothe

The prime minister tried to mollify people protesting the tax increase with a promise that she would order a study of other means to raise revenue.
adjective: solid and uniform; constituting a single, unified whole

In the fifteenth century, there was a significant movement to revitalize the Church from within; however, it had become so monolithic over the centuries and contained so many vested interest that piecemeal reform was difficult and ineffective.
adjective: ill-humored; sullen
adjective: many colored; made up of many parts

The new political party is made up of a motley group of people who are unhappy with the existing parties.
adjective: diverse

The nationalities of the members of FSA are quite multifarious, but most of them are asian countries.
noun: intense anger; wrath
adjective: worldy as opposed to spiritual; concerned with the ordinary

Fundamentalists contend that the Bible's account of the creation is literally true, while others believe tht it is the retelling of a powerful myth current in the Middle East that sought to explain the mundane in spiritual language.
noun: black magic

Television might seem like necromacy to a time traveler from the fifteenth century.
verb: to cancel out; nullify

The soldiers' poor treatment of the prisoners negated any goodwill they had built up among the population.
noun: new word or expression
noun: novice; beginner

The school provides extensive support and guidance for neophyte teachers.
noun: a means of connection; a connected group or series; a center

Wall Street is the nexus of America's financial system.
adjective: bewildered; completely puzzled or confused; perplexed

The members of the football team were nonplussed by the presence of a female reporter in the locker room.
noun: sentimental longing for a past time

The product's marketing is centered on nostalgia for the 1950s.
noun: medicine or remedy of doubtful effectiveness; supposed cure

Although there are many nostrums urged on obese consumers, the ony effective remedy for this condition is prosaic but nonetheless valid: eat less and exercise more
adjective: commonplace or dull; unimaginative
noun: new word or expression

Since I have been away from gainesville all summer, I am not familiar with the neologism "rapex".
noun: anything that exercises a soothing or numbing affect or influence

Television is a narcotic for many people.
adjective: trifling; invalid; of very little importance; trivial; insignificant

The historian has a knack for focusing on information that appears nugatory but that, upon examination, illuminates the central issue.
adjective: stubborn

Raymond is obdurate about one thing: no talking while watching LOST.
adjective: overly submissive

Tom's tendency to submit meekly to any bullying authority is so great that his wife suggested he overcome his obsequiousness by taking an assertiveness training couse.

During my short stay at Auntie Conchita's house, I acted obsequious to avoid conflict, because she is so overbearing and controlling.
noun: funeral ceremony (often used in the plural, obsequies)

Solemn obsequies were held for President John F. Kennedy following his assassination.
verb: to make unnecessary; to anticipate and prevent; prevent from happening

An experienced physician can often discern if a patient's symptoms are psychosomatic, thus obviating the need for expensive medical tests.
verb: to shut; block
adjective: relating with practices connected with supernatural phenomena

In his book Supernature the biologist Lyell Watson explores what he regards as phenomena on the border between natural and occult phenomena.
noun: a long, adventurous voyage; a quest
adjective: too helpful; meddlesome

Auntie conchita's officious nature showed when she made Karen attempt to buy diapers at the closed pharmacy.
adjective: interfering; intrusive
adjective: concerning the sense of smell
noun: form of government in which power belongs to only a few leaders
adjective: burdensome

The duty the judge considers most onerous is sentencing convicted criminals.
noun: formation or use of words that imitate sounds of the actions they refer to

One theory of the origin of language is that it began a a sort of onomatopoeia as early humans imitated sounds they heard.
noun: disgrace; contempt

It is difficult to imagine the opprobrium heaped on a person who is a traitor to hs or her group.
noun: scientist who studies birds
verb: to move back and forth
verb: to move back and forth

The teacher oscillates between a student-centered approach to teaching and a subject-centered approach.
adjective: showy; trying to attract attention; pretentious

Some would regard buying a castle in france as an ostentatious display of wealth.
adjective: making an exaggerated outward show; ostentatious; showy; claiming or demanding a position of distinction or merit, especially when unjustified.
adjective: presumptuous; arrogant; overbearing

The ancient greeks believed that overweening pride - what they called hubris - would be punished eventually, by the gods
noun: song of joy or triumph; a fervent expression of joy

