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1167 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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ABASE vb
to humble
ABATE VB
reduce in amount, degree, severity
ABDICATE VB
give up position, right, power
ABERRANT ADJ
deviating from what is normal
ABEYANCE N
temporary suppression or suspension
ABJURE VB
to reject; abandon formally
she abjured the doctrines of her parents
ABSCOND VB
to leave secretly
ABSTAIN VB
to choose not to do something
ABSTEMIOUS ADJ
moderate in appetite
not self-indulgent, esp. when eating and drinking : “We only had a bottle.” “Very abstemious of you.”
ACCRETION N
a growth in size
ACIDULOUS ADJ
sour in taste or manor
ACME N
summit
ADULTERATE VB
to make impure
ADVOCATE VB
to speak in favor of
AERIE N
a nest high in the air
AFFECTED ADJ
phony, artificial
AGGRANDIZE VB
increase in power, influence, or reputation
ALACRITY N
cheerful readiness
she accepted the invitation with alacrity
ALLEVIATE VB
to ease, make more bearable
MITIGATE VB
make less severe, painful, etc...
AMALGAMATION N
merger
AMBIGUOUS ADJ
doubtful, uncertain
AMELIORATE VB
to make better, improve
AMORTIZE VB
to diminish by payments
AMULET N
charm worn to ward off evil
ANACHRONISM N
out of place in time
ANALGESIA N
to lessen pain without consciousness
ANODYNE N
something that calms or soothes pain
ANTAGONIZE VB
to provoke
ANTIPATHY N
extreme dislike
ANIMUS N
hostility or ill feeling
ENMITY N
the state or feeling of being actively opposed or hostile to someone or something
AVERSION N
a strong dislike or disinclination
APATHY N
lack of interest or emotion
APOCRYPHAL ADJ
of questionable authority although widely believed to be true.
an apocryphal story about a former president
APOSTATE N
one who renounces a religious faith
APPROBATION N
approval or praise
ADULATION N
excessive admiration or praise
WAYWARD ADJ
difficult to control or predict because of unusual or perverse behavior
ARBITRATE VB
to judge a dispute
ARDOR N
passionate or intense feeling
ARROGATE VB
claim without justification
He arrogated to himself the right of deciding
ASSAIL VB
attack
ASSUAGE VB
to make something unpleasant less severe
ALLAY VB
diminish or put at rest (fear)
MOLLIFY VB
appease the anger or anxiety of (someone)
land conservations were set-up to mollify the environmentalists
ATTENUATE VB
to weaken
ENFEEBLE VB
make weak or feeble
AUDACIOUS ADJ
fearless, bold
impudent
SAP VB
gradually weaken or destroy
AUGURY N
prophecy
OMEN N
an event regarded as a portent of good or evil
PORTENT N
a sign or warning that something
PRESAGE N
be a sign or warning that (something, typically something bad) will happen
HARBINGER N
a person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another
AUGUST ADJ
dignified, grandiose
AUSTERE ADJ
stern or severe in appearance, undecorated
DOUR ADJ
relentlessly severe, stern, or gloomy in manner or appearance
A hard dour, humorless fanatic.
BANAL ADJ
boring, cliche
VAPID ADJ
offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging
BELFRY N
tower where bell is hung
BEVY N
group
BIFURCATE VB
to divide into two
BILK VB
cheat
BELFRY N
tower where bell is hung
BLIGHT VB
to destroy
BIFURCATE VB
to divide into two
BILK VB
cheat
BLITHE ADJ
joyful without thought
A blithe indifference to anyone's feelings.
BOMBASTIC ADJ
pompous
DECLAMATORY ADJ
to speak in a rhetorical or impassioned way
FUSTIAN ADJ
pompous or pretentious speech or writing
MAGNILOQUENT ADJ
using high-flown or bombastic language
BONHOMIE N
atmosphere of good cheer
He exuded good humor and bonhomie
BOOR N
crude person
BURGEON VB
to grow flourish
BURNISH VB
to polish
CABAL N
a secret group looking to overturn something
CACOPHONY N
harsh noise
CALUMNY N
a false or slanderous statement
CANARD N
lie
PREVARICATION N
activing evasively
dodge
CANDID ADJ
honest in speech
CAPRICIOUS ADJ
changing one's mind quickly and often
A capricious climate.
FICKLE ADJ
Changing frequently, esp. as regards one's loyalties, interests, or affection
CASTIGATE VB
to punish criticize harshly
CATHOLIC ADJ
universal
the catholic idea has been around for ages
CAUSTIC ADJ
biting in wit
the players were making caustic comments towards the referee.
TRENCHANT ADJ
biting critisism
ACERBIC ADJ
sharp forthright speech
MORDANT ADJ
having or showing a sharp or critical quality, biting
He had a mordant wit as well . . . , a bit wicked and waspish even.
CHICANERY N
trickery
ARTIFICE N
clever or cunning devices to trick others
CIRCUMSPECT ADJ
cautious, aware of consequences
she would have to be circumspect with her dealings with her edgy friend
CLOYING ADJ
excessively sweet
SOLICITOUS ADJ
showing interest or concern
She was always solicitous about the welfare of her students
COFFER N
treasure chest
COGENT ADJ
well-reasoned
CONNIVANCE N
willingness to secretly allow or be involved in wrongdoing
end justifies the means

conniving
MACHINATION VB
engage in plots and intrigues; scheme.
CONTRITE ADJ
deeply sorrowful
A broken and contrite heart
CONTUMACIOUS ADJ
rebellious
FACTITIOUS ADJ
artificially created
BYZANTINE ADJ
excessively complicated
LABYRINTHIAN ADJ
Intricate and confusing arrangement

