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451 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
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abase
to lower, humilate
abash
to make ashamed, to embarrass
abdicate
to renounce, to give up
abjure
abettor
encourager
accomplice
abhor
hate, dislike
detest, aversion, abominate, loathe
abjure
to repudiate, to give up, to renounce
abdicate
ablution
washing
abominate
hate, dislike
detest, abhor, aversion, loathe
aboriginal
first of the kind, primitive, native
abortive
unsuccessful, fruitless
abrogate
to abolish (to formally end), to repeal
abscond
to depart clandestinely, to steal off, hide
absolve
pardon (an offense)
magnanimity
abstemious
sparing, moderate, esp. when it comes to eating and drinking
abstinence
abstinence
restraint from eating or drinking
aberrant
deviating from the norm
aberration
anomaly, eccentric
anomaly
deviating from the norm, rule, order or form
anomalous
aberrant, eccentric
approbation
expression of praise or approval
arduous
strenuous (difficult), taxing (burdensome), requiring significant effort
assuage
lessen, ease, appease or pacify
enervate
audacious
daring and fearless; recklessly bold
audacity
austere
without adornament, bare, severly simple; ascetic
austerity
axiomatic
possessing self evident truth; taken as a given
axiom (a universally recognized principle)
canonical
following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards
canon (an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature)
capricious
inclined to change one's mind impulsively (rash, quick), erratic (unstable), unpredictable
censure
to criticize severly; to offically rebuke
chicanery
trickery, subterfuge (deception, trick, scheme)
connoisseur
an informed or astute (smart, perceptive, crafty) judge in matters of taste
convoluted
complex or complicated
disabuse
to undeceive, to set right, to free a person from deception or error
discordant
conflicting, dissonant, harsh in sound
disparate
fundamentally distinct or dissimilar
effrontery
extreme boldness, presumptuousness (unwarrently bold)
audacious
eloquent
well spoken, expressive, articulate
eloquence
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in validity
assuage, allay
ennui
restlessness or dissatisfaction resulting from boredom or apathy
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with deceptive intent
equivocal
erudite
very learned and scholarly
erudition
exculpate
to clear of blame
exonerate
exigent
requiring immediate action or attention, urgent, pressing
extemporaneous
improvished (reduced to poverty; deprived of strength, validity, creativeness); done without preparation
filibuster
intentional obstruction esp using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action
fulminate
to loudly attack or denounce
censure
ingenuous
frank, candid, artless, lacking in sophistication
inured
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
acquiescent (accepting passively)
irascible
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbrusts
laud
to praise highly
laudable
laudatory
lucid
clear, easily understood
elucidate
magnanimity
the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart esp. in forgiving
magnanimous
absolve (pardon an offense)
martial
associated with the war and the armed forces
mundane
of the world; typical or concerned with the ordinary
nascent
coming into being, in early developmental stages
nascency, nasence
incipient
nebulous
vague, cloudy, lacking clearly defined form
neologism
a new word, expression or usage, the creation or use of new words or senses
noxious
harmful, injurious
obtuse
lacking sharpness of intellect, not clear or percise in thought or expression
obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
paean
a song or hymn (a song in praise of God) and thanksgiving
parody
a humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect esp in art and literature
satire
perennial
recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
(opposite: sporadic)
perfidy
intentional breach of faith, treachery
perfidious
perfunctory
cursory (going rapidly over something), done without care or interest
extemporaneous
perspicacious
acutely perceptive, having keen discernment
perspicacity
prattle
to babble meaninglessly, to talk in an empty and idle (foolish) manner
precipitate
acting with excessive haste or impulse
to cause to happen before the anticipated or required
predilection
a disposition in favor of something, preference
propensity, proclivity
prescience
foreknowledge of events; knowing events prior to their occuring