Fundamentally, the poem is a paean of joy, celebrating the coming of democracy to the country.
noun: study of past geological eras through fossil remains; the study of the forms of life existing n prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms.
adjective: lacking color or liveliness

Archeological evidence indicates that women have been using makeup to give color to a pallid face for millenia.
noun: elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise

Many panegyrics were written to Abraham Lincoln in the years after his death, and he has become one of the most revered figures in American history.
noun: model of excellence or perfection

The epic poet Homer was regarded by the ancient greeks as a paragon of literary excellence.
adjective: one-sided; commited to a party, group, or cause; prejudiced
adjective: departing from normal condition
noun: a quality, as of an experience or a work of art, that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness or sorrow
noun: a regional dialect; nonstandard speech; jargon

In singapore the lingua franca is increasingly becoming singapore english, widely regarded as a patois.
noun: scarcity; dearth
adjective: showing off learning
noun: a person who makes an excessive or inappropriate display of learning; a person who adheres rigidly to book knowledge without regard to common sense.
adjective: transparent; translucent; easily understood
noun: inclinaton

Sue has a penchant for science, while her brother is more interested in the arts.
adverb: at a distance, especially in feeling or interest; apart

adjective: reserved or reticent; indifferent; not interested
noun: extreme poverty

I'd rather not pay money to watch another penury to riches movie, even if it has will smith.
noun: a wandering from place to place

Swami Vivekanada's peregrinations took him all over india.

Neil's family's peregrinations across america will end in papua new guinea.
adjective: imperative; leaving no choice

The general's words were spoken in the peremptory tone of a man who is used to having his commands obeyed without question.
adjective: present throughout the years; persistent

Perennial warfare has left most of the people of the country in poverty.
adjective: faithless; disloyal; untrustworthy

I have a history of being a perfidious boyfriend.
adjective: superficial; not thorough; performed really as a duty

The perfunctory inspection of the airplane failed to reveal structural faults in the wing.

Flight attendants usually show the safety procedures in an aircraft like putting on a seatbelt in a perfunctory manner.
noun: point in an orbit that is closest to the earth

The earth observation satellite reaches a perigree of 320 miles above the earth's surface.
adjective: penetrable

Wetsuits, used by divers in cold water, are permeable to water but designed to retain body heat.
verb: to disturb greatly; make uneasy or anxious; cause a body to deviate from its regular orbit

The fallacious article explaining a scheduled change in the GRE this september greatly perturbed Raymond.

noun: perturbation - disturbance

"perturbations in the Earth's orbit around the sun."
adjective: spread throughout every part
verb: to spread throughout every part
adjective: rude; peevish

The boy's father worried that his disobedient and petulant child would grow up to be a bitter and annoying man.
adjective: calm in temperament; sluggish
noun: anything that is restored after suffering great destruction

The captain believed the battalion had been destroyed by the enemy and was amazed to see it arise, phoenix-like, its men still fighting valliantly.
noun: facial features

I'm a big face guy. I'm a sucker for girls who have beautiful physiognomy.
noun: devoutness

The medieval French monk was revered for his piety.
adjective: devoted to divine worship or service
adjective: appealingly stimulating; pleasantly pungent; attractive

Many of the guests enjoyed the piquant barbecue sauce but others found it too spicy for their taste.
noun: fleeting feeling of hurt pride

Sally left the restaurant in a fit of pique after her date called to say he couldn't come because he was working late.
verb: to provoke or arouse

The geologist's curiosity was piqued by the unusual appearance of the rock formation.
verb: to lessen another's anger; to pacify

Jenilee placated raymond's anger by singing the oscar meyer weiner song.
adjective: calm

We were amazed how the monk was able to remain placid despite the fire that was raging through the building.
adjective: melancholy; mournful

After the battle all that could be heard was the plaintive cries of women who had lost their husbands.
adjective: not easily excited to action or display of emotion; apathetic; calm, composed

Rebecca is a quiet person, but beneath a phlegmatic exterior lies a continual ferment of emotion.
noun: a state of agitation or turbulent change or development

