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1524 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abash
embarrass
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
abjure
renounce upon oath
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
abrogate
abolish
abscission
cutting off; separation
abscond
depart secretly and hide
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abut
border upon; adjoin
accede
agree
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
advert
refer
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
afterlife
life after death; later part of one's life
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
alimentary
supplying nourishment
allay
calm; pacify
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
ambrosia
food of the gods
ambulatory
able to walk
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
annuity
yearly allowance
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ┴°┼δ┴ª; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
ape
imitate or mimic (a person's behavior or manner)
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
apiarist
person who keeps bees
apiary
a place where bees are kept
apiculture
bee-keeping
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
apparition
ghost; phantom
apposite
appropriate; fitting
approbation
approval
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
armada
fleet of warships
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
artless
without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
aspirant
seeker after position or status
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
assiduous
diligent
asteroid
small planet
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk's austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
avarice
greediness for wealth
aver
state confidently; declare as true
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avuncular
of or like an uncle
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
azure
sky blue
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
bacchanalian
drunken
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
bank
heap; piled-up mass; embankment; lateral tilting (as of an aircraft in turning); V: pile up; protect with a bank; tilt in turning
bar
railing in a courtroom; legal profession; vertical line dividing a staff into equal measures; Ex. prisoner at the bar; V: shut in or out with bars; forbid; exclude; CF. barrister
bard
poet
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
baroque
highly ornate
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
bearing
deportment; connection
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
bellicose
warlike
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benison
blessing
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
betroth
become engaged to marry
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
bilk
swindle; cheat
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
blandishment
flattery
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
bode
foreshadow; portend
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
boor
rude, insensitive person
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
brackish
somewhat saline
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
bridle
harness fitted about a horse's head (used to restrain); curb; check; V: put a bridle on; control or restrain; show anger
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
buccaneer
pirate
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that's been set
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place; V.
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star's special appearance in a minor role in a film
CANAILLE
a mob, a pack, the lowest class of people, the rabble
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
canto
division of a long poem
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
capacious
spacious
capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
captious
faultfinding; too critical
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
celerity
speed; rapidity
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
censorious
severely critical
centripetal
tending toward the center
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
cistern
reservoir or water tank
citadel
fortress
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
clime
climate
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
cloister
monastery or convent
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
collation
a light meal; collating
collected
composed; calm; self-possessed
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
comestible
something fit to be eaten
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
commodious
spacious and comfortable
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
comport
bear one's self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
conclave
private secret meeting
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
concordat
formal agreement
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
conflagration
great fire
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
congenital
existing at birth
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
consummate
complete; V.
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (╛ε▒·┐í╝¡ ░▄╡σ╢√ ╣╪└╕╖╬ ░╔─í┤┬) └σ╜─ ╕«║╗; V.
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ├│╕╢ └σ╜─
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
covey
a group of quail
cow
terrorize; intimidate
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer╕ª ╣▐╛╥└╗ ╢º
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
craven
cowardly
credo
creed
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet'e; ADJ. credulous
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
crone
hag; ugly old woman
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
dappled
spotted
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
debar
bar; forbid; exclude; Ex. debarred from jury services
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
declivity
downward slope
décolleté
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
defalcate
embezzle
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
deign
condescend; stoop
deleterious
harmful
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
demagogue
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
depredation
plundering; destruction
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
deserts
what someone deserves
desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
diadem
crown
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
dinghy
small boat (often ship's boat)
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
disinclination
unwillingness
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
dispirited
lacking in spirit
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
distrait
absentminded; distracted
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
doff
take off; OP. don
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
droll
queer and amusing
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
dys-
abnormal; impaired
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
edifice
building (of imposing size)
edify
instruct; correct morally
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
effete
having lost one's original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
effluvium
noxious(harmful) smell
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
Elysium
place or condition of bliss
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
embed(imbed)
enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
encumber
burden; N. encumbrance
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
endue
provide with some quality; endow
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
enjoin
command; order; forbid
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
entourage
group of attendants; retinue; CF. surround
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
evince
show clearly
ewe
female sheep
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
execrable
very bad; detestable
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
exiguous
small in amount; minute
expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
exult
rejoice
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one's control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
febrile
feverish
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
fete (fête)
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
fetid(foetid)
malodorous; foul
fetish(fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
filch
steal (things of small value)
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
floe
flat mass of floating ice
florescence
condition or period of flowering
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
flotsam
drifting wreckage
fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person's temper or nerves); CF. rub
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
fulgurant
resembling lightning
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
furrow
long shallow trench made by a plow; deep wrinkle in the skin; V.