prescient
prevaricate
to deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
qualms
misgivings,reservations, causes for hesitancy
recant
to retract (withdraw) esp a previously held belief
refute
to disprove, to successfully argue against
relegate
to forcibly assign esp to lower place or position
reticent
quiet, reserved, reluctant (restrained) to express thoughts and feelings
opposite: ebullience/ ebullient
solicitous
concerned and attentive, eager
sordid
characterized by filth (dirty), grime, or squalor, foul
sporadic
occuring only occasionally, or in scattered instances
(opposite: perennial)
squander
to waste by spending or using irresposnsibly
static
not moving, active or in motion, at rest
stupefy
to amaze, stun, baffle
stymie
block, thwart, hinder
synthesis
the combination of parts to make a whole
synthesize
torque
a force that causes rotation
tortous
winding, twisting, excessively complicated, not direct or straight forward, morally crooked or devious
truculent
fierce and cruel, eager to fight
veracity
truthfulness, honesty
opposite: mendacity/ mendacious (the act of being untruthful, dishonest)
virulent
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic (opposing, hostile, unfriendly)
noxious
voracious
having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit, ravenous (craving or consuming large quantities of food; exceedingly eager or avid)
waver
to move to and fro; to sway (swing); to be unsettled in opinion
desolation
empty, alone
propitiation
win someone's favor; to appease or concilate someone or something
propitiate
abate
to lessen in intensity or degree
assuage, enervate
accolade
an expression of praise
approbation, adulation, adoration
ameliorate
to make better or more tolerable
ascetic
one who practices rigid self denial esp as an act of religious devotion
avarice
greed esp for wealth
avaricious
burgeon
to grow rapidly or flourish
bucolic
rustic and pastrol, characterisitics of rural areas and their inhabitants
cacophony
harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance
cacophonous
castigation
serve criticism or punishment

castigate
catalyst
a substenance that accelerates the rate of chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change
caustic
burning, stinging, causing corrosion, severly critical or sarcastic
chary
wary, cautious, sparing, choosy
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason, convincing
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
complaisant
contentious
argumentative, quarrelsome, causing controversy or disagreement
contrite
regretful, penitent (caused by or showing sincere remorse), seeking forgiveness
contrition
culpable
deserving blame, blame worthy

culpability
dearth
smallness in quantity or number, scarcity, a lack
opposite: abundant, extravagent, prodigious
demur
to oppose or question
didactic
intended to teach or instruct
discretion
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions; at one's option or pleasure
disinterested
free of bias or self interest; impartial
dogmatic
expressing rigid opinion based on unproved or improvable principles
dogma
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings; high spirits
ebullient
opposite: reticent
eclectic
composed of elements drawn from various sources
elegy
a mournful poem, esp one lamenting the dead
elegaic
eulogy
emollient
soothing, esp to the skin; making less harsh, mollifying, an agent that softens or smoothes the skin
empirical
based on observation or experiment
enigmatic
mysterious, obscure, difficult to understand
enigma
ephemeral
brief, fleeting
esoteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
eulogy
a speech honoring the dead

eulogize
elegy
exonerate
to remove blame
exculpate
facetious
playful, humorous
fallacy
an invalid or incorrect notion, a mistaken belief
fallacious
furtive
marked by stealth, covery, surreptitious
gregarious
sociable, outgoing, enjoying the company of other people
harangue
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade (a long, impassioned, emotional speech, zealous), a long pompous speech
heretical
violating accepted dogma or conventions
heresy
iconoclast
hyperbole
an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
hyperbolic
impecunious
lacking funds, without money, penniless, poor
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
nascent
inert
unmoving, lethargic, sluggish
innocuous
harmless, causing no damage
intransigent
refusing to compromise

intransigence
inveigle
to obtain by deception or flattery
morose
sad, sullen, melancholy
odious
evoking intense aversion or dislike