a complicated irregular network of passages

I
COSSET VB
to pamper
COTERIE N
intimate group of persons with the same purpose
CRAVEN ADJ
lacking courage
CREDULOUS ADJ
excessively believing
CRESCENDO N
increasing volume or force
CUPIDITY N
greed,strong desire
AVARICE N
extreme greed for wealth
RAPACITY N
aggressively greedy
avarice
covetous
acquisitive
rapacious
CURMUDGEON N
cranky person
DEBUTANTE N
young woman making a debut in high society
DECLIVITY N
downward slope
DECOROUS ADJ
proper
DECORUM N
appropriateness in behavior
MORES N
the essential or characteristic customs and conventions of a community
DEFERENCE N
respect
DELETERIOUS ADJ
subtly harmful
a deleterious pin prick
DEMAGOGUE N
rabble-rouser
DEMUR VB
to express doubt or objection
Normally she would have accepted the challenges but this time she demurred
DISSENT VB
Express opinions that are different than those previously expressed
I could not agree with their traditional views, so I have to dissent to be true to myself
DERIDE VB
to mock
DESICCATE VB
to dry thoroughly
DESULTORY ADJ
disconnected
unfocused
occurring randomly
the desultory conversation faded
DIAPHANOUS ADJ
allow light to show through
DIATRIBE N
condemnatory speech
FULMINATION N
an expression of vehement protest
DICTUM N
authoritative statement
ADAGE N
a proverb or short statement expressing a general truth
EDICT N
an official order or proclamation issued by a person in authority.
DECREE N
an official order issued by a legal authority
DIFFIDENT ADJ
lacking self-confidence
Eric was diffident back in the day.
COY ADJ
modesty or shyness that is intended to be alluring but is regarding as irritating
dont be coy with me
DEMURE ADJ
of a woman or her behavior) reserved, modest, and shy
DILATE
to expand
DILATORY ADJ
purposeful procrastination
Dilatory procedural techniques to delay the bill
DILETTANTE N
someone with superficial interest
glib
DIRGE N
mournful speech
DISABUSE VB
to set right
DISSEMBLE VB
to present if false appearance
An honest sincere person with no need to dissemble
DISSONANCE N
disagreeable combination especially with sounds
DISSENT N
hold or express opinions that are at variance with those previously
DISSIDENCE N
protest against official policy
DISCORD N
disagreement between people
DISTAFF N
female branch of family
DISTEND VB
to inflate, swell
DITHER VB
act without purpose
VACILLATE VB
indecisive
stop vacillating and choose
DIURNAL ADJ
existing during the day
DIVINE VB
fortell

excellent delightful
DOCTRINAIRE ADJ
rigidly devoted to theories without regard to practicality, dogmatic
DOGMA N
firmly held opinion
TENET N
a principle or belief
DOGMATIC ADJ
inclined to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true
DOMINEERING ADJ
assert one's will over another in an arrogant way
IMPERIOUS ADJ
assuming power or authority without justification, domineering
more severe that arrogate

the imperious demands were not well met
DROLL ADJ
amusing in a subtle way
RISIBLE ADJ
such as to provoke laughter
DYSPEPTIC ADJ
indigestion, gloomy
MELANCHOLY ADJ
a deep, pensive, and long-lasting sadness
EBULLIENT ADJ
exhilarated
he sounded ebullient and happy
ECLECTIC ADJ
made up of a variety of sources
EDIFY VB
to instruct morally or spiritually
EFFICACY N
effectiveness
EFFIGY N
doll of human likeness
EFFRONTERY N
audacity, gall
GALL N
bold, impudent behavior
ELEGY N
sorrowful speach
ELOQUENT ADJ
persuasive or moving
EMULATE VB
copy
ENCOMIUM N
warm praise
positive
ENERVATE VB
to weaken
ENGENDER VB
to bring about, cause
ENIGMA N
puzzle, mystery
ENUMERATE
list, count
EPHEMERAL ADJ
lasting for a short time
Fashions are ephemeral
EVANESCENT ADJ
quickly fading or disappearing
EPICURE N
person with refined manner
EQUIVOCATE VB
use ambiguous language so as to conceal the truth or avoid committing oneself
ERSATZ ADJ
fake artifial
the ersatz model was driving me crazy
ERUDITE ADJ
scholarly
ESCHEW VB
avoid, shun
ESOTERIC ADJ
knowledge belonging to a select group
ESTIMABLE ADJ
admirable
ETHOS N
beliefs, characteristics of a group
EULOGY N
speech praising someone
EUPHEMISM N
a mild expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh for something unpleasant or embarrassing
EUPHONY N
pleasant sound
EXACERBATE VB
to make worse
EXCULPATE VB
to clear from blame
not censor
EXIGENT ADJ
urgent, requiring immediate action
the exigent cries of the drowning man
EXONERATE VB
to clear from blame
ABSOLVE
declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility
EXPONENT N
proponent
EXPURGATE VB
to censor
bowdlerize
FALLOW ADJ
dormant
FANATICAL ADJ
excessive enthusiasm, zeal
FATUOUS ADJ
stupid, silly, pointless
captious comment
FAWN VB
to grovel
FECUND ADJ
productive, fruitful
FERVID ADJ
feverish, passionate
FETID ADJ
foul-smelling
fetid pile of garbage
FLAG VB
waning, decreasing in vigor, strength, interest
FLORID ADJ
excessively decorated
rococo
ornate
FOMENT VB
to incite
accused of fomenting civil unrest
ORNATE VB
highly decorated
OSTENTATIOUS VB
characterized by vulgar or pretentious display
FORD VB
cross water by wading
FORESTALL VB
to prevent
OBVIATE VB
to avoid; prevent
i tried to obviate the disaster
FORTUITOUS ADJ
Happening by accident or chance rather than design
PROPITIOUS ADJ
giving or indicating a good chance of success; favorable
FRACTIOUS ADJ
rebellious, unruly
they fight and squabble like fractious young children
PEEVISH ADJ
easily irritated, esp. by unimportant things
FRENETIC ADJ
frantic
FURTIVE ADJ
secret stealthy
GAMBOL VB
to dance around happily
GARNER VB
to gain, gather
GLEAN VB
Extract (information) from various sources
GARRULOUS ADJ
talkative
EFFUSIVE ADJ
gushing, unreserved in a positive manner
good thing close to praise
GESTATION N
growth process from conception to birth
GLIB ADJ
fluent in an insincere manner
glib politician
GLOWER VB
to glare
GRADATION N
variation
GREGARIOUS ADJ
sociable
AFFABLE ADJ
friendly, good-natured, or easy to talk to
CONGENIAL ADJ
pleasant because of a personality, qualities, or interests that are similar to one’s own
his need for some congenial company
GRIEVOUS ADJ
causing grief
DOLOROUS ADJ
feeling or expressing great sorrow or distress
EFFUSIVE ADJ
expressing feelings of gratitude, pleasure, or approval in an unrestrained or heartfelt manner
An effusive welcome
GESTATION N
growth process from conception to birth
GLIB ADJ
fluent in an insincere manner
GLOWER VB
to glare
he glowered at his enemy
GRADATION N
variation
GREGARIOUS ADJ
sociable
AFFABLE ADJ
friendly, good-natured, or easy to talk to
CONGENIAL ADJ
pleasant because of a personality, qualities, or interests that are similar to one’s own
GRIEVOUS ADJ
causing grief
DOLOROUS ADJ
feeling or expressing great sorrow or distress
GROVEL VB
to humble
TOADY N
a person who behaves obsequiously to someone important
GUILE N
trickery
HAPLESS ADJ
unfortunate
HEGEMONY N
leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group over others
HERMETIC ADJ
tightly sealed
HOARY ADJ
white with age
HUSBAND VB
conserve
HYPERBOLE N
exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.
ICONOCLAST N
someone who opposes established beliefs, customs, or institutions
IDIOSYNCRASY N
eccentricities
IGNOBLE ADJ
low moral standard
IMBUE VB
infuse, dye
IMPASSE N
blocked path, dilemma with no solution
IMPECUNIOUS ADJ
poor
the impecunious old man sat on the sidewalk with a sign
DESTITUTE ADJ
poor
IMPERVIOUS ADJ
impossible to penetrate
IMPREGNABLE ADJ
unable to be captured or broken into
IMPETUOUS ADJ
act quickly without thinking
IMPIOUS ADJ
not devout to any religion
IMPLACABLE ADJ
unable to calm down or make peaceful
He was an implacable enemy of Ted.
IMPRECATION N
a curse
IMPUGN VB
to call into question
he father does not impugn her capacity as a good mother.
INCARNADINE ADJ
blood-red in color
INCHOATE ADJ
unfinished, disorganized, rudimentary
INCULCATE VB
to teach, impress upon the mind
parents usually want to inculcate there children with their beliefs
INDOLENT ADJ
habitually lazy
INEXORABLE ADJ
inflexible
The seemingly inexorable march of new technology
INGENUOUS ADJ
childish in innocence
INGRATE N
ungrateful person
INGRATIATE VB
gain favor through deliberate effort
A social climber who had tried to ingratiate herself with the high counsel
INIMICAL ADJ
hostility
INIQUITY N
sin
the iniquity of human kind
INQUEST N
investigation
INSIPID ADJ
lacking taste or interest
blah...mugs of insipid coffee
INTER VB
bury
INTERREGNUM N
period between reigns
INTRACTABLE ADJ
not easily managed or manipulated
INTRANSIGENT ADJ
unyielding, uncompromising
INTREPID ADJ
fearless
INUNDATE VB
overwhelm
DELUGE VB
inundate with a great quantity of something
INURE VB
to harden because of something
i was inured by the constant shelling
INVECTIVE N
abusive language
bad