The political ferment produced new leadership
noun: condition of being able to be shaped or formed; pliability

The sociologist is continually amazed by the plasticity of social institutions.
noun: stale, overused expression

Though Sarah's marriage didn't seem to be going well she took comfort in the platitude that the first six months of a marriage were always the most difficult.
adjective: spiritual; without sensual desire; theoretical

Gradually what had been a platonic relationship between tim and kyoko became a romantic one.
noun: excess; overabundance

The funeral business has produced a plethora of euphemisms such as the "slumber room" for the place where the corpse is placed for viewing.
verb: to determine the depth; to examine deeply

"a person plums the depths of despair"
verb: to congratulate oneself in a self-satisfied way

John plumed himself on his ability to read both Sanskrit and Greek.
verb: to fall; plunge

The fighter jet, struck by an enemy missle, plummeted to earth.
noun: society ruled by the wealthy

It has been argued that modern democracies are plutocracies to the extent that wealth allows certain people to have a disproportionately large influence on political decision-making.
adjective: full of holes
noun: person who affects (pretend or feign) an attitude or identity to impress others

People who wear skater clothes, but don't skate, are usually called poseurs.
adjective: practical
a practical way of approaching situations or solving problems
noun: someone who approaches situations in a practical way
verb: to talk idly; chatter

The "talk radio" program allows people to call in and prate about their pet peeves.
noun: meaningless, foolish talk
noun: preliminary statement
adjective: uncertain

Jenilee is sometimes precarious of my faithfulness to her, especially after the jenny talana episode; however, I will never cheat on her.
noun: principle; law

A good precept I like to follow in playing team sports is if you don't go to practice, you shouldn't play in the game.
verb: to cause to happen; throw down from a height

A declaration of war was precipitated by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

adjective: rash; hasty; sudden

The secretary of state advised the president not to take precipitate action.

adjective: precipitous - hasty; quickly with too little caution
noun: forerunner; predecessor

The precursor to the theory of plate tectonics was the theory of continental drift.
adjective: full of holes
verb: to supersede; appropriate for oneself; to cause to be set aside, especially to displace as inferior; to take the place of; replace

The movie was preempted for the president's emergency address to the nation.
adjective: capable of grasping

Animals with prehensile tails using it for grabbing onto shit.
verb: to make obsolete, old-fashioned, or out of date by replacing with something newer or better

This latest device will antiquate the ice-cube tray.
noun: forewarning; presentiment

Shortly after his reelection in 1864, President Abraham Lincoln had a premonition of hs impending death and on April 14, 1865, he was shot and died the next day.
verb: to foretell; indicate in advance

The english poet william blake believed hs work presaged a new age in which people would achieve political and spiritual freedom.
adjective: rude; improperly bold

The new employee did not offer her advice to her boss because she was afraid he might consider it presumptuous for a recent graduate to make a suggestion to someone with 30 years experience in the field.
adjective: rude; improperly bold

verb: presume

noun: presumption
adjective: beyond the normal course of nature; supernatural

Most scientists believe that putative preternatural phenomena are outside the scope of scientific inquiry.
adjective: commonly regarded as such; reputed; supposed

The putative boss of the mob.
verb: to quibble; evade the truth

Journalists accused government leaders of prevaricating about the progress of the war.
noun: an instance of the use of ambiguous, prevaricating, or irrelevant language to evade a point at issue

verb: to evade the truth of a point or question by raising irrelevant objections
adjective: original; existing from the beginning

Scholars are divided as to whether polytheism represents a degeneration from a primordial monotheism, or was a precursor to a more sophisticated view, monotheism.
adjective: untouched; uncorrupted

The bank's hermetically sealed vault has kept the manuscript in pristine condition for 50 years.