opaque
impenetrable by light, not reflecting light, hard to understand
oscillation
the act of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
waver
penurious
penny pinching, excessively thrifty, ungenerous
pernicious
extremely harmful; potentially causing death
noxious, virulent
peruse
to examine with great care

perusal
pious
extremely reverant or devout, showing strong religious devotion
piety
precursor
one that preceeds and indicates or announces another
preen
to dress up, to primp (to dress with care), to groom onself with elaborate care
prodigious
abundant in size, force or extent, extraordinary
opposite: dearth
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts, productive
putrefy
to rot, decay, give a foul odor
putrid
sordid, squalor
quaff
to drink deeply
quiescense
stillness, motionless, quality of being at rest
quiescent
static
redoubtable
awe inspiring, worthy of honor
sanction
authoritative permission or approval, a penalty intended to enforce compliance, to give permission or authority to
satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
satirical
parody
squalid
sordid, wretched and dirty as from neglect
squalor
sordid
stoic
indifferent or unaffected by pleasure or pain, steadfast
stoicism
supplant
to take place of, supersede
torpid
lethargic, sluggish, dormant

torpor
inert
ubiquitous
existing everywhere at the same time, constantly encountered, widespread
urbane
sophisticated, refined, elegant

urbanity
vilify
to defame, to characterize harshly, to speak ill of
viscous
thick, sticky
viscosity
acumen
keen, accurate judgment or insight
amalgamate
to combine several parts ito the whole
amalgamation
archaic
outdated; associated with an earlier perhaps more primitive time, ancient
aver
to state as a fact; to declare or assert
asseverate, allege
bolster
to provide support or reinforcement
bombastic
pompous, grandiloquent, language that is full of long pretentious words used to impress others
bombast
diatribe
a harsh denunciation (public condemnation)
dissemble
to disguise, to conceal, to mislead
eccentric
departing from the norms or conventions
anomaly, aberrant
endemic
characteristics of or often found in a particular locality, region or people
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor, vanishing
ephemeral
exacerbate
to make worse or more severe
fervent
greatly emotional
fervor
zealous
fortuitous
hapening by accident or chance
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
grandilouence
pompous speech or expression
grandiloquent
hackneyed
rendered trite (overused) or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
calm and peaceful
hedonism
devotion to pleasurable pursuits esp to the pleasures of the senses
hedonist is someone who pursues pleasure
hegemony
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines tranditional conventions or institutions
heretical
idolatrous
excessive devotion to something
idolatry
impassive
revealing no emotions
imperturbable
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
implacable
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
adamant, intractable
impunity
immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
in an initial stage, not fully formed
nascent, incipient
infelicitous
unfortunate, inappropriate
insipid
without taste or flavor, lacking in spirit, bland, dull, favorless
loquacious
extremely talkative
loquacity
garrulous
opposite: laconic, terse
luminous
characterised by brightness and emission of light
luminance
malevolent
having or showing vicious (ferocious and violent) ill will, spite or hatred
malevolence
malleable
capable of being shaped or formed, tractable (docile: easy to control or persuade), pliable (flexible, easily influenced, adaptable)
opposite: implacable, intractable, adamant
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful, dishonesty
mendacious
veracity
meticulous
characterized by extreme care and percision, attentive to detail
misanthrope
one who hates all other humans
misanthropic
mitigate
to make or become less severe or intense, to moderate
opposite: exacerbate
obdurate
unyielding, hardhearted, intractable
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning (seek favor by flattery) attentiveness, submissive (excessively eager to please or obey)
occlude
o obstruct or block
stymie
opprobrium
disgrace, contempt, scorn
pedagogy
the profession or principles of teaching or instructing
pedantic
overly concerned with the trivial details of learning or education, show-offish about one's knowledge
penury
poverty, destitution
pervasive