a stream of invectives came from her mouth
INVESTITURE N
ceremony conferring authority
INVIDIOUS ADJ
offensive, obnoxious
unfairly discriminating
it seems invidious to make a distinction of one aspect of his work over another
IRASCIBLE ADJ
easily made angry
CANTANKEROUS ADJ
bad-tempered, argumentative, and uncooperative
ITINERANT ADJ
wondering from place to place
JETTISON VB
discard (someone or something that is no longer wanted)
JINGOISM N
belligerent support of one's nation
JOCULAR ADJ
playful
CONFLUENCE N
the junction of two rivers
KEEN ADJ
sharply aware
KINDLE VB
burn
KINETIC ADJ
having to do with motion
KNELL N
sound of a funeral bell
KUDOS N
fame, glory, honor
LACHRYMOSE ADJ
tearful
LACONIC ADJ
using few words
LAMENT VB
to express deep sorrow
LAMPOON VB
ridicule with satire
the senator made himself famous as a pinch-penny watchdog of public spending, lampooning dubious federal projects.
SATIRE N
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices,
LANGUID ADJ
lacking energy, slow
LAPIDARY ADJ
relating to precious stones and cutting
LARCENY N
theft of property
LARGESS N
generosity in giving to those who may be inferior
Dispensing his wealth with such largess
LASSITUDE N
a state of diminished energy
LATENT ADJ
potential that is not readily apparent
LAUD VB
to give praise
PROFUSE ADJ
abundant
PRODIGAL ADJ
having or giving something on a lavish scale, spending money recklessly
OPULENT ADJ
ostentatiously rich, LAVISH
LEERY ADJ
suspicious
LEGERDEMAIN N
trickery
LETHARGIC ADJ
sluggish, tired
LEVITY N
inappropriate lack of seriousness
flippant
LIBERAL ADJ
tolerant broad-minded
BOUNTEOUS ADJ
enerously given or giving
LIBERTINE N
someone who is free from moral constraints, free thinker
LICENTIOUS ADJ
immoral, unrestrained in society
LIMPID ADJ
transparent
not what you think