Jenilee is the virgin slayer; she likes pristine boys.
noun: honesty; high-mindedness; integrity and uprightness; having strong moral principles

No one questioned the probity of the judge being considered for elevation to the US supreme court.
adjective: posing a problem; doubtful; unsettled
adjective: wasteful; extravagant; lavish

Jenilee discourages raymond's prodigal spending on Jcrew stuff.
adjective: deep; not superficial
noun: the quality of being profound
adjective: so high as to prevent the purchase or use of; preventing; forbidding

Most people in poor countries are unable to purchase a computer because of its prohibitive price

noun: prohibition
verb: to increase rapidly

With the pervasive influence of American culture, "fast-food" restaurants are proliferating in many countries

noun: proliferation

A problem with proliferation of jargon is that it impedes communication between different fields of knowledge.
noun: inclination; tendency

There is a natural propensity to stress the importance of what one is saying by exaggerating it.
verb: to win over; appease
noun: a pouring out of wine or other liquid in honor of a deity
noun: correct conduct; fitness; the quality of being proper; appropriateness

Judges are expected to conduct themselves with propriety, especially in the courtroom.
noun: suitability or appropriateness; the quality of being suitable; the quality of being qualified

"they had to prove their fitness for the position"
verb: to condemn; forbid; outlaw
adjective: relating to prohibition; prohibitive

Proponents of the view that dictionaries should be proscriptive, dictating what correct usage is, believe that without such guides the standard of language will decline.
adjective: providing for future needs; frugal

The provident ant that spends the summer saving food for the winter.
adjective: powerful

The article analyzes the similarities and differences between the Roman Empire and the British Empire when each was at its most puissant.

noun: pussiance - power
adjective: careful in observing rules of behavior or ceremony; strictly attentive to minute details of form in action or conduct

The prime minister reminded his staff that they must be punctilious in following protocol during the visit by the foreign head of state.
adjective: stong or sharp in smell or taste; penetrating; caustic; to the point

Slang frequently expresses an idea succinctly and pungently.
verb: to profess; suppose; claim

Nearly everyone in the US purports to believe in God and many people are members of churches.
verb: to profess; suppose; claim

noun: meaning intended or implied; the meaning; purpose, intention, object

the main purport of your letter

the main purport of their visit to france
adjective: cowardly

A ship captain is considered pusillanimous if he abandons his ship before everyone else has.

noun: pusillanimity - cowardice
noun: marsh, bog; difficult situation; a predicament

a quagmire of financial indebtedness

The federal government's antitrust suit in the 1990s againts microsoft created a legal quagmire.
verb: to free or release from entanglement; disengage

"to extricate someone from a dangerous situation or quagmire."
verb: to cower; lose heart

The defendant quailed when the judge entered the room to announce the sentence.
adjective: limited; restricted in some way

"a qualified endorsement"

noun: qualification - limitation or restriction

So many qualifications had been added to the agreement that Sue was now reluctant to sign it.

verb: qualify - to modify or limit in some way

"to qualify an endorsement"
noun: sudden feeling of faintness or nausea; uneasy feeling about the rightness of actions

The judge had no qualms about sentencing the thief to five years imprisonment.

Raymond had a qualm after reading the fallacious artice purporting that the GRE was being changed this september.
verb: to question

The ability of george to throw a nice spiral was not queried.
verb: to question

noun: a question
verb: to argue over insignificant or irrelevant details

The lawyers spent so much time quibbling over details that they made little progress in reaching an agreement on the central issue.

noun: an evasion of the point of an argument by raising irrelevant distinctions or objections
adjective: inactive; still

Although malignant tumors may remain quiescent for a period of time, they never become benign.

noun: quiescence - inactiveness; stillness
noun: number of members necessary to conduct a meeting

The US senate's majority leader asked three members of his party to be available to help form a quoroum.
noun: witty, skillful storyteller

Former president bill clinton is known as an accomplished raconteur who can entertain guests with amusing anecdotes about politics all evening.
verb: to scold with bitter or abusive language

Dad rails apu everytime the dumb dog barks too much or destroys something.
noun: clothing

It took two hours for the princess' handmaidens to help her put on her splendid raiment for her coronation as queen.
noun: implication; outgrowth; consequence

The full ramification of the invention of the laser did not become apparent for many years; now it is used on a great variety of applications, from DVD players to surgery.
adjective: refined

Many scholars flourish in the rarefied intellectual atmosphere of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, New Jersey.

verb: rarefy - to make thinner, purer, or more refined
noun: fundamental reason
noun: puzzle in which pictures or symbols represents words

Egyptian writing uses the principle of the rebus, substituting pictures for words.
adjective: resisting authority or control

The officer had no choice but to recommend that the recalcitrant soldier be court-martialed.
verb: to retract a statement or opinion

Jenilee often calls me mean things, only to recant it later.