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
gaffe
social blunder
gainsay
deny
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ┤π┴≤(bile); CF. gall bladder
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
gallows
framework from which a noose is suspended (used for execution by hanging)
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
gangrene
decay of body tissue caused by insufficient blood supply (usually following injury); ADJ. gangrenous
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
genuflect
bend the knee as in worship
genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
germane
pertinent; bearing upon(having connection with) the case at hand; appropriate
germinal
pertaining to a germ; creative; Ex. germinal idea
gerontocracy
government ruled by old people
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth; N. gestation: period of development from conception until birth
gibe
mock; make jeering remarks; N: jeering remarks
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
glacial
like a glacier; of an ice age; extremely cold; Ex. glacial epoch; CF. iceberg
glamour
compelling charm; ADJ. glamorous
glean
gather leavings; gather grain left behind by reapers; gather bit by bit (facts or information) often with difficulty
glib
fluent (with insincerity or superficiality); facile; slick
gloss
brief explanation note or translation of a difficult expression; V.
glower
scowl; glare; look or stare angrily
glut
overstock; fill beyond capacity (with food); fill to excess; N: oversupply
gnarl
protruding knot on a tree; V.
gnarled
twisted
gossamer
sheer; very light; like cobwebs; N: soft and sheer fabric; cobweb
grandiloquent
(of a person or speech) using high sounding or important-sounding language; pompous; bombastic
grim
causing great fear; unrelenting; determined in spite of fear; Ex. grim smile
grisly
ghastly; horrifying; Ex. grisly remains of the bodies
groom
man employed to take care of horses; V: make neat and trim; clean and brush (an animal)
grotto
small cavern
grouse
complain; fuss; grumble; grouch; N: plump chickenlike game bird
gruel
thin liquid porridge
guffaw
boisterous laughter; V.
guileless
without deceit
gustatory
affecting or relating to the sense of taste
guy
cable or chain attached to something that needs to be braced or steadied; CF. guide
gyroscope
apparatus used to maintain balance, ascertain direction, etc.
hackles
hairs on back and neck, especially of a dog; Ex. make someone's hackles rise
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
haggard
wasted away; gaunt; Ex. haggard faces of the rescued miners
halcyon
calm; peaceful; Ex. halcyon days
hale
healthy
hap
chance; luck
hapless
unfortunate; luckless
harangue
long, passionate, and vehement speech; V.
harrowing
agonizing; distressing; traumatic; V. harrow: break up and level (soil) with a harrow; inflict great distress on; agonize; N: farming machine to break up the earth
harry
harass, annoy, torment (by repeated attacks); raid
hermetic
sealed by fusion so as to be airtight; airtight
hermetic
concerning alchemy or magic; obscure and mysterious; occult
herpetologist
one who studies reptiles; CF. herpetology: branch of zoology that deals with reptiles and amphibians
heterodox
(of beliefs) against accepted opinion; unorthodox; unconventional
hew
cut to pieces with ax or sword; chop; N.
hibernal
wintry; wintery; of or like winter
high-flown
highly pretentious or inflated
hinterlands
back country; inner part of a country; OP. foreland
hireling
one who serves for hire (usually used contemptuously); one who works solely for compensation; Ex. hireling politician
hirsute
hairy; having a lot of hair
hoary
white with age
homespun
domestic; made at home; spun or woven at home; simple and ordinary; Ex. homespun philosophy
homily
sermon; tedious moralizing lecture; serious warning; ADJ. homiletic
hortatory
encouraging; exhortive; marked by exhortation; CF. exhort
hovel
shack; small wretched house
hue_and_cry
outcry; loud cry or clamor; strong protest; Ex. hue and cry against the new rule
hummock
small hill; hillock
humus
substance or rich soil formed by decaying vegetable matter; CF. soil
husband
use sparingly; conserve; save; Ex. husband one's energy; CF. house holder
husbandry
frugality; thrift; economy; agriculture; farming; Ex. animal husbandry; CF. husbandman
hybrid
mongrel; mixed breed; V. hybridize
hydrophobia
fear of water; rabies
ichthyology
study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish
idiom
expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic
idyll(idyl)
short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers
idyllic
charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene
igneous
produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite
ignominy
deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat
illicit
illegal
illimitable
infinite; limitless
imbroglio
complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)
immure
imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall
impassive
without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face
impecunious
without money
impenitent
not repentant
imperial
like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism
imperious
domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor
impertinent
insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence
impetuous
violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision
impinge
infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.