transparent cloth
LIONIZE VB
to treat as a celebrity
LISSOME
easily flexed
LITHE
referring to a person's body, thin graceful
LISTLESS ADJ
lacking energy or enthusiasm
LUCID ADJ
clear and easily understood
LUGUBRIOUS ADJ
sorrowful
The lugubrious morning went on all day.
LUMBER VB
to move slowly
LUMINOUS ADJ
bright
MACHINATE VB
plot, scheme
MAELSTROM N
turmoil, whirlwind, agitated state of mind
EDDY N
whirlpool
MAGNATE N
powerful, influential person
MALEDICTION N
curse
MALINGER VB
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
MALLEABLE ADJ
capable of being shaped
MANNERED ADJ
artificial or stilted in character
STILTED ADJ
stiff and self-conscious or unnatural
One the first day of camp the room was full of stilted conversations
MAR VB
to damage, deface
MARTINET N
a strict disciplinarian, one who follows rules
dogmatic
MAUDLIN ADJ
overly sentimental
stop your maudlin attitude
MENDACIOUS ADJ
dishonest
mendacious propaganda
MENDICANT N
beggar
PAUPER N
poor person
MERCURIAL ADJ
sudden unpredictable changes in mood, volatile
impetuous
MERETRICIOUS ADJ
gaudy, falsely attractive
meretricious souvenirs for the tourist trade.
GAUDY ADJ
showy
TAWDRY ADJ
showy but cheap and bad quality
SPECIOUS ADJ
superficially plausible, but actually wrong
ALLEGORY N
something that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning,
PUNCTILIOUS ADJ
showing great attention to detail or correct behavior
MILITATE VB
to operate, work against
MIRTH N
laughter
GAIETY N
state of being cheerful or light-hearted
MISANTHROPE N
a person who dislikes others
MISSIVE N
a written note or letter
PALLIATE VB
make (a disease) less severe
MOLT VB
to shed an outer layer
MONASTIC ADJ
relating to monks, extremely plain or secluded
MONOTONY N
no variation
MORES N (mawr ayz)
fixed customs: moral attitudes
MULTIFARIOUS ADJ
diverse
MOTLEY ADJ
incongruously varied in appearance or character; disparate : a motley crew of discontents and zealots.
a motley crew
MYOPIC ADJ
lacking foresight, narrow view
conservatives are myopic
NADIR N
lowest point, bottom
NASCENT ADJ
coming into existence
INCHOATE ADJ
rudimentary
NEOLOGISM N
new word or expression
NEOPHYTE N
novice
NETTLE VB
to irritate
VEX VB
make (someone) feel annoyed, frustrated, or worried
NOISOME ADJ
putrid
NOMINAL ADJ
existing only in name, negligible
TITULAR ADJ
holding or constituting a purely formal position or title without any real authority
NUANCE N
subtle expression
NUMISMATICS N
coin collecting
OBDURATE ADJ
resistant to persuasion, hardened
inure
RECALCITRANT ADJ
having an uncooperative attitude toward authority or discipline
a class of recalcitrant 15 year-olds
OBSTINATE ADJ
stubbornly refusing to change, despite attempts to persuade, hard to change
the obstinate problem of unemployment
OBLIQUE ADJ
indirect, evasive
OBSEQUIOUS ADJ
overly submissive and easy to please
yes sir yes sir
OBSTINATE ADJ
stubborn
the obstinate guard wouldn't let me by
PERTINACIOUS ADJ

MULISH ADJ
stubborn (feeling opinion)
COGITATE VB
think deeply about something
pensive
PEDANTIC ADJ
excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.
many of the essays are long, dense, and too pedantic to hold great appeal.
INSULAR ADJ
ISOLATED
PESTILENT ADJ
deadly
FASTIDIOUS ADJ
very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detai
CEPHALIC ADJ
having to do with the head
PLUCKY ADJ
having courage
SEDULITY ADJ
Showing dedication and diligence
He watched himself with the most sedulous care
ASSENT VB
express approval or agreement, typically officially
BLANDISHMENTS N
a flattering or pleasing statement or action used to persuade someone gently to do something
ANNOTE
make notes,
IRKSOME ADJ
irritating; annoying.
REPROACH VB
expressing disagreement
Critics of this administration reproached the president for his failures.
RECANT VB
say that one no longer holds an opinion or belief, esp. one considered heretical
heretics were burned if they did not recant
CATECHISM N
a series of fixed questions, answers, or precepts used for instruction in other situations.
CANDOR N
the quality of being open and honest in expression; franknesS
RETICENT ADJ
not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily
BERATED VB
scold or criticize (someone) angrily
HIDEBOUND ADJ
unwilling or unable to change because of tradition or convention
You are hidebound by your petty laws
VITRIOL ADJ
cruel and bitter criticism
sulfuric acid
CHASTENED VB
have a restraining or moderating effect on
DISENCHANTED VB
free (someone) from illusion; disappoint
PURITANICAL ADJ
practicing or affecting strict religious or moral behavior
ESPOUSE VB
adopt or support
HERETICAL N
a person believing in or practicing religious heresy
IMPUDENCE ADJ
not showing due respect for another person
he could have strangled this impudent hack
INSOLENCE ADJ
showing a rude and arrogant lack of respect
INDOLENCE ADJ
laziness
PEJORATIVE N
a word expressing contempt or disapproval
COVETOUS ADJ
GREED, having or showing a great desire to possess something, typically something belonging to someone else, greed
avarice
PIQUED
stimulate
RAPPROCHEMENT N
an establishment or resumption of harmonious relations
SCAPULA N
echnical term for shoulder blade
COBBLER N
shoe maker
OCCLUDE VB
to stop prevent the passage of
they were occluding the waterfront with a wall of buildings
EXECUTRIX N
a female executor of a will
OFFICIOUS ADJ
too helpful meddlesome
he wasn't needed anymore but the officious boy wouldn't stop
ONEROUS ADJ
burdensome, troublesome
bad thing

he found his duties increasingly onerous.
OPAQUE ADJ
impossible to see through
OPINE VB
to express an opinion
OPPROBRIUM N
public disgrace
His films and the critical opprobrium they have created
OROTUND ADJ
pompous, imposing
AUREATE
elaborate, highly decorated
DECLAMATORY
rhetorical or impassioned speech or actions
SONOROUS

GRANDILOQUENT
having a pleasing sound or imposing lang

pompous
CURSORY ADJ
hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
A cursory glance at the figures.
COMPENDIUM N
a collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject
APACE ADV
swiftly
PRECIPITATE VB
Cause (usually bad event) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely
The incident precipitated a political crisis.