The bishop told the theologian that he must recant his heretical teaching or risk excommunication.
noun: person who lives in seclusion and often in solitude

adjective: reclusive

John is a reclusive person who enjoys reading more than anything else.
adjective: abstruse; hard to understand; profound; beyond ordinary knowledge or understanding

Many classical and biblical references known to educated nineteenth-century readers are now considered recondite by most readers.
adjective: formidable; arousing fear; worthy of respect

As a result of winning 95% of her cases, the prosecutor has earned a reputation as a redoubtable attorney.
adjective: stubborn; unmanageable; resisting ordinary methods of treatment

The general practitioner called in specialists to help determine the cause of the patient's refractory illness.

verb: refract - to deflect sound or light
adjective: brightly shining; resplendent(shining brilliantly; gleaming; splendid)

On the queen's neck was a necklace of jewels, in the middle of which was a large, refulgent diamond.

troops resplendent in white uniforms

resplendent virtues
verb: to contradict; disprove

noun: refutation
verb: to entertain

Former US presidents lyndon johnson, ronald reagan, and bill clinton often regaled visitors with amusing political anecdotes.
verb: to send or consign(to banish or set apart in one's mind) to an inferior position

He has been relegated to a post at the fringes of the diplomatic service.
verb: to object or protest

Minority members of the committe remonstrated with the majority members, saying that the proposal was unjust.
verb: to go back on one's word

He has reneged on his promise.
noun: amends; compensation

The judge said she would not sentence the man to jail on the condition that he pay full reparation to the family hurt by his crime.
verb: fret; complain

The president told the congressional representative he should stop repining over the lost opportunity and join the majority in exploring new ones.
noun: a repetition, especially of a piece of music; repeat an earlier theme of a composition

The standing ovation at the end of the set meant that the band had little choice but to reprise a few of their most popular tunes.
verb: to find fault with; blame

The speaker in andrew marvell's poem "to his coy mistress" reproaches his beloved for ignoring the passing time and for not being willing to physically express her love for him.
verb: to find fault with; blame

noun: blame; disgrace, discredit, or blame incurred

"to bring reproach on one's family"
noun: morally unprincipled person

The social worker refused to give up hope of reforming the criminal who was generally regarded as a reprobate.
verb: to reject as having no authority

In the 1960s, many black leaders such as Malcom X repudiated integration and nonviolence in favor of black separatism and passive resistance in the fight for civil rights.
verb: to cancel

The salesperson said he would rescind his offer to sell the goods at a 10% discount unless he received ful payment within 24 hours.
noun: determination; resolve

Raymond's resolution to get accepted into PT school reached new heights after observing at University Hospital.
noun: determination; firmness of purpose

President Abraham Lincoln displayed remarkable resolve in preventing the confederate states from seceding.

verb: resolve - to come to a definite or earnest decision about; determine to do something

I have resolved that I shall live to the full.
adjective: not speaking freely; reserved; reluctant

Many people in the west are reticent to criticize science, which in the view of many has become a sacred cow.
adjective: expressing deep respect; worshipful

The biologist Loren Eisely had what could be described as a reverent attitude toward nature.

verb: revere
noun: a retaliatory action or retort

The commander decided that the enemy attack must be countered with a quick riposte.
adjective: excessively ornate; highly decorated; style of architecture in 18th century europe
noun: title or heading; category; established mode of procedure or conduct; protocol

The data from the experiment was so diverse that the scientist decided to design a new rubric to organize it.
verb: to regret

The judge old the convicted man that he would come to rue his decision to commit the crime
noun: trick; crafty stratagem; subterfuge; any trick devised or used to attain a goal or to gain an advantage over an adversary or competitor.