implacable
incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy
implement
put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument
impolitic
not wise; not expedient; not politic
imponderable
weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound
importune
beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)
imposture
assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor
imprecate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
imprecation
curse; swearword
impregnate
make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
impudence
impertinence; insolence
impugn
dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight
impuissance
powerlessness; feebleness
impute
attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation
inamorata
woman whom a man loves
incandescent
strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle
incantation
singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant
incarnation
act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation
incendiary
arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb
incipient
beginning; in an early stage
incommodious
not spacious; inconvenient
incredulity
tendency to disbelief
incrustation
hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust
incubus
burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus
indefatigable
tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired
indelible
not able to be erased
indemnify
make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured
indigence
poverty
indignity
treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.
indissoluble
permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate
indite
write; compose
ineluctable
irresistible; not to be escaped; unavoidable
ingenue
ing'enue; young innocent girl
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
ingrate
ungrateful person (not expressing thanks)
ingratiate
become popular with; bring (oneself) in favor of another; Ex. ingratiate himself with the boss
inimical
(of someone) unfriendly; hostile; (of something) harmful; detrimental; CF. enemy
inimitable
matchless; not able to be imitated
iniquitous
wicked; immoral; unrighteous; N. iniquity; Ex. den of iniquity
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive; Ex. inordinate demands
insalubrious
unwholesome; not healthful; Ex. insalubrious place
inscrutable
difficult to understand; impenetrable; not readily understood; mysterious
insensate
without feeling; lacking sense; foolish
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; insensitive; unaware; imperceptible; Ex. insensible of his danger/to pain; Ex. insensible change; CF. not the opposite of sensible
insipid
lacking in flavor; lacking interest; dull; Ex. insipid food/character
insolence
impudent disrespect; haughtiness; ADJ. insolent; CF. haughty + rude
insouciant
without concern or care; unconcerned; indifferent
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolation; ADJ. insular: of an island; isolated; narrow-minded; CF. peninsula
insuperable
insurmountable; unbeatable; Ex. insuperable difficulties
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite (often used derogatorily)
inter
bury; N. interment
interloper
intruder; one who interferes
internecine
mutually destructive
interpolate
insert between
interregnum
period between two successive reigns or governments
interstice
narrow space between things
intractable
unruly; difficult to manage; Ex. intractable problem/child
intransigence
refusal of any compromise; stubbornness; ADJ. intransigent: uncompromising
intrepid
fearless
inured
accustomed; hardened; Ex. inured to the Alaskan cold; V. inure: make used to something undesirable; harden; CF. unfeeling
inveigh
denounce; utter censure or invective; Ex. inveigh against the evils of drink
inveigle
deceive; lead astray by deception; wheedle(cajole); Ex. inveigle her into joining the club; CF. interest dishonestly
inveterate
deep-rooted; habitual; CF. grow old
invidious
designed to create ill will or envy; tending to rouse ill will or envy; Ex. invidious comparison
invocation
prayer for help (used in invoking); calling upon as a reference or support; act of invoking
irascible
irritable; easily angered
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; lacking in resolution; indecisive; N. irresolution
irreverence
lack of proper respect or reverence; ADJ. irreverent
isotope
varying from of an element
isthmus
narrow neck of land connecting two larger bodies of land
itinerant
wandering; traveling from place to place (to perform work); Ex. itinerant preacher
jaundice
medical condition in which the skin, the white part of the eyes, etc. turn yellow; V: affect with jaundice; affect with prejudice, envy, or hostility; bias
jaundiced
yellowed; prejudiced (envious, hostile, or resentful) from long and disappointing experience of human affairs; Ex. with a jaundiced eye
jaunty
cheerful and pleased with life; lighthearted; animated; easy and carefree; dapper in appearance; Ex. jaunty person/hat
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
jettison
throw overboard (from a ship or plane)
jibe
agree; be in harmony with; gibe
jocose
given to(having a tendency of) joking
jocund
merry
jollity
gaiety; cheerfulness; ADJ. jolly: merry; gay
juggernaut
irresistible crushing force; overwhelming advancing force that crushes everything in its path
junket
trip especially one taken for pleasure by an official at public expense
junta
group of persons joined in political intrigue; cabal; group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power (by force)
juridical
of the law and its administration; CF. judicial: of courts of law; CF. judiciary
jurisprudence
science of law
ken
range of knowledge; Ex. beyond one's ken
killjoy
grouch; spoilsport; one who intentionally spoils the pleasure of others
kismet
fate; destiny; Ex. Kismet is the Arabic word for fate.