having the tendency to permeate (infuse, spread) or spread throughout
pine
yearn intensely (long for, feel affection), to languish (to become weak and lose vitality as a result of grief and longing), to long for something that is being denied
pirate
to illegally use or reproduce
pith
the essential or central part
pithy
precise and brief
succinct
placate
to appease, to calm by making concessions (priviledge)
opposite: implacable
platitude
a superficial remark esp if one presented as meaningful, a pointless, unoriginal comment made as though it was helpful or significant
plummet
to plunge (move suddenly downwards) or drop straight down
polemical
controversial, argumentative
contentious
prodigal
recklessly wasetful, extravagant, profuse, lavish (abundant)
prodigious
profuse
given or coming forth abundantly, extravagant
proliferate
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
queries
questions, inquiries, doubts in the mind, reservations
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling (complaint), peevish (irratible, bad tempered)
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long lasting resentment
rancor
malevolence
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority, difficult to manage
contumacious
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with, to disown, deny, reject something
abjure
rescind
to invalidate, to repeal (officially end the validity of something), to retract
abrogate
reverent
marked by, feeling or expressing a feeling of profound (great) awe and respect
reverence
devout, fervor, zealous
rhetoric
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
promoting to health and well being
solvent
able to meet financial obligations, able to disolve another substance
specious
seeming true but actually being fallacious, misleadingly attractive, plausible but false
platitude
spurious
lacking the authenticity or validity, false, counterfeit
subpoena
a court order requiring appearance and/ or testimony
succinct
breif, concise
pithy
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
surfeit
surfeit
an overabundant supply, excess, to feed or supply to excess
superfluous
tenacity
the quality of adherence ot persistence to something valued, persistent determination
tenacious
tenuous
having little substance or strength, flimsy (extremely delicate, fine, unconvincing), weak
diaphonous
opposite: viscous
tirade
a long and extremely critical speech, a harsh denunciation
transient
fleeting, passing quickly, brief
evanescent, ephemeral
zealous
fervent, ardent, impassioned, devoted to a cause
a zealot is a zealous person
resentment
ill feelings caused by a sense of having badly treated
acerbic
having a sour or bitter taste or character, sharp, biting
acetic, acidulous
amenable
agreeable, responsive to suggestion
acquiescent
anachronism
something or someone out of place in terms of historical or chronological context
archaic
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue, harsh, severe
contiguous
sharing a border, touching, adjacent
convention
a generally agreed upon practice or attitude
credulous
tending to believe too readily, gullible
credulity
cynicism
an attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness
cynical
decorum
polite or appropriate conduct or behavior
decorous
derision
scorn, ridicule, contemptuous (showing or expressing contempt) treatment
derisive, deride
satire
desicate
to dry out or dehydrate, to make dry or dull
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
disparage
to slight or belittle
divulge
to disclose something secret
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively
obsequious
flout
to show contempt for, as in a rule or convention
heretical, iconoclast
garrulous
pointlessly talkative, talking too much, wordy
loquacious
opposite: laconic, terse
glib
marked by ease or informality, nonchalant, lacking in depth, superficial
nonchalant
indifferent, unexcited
hubris
arrogance, excessive pride or self confidence
opposite: humble
imminent
about to happen, impending
immutable
not capable of change
intractable, implacable
opposite: malleable, tractable, placable
impetuous
hastly or rashly energetic, impulsive and vehement (zealous, ardent)
indifferent
having no interest or concern, showing no bias or prejudice
impartial
inimical
damaging, harmful, injurious
noxious, pernicious
opposite: innocuous
laconic
using few words, terse
opposite: loquacious, garrulous
maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
think: mercury
mollify
to calm, to soothe, to reduce in emotional intensity
emollient
neophyte