In july, 1999, a group of christians from the UK traveled to various countries in which Crusaders had massacred people to apologize; however,man of the Moslems spurned this overture, believing it to be another Crusade in the form of a ruse.
noun: an opening or initiating move toward negotiations, a new relationship, an agreement, etc. a formal or informal proposal or offer

"overtures of peace"

"a shy man who rarely made overtures of friendship"
adjective: wise

Urban Meyer posted this sage, simple message in the locker room: "The pain of discipline. The pain of regret. You choose."

noun: sage - wise older person
adjective: lascivious; lustful

Playboy magazine is too salacious to be in the public library.
adjective: healthful

The salubrious effects of exercise on both physical and mental health have been well documented.
adjective: expecting an improvement; favorable to health, promoting health; healthful; promoting or conducive to some beneficial purpose; wholesome

The system of universal education is in our age the most prominent and salutary feature of the spirit of enlightenment.
verb: to approve; ratify; permit

noun: approval; ratification; permission

noun: penalization, a penalty that acts to ensure compliance or conformity; a coercive measure adopted usually by several nations acting together againts a nation violating international law

"The UN has the power to compel obedience to international law by sanctions or even war."
can also mean...
verb: to penalize
adjective: cynical; scornfully mocking; sneering; bitter

"a sardonic grin"

Satire that is too sardonic often loses its effectiveness.
adjective: pertaining to tailors, tailoring, or tailored clothing

Off-screen, the glamorous actress' sartorial style runs more to jeans and t-shirts than to elaborate gowns
verb: to satisfy

The bully satiated his fury by pummeling the helpless little boy.
verb: to soak thoroughly; imbue throughout

The writer's recollection of her childhood is saturated with sunshine and laughter.
adjective: gloomy

With the big storm in cleveland during my last morning in University Hospital, my mood was saturnine.
noun: a creature tht is half-man half-beast with the horns and legs of a goat; it is a follower of Dionysos; a lecher ( a man given to excessive sexual desire; a lascivious or licentious man)
adjective: sexually unrestrained; lascivious; libertine; lewd; unrestrained by law or general morality; immoral; disregarding rules
verb: to enjoy; have a distinctive flavor or smell; to exhibit the peculiar characteristics

His business practices savor of greed.
noun: a creature tht is half-man half-beast with the horns and legs of a goat; it is a follower of Dionysos; a lecher ( a man given to excessive sexual desire; a lascivious or licentious man)
adjective: relating to or in the form of an outline or diagram

The engineer outlined the workings of the factory in schematic form.
verb: produce and release substance into organism
noun: behavior prompting rebellion

The federal prosecutor argued that the journalist's article could be interpreted as an act of sedition since it strongly suggested that the government should be overturned.
adjective: diligent

The nobel prize-winning scientist attributed his success to what he termed "curiousity, a modicum of intelligence, and sedulous application."
adjective: relating to earthquakes; earthshaking
adjective: relating to the senses; gratifying the physical senses, especially sexual appetites
adjective: relating to the senses; operating through the senses
adjective: aware; conscious; able to percieve

noun: sentience
adjective: submissive; obedient
noun: navigation tool that determines latitude and longitude
noun: a piece of broken glass of pottery
adjective: relating to the stars
adjective: apelike; relating to apes

"people denied the evolutionary significance of the simian characteristics of human beings."
noun: comparison of one thing with another using "like" or "as"
noun: well-paying job or office that requires little or no work
adjective: unique; extraordinary; odd

The defendent's singular appearance made it easy to identify him later.
adjective: winding; intricate; complex

The students had trouble following the philosopher's sinuous line of reasoning.
noun: one who doubts
noun: one who believes tht existance and all traditional values are meaningless
noun: seriousness

she approaches her studies with commendable sobriety
adjective: thoroughly soaked; saturated
adjective: concerned; attentive; eager

kellie is solicitous of the health and progress of all her patients.
noun: literary or dramatic speech by one character, not addressed to others
adjective: able to meet financial obligations

During the divorce my dad had difficulty remaining solvent; fortunately he turned out just fine.
adjective: relating to or affecting the body; corporeal(of the nature of the physical body; bodily)
adjective: of the nature of the physical body; bodily; material; tangible

"corporeal property"
adjective: sleep producing
adjective: filthy; contemptible and corrupt