knave
untrustworthy person; rogue; scoundrel; jack; N. knavery
knell
tolling of a bell especially to indicate a funeral, disaster, etc.; sound of the funeral bell; V.
knoll
little round hill; hillock
knotty
intricate; difficult; tangled; CF. knot
labile
likely to change; unstable; Ex. emotionally labile; N. lability
lachrymose
producing tears; tearful
lancet
small surgical tool for making incisions
languid
lacking energy or vitality; weary; sluggish; listless
languish
lose animation or strength
languor
lack of physical or mental energy; lassitude; depression
larceny
theft; Ex. petit larceny
larder
pantry; place where food is kept
largess
generous gift (given to people who do not have enough)
lascivious
lustful
lassitude
languor; weariness; listlessness
lavish
liberal; wasteful; generous or wasteful in giving or using; abundant; profuse; great; Ex. decorated lavishly; V. give in abundance
leery
(of someone) suspicious; wary; cautious
legato
(of music) played smoothly
legerdemain
sleight(dexterity) of hand; CF. light of hand
leonine
like a lion
levity
lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity; lightness of manner
libel
defamatory written statement; act of writing something that smears a person's character; V. ADJ. libelous
libertine
debauched person; dissolute or licentious person; rou'e; CF. free
lien
legal claim or right on a property
ligneous
like wood
lilliputian
extremely small; CF. Lilliput in Gulliver's Travels
limbo
region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; prison (slang); Ex. Purgatory and Limbo
limn
draw; outline; describe; CF. line ?
limpid
crystal clear
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face; CF. line
lionize
treat (a person) as a celebrity
list
tilt (as of a ship); lean over (to one side)
litany
supplicatory prayer; prayer in which the priest calls out and the people replies in the same words
lithe
flexible; supple; CF. limber
litotes
understatement for emphasis; Ex. ``not bad(=pretty good)''
livid
lead-colored; black and blue (as from a bruise); ashen; enraged; extremely angry
loath
reluctant; unwilling; disinclined; Ex. Romeo and Juliet were both loath for him to go.
lode
metal-bearing vein(long deposit of an ore)
log
record of a voyage or flight; record of day-to-day activities; section of a trunk; V.
loll
lounge about
loom
appear or take shape (usually in an enlarged, indistinct, or distorted form); Ex. The shadow of the gallows loomed threateningly. N: apparatus for making thread into cloth
lope
gallop slowly
lot
object used in making a determination at random; fate; piece of land
lout
clumsy person; ADJ. loutish; CF. from countrysides ?
low
moo; make the sound of a cow
lucre
money; profit; Ex. filthy lucre
lugubrious
mournful; sorrowful
lumen
unit of light energy (one candle's worth)
lurid
wild; sensational; graphic; gruesome; horrible; Ex. lurid details of the murder
luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate; rich and splendid; fertile; Ex. luxuriant forests/prose; CF. luxurious, luxuriate
macabre
gruesome; grisly; ghastly; CF. of death
mace
ceremonial staff used as a symbol of authority; clublike medieval weapon
macerate
soften by soaking in liquid; waste away; Ex. macerate powdered wood to make paper
Machiavellian
crafty; double-dealing; of the political doctrine of Machiavelli, which holds that craft and deceit are justified in pursuing political power
maculated
spotted; stained; CF. immaculate
madrigal
pastoral song; song for several singers without instruments
maelstrom
violent whirlpool; violent or tublent situation; CF. stream
magnanimity
generosity; ADJ. magnanimous: generous
magnate
person of prominence or influence; powerful or influential person (in business or industry); Ex. oil magnate
magniloquent
boastful; pompous
maladroit
clumsy; not skillful; awkward; bungling
malaise
uneasiness; vague feeling of ill health (without any particular pain or appearance of disease)
malapropism
comic misuse of a word; CF. Mrs. Malaprop
malediction
curse
maleficient
doing evil; N. maleficience
malevolent
wishing evil; exhibiting ill will; N. malevolence
malfeasance
wrongdoing; misconduct (by a public official)
malingerer
one who feigns illness to escape duty; V. malinger: feign illness to avoid work
manacle
restrain; handcuff; N.