a recent convert, a beginner, novice
greenhorn
obfuscate
to deliberately obscure, to make confusing
perplex, stymie
obstinate
stubborn, hardheaded, uncompromising
intransigent
ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentious display, showy
fawn, obsequious
prevade
to permeate throughout

pervasive
phlegmatic
calm, sluggish, unemotional
inert, topor
plethora
an overabundance, a surplus (above what is needed)
superfluous, surfeit, extravagant, prodigal, prodigious
pragmatic
pratical rather than idealistic
empirical
presumptuous
overstepping due bounds (as of propriety or courtesy), taking liberties
effrontery
pristine
pure, uncorrupted, clean
unalloyed
probity
adherence to highest principles, complete and confirmed integrity, uprightness
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
predilection, propensity
profligate
excessively wasetful, recklessly extravagant
profligacy
propensity
a natural inclination or tendency
penchant
predilection, proclivity
prosaic
dull, lacking in spirit or imagination
insipid
pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste
quixotic
foolishly impractical, marked by lofty (extending high in the air) romantic ideals
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily, commonplace
hackneyed, perennial
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense, to refine
recondite
hidden, concealed, difficult to understand, obscure
refulgent
radiant, shiny, brilliant
renege
to fail to honor a commitment, to go back on a promise
sedulous
diligent (constant in effort to accomplish something), persistent, hard working
assiduous
shard
a piece of broken pottery or glass
soporific
causing drowsiness, tending to induce sleep
sparse
thin, not dense, arranged at widely spaced intervals
opposite: viscous
rarefy (to make thin)
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
squandor
subtle
not obvious, elusive, difficult to discern
tacit
implied, not explicitly stated
implicit
opposite: manifest
terse
brief and concise in wording
laconic
opposite: garrulous, loquacious
tout
to publicly praise or promote
trenchant
sharply perceptive, keen, penetrating
acumen, perspicacious, astute
unfeigned
genuine, not false or hypocritical
ingenuous
opposite: specious, spurious
untenable
indefensible, not viable, uninhabitable
vacillate
to waver undecisively between one course of action or opinion and another
waver, erratic, capricious
variegated
multicolored, characterized by a variety of patches of different colors
pied
vexation
annoyance, irritation
vex
vigilant
alertly watchful
vigilance
vituperate
to use harsh, condemnatory language, to abuse or censure severly or abusively
berate (to scold, rebuke)
volatile
readily changing to a vapor, changeable, fickle (likely to change), explosive
volatility
propriety
conformity to established standards of good or proper behaviors or manners
courtesy
think: proper
hypocritical
a person who pretends to have virtues, moral or religious beliefs, principles, that he or she does not actually possess.
alloy
to commingle, to debase by mixing with something inferior
unalloyed: pure
adulterate
appropriate
to take for one's own use, confiscate (to take somebody's property with authority, or appropriate property for personal use as if with authority
confiscate
arrest, arresting
to suspend, to engage, holding one's attention: as in arrested adolescence, an arresting portrait
august
majestic, venerable (worthy of respect, ancient)
bent
leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
broach
bring up, announce, begin to talk about a difficult subject
brook
to tolerate, endure, countenance (self control, face or expression)
cardinal
major, as in cardinal sin
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
color
to change as if by dyeing, to distort, gloss (shininess, deceptive, superficial) or affect (usually the first)
consequential
pompous, self important, logically important
damp
to diminish the intensity or check the vibration of a sound
die
a tool used for shaping, as in a tool-and-die-shop
essay
to test or try, attempt, experiment
assay
exact
to demand, call for, require, take
fell
to cause to fall by striking, inhumanly cruel
flag
to sag (bend under weight) or droop (hang or bend down, be dispirited), to become spiritless, to decline
think: a flag on a windless day
flip
sarcastic, impertinent, as in flippant
impertinent
brash (showing bold or rude lack of respect esp to a superior), irrelevant
ford
to wade (walk in water, read through something with difficulty) across the shallow part of a river or stream
grouse
to complain or grumble