Suddenly the ladder broke, precipitating them down into a heap.
ABET VB
encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular, to commit a crime or other offense
aiding and abetting
ANCILLARY ADJ
additional; subsidiary
The ancillary services to support their product
COUNTENANCE N
support
He was giving her specific countenance to the occasion.
MAINSTAY N
figurative a thing on which something else is based or depends or part of a sailboat
MUNIFICENT ADJ
very generous
STALWART ADJ
loyal, reliable, and hardworking
the stalwart man continued to work
BILIOUS ADJ
affected by or associated with nausea or vomiting

spiteful; bad-tempered
DUDGEON N
a feeling of deep resentment
The manager walked out in high dedgeon
UMBRAGE N
offense or annoyance
she took umbrage at his remarks
WASPISH ADJ
readily expressing anger or irritation
he had a waspish tongue
FLEDGLING N
a person or organization that is immature, inexperienced, or underdeveloped
TYRO N
novice
CALLOW ADJ
immature
the callow teenager was getting on my nerves
PROSELYTE N
a person who has converted from one opinion, religion, or party to another, esp. recently
The proselyte gave up her views in favor of something more radical.
INCIPIENT ADJ
in an initial stage
he could feel incipient anger building u
ACRIMONIOUS ADJ
angry and bitter
an acrimonious dispute about wages.
ASPERITY N
harshness of tone or manner
he pointed this out with some asperity
MORDACIOUS ADJ
denoting or using biting sarcasm or invective
the mordacious language was not appreciated
HACKNEYED ADJ
lacking significance through having been overused
the hackneyed phrase no longer had an affect
PLATITUDE N
a trite statement
PROSAIC
commonplace; unromantic
The masses were too preoccupied by prosaic day-to-day concerns.

Prosaic language can't convey the experience.
QUOTIDIAN ADJ
of or occurring every day; daily, mundane
CAROUSAL N
a noisy or drunken feast or social gathering
DEBAUCHERY N
excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures
DEPRAVED ADJ
morally corrupt
The depraved criminal was not religious
LIBIDINOUS ADJ
showing excessive sexual drive; lustful
FACSIMILE N
an exact copy
PARADIGM N
a model
QUINTESSENCE N
the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class
VICARIOUS ADJ
performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another

taking the place of another person or thing; acting or serving as a substitute.

felt or enjoyed through imagined participation in the experience of others
a vicarious thrill.
PRECURSOR N
a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind
ASPERSION N
an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something
DECRY VB
publicly denounce
they decried the abuses in darfur
DEFAMATION VB
damage the good reputation of (someone); slander or libel
EXCORIATE VB
censure or criticize severely
GAINSAY VB
deny or contradict
the impact of the railroads cannot be gainsaid.
HARANGUE N/VB
a lengthy and aggressive speech
to lecture in lengthy aggressive way
INVEIGH vb
speak or write about (something) with great hostility
It was inveighed in his column; it was easy to see he wasn't happy
LAMBASTE VB
criticize (someone or something) harshly
they lambasted the report as a gross distortion of the truth.
OBJURGATE VB
express sharp disapproval (rebuke) severely; scold.
he objurgated the child after he caught him stealing
OBLOQUY N
strong public criticism or verbal abuse
Opprobrium Calumny
Pillory Denigration
Derogation
PILLORY VB/N
attack ridicule publicly -guilliteane without blade
REMONSTRATE VB
make a forcefully reproachful protest
He turned angrily to remonstrate with Tommy.
REPREHEND VB
reprimand
REPROVE vb
reprimand or censure someone
he was reproved for obscenity
REVILE VB
criticize in an abusive or angrily insulting manner :
he was now reviled by the party that he had helped to lead.
TIRADE N
a long, angry speech of criticism or accusation
VITUPERATION N
bitter and abusive language
The young man could not escape the vituperation of the miserable old man.
BEREAVE ADJ
to be deprived of a loved one through a profound absence, esp. due to the loved one's death
the year after they had been bereaved
ABNEGATE VB
renounce or reject (something desired or valuable
he attempts to abnegate personal responsibility.
DEFUNCT ADJ
no longer existing or functioning
the defunct machine was uselss
MACABRE ADJ
disturbing and horrifying because of involvement with or depiction of death and injury
MORIBUND ADJ
at the point of death. • in terminal decline; lacking vitality
the moribund commercial property market.
OBSEQUIES N
funeral rites
WRAITH N
a ghost or ghostlike image of someone, esp. one seen shortly before or after their death

sed in similes and metaphors to describe a ghostly looking thing
heart attacks had reduced his mother to a wraith
SEPULCHRAL ADJ
of or relating to a tomb or interment dismal
a speech delivered in sepulchral tones.
ASCETIC ADJ
characterized by the practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons
an ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and manual labor
SPARTAN ADJ
showing the indifference to comfort or luxury traditionally associated with ancient Sparta
spartan but adequate rooms.
TEMPERATE ADJ
showing moderation or self-restraint :
Charles was temperate in his consumption of both food and drink.
DESPOT N
a ruler or other person who holds absolute power, typically one who exercises it in a cruel or oppressive way.
PEREMPTORY ADJ
insisting on immediate attention or obedience
“Just do it!” came the peremptory reply.
ABSTRUSE ADJ
difficult to understand
BEMUSE VB
puzzle, confuse
ENIGMATIC ADJ
difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious
he took the money with an enigmatic smile.
INSCRUTABLE ADJ
impossible to understand or interpret :
Guy looked blankly inscrutable.
RECONDITE ADJ
of a subject or knowledge) little known; abstruse : obscure
the book is full of recondite information,
TURBID ADJ
cloudy, opaque,
the turbid estuary

figurative: a turbid piece of cinéma
DEFILE VB
sully, mar, or spoil
the tomb had been defiled and looted.

the land was defiled by a previous owner
REBARBATIVE ADJ
unattractive and objectionable :
rebarbative modern buildings
PELLUCID ADJ
translucently clear
easily understood
mountains reflected in the pellucid waters.