mange
skin disease (esp. of domestic animals) marked by loss of hair
mangy
shabby; wretched; suffering from mange; of bad appearance
mannered
affected; not natural; Ex. mannered way of speech
mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
manumit
emancipate; free from slavery or bondage
maraud
move in search of plunder; Ex. marauding army
maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
marred
damaged; disfigured; V. mar: spoil; disfigure
marshal
put in order; guide ceremoniously to the correct place; Ex. marshal the children into the museum; N: military officer; official
martinet
strict disciplinarian; person who demands total obedience to rules and orders; CF. Jean Martinet
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain; CF. masochism
masticate
chew
matrix
point of origin; array of numbers or algebraic symbols; mold or die; Ex. the matrix of Western civilization
maudlin
effusively sentimental
maul
handle roughly; batter; injure by beating; Ex. mauled by his overexcited fans; N: heavy long-handled hammer
mauve
pale purple
mawkish
mushy(sentimental) and gushy; icky-sticky sentimental; excessively and objectionably sentimental
mayhem
injury to body; crime of willfully maiming or crippling a person; violent disorder; Ex. mayhem in the zoo; CF. maim
mealymouthed
indirect in speech (when something unpleasant must be said); hypocritical; evasive
medium
element that is a creature's natural environment; nutrient setting in which microorganisms are cultivated; appropriate occupation or means of expression; channel of communication; compromise; middle position between extremes; intervening substance through which something else is transmitted
megalomania
mania for doing grandiose things; mental disorder characterized by delusions of wealth, power, or importance
mellifluous
(of words or a voice) sweetly or smoothly flowing; melodious; having a pleasant tune
menagerie
collection of wild animals on exhibition; zoo
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest; N. mendacity
mendicant
beggar; ADJ: living as a beggar
mercantile
concerning trade or merchants
mercurial
capricious; quick and changing; fickle; containing the element mercury; Ex. mercurial temper; CF. mood
meretricious
flashy; tawdry; attractive on the surface but of no real value; Ex. metericious argument/jewel; CF. prostitute
mete
measure; distribute; administer; Ex. mete out justice/punishment
mettle
courage (to continue bravely in spite of difficulties); spirit; ADJ. mettlesome
miasma
swamp gas; heavy vaporous atmosphere often emanating from decaying matter; pervasive corrupting influence; noxious atmosphere or influence
militate
work against; Ex. militate against the chances of promotion; CF. serve as a soldier
minatory
menacing; threatening
mincing
affectedly dainty(delicate); V. mince: cut (esp. meat) into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness; walk in an unnatural way, taking little short steps; Ex. The actor minced across the stage; CF. mincemeat; CF. mincer
minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
mire
entangle; stick in swampy ground; stick or sink in mire; N: bog; deep mud; Ex. sucked deeper into the mire
misadventure
mischance; ill luck; Ex. death by misadventure
mischance
ill luck
miscreant
wretch; wrongdoer; villain; Ex. kindness to the miscreant; CF. believe
missive
letter; written statement; CF. sent
mite
very small object or insect-like creature; small coin
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; N: device, such as as formula or rhyme, used as a mnemonic aid
modish
fashionable; conforming to the current fashion
molecule
the smallest particle (one or more atoms) of a substance that has all the properties of that substance
mollify
soothe an angry person
mollycoddle
pamper; coddle; baby; indulge excessively
molt(moult)
periodically shed or cast off hairs or feathers (for replacement by a new growth)
mongrel
plant or animal (esp. a dog) of mixed breed; ADJ.
monolithic
solidly uniform; unchangeable; unyielding; N. monolith: large block of stone
mordant
biting; sarcastic; stinging; (apprec.) incisive; cutting; Ex. mordant pen/wit
moribund
dying; at the point of death; CF. death
morose
ill-humored; sullen; sullenly melancholy
mortar
vessel in which substances are crushed with a pestle
mote
small speck (esp. of dust)
motley
multi-colored (as of a garment worn by a jester); mixed; heterogeneous; CF. jester: one who jests (as a paid fool at medieval courts)
mottled
blotched in coloring; spotted; Ex. mottled face; V. mottle: mark with blotches of different colors
mountebank
charlatan; boastful pretender
mulct
defraud a person of something; swindle; Ex. mulct the boy of his legacy
munificent
very generous in giving; Ex. munificent benefactor; N. munificience
musky
having the odor of musk; N. musk: odorous substance secreted by an Asian deer
mutinous
unruly; rebellious; Ex. mutinous teenagers; N. mutiny: open rebelli