querulous
guy
a rope, cord, or cable attached to something as a brace (clamp; a device that keeps something steady or holds two things together; support for something constructed) or guide, to steady or reinforce using a guy
think: guide
intimate
to imply, suggest, or insinuate (imply something)
list
to tilt or lean to one side
mast
vertical support for sails
lumber
to move heavily or clumsily
meet
fitting or proper
milk
to exploit (take advantage of somebody, use something for benefit), to squeeze every last ounce of it
mince
pronounce (utter sounds or words, formally declare something) or speak affectedly, speak too carefully, take tiny steps, tiptoe
euphemize: to avoid saying or writing something direct or harsh, unpleasant or offensive by using milder or more indirect language
euphemisms: less offensive synonyms
nice
exacting, fastidious, extremely precise
fastidious: concerned that even the smallest details should be just right
obtain
to be established, accepted, or customary
occult
hidden, concealed, beyond comprehension
pedestrian
commonplace, trite, unremarkable, quotidian
hackneyed
pied
multicolored, usually in blotches (spot or remark, blemish on skin; a reddish patch on the skin)
variegated
plastic
moldable, pliable, not rigid (firm, stiff, inflexible)
pluck
courage, spunk (spiritedness or eager), fortitude (determination)
prize
to pry, to press or force with a lever, something taken by force, spoils
rail
to complain about bitterly
querulous, grouse
rent (rend)
torn, an opening or tear caused by such
quail
to loose courage, turn frightened
opposite: audacious, effrontery
qualify
to limit
sap
to enervate or weaken the validity of, a fool or nitwit (an offensive term that is deliberately insults someone's common sense or intelligence)
scurvy
contemptible (deserving contempt), despicable
reprobate
somebody immoral or dammed
singular
exceptional, unusual, odd
stand
a group of trees
steep
to saturate or completely soak, as in to let a tea bag steep
strut
the supporting structure cross part of a wing, walk in an arrogant way, show off
table
to remove (as a parlimentary motion) from consideration
abeyance
tender
to proffer (hold something out to someone so that he can grasp it, to propose something), or offer
waffle
to equivocate, to change one's position
wag
wit (ingenious humor), joker
ingenious
clever, effective, inventive
ingenuous
innocent and unwordly, seeming honest
abjure
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
solemnly: earnest, formal, religious
anathema
a solemn or ecclesiastical (religious) curse or throughly loathed person or thing, doomed
excommunication
anodyne
soothing, something that assuages or allays pain or comforts
assuage, allay
apogee
farthest or highest point, culmination, zenith
apostate/ apostasy
one who abandons long held religious or political convictions (firmly held belief)
apotheosis
deification (make divine; God), glorification to godliness, an exalted example, a model of excellence or perfection
asperity
severity, rigor (severity, harshness), roughness, harshness, acrimony (bitterness and resentment esp in speech, attitude or tone), irritability
asseverate
to aver, allege (assert something without proof), assert
allege, assert, aver
assiduous
diligent, hard working, sedulous
augury
omen, portent
bellicose
belligerent (hostile or aggressive, engaged in war), pugnacious (quarrelsome), warlike
renounce
give up claim, title, position, right, reject belief, stop doing something
denounce
criticize publicly, charge somebody with wrongdoing
foreshadow
be warning of, to indicate or suggest something unpleasant that is going to happen
loathed
dislike somebody intensily
abhor
calumniate
to slander, make a false acqusation
slander: the act or offense of saying something false or malicious that damages someone's reputation
calumny
slander, aspersion
aspersion: slanderous remark
captious
disposed to point out trival faults, calculated to confuse or entrap in argument
cavil
to find fault without good reason
celerity
speed, alacrity
think: accelerate
chimera
an illusion, originally an imaginary fire breathing she monster
contumacious
insubordinate (disobedient), rebellious
recalcitrant
contumely
insult, scorn, aspersion
debacle
rout (crushing defeat), fiasco (humiliating failure), complete failure
denounement
an outcome or solution, the unraveling of a plot
unravel: become or make something understandable
descry
to discriminate or discern (see or notice something, unclear, understand something, distinguish)
desuetude
disuse
desultory