he writes, as always, in pellucid prose.
ABASH VB
cause to feel embarrassed, disconcerted, or ashamed :
she was not abashed at being caught.
TANTAMOUNT ADJ
equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as
the resignations were tantamount to an admission of guilt
DUPLICITY N
deceitfulness; double-dealing
FEIGNED VB
pretend to be affected by (a feeling, state, or injury)
she feigned nervousness
PERFIDY N
deceitfulness; untrustworthiness.
the transparent perfidy of the criminal was easily seen
SPURIOUS ADJ
not being what it purports to be; false or fake :
separating authentic and spurious claims.

this spurious reasoning results in nonsense.
CONJUGAL ADJ
of or relating to marriage
conjugal loyalty
CONSANGUINE ADJ
relating to or denoting people descended from the same ancestor
ENDOGAMOUS ADJ
the custom of marrying only within the limits of a local group
FILIAL ADJ
of or due from a son or daughter : a display of filial affection.
VINDICATE VB
show or prove to be right, reasonable, or justified
more sober views were vindicated by events
PROGENITOR N
original, something from which other things descend from
the progenitor of modern jazz.
SCION ADJ
(also cion) a young shoot or twig of a plant, esp. one cut for grafting or rooting.

a descendant of a notable family or one with a long lineage
he was the scion of a wealthy family.
TENDENTIOUS
expressing a particular cause or pov esp. a controversial one :
a tendentious reading of history
ZEALOT N
a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals.
REDRESS VB
to remedy or set right (an undesirable or unfair situation)
the power to redress the grievances of our citizens - disabuse
BALEFUL ADJ
threatening harm; menacing

having a harmful or destructive effect :
Bill shot a baleful glance in her direction

drug money has had a baleful impact on the country.
RIPOSTE VB
to make a quick clever reply to an insult or criticism
You've got a strange sense of humor,” Grant riposted. 2 [ intrans. ] make a quick return thrust in fencing.
CHAGRIN
distress or embarrassment at having failed or been humiliated
verb ( be chagrined)

feel distressed or humiliated : he was chagrined when his friend poured scorn on him.
jeff, much to his chagrin, wasn't invited.
COMPUNCTION N
a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that follows the doing of something bad

Qualm
spend the money without compunction
CONTRITION N
the state of feeling remorseful and penitent.
EXPIATE VB
atone (to make reparations) for (guilt or sin)
their sins must be expiated by sacrifice.
FOIBLE N
a minor weakness or eccentricity in someone's character
they have to tolerate each other's little foibles. See note at fault .
GAUCHERIE N
awkward, embarassing, or unsophisticated ways
he had long since gotten over gaucheries such as blushing.
RUE VB
bitterly regret (something one has done or allowed to happen) :to mourn
Ferguson will rue the day he turned down that offer

she might live to rue this impetuous decision.
GIBE N
an insulting or mocking remark; a taunt :
a gibe at his old rivals.
CHORTLE VB
chuckle
he chortled at his own pun.
FACETIOUS ADJ
treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant.
flippant
levity
FLIPPANT ADJ
not showing a serious or respectful attitude
a flippant remark.
SIMPER VB
to smile or gesture in an affectedly coquettish, coy, or ingratiating manner :
she simpered, looking pleased with herself.
RAILLERY N
good-humored teasing.
ribbing, badinage, chaffing, ragging
ABATEMENT N
The ending, reduction, or lessening of something :
noise abatement | an abatement in the purchase price.
APERTURE N
an opening, hole, or gap

where light passes through in camera
the bell ropes passed through apertures in the ceiling
HIATUS N
a pause or gap in a sequence, series, or process
there was a brief hiatus in the war with France.
INTERSTICE N
an intervening space, esp. a very small one
sunshine filtered through the interstices of the arching trees.
ORIFICE N
an opening, as of a pipe or tube, or one in the body,
MISERLY ADJ
(of a quantity) pitiably small or inadequate
last year's miserly growth in sales.
RESPITE
a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant

a short delay permitted before an unpleasant obligation is met

rare postpone (a sentence, obligation, etc.)
the refugee encampments will provide some respite from the suffering

he execution was only respited a few months.
RIFT N
a crack, split, or break in something :
the wind had torn open a rift in the clouds.
ALTRUISTISM
The belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others : some may choose to work with vulnerable elderly people out of altruism.
BENEFICENT ADJ
(of a person) generous or doing good, resulting in good :

beneficial
a beneficent democracy.
CLEMENT ADJ
(of weather) mild. 2 (of a person or a person's actions) merciful.
MAGNANIMOUS ADJ
Very generous or forgiving, esp. toward a rival or someone less powerful than oneself.
PHILANTHROPIC ADJ
generous and benevolent
they receive financial support from philanthropic bodies.
UNSTINTING ADJ
given or giving without restraint; unsparing
he was unstinting in his praise.
MERCENARY ADJ
(of a person or their behavior) primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics :
she's nothing but a mercenary little gold digger.
RAPACIOUS ADJ
aggressively greedy or grasping : rapacious landlords
VENAL ADJ
showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery :
why should these venal politicians care how they are rated?
PENURIOUS ADJ
extremely poor; poverty-stricken

characterized by poverty or need
a penurious old tramp.

penurious years.
SARDONIC ADJ
grimly mocking or cynical
Starkey attempted a sardonic smile.
MALEVOLENT ADJ
having or showing a wish to do evil to others
the glint of dark, malevolent eyes | some malevolent force of nature.
SCATHING ADJ
witheringly scornful; severely critical
she launched a scathing attack on the governor.
TRUCULENT ADJ
eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant :
his days of truculent defiance were over.
BANEFUL N
a cause of great distress or annoyance :
the bane of the decorator is the long, narrow hall
INJURIOUS ADJ
causing or likely to cause damage or harm
high temperature is injurious to mangoes.
INSIDIOUS ADJ
proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects
sexually transmitted diseases can be insidious and sometimes without symptoms.
MINATORY ADJ
expressing or conveying a threat :
he is unlikely to be deterred by minatory finger-wagging.
PERFIDIOUS ADJ
deceitful and untrustworthy
a perfidious lover.
PERNICIOUS ADJ
having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way
the pernicious influences of the mass media.
DIN N
a loud, unpleasant, and prolonged noise : the fans made an awful din.
RAUCOUS ADJ
making or constituting a disturbingly harsh and loud noise
raucous youths.
STRIDENT ADJ
loud and harsh; grating
his voice had become increasingly sharp, almost strident.
ABHORRENCE N
a feeling of repulsion; disgusted loathing
the thought of marrying him filled her with abhorrence
ANATHEMA N
something or someone that one vehemently dislikes
racial hatred was anathema to her.
LOATHING VB
feel intense dislike or disgust for :
she loathed him on sight
MALICE N
the intention or desire to do evil
I bear no malice toward anybody.
ODIUM N
general or widespread hatred or disgust directed toward someone as a result of their actions :
his job had made him the target of public hostility and odium.
RANCOR N
bitterness or resentfulness, esp. when long-standing :
he spoke without rancor.
SALUBRIOUS ADJ
health-giving; healthy
salubrious weather
TEETER VB
move or balance unsteadily; sway back and forth