The monica lewinski scandal ranks as one of th most sordid affairs in american history.
adjective: seeming to be logical and sound, but not really so

the article rebuts the specious argument advanced by the so-called expert in the field

in the logic class, students were asked to identify specious lines of reasoning in several arguments.
noun: band of colors produced when sunlight passes through a prism; a broad range of related ideas or objects
noun: person who spends money recklessly, person who is not thrifty

adjective: spendthrift - wasteful and extravagant

Greg's spendthrift habits resulted in his accumulating a huge amount of credit card debt.
adjective: irregular
noun: filthy, wretched condition

The family lives in squalor in the slums of Manila.
adjective: marked by abrupt, clear-cut sounds

we listened to the staccato steps of the woman in high heels running down the street.
verb: to stop or check the flow of

the medic used a tourniquet to stanch the woman's bleeding wound.
adjective: extremely loud

The speaker's stentorian voice rang through the hall.
noun: mark of disgrace or inferiority

giving psychological treatment to a child may cause him to acquire a stigma as a result of officially being labeled as deviant.
verb: to mark as disgraceful or inferior

The civil rights movement helped to stigmatize racism.
verb: to be sparing

Stinting on butter used in cooking is a good idea.

Stinting on funding for education is a bad idea.

noun: stint - a period of time spent doing something

a short stint in the army
verb: to specify as an essential condition

The contract stipulates that the agreement will remain in force unless both sides agree to cancel it.
noun: essential conditions

stipulations in a contract should be clear in order to obviate the need for parties to resort to litigation.
adjective: having or showing little emotion

luke was one of those stolid individuals who rarely show their feelings.
adjective: arranged in layers

noun: stratum - layer

plural of stratum is strata

social stratification - hierarchical arrangement of individuals in a society into classes or castes
adjective: marked with thin, narrow grooves or channels

noun: striation -

the geologist examined striations in the rock to learn abut the glacier tha had made them 10,000 years ago.
noun: essential conditions

stipulations in a contract should be clear in order to obviate the need for parties to resort to litigation.
noun: something that restrains; negative criticism

lawyers are expected to abide by a set of ethical strictures in their practice of the law

the central paradox of poetry is tht the strictures imposed by form on a talented poet can help produce works of great power.
adjective: loud; harsh unpleasantly noisy

Calls for the prime minister's resignation became more strident after it was discovered tht he hd strong connections to orgnized crime.
verb: to swagger; display to impress others
verb: to impair or reduce to uselessness

rote learning stultifies students' creativity

businessess complained that government regulations are stultifying free competition and innovation.
verb: to dull the senses of; stun; astonish; to overwhelm with amazement

After 3 shots of tequila, raymond was stupefied

RJ was stupefied that he nearly got a perfect score on the GRE.
adjective: dark and gloomy; hellish

The news that the country was being invaded plunged it into a stygian doom.
noun: notice ordering someone to appear in court
verb: to settle down; grow quiet
verb: to support with proof or evidence

Advocates of the theory that atlantis existed mre than 6,000 years ago sometimes use evidence of dubious authenticity to substantiate their claims.
adjective: doubtful
adjective: essential; pertaining to the substance

The judge cautioned the attorney to present only information that was subtantive to the case at hand.
verb: to include; incorporate

The scientist was abe to formulate a general principle that subsumes five more specific principles.
adjective: intended to undermine or overthrow, especially an established government

noun: person intending to undermine somethin
noun: relief; help in time of distress or want

the woman provided succor to the enemy in the form of food.

the depressed man found succor by going inside the church to pray
noun: right to vote
adjective: various

the book tells the story of the protagonist's sundry adventures in Africa over the last 20 years.
verb: to replace especially to displace as inferior or antiquated

Some experts predict that books made from paper will one day be superseded by electronic books.
adjective: lying on the back; marked by lethargy
verb: to replace; substitute

some fear that AI machines wil eventually supplant biological life forms
adjective: beseeching(beg eagerly for, to make urgent appeal; to implore urgently)

The worshippers raised their suppliant voices to God, praying for forgiveness.

They besought him to go at once.