random, aimless, marked by lack of plan or purpose
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy (thin, delicate, light)
viscous
diffident
reserved, shy, unassuming, lacking in self confidence
dirge
a song of grief or lamentation
elegy, eulogy
encomium
glowing, enthusiastic, praise, tribute (expression of praise or gratitude), eulogy
panegyric
eschew
to shun (deliberately avoid something) or to avoid
excoriate
to censure scathing, to upbraid
denounce, diatribe
execrate
denounce, feel loathing for, curse, declare to be evil
exegesis
critical examination, explication
peruse
expiate
to atone (make up for mislead, to make reparation for a sin or a mistake) or make amends for
extirpate
to destroy, exterminate, cut out, exscind
fatuous
silly, inanely (silly, unsubstantial), foolish
fractious
quarrelsome, rebellious, unruly (uncontrollable), irritable
contumacious, recalcitrant
gainsay
to deny, dispute, contradict, oppose
demur
heterodox
unorthodox, heretical, iconoclast
imbroglio
difficult or embarrassing situation
indefatigale
not easliy exhaustible (tire someone out), tireless, dogged (determined to continue without giving up inspite of difficulties
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
inimitable
one of a kind, peerless
think: not imitated
insouciant
unconcerned, carefree, heedless (not paying attention)
inveterate
deep rooted, ingrained (worked deep into something), habitual
jejune
vapid (dull), uninteresting, childish, immature
nugatory, puerile
lubricious
lewd, wanton (sexually offensive), greasy, slippery
mendicant
a beggar, supplicant
servile
minatory
menacing (possible source of danger), threatening
Minator: a threatening creature
nadir
low point
perigee: nearest point to orbited object
nonplussed
baffled, bewildered, at loss for what to do or think
baffle: puzzle someone, frustrate something
bewildered: confusing
obstreperous
noisily and stubbornly defiant (disobedient), aggressively boisterous (noisy,energetic, turbulent: wild and rough)
contumacious, recalcitrant
ossified
tending to become more rigid, conventional, sterile and reactionary with age, literally turned into bone
ossify
palliate
to make something seem less serious, to gloss over, to make less severe or intense
opposite: exacerbate
meretricious
cheap, flashy, showy, attracting by false show
gawdy: showy
tawdry: gaudy and of poor quality
panegyric
formal praise, eulogy, expressing elaborate praise
panegyrical
encomium
parsimonious
cheap, miserly
frugal
pellucid
transparent, easy to understand, limpid (clear, lucid, unworried)
think: lucid
peroration
the concluding part of a speech, flowery, rhetorical speech
perorate:to speak formally
plangent
pounding, thundering, resounding
pounding: strike something hard and repeatedly
resounding: clear and emphatic (clear and unequivocal), echoing loudly
prolix
long winded, verbose (too many words)
verbosity, garrulous, loquacious
propitiate
to appease, to conciliate (bring disputing sides together)
propitious
auspicious: favorable, promising well for future, marked by lucky signs of good omen and therefore the promise of success or happiness
puerile
childish, immature
jejune, nugatory
pusillanimous
cowardly, craven (so lacking of courage as to be worthy of contempt)
quail
remonstrate
to protest, object
demonstrate
sagacious
having sound judgment, perceptive, wise
sage, perspicacious
salacious
lustful, bawdy, lascivious
lascivious, lustful, lewd, wanton, bawdy, ribald
lust
sexual desire
lascivious
showing a desire for sex, erotic (provoking lust)
bawdy
ribald in a frank, humorous, crude way
ribald
humorous but rude and valgar (often involving jokes about sex)
salutary
remedial, wholesome, causing improvement
salubrious
sanguine
cheerful, confident, optimistic
opposite: diffident
saturnine
gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
stygian
sententious
aphoristic or moralistic, epigrammatic, tending to moralize excessively
stygian
gloomy, dark
saturnine
sycophant
toady, servile, self seeking flatterer, parasite
toady: a self serving person who behaves in a servile sycophantic manner
mendicant
tendentious
biased, showed marked tendencies
proclivity, propensity, inclination, predilection
opposite: impartial, indifferent
timorous
timid (demonstrating a lack of courage or self confidence),
diffident, quail
tyro
novice, greenhorn (somebody easily duped, lacks experience and maybe naive or gullibe), rank amateur
credulous, gullible
vitiate
to corrupt, debase, spoil, make ineffective
adulterate, commingle, alloy
voluble
fluent, verbal, having easy use of spoken language
rhetoric