waver
she teetered after him in her high-heeled sandals

she teetered between tears and anger.
ANTITHETIC ADJ
mutally incompatible; opposite
people whose religious beliefs are antithetical to mine | two antithetical emotions pulled at he
CHURLISH ADJ
rude in a mean-spirited and surly way :
it seems churlish to complain.
UNCTUOUS ADJ
Excessively or ingratiatingly flattering; oily
stop being so unctuous, your making me blush
APPRAISE VB
assess the value or quality of
ASCERTAIN VB
Find (something) out for certain; make sure of : an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident
DESCRY VB
catch sight of
she descried two figures. See note at distinguish .
PERUSE VB
read thoroughly or carefully
examine carefully or at length :
the pursed lips of an auditor perusing an unsatisfactory set of accounts.

Laura perused a Caravaggio.
LACKADAISICAL ADJ
lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy : a lackadaisical defense left the Spurs adrift in the second half.
PHLEGMATIC ADJ
stolid
QUIESCENT ADJ
in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy
strikes were headed by groups of workers who had previously been quiescent
TORPID ADJ
mentally or physically inactive; lethargic

dormant
we sat around in a torpid state.
ADVENTITIOUS ADJ
happening or carried on according to chance rather than design or inherent nature : my adventures were always adventitious, always thrust on me. See note at accidental . • coming from outside; not native : the adventitious population.
AUSPICIOUS
conducive to success; favorable : it was not the most auspicious moment to hold an election.

giving or being a sign of future success : they said it was an auspicious moon—it was rising.
KISMET N
destiny; fate
what chance did I stand against kismet?
OPTIMUM ADJ

STOLID ADJ
most conducive to a favorable outcome; best : the optimum childbearing age.

Calm, dependable, and showing little emotion or animation.
OSTENSIBLE ADJ
stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so
the delay may have a deeper cause than the ostensible reason.
UNCTUOUS ADJ
Excessively or ingratiatingly flattering
he seemed anxious to please but not in an unctuous way.
APPRAISE VB
assess the value or quality of : s
ASCERTAIN VB
Find (something) out for certain; make sure of : an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident
DESCRY VB
catch sight of : she descried two figures. See note at distinguish .
PERUSE VB
read thoroughly or carefully : the pursed lips of an auditor perusing an unsatisfactory set of accounts. • examine carefully or at length : Laura perused a Caravaggio.
LACKADAISICAL ADJ
lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy : a lackadaisical defense left the Spurs adrift in the second half.
PHLEGMATIC ADJ
(of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition.
Even in the face of death the solder was phlegmatic
QUIESCENT ADJ
In a state or period of inactivity or dormancy
strikes were headed by groups of workers who had previously been quiescent
ADVENTITIOUS ADJ
happening or carried on according to chance rather than design or inherent nature : my adventures were always adventitious, always thrust on me. See note at accidental . • coming from outside; not native : the adventitious population.
AUSPICIOUS
conducive to success; favorable : it was not the most auspicious moment to hold an election.

giving or being a sign of future success : they said it was an auspicious moon—it was rising.
it was not the most auspicious moment to hold an election.

giving or being a sign of future success : they said it was an auspicious moon—it was rising.
OSTENSIBLE ADJ
stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so : the delay may have a deeper cause than the ostensible reason.
specious
KISMET
destiny; fate : what chance did I stand against kismet?
UNCTUOUS ADJ
Excessively or ingratiatingly flattering; oily
he seemed anxious to please but not in an unctuous way.
OPTIMUM ADJ

STOLID ADJ
most conducive to a favorable outcome; best : the optimum childbearing age.

Calm, dependable, and showing little emotion or animation.
ASCERTAIN VB
Find (something) out for certain; make sure of
an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident
ASSAY VB
examine (something) in order to assess its nature
stepping inside, I quickly assayed the clientele.
DESCRY VB
catch sight of
she descried two figures. See note at distinguish
PERUSE VB
read thoroughly or carefully : the pursed lips of an auditor perusing an unsatisfactory set of accounts. • examine carefully or at length : Laura perused a Caravaggio.
LACKADAISICAL ADJ
lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy : a lackadaisical defense left the Spurs adrift in the second half.
PHLEGMATIC ADJ
(of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition.
QUIESCENT ADJ
adjective in a state or period of inactivity or dormancy : strikes were headed by groups of workers who had previously been quiescent | quiescent ulcerative colitis. See note at latent .
ADVENTITIOUS ADJ
happening or carried on according to chance rather than design or inherent nature

not native
my adventures were always adventitious, always thrust on me.
AUSPICIOUS
conducive to success; favorable :

giving or being a sign of future success :
it was not the most auspicious moment to hold an election.

they said it was an auspicious moon—it was rising.
KISMET
destiny; fate : what chance did I stand against kismet?
OPTIMUM ADJ

STOLID ADJ
most conducive to a favorable outcome; best : the optimum childbearing age.