Earnestly did I beseech, but to no avail.
noun: person who asks humbly and earnestly

the supplicant approached the king, begging him to forgive their offences.

the mother of the criminal appeared as a supplicant before the governor, asking him to grant her son clemency.
noun: the act of assuming to be true or real

Science proceeds on the supposition that knowledge is possible.

The astronomers searching for aliens are proceeding on the supposition that life requires water.
noun: a form of deductive reasoning that has a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion
adjective: related to the woods or forest

The poet lives in sylvan seclusion, writing about the beauty of nature.
adjective: silently understood; implied

By tacit agreement no one in 1425 talked about grace's loud moans during sex while she was in the room.
noun: charm to bring good luck and avert misfortune
adjective: peripheral; digressing

the evidence had only a tangential bearing on the case, so the judge told the lawyer to present ony a brief summary of it
noun: unnecessary repetition

"old adage" is an tautology, or "widow woman"
noun: the science of classification; in biology, the process of classifying organisms in categories
noun: belief; doctrine

A central tenet of democracy is that the law should treat everyone equally.
adjective: weak; insubstantial

The study established a tenuous relationship between brain size in mammals and intelligence.
adjective: earthly; commonplace
noun: government by priests representing a god
noun: process by which society gradually changes from close identification with th institutions of religion to a greater separation of religion from the rest of social life.
noun: an actor or actress
noun: the characteristic quality of sound produced by a particular instrument or voice; tone color
noun: long, violent speech; verbal assault
noun: flatterer; hanger-on; yes-man
noun: book, usually large and academic

This 800 page tome called biology contains most of the information students need to learn for the introductory biology course.
noun: lethargy; dormancy, as of a hibernating animal; sluggish inactivity

After returning home from the tiring europe trip, Raymond sank into a peaceful torpor, watching tv and sleeping.
noun: a turning or twisting force
adjective: having many twists and turns; highly complex

The person's tortuous journey from cynicism and despair to faith and hope.

It was hard to follow the tortuous line of reasoning used by mathematicians.
verb: to promote or praise energetically

the critic touted moby dick as the greatest book in american literature
verb: to promote or praise energetically

the critic touted moby dick as the greatest book in american literature
adjective: obedient; yielding

The violent prisoner became tractable after he was given a sedative.
noun: act of trespassing or violating a law or rule

She would not put up with any transgression of classroom rules.

verb: transgress

Western medicine transgressed Hippocrates' prescriptions for medicine when doctors messed up patients with purges and bloodletting.
adjective: temporary; short-lived; fleeting
noun: state or condition of individuals or society characterized by a breakdown or absence of social norms and values, as in the case of uprooted people
adjective: partially transparent
noun: work, especially arduous work; tribulation; anguish

America's early pioneers endured great travail.
noun: parody; exaggerated imitation; caricature

The playwright complained tht the musical comedy version of his play was a travesty of his work.
noun: article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
adjective: trembling; quivering; frugal; timid

The soldier, his voice tremulous, begged his captor not to kill him.
noun: fear and anxiety

John tried to hide his trepidation when he proposed to Susie, the girl he loved.
noun: aggressiveness; ferocity

When i first started playing flag football I pulled flags with truculence.
noun: agreement between lovers to meet; rendezvous

Jenilee and Raymond joke about setting up a tryst at my dad's timeshare.
adjective: swollen; distended; pompous or inflated, as language; turgid; bombastic; bulging

The british writer george orwell often satirized tumid political prose.
adjective: swollen; distended; pompous or inflated, as language; turgid; bombastic; bulging

The british writer george orwell often satirized tumid political prose.
adjective: muddy; opaque; a state of great confusion; not clear or transparent because of stirred up sediment; clouded

the turbid waters near the waterfall

the turbid state of the soldier's mind the night before the big battle was set to begin.
adjective: swollen; bloated; pompous, bombastic, tumid

she did not want the report written in the turgid prose too often ound in official documents.
adjective: serving as a guardian or protector

some people believe in guardian angels, a tutelary being that guides and protects them.
adjective: mysterious; strange
adjective: moving in waves

The undulating terrain of the area has made it difficult for engineers to build road there.
adjective: not false; not made up; genuine
adjective: indefensible

The prime minister's position became untenable after he lost the support of his own party, so he resigned from office.