Calm, dependable, and showing little emotion or animation.
OSTENSIBLE ADJ
stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so : the delay may have a deeper cause than the ostensible reason.
UNCTUOUS ADJ
Excessively or ingratiatingly flattering
he seemed anxious to please but not in an unctuous way.
ASCERTAIN VB
Find (something) out for certain; make sure of
an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident
ASSAY VB
examine (something) in order to assess its nature
stepping inside, I quickly assayed the clientele.
DESCRY VB
catch sight of : she descried two figures. See note at distinguish .
PORTENTOUS ADJ
ominous

done in a pompously or overly solemn manner so as to impress :
the envelope and its portentous contents

the author's portentous moralizings.
PROPITIATE VB
win or regain the favor of (a god, spirit, or person) by doing something that pleases them
the pagans thought it was important to propitiate the gods with sacrifices. See note at pacify .
PROVIDENTIAL ADJ
occurring at a favorable time; opportune

involving divine foresight or intervention
thanks to that providential snowstorm, the attack had been repulsed

God’s providential care for each of us.
TALISMAN N
an object, typically an inscribed ring or stone, that is thought to have magic powers and to bring good luck.
ADMONISH VB
warn or reprimand someone firmly

advise or urge (someone) earnestly :
she admonished me for appearing at breakfast unshaven

she admonished him to drink no more than one glass of wine.
CAVIL VB
quibble
The caviled over who should pay the bill

Carping
BELABOR VB
argue or elaborate (a subject) in excessive detail

attack or assault (someone) physically or verbally :
critics thought they belabored the obvious

Tyndale seized every opportunity to belabor the Roman Church.
ENJOIN VB
instruct or urge (someone) to do something

prescribe (an action or attitude) to be performed or adopted

of the law, prohibit
the code enjoined members to trade fairly

the charitable deeds enjoined on him by religion.
EXHORT VB
urge
the media have been exhorting people to turn out for the demonstration
HECTOR VB
talk to (someone) in a bullying way :
she doesn't hector us about giving up things
CAREEN VB
turn (a ship) on its side for cleaning, caulking, or repair.

move swiftly and in an uncontrolled way in a specified direction :
an electric golf cart careened around the corner
REPROOF N
reproof noun he muttered reproof rebuke, reprimand, reproach, admonishment, admonition; disapproval, censure, criticism, condemnation; informal dressing down.
NOXIOUS ADJ
Harmful, poisonous, or very unpleasant :
hey were overcome by the noxious fumes.
ASKANCE ADV
with an attitude or look of suspicion or disapproval
the reformers looked askance at the mystical tradition
AWRY
away from the appropriate, planned, or expected course; amiss, amiss
many youthful romances go awry
CAROM VB/N
make a carom; strike and rebound.

noun - billiards
CIRCUITOUS ADJ
roundabout
the canal followed a circuitous route
MEANDER VB
(of a river or road) follow a winding course

(of a person) wander at random/without direction
a river that meandered gently through a meadow

kids meandered in and out.
SIDLE VB
walk in a furtive, unobtrusive, or timid manner, esp. sideways or obliquely
I sidled up to her.
SINUOUS ADJ
having many curves and turns

lithe and supple :
the river follows a sinuous trail through the forest

the sinuous grace of a cat.
UNDULATING VB
move with a smooth wavelike motion :
her body undulated to the thumping rhythm of the music.
CIRCUMLOCUTION N
the use of many words where fewer would do, esp. in a deliberate attempt to be vague or evasive
his admission came after years of circumlocution
PERIPHRASTIC ADJ
of speech or writing) indirect and circumlocutory :
the periphrastic nature of legal syntax.
circumlocutory
PROLIX ADJ
using or containing too many words; tediously lengthy :
he found the narrative too prolix and discursive.
TURGID ADJ
swollen and distended or congested

of language or style) tediously pompous or bombastic
a turgid and fast-moving river

some turgid verses on the death of Prince Albert.
RHETORIC N
the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, esp. the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques. • language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect on its audience, but is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content
: all we have from the opposition is empty rhetoric.
DEFER VB
to a later time; postpone : they deferred the decision until February
SATIATE ADJ
satisfied to the full; satiated.
satiate your appetite at the resort
SLAKE VB
quench or satisfy (one's thirst)

figurative satisfy (desires)
slake your thirst with some lemonade

restaurants worked to slake the Italian obsession with food.
EUPHONIOUS ADJ
(of sound, esp. speech) pleasing to the ear :
this successful candidate delivers a stream of fine, euphonious phrases.
ESURIENT ADJ
hungry or greedy.
INDIGENT ADJ
poor; needy
EXTOL ADJ
praise enthusiastically :
he extolled the virtues of the Russian peoples. See note at praise .
LAUDATORY ADJ
expressing praise and commendation.
VENERATION/VENERATE
regard with great respect; revere
AUSPICE N
a divine or prophetic token.
FEY ADJ
giving an impression of vague unworldliness

having supernatural powers of clairvoyance.
his mother was a strange, fey woman
PRESCIENT ADJ
having or showing knowledge of events before they take place : a prescient warning.
PROGNOSTICATE VB
foretell or predict (an event in the future), predict .
the economists were prognosticating financial Armageddon.
ENCUMBER VB
restrict or burden
she was encumbered by her heavy skirt
FETTER VB
restrain with chains or manacles, typically around the ankles

restrict or restrain (someone) in an unfair or undesirable fashion
he was not fettered by tradition.
FORFEND VB
avert, keep away, or prevent (something evil or unpleasant).

protect (something) by precautionary measures.
CANNY ADJ
having or showing shrewdness and good judgment, esp. in money or business matters :
canny shoppers came early for a bargain.
PERSPICACIOUS ADJ
keen
it offers quite a few facts to the perspicacious reporter.
DISCONSOLATE ADJ
without consolation or comfort; unhappy

(of a place or thing) causing or showing a complete lack of comfort; cheerless
he'd met the man's disconsolate widow
DOLEFUL ADJ
pressing sorrow; mournful

causing grief or misfortune
a doleful look

doleful consequences.
ELEGIAC ADJ
adjective (esp. of a work of art) having a mournful quality : . • (of a poetic meter) used for elegies.
the movie score is a somber effort, elegiac in its approach
FORLORN ADJ
desolate or dreary; unhappy
lonely, forsaken. hopelessness
forlorn